Place:Ayrshire, Scotland

Watchers
NameAyrshire
TypeTraditional county
Coordinates55.43°N 4.54°W
Located inScotland     ( - 1975)
See alsoStrathclyde, Scotlandregional authority 1975-1996
East Ayrshire, Scotlandunitary authority replacing part of Strathclyde in 1996
North Ayrshire, Scotlandunitary authority replacing part of Strathclyde in 1996
South Ayrshire, Scotlandunitary authority replacing part of Strathclyde in 1996
Contained Places
Former community
Blair ( - 1975 )
Hamlet
Pinwherry ( - 1975 )
Wallacetown (Dailly) ( - 1975 )
Historical district
Carrick ( - 1975 )
Kyle ( - 1975 )
Inhabited place
Alloway ( - 1975 )
Annbank
Ardrossan ( 1734 - 1975 )
Auchinleck ( 1693 - 1975 )
Barrhill ( - 1975 )
Beith ( 1659 - 1975 )
Bellsbank
Catrine
Colmonell ( 1759 - 1975 )
Connel Park
Crosshill
Dalry (village) ( - 1975 )
Darvel
Drongan
Fairlie
Fenwick ( 1644 - 1975 )
Galston ( 1670 - 1975 )
Girvan ( 1733 - 1975 )
Glengarnock
Hurlford
Irvine (town)
Kilkerren ( - 1975 )
Kilmarnock (town)
Kilmaurs ( 1688 - 1975 )
Kilwinning (town)
Lugar ( - 1975 )
Newmilns
Patna
Penkill
Prestwick ( - 1975 )
Saltcoats
Skelmorlie
Sorn
St. Quivox ( 1735 - 1951 )
Stair
Stevenston
Stewarton
Straiton ( - 1975 )
Symington ( - 1975 )
Tarbolton
Troon
West Kilbride ( - 1975 )
Parish
Ardrossan ( 1734 - 1975 )
Auchinleck ( 1693 - 1975 )
Ayr ( 700 - 1975 )
Ballantrae ( 1731 - 1975 )
Barr ( 1689 - 1975 )
Beith ( 1659 - 1975 )
Colmonell ( 1759 - 1975 )
Coylton ( 1723 - 1975 )
Craigie ( 1679 - 1975 )
Dailly ( 1691 - 1975 )
Dalmellington ( 1641 - 1975 )
Dalry ( 1679 - 1975 )
Dalrymple ( 1699 - 1975 )
Dreghorn ( 1749 - 1975 )
Dundonald ( 1673 - 1975 )
Dunlop ( 1700 - 1975 )
Fenwick ( 1644 - 1975 )
Galston ( 1670 - 1975 )
Girvan ( 1733 - 1975 )
Irvine ( 1200 - 1975 )
Kilbirnie ( 1688 - 1975 )
Kilmarnock ( 1000 - 1975 )
Kilmaurs ( 1688 - 1975 )
Kilwinning ( 1669 - 1975 )
Kirkmichael ( - 1975 )
Kirkoswald ( 1694 - 1975 )
Largs
Loudoun
Mauchline
Maybole
Monkton and Prestwick
Muirkirk
New Cumnock
Newton-on-Ayr ( 1779 - 1975 )
Ochiltree
Old Cumnock
Riccarton
St. Quivox ( 1735 - 1951 )
Straiton ( - 1975 )
Symington ( - 1975 )
West Kilbride ( - 1975 )
Settlement
Hunterston ( - 1975 )
Suburb
Fullarton ( - 1975 )
Wallacetown (Ayr) ( - 1975 )
source: Family History Library Catalog

image:Ayrshire_with_list.png

the text in this section is partly based on an article in Wikipedia

Ayrshire is a registration county, and former administrative county in south-west Scotland, United Kingdom, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. Its principal towns include Ayr, Kilmarnock and Girvan. The population of Ayrshire in 2001 (the last census available) was approximately 366,800.

Ayrshire has many golf courses, two of which, Troon and Turnberry, have hosted the modern Scottish Open Championship many times attracting many visitors for the event. It was the members of Prestwick Golf Club who first created The Open Championship in 1860 with the club hosting the event twenty-four times up until 1925.

