Person:Heinrich Harman (1)

Heinrich "Adam" Harman, Sr.
m. 1698
  1. John Harmanabt 1700 -
  2. Daniel Harmanabt 1700 -
  3. Heinrich "Adam" Harman, Sr.1700 - 1767
  4. Valentine Harman1703 - 1756
  5. Mathias Harmanabt 1704 - bef 1734
  6. Jacob Hermann1705 - bef 1756
  7. George Adam Harmon1710 - 1787
Facts and Events
Name Heinrich "Adam" Harman, Sr.
Immigrant Name[2] Heinrich Adam Herrmann
Alt Name Heinrich Adam Harmon
Gender Male
Birth? 1700 Mannheim, Baden, GermanyManheim, Baden-Württemberg
Marriage 8 Oct 1723 Mannheim, Baden, Germanyto Louisa Katrina Mathias
Immigration? January 1726 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United StatesHeinrich and his wife Louisa and sons arrived in Philadelphia on the ship "Charlotte"
Property[7] 1734 Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USApurchased property
Residence[5] before 1745 Virginia, USAliving in the New River German settlement, the first settlement ever made west of the Alleghenies on the "Western Waters"
Residence[6] between 1745 and 1750 Eggleston, Giles County, Virginia, USAbuilt a cabin overlooking the New River known as "Gunpowder Springs" He was the earliest known settler in this area. [1]
Religion[9] Moravian
Residence? 20 May 1745 Orange, Virginia, United Statesa county court road order entered May 20, 1745, recites a road survey to "Adam Harmon's on New River" [2]
Occupation? 1746-1747 Orange, Virginia, United Statesroad overseer
Occupation? before 1748 Orange, Virginia, United Statesconstable
Residence[2] 1748 Montgomery, Virginia, United Statessome of the first settler's of Draper's Meadows
Other[8] 22 April 1749 arrested for "violent robbery of the goods of Jacob Castlean."
Other? 1755 Blacksburg, Montgomery, Virginia, United Stateshe found Mary Ingles as she was making her way back to Draper's Meadows after her escape from the Indians
Military[4] July 1755 Montgomery, Virginia, United StatesDraper's Meadow massacre
Death? 7 January 1767 Toms Creek, Augusta County, VirginiaToms Creek

Heinrich Adam Harman was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Records of Heinrich Adam Harman in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:

  • Vol. 1 - November 19, 1746. - (130) Road ordered from Adam Harmon's to the River and No. Branch of Roan Oak--Adam Harmon, overseer, with these workers: Geo. Draper, Israel Lorton and son, George Hermon, Thos. Looney, Jacob Hermon and three sons, Jacob Castle, John Lane, Valentine Harmon, Adren Moser, Humberston Lyon, James Shaggs, Humphrey Baker, John Davis, Fredk. Stering and two sons and all other persons settling in the precincts.
  • Vol. 1 - FEBRUARY 18, 1746/7. - (152) Adam Harman qualified Captain Foot.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 17, 1749. - (105) Jacob Castle, being charged by Adam Harmon with threatening to aid the French--ordered to be arrested and brought before a called Court on next Monday.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 25, 1750. Page (384) Catherine Smith, orphan of Philip Smith, to be bound to Thomas Engles; Elizabeth, ditto, to Adam Harmon.
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 19, 1752. - (313) James Campbell, qualified Captain of Foot; John Maxwell, qualified Captain of Troop of Horse; Robert Renix, qualified Cap. of Troop of Horse; John Poage, qualified Cap. of Troop of Horse; James Edmondson, qualified Cap. of Troop of Horse; John Hogshead, qualified Cap. of Troop of Horse; Mathew Edmondson, qualified Cornet; Adam Harmon, qualified Cap. of a Troop of Horse; George Anderson, qualified Cap. of Troop of Horse; Augustine Price, qualified Lieut. of a Troop of Horse; Jacob Harmon, qualified Cornet.
  • Page 442.--20th August, 1752. John Goldman's bond as administrator of Jacob Goldman, with surety Adam Harman.
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 16, 1753. (9) Wm. Leeper appointed Constable on New River, vice Adam Harman. John States and Alexr. Painter appointed overseers for a new road from North Mountain Gap, called Brock's Gap, near Thomas Mish, to the mouth of Lost River, leading to North Mountain.
  • Vol. 1 - 1753-1754 (Part 1). - Adam Herman has served one year as road overseer between Cutalapo Creek and New River, and nominates William Leeper.
  • Page 205.--(17th February, 1758. Colonel James Patton's estate; appraised by Thomas Stewart, John Ramsey, Edward Hall. List of bonds, bills, &c., due the estate): Jacob Harman, Jr., and Adam Harman, 12th February, 1753.
  • Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 16, 1763. - (342) Adam Harmon to be bound to peace towards Wm. Thompson.
  • Page 345.--23d November, 1763. Adam Wall's will--To sister, Apell (Apol ?), Wall, 1/2 of his estate which is 150 acres on New River, her part joining on Strupel's Creek; to brother's son, John Wall; to eldest brother's son, Andrew Wall; to Jacob Nomel (?); to sister, Apell Wall, £20 in Adam Harman, Sr.'s hands, and also what is due from Wm. Ingles for beef. Teste: James Calloway, Thos. Ingles, Ezel Morris. Proved, 19th June, 1764, by James Calloway. Apple Wall qualifies administratrix, with Pat. McCollom, Andrew Evans. (Apple's mark ).
  • Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER, 1764 (A). - Looney vs. Harmon.--Captain Adam Harman's bond, dated 28th February, 1754, to Lones Loony, of Augusta County, for £10, with lawful interest from 29th July, 1746. Grandchild to the said Adam Harman. Test: John Crockett, Ann Crockett.
  • Page 375.--25th June, 1769. John Buchanan's will--Lands on Reed Creek called Anchor and Hope, and 500 acres on New River where Adam Harman lived; to sons, James, William, and John (all under 30); to wife and children, tract where Walter Stewart lives; to daughter, Mary Boyd, wife to Andrew Boyd; to three youngest daughters; to George Wilson; to relative, James Buchanan, merchant in this county. Executors, Col. Andrew Lewis, Col. Wm. Preston, and nephew Wm. Campbell. Teste: John Smith, Robt. Breckinridge, Wm. Thompson, Jno. McClellan. Proved, 16th August, 1769. Preston and Campbell qualify; and 23d February, 1818, the will not having been recorded a certified copy is now ordered to be spread on record.
  • Vol. 2 - Taylor vs. Harman--O. S. 142; N. S. 49--Bill, 23d July, 1807. Orator, Adam Taylor. Many years ago George Hoopaugh made a survey for 300 acres under Loyal Company on Sinking Creek of New River in Giles County, which he sold to George Taylor, father of orator, who devised it to orator. But by some accident the plat and certificate were made out in the name of Henry Harman, to whom the grant issued. Henry Harman answers that about 1751 or 1752 he and his uncle, Valentine Harman, were on a hunting expedition when they camped on the land in question and Valentine made what was called an improvement by killing trees, &c.; and in 1754 Valentine procured a survey under the Loyal Company, in which year he made a contract with George Hubough, who was poor and lived on Valentine's charity, that George should go and live on the place as tenant. In 1756 or 57 Valentine was killed by the Indians and his property decended to Adam Harman, Henry's oldest brother, and in 178_ orator purchased Adam's right. Mathias Harman deposes, 27th February, 1810, that upwards of 50 years ago during Valentine's life, Valentine settled Hoopaugh on the land. Valentine was killed by the Indians on New River and at the same time deponent's brother, Daniel, and Andrew Moser were taken prisoner. Daniel made his escape, but Andrew was held prisoner. Adam Harman was eldest brother of Mathias. Jeremiah Pate, Sr., deposes 15th February, 1810, that in year ____ he was traveling down Sinking Creek in company with old Adam Harman and his son Adam, when old Adam pointed out a marked tree and said it was the land of "Uncle Valentine Harman" (Valentine being his brother, but generally called him uncle when talking of him with his sons). No one but George Hoopaugh lived on the Creek. Young Adam Harman became Valentine's heir because his brother Jacob's son, Jacob Harman, was "Rakish" inclined and old Valentine never liked him. Christina Pate deposes as above: Mary was widow of Valentine. Adam Harman proved himself Valentine's heir by a will in Carolina. Daniel Harman deposes 30th June, 1808, that before Braddock's defeat he remembered that his uncle Valentine employed George Hupaugh as tenant. In 1757 Valentine was killed by Indians in deponents' presence less than a foot from him and deponent was taken prisoner. David Price deposes 17th February, 1810: Valentine was killed by Indians in 1755 or 56, leaving no children. Jacob Taylor deposes ditto: Son of George Taylor. John Looney deposes 25th January, 1810: George Hoopack was a Dunker and the first settler on the land. David Price, Sr., deposes ditto: In 1754 Hoopaugh lived on the land. In 1775 he moved off on account of Indians, but came back when he sold to George Taylor, Sr. Wm. McAfee settled the same land in 1774 and paid the fees to Dr. Walker. Deponent was son of Michael Price.