Prestwick is also known as an international airport because of its exceptional climate.

On the literary front, the town of Alloway is the birthplace of Robert Burns.

Contents

History and Current Governmental Organization

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ayrshire, under the name the County of Ayr, is a registration county. The electoral and valuation area named Ayrshire covers the three council areas of South Ayrshire, East Ayrshire and North Ayrshire, therefore including the Isle of Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae. The three islands were part of the County of Bute until 1975 and are not always included when the term Ayrshire is applied to the region. The same area is known as Ayrshire and Arran in other contexts.

Ayrshire is one of the most agriculturally fertile regions of Scotland. Potatoes are grown in fields near the coast, using seaweed-based fertiliser, and in addition the region produces pork products, other root vegetables, cattle (see below) and summer berries such as strawberries are grown abundantly.

Ayrshire shares with Dumfries and Galloway some rugged hill country known as the Galloway Hills. These hill lie to the west of the A713 (Ayr to Castle Douglas road) and they run south from the Loch Doon area almost to the Solway Firth. To the east of this route through the hills lie the Carsphairn and Scaur Hills which lie to the south east of Dalmellington and south of New Cumnock. Glen Afton runs deep into these hills.

The area used to be heavily industrialised, with steel making, coal mining and in Kilmarnock numerous examples of production-line manufacturing, most famously Johnnie Walker whisky. In more recent history, Digital Equipment had a large manufacturing plant near Ayr from about 1976 until the company was taken over by Compaq in 1998. Some supplier companies grew up to service this site and the more distant IBM plant at Greenock in Renfrewshire. Scotland's aviation industry has long been based in and around Prestwick and its international airport, and although aircraft manufacture ceased at the former British Aerospace plant in 1998, a significant number of aviation companies are still based on the Prestwick site. However, unemployment in the region (excluding the more rural South Ayrshire) remains high, above the national average.

The area became part of the kingdom of Scotland during the 11th century. In 1263, the Scots successfully drove off of the Norwegian leidang-army in a skirmish known as the Battle of Largs.

A notable historic building in Ayrshire is Turnberry Castle, which dates from the 13th century or earlier, and which may have been the birthplace of Robert the Bruce.

The historic shire or sheriffdom of Ayr was divided into three districts or bailieries which later made up the county of Ayrshire. The three districts were:

  • Carrick in the south. It was situated between the Doon and the wild district of Galloway in the adjoining Stewartries, an area that was little else than a vast tract of hills and mosses.
  • Kyle in the centre, which included the royal burgh of Ayr, occupied the central district between the Irwine on the north, and the Doon on the south and south-west, an area that is partly mountainous. It was subdivided into "Kyle Stewart", (sometimes called "Stewart Kyle"[1] or "Walter's Kyle") and "King's Kyle," the former embracing the country between the Irvine and the Ayr; and the latter, the triangular portion between the Ayr and the Doon, which is honoured as the birthplace and youthful home of Robert Burns.[1]
  • Cunninghame in the north which included the royal burgh of Irvine was that part of the county which lay north of the Irvine water, and was in an area that is generally level and fertile.[1]

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 established a uniform system of county councils in Scotland and realigned the boundaries of many of Scotland’s counties.

Glasgow Prestwick International Airport, serving Glasgow, is located in Ayrshire. It has a niche in rock history as the only place in Britain visited by Elvis Presley, on his way home from Army service in Germany in 1960.



Ayr county council was created in 1890, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. In 1930 the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 was implemented. This re-designated the Burghs into large burghs and Small Burghs. This new categorisation influenced the level of autonomy that the Burghs enjoyed from the county council. The act also abolished the parish as a unit of local government in Scotland. In Ayrshire in excess of 30 parishes were consolidated into ten district councils.

In May 1975 the county council was abolished and its functions transferred to Strathclyde Regional Council. The county area was divided between four new districts within the two-tier Strathclyde region: Cumnock and Doon Valley, Cunninghame, Kilmarnock and Loudoun and Kyle and Carrick. The Cunninghame district included the Isle of Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae, which had until then been administered as part of the County of Bute.