The Jacob Castlean Incident

About the last week in April 1749, Indians began stealing furs from Heinrich "Adam" Herman's cabin. Adam suspected that Jacob Castlean had encouraged his Indian friends to rob the Hermans. So they took matters into their own hands and confronted Castlean. On April 22, 1749 George Robins issued a warrant against Adam and his brother Valentine for "violent robbery of the goods of Jacob Castlean." They were released from jail. Castlean was later arrested but aquitted. Read a more detailed account by Mitchell G. Farish

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:Vol. 1 - 1749.

  • John Cunningham, jailor. Account. To keeping the following: John McFarlin, a criminal; Adam and Valentine Herman; Thomas Godfrey, a servant; Samuel Farish; William Previe, he broke prison; James Donoly, a criminal, for murder; George Young, William Johnston, Joseph Doabs and Stephen Newcomb.
  • Commitment of Valentine and Adam Herman for violent robbery of the goods of Jacob Castlean, the warrant of George Robins, 22d April, 1749.

Adam Harman's Family Bible

Adam Harman's German Lutheran family bible was presented years ago to the Virginia State Library and Archives. The following was translated from German:

"I, Heinrich Adam Hermann, Married Louisa Katrina, October 8,1723, and have together eleven children, and have lived in matrimony as true married folks should up to the year 1749, when my dear wife died March 18th and was buried the 21st, which fell on a monday. The Blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us of all our sins. Amen. And my wife, Louisa Katrina, her last meditation (thought) was this: 'I know that my savior lives, and he will support me when leaving the earth, here after will surrond me with his ______ and in my flesh will see God the same evening and my eyes will perceive him.' Died 9 o'clock, 25 minutes. Her last song: 'My earthly travels are over. I fought a good fight. All must die, and I must leave. Good night all my loved ones.' My son George died July___, 1749 at the age of 22 years." N7 N8 [What is the source of this translation?]

Historical Markers

  • KB56 Giles County, Virginia "Eggleston's Springs KB-56 Near here Adam Harmon, probably in 1750, established what is believed to be the first settlement in Giles County. Here, in 1755, he found Mary Ingles as she was making her way back to Draper's Meadows after her escape from the Indians. [5]

Also see

  1.   Ancestry Family Trees. (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
  2. 2.0 2.1 Connelley, William Elsey. The founding of Harman's Station: with an account of the Indian captivity of Mrs. Jennie Wiley and the exploration and settlement of the Big Sandy Valley in the Virginias and Kentucky, to which is affixed a brief account of the Connelly family and some of its collateral and related families in America. (New York, New York: Torch Press, c1910).
  3.   Find A Grave.

    Heinrich Adam Harmon Burial: unknown

  4. Draper's Meadow massacre, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    Draper's Meadow massacre [Note: I don't know if they were present at the massacre but it must have affected them so I am including it here. ~cthrnvl]

  5. Hamilton, Emory L. Indian Atrocities Along the Clinch, Powell and Holston Rivers of Southwest Virginia, 1773-1794. (Unpublished).

    Seven Harman brothers emigrated from Germany together, Jacob, Valentine, Mathias, George, Daniel, John, and Heinrich Adam. They first stopped off in Pennsylvania, then emigrated to the Shenandoah Valley and some on into North Carolina. At least three of these brothers settled in Southwest Virginia, namely, Heinrich Adam, Valentin and Jacob. They were living in the New River German settlement, the first settlement ever made west of the Alleghenies on the "Western Waters", and were living there prior to 1745. In 1749 Moravian Missionaries conducted the first recorded religious services in Southwest Virginia in the home of Jacob Harman, and Dr. Thomas Walker mentions stopping at the home of Harman on his memorable exploration trip in 1750.

  6. Johnston, David E. (David Emmons). A history of middle New River settlements and contiguous territory. (Huntington), Chapter 1, 1906.

    Adam Harman, who came with the Ingles, Drapers and others form Pattonsburg, in the Virginia Valley, shortly after the planting of the Colony, located, probably in the Spring of 1749, on New River at the place now known as Eggleston's Springs, but called by the early settlers "Gunpowder Spring," from the resemblance of its odor and taste to that of gun powder. This settlement of Harman, save that of Porter at the mouth of East River, is believed to be the oldest settlement made by white people in what is now the territory of Giles County.

  7. The Harmans
  8. Germans (an essay that includes stories about the Harman's) by Mitchell G. Farish
  9. "Heinrich Adam Hermann's father fled Moravia in present Czechoslovakia because of his religion. From there he was in Germany where his son was born. Heinrich Adam Hermann B. 1700 Rhine, Germany-died 1767 on the New River Married Oct. 8, 1723 probably near Mannheim to Louisa Katrina Heinrich 1700 Rhine Germany d.3/18/1749 on New River during childbirth.

    The Harmans were of Moravian ancestry and the Moravians in Pennsylvania knew of them. It was written "Toward noon we arrived safely at the New River. We were taken across the river to Jacob Herrman, who together with his wife, received us with great joy and love. Jacob Herrman told them that his grandfather was by birth a Moravian who had been driven from his country because of his religion." [3]
  10.   He was known as Adam Harman. Southwest Virginia Crossroads: An Almanac of Place Names and Places to See
  11.   He held two commissions in the Virginia Colony: Captain of Foot 1746 and Captain of Troop of Horse 1752 [4]
  12.   Mark and Mariah's Family Tree
  13.   Title: Smith-Nygren GEDCOM File
    Abbrev: Smith-Nygren GEDCOM File
    Author: Smith, H. Matt
    Publication: Downloaded on May 21, 2007, []

    Excerpt: "Also known as Adam Harman. Came to America with wife Louisa Katrina from the left side bank of the Rhine River in 1726. A river flowing from S.E. Switzerland through West Germany and the Netherlands into the North Sea (2 miles long). Heinrich and his wife Louisa and sons arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in January 1726 on the ship "Charlotte." He was said to had six brothers , some whom had come with him to America, and others followed later. It is believed his bothers George, Peter, John, and perhaps another, who came direct from Germany to North Carolina, were also his brothers. It is believed that Adam Harman came to New River in the present Giles County, Virginia, and established his permanent residence at Eggleston Springs, then called Gunpowder Spring, owing to its odor resembling that of gunpowder." Read more at Silvernale - Shook Genealogy