In 1996 the two-tier system of regions and districts was abolished and Ayrshire was divided between the unitary council areas of East Ayrshire (covering the area of the former Kilmarnock & Loudon District and Cumnock & Doon Valley District), North Ayrshire (covering the area of the former Cunninghame District Council) and South Ayrshire (covering the area of the former Kyle and Carrick District).

Research Tips

Sources for Old Parish Registers Records, Vital Records and Censuses

  • Scotland's People This is a pay website providing vital statistics and census data for all of Scotland with original images. There is a description at Scotland under Genealogical Resources.

Notes for Ayrshire

Family History Societies covering Ayrshire include:

There is also the Ayrshire Federation of Historical Societies, Dennison House, 11 Chalmers Road, Ayr KA7 2RQ, Scotland.

  • The FreeCen Project has a searchable (not browsable) transcription of the whole of Ayrshire online for the 1841 and 1851 censuses.

Transcriptions of Gravestone Inscriptions

Pre-1855 Gravestone Inscriptions; an index for Carrick, Ayrshire edited by Alison Mitchell, and published in Edinburgh in 1988 by the Scottish Genealogy Society. This covers the parishes of Ballantrae, Barr, Colmonell, Barrhill cemetery, Old Dailly, New Dailly, Girvan, Kirkmichael, Kirkoswald, Crossraguel cemetery, Maybole, Straiton, Patna and Alloway (i.e. parts of South and East Ayrshire).

Pre-1855 Gravestone Inscriptions in Kilmarnock and Loudoun District edited by Alistair G. Beattie and Margaret H. Beattie and published in Edinburgh in 1989 (reprint) by the Scottish Genealogy Society. This covers burial grounds in the parishes of Dunlop, Stewarton, Fenwick, Kilmaurs, Kilmarnock, Riccarton, Galston and Loudoun (i.e, central Ayrshire excluding Ayr and its environs).

The Troon & Ayrshire FHS has published the following books of Monumental Inscriptions: Old Alloway, Coylton, Craigie, Crosbie (Troon), Dundonald, Monkton, Newton Green Cemetery (Ayr), Six Kyle graveyards (includes Barnweill, Culzean, Coodham, Fairfield, Newton-on-Ayr and St. Margaret's, John Street, Ayr), The Secessionist Graveyard (King St., Ayr), St. Nicholas (Prestwick), St. Quivox, Symington, Wallacetown Cemetery (Ayr), Ayr Auld Kirk.

Further Sources of Reference

Please note and respect the copyright warnings on these websites.

  • GENUKI article on Ayrshire. The bibliography for Ayrshire is very good.
  • The Gazetteer for Scotland article on the the county of Ayrshire. The tabs on the right provide more information, and a map of the parish within its surrounding area, with small settlements highlighted and linked to more information.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki article on Ayrshire provides direct reference to FamilySearch holdings on many topics with respect to the county.
  • The National Library of Scotland have a website devoted to maps from the 1600s right up to the present. Comparisons of modern-day and old maps of the same place can be made. From the home page click on "Find by place" and then follow the instructions on the next page. Once you are viewing the place you want, use the slider <----> at the top of the map to compare the layout of roads and the place names of smaller areas, perhaps even farms, with the landscape today. The website takes some getting used to. The One-inch 2nd edition, Scotland, 1898-1904 OS is a series of maps with the parishes delineated. Each of these maps cover an area of 18 x 24 miles and will zoom to comfortable reading size with a couple of mouse clicks on the map itself. Unfortunately, they are not geo-referenced, and it is necessary to go to the OS One Inch 1885-1900 series to locate places by latitude and longitude.
  • The Statistical Accounts for Scotland In the 1790s and again in the 1830s, the ministers of the all the parishes of the Church of Scotland were asked to provide a description of their parish to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The original account request included 160 questions to be answered. These accounts are available in print in 20 volumes and are also online where it is freely available to browse. The browsing portal is below the viewing area of most computer screens. Scroll down to "For non-subscribers" and click on "Browse scanned pages". This brings you to another page on which one can enter the name of the parish in which you are interested.
  • Excerpts from The Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical, edited by Francis H. Groome and originally published in parts by Thomas C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works, Edinburgh between 1882 and 1885 are provided by Scottish Places. Selections from Groome and other gazetteers from the 19th century are also found on GENUKI.


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