Place:Herefordshire, England


NameHerefordshire
Alt namesHEFsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Herefsource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
Herefordsource: Family History Library Catalog
Herrefordshiresource: Domesday Book (1985) p 128
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates52.15°N 2.5°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Hereford ( 600 - )
Kington
Leominster
Chapelry
Amberley
Ballingham
Bartestree
Bolstone
Brimfield
Callow
Craswall
Docklow
Dulas
Edvin Loach ( 1893 - )
Eyton
Farlow ( - 1844 )
Garway
Harewood
Hatfield
Hentland
Hope under Dinmore
Huntington (near Hereford) ( - 1932 )
Kenderchurch
Kilpeck
Kimbolton ( 1998 - )
Kings Caple
Laysters
Lea ( - 1844 )
Little Dewchurch
Llangarren
Llanithog
Llanveynoe
Longtown
Lucton
Ludford ( - 1895 )
Marstow
Middleton on the Hill
Much Birch
Pencoyd
Preston Wynne
Rochford
St. Weonards
Stoke Prior
Tyberton
Westhide
Civil parish
Abbey Dore
Aconbury
Allensmore
Amberley
Avenbury
Aymestrey
Bacton
Ballingham
Bartestree
Bockleton ( 1998 - )
Bodenham
Bolstone
Bredenbury
Breinton
Bridstow
Brimfield
Bromyard
Bucknell
Burghill
Bwlch Trewyn ( 1844 - )
Callow
Clehonger
Clifford
Collington
Craswall
Credenhill
Croft
Cusop
Cwmyoy ( - 1866 )
Dewsall
Dinedor
Dinmore
Docklow
Dormington
Dorstone
Dulas
Eaton Bishop
Edvin Loach ( 1893 - )
Edvin Ralph
Ewyas Harold
Eye Moreton and Ashton
Eye
Eyton
Farlow ( - 1844 )
Ford
Fownhope
Foy
Fwthog ( - 1891 )
Ganarew
Garway
Goodrich
Grafton
Hampton Bishop
Hampton Wafer
Harewood
Hatfield
Haywood
Hentland
Hereford St. Martin
Hereford St. Owen
Hereford St. Peter
Holme Lacy
Holmer Within ( - 1932 )
Holmer and Shelwick ( 1884 - )
Holmer
Hope under Dinmore
Humber
Huntington (near Hereford) ( - 1932 )
Kenchester
Kenderchurch
Kentchurch
Kilpeck
Kimbolton ( 1998 - )
Kings Caple
Kingstone
Kington Rural (parish)
Laysters
Lea Bailey ( - 1866 )
Lea ( - 1844 )
Ledbury Rural (parish) ( 1894 - )
Leominster Borough
Leominster Out ( 1866 - )
Leominster
Letton
Linton (near Ross on Wye)
Little Birch
Little Dewchurch
Little Hereford
Llancillo
Llandinabo
Llangarren
Llanithog
Llanrothall
Llanveynoe
Llanwarne
Longtown
Lower Bullingham
Lucton
Ludford ( - 1895 )
Lugwardine
Luston
Madley
Marden
Marstow
Mathon ( 1998 - )
Michaelchurch Escley
Middleton on the Hill
Mordiford
Moreton on Lugg
Much Birch
Much Dewchurch
New Hampton
Newton in Ewyas Lacy
Newton in Wolphy
Orcop
Orleton
Pencombe with Grendon Warren ( 1895 - )
Pencoyd
Peterchurch
Peterstow
Pipe cum Lyde
Presteign ( - 1866 )
Preston Wynne
Puddlestone
Richard's Castle
Rochford
Rowlstone
Sarnesfield
Sellack
St. Devereux
St. Margaret
St. Weonards
Stoke Edith
Stoke Prior
Stottesden ( - 1844 )
Stretton Sugwas
Sutton ( 1876 - )
Thornbury
Thruxton
Tretire with Michaelchurch
Treville
Tupsley ( - 1932 )
Turnastone
Tyberton
Vowchurch
Walterstone
Wellington
Welsh Bicknor
Westhide
Weston Beggard
Whitchurch
Whitney on Wye
Wigmore
Withington
Wormbridge
Yarpole
Extra parochial area
Dinmore
Hampton Wafer
Haywood
New Hampton
Treville
Hamlet
Bwlch Trewyn ( 1844 - )
Fwthog ( - 1891 )
Hampton Charles ( 1998 - )
Hundred
Broxash Hundred
Ewyas Harold Hundred ( - 1535 )
Ewyas Lacy Hundred
Greytree Hundred
Grimsworth Hundred
Huntington Hundred
Radlow Hundred
Stretford Hundred
Webtree Hundred
Wigmore Hundred
Wolphy Hundred
Wormelow Hundred
Inhabited place
Acton Beauchamp
Acton Green
Adforton
Ashton
Aylton
Baysham
Birtley
Blackwardine
Brierley
Brobury
Brockmanton
Canon Pyon
Chickward
Cholstrey
Clungunford
Colwall
Combe Moor
Combe
Easton
Hereford ( 600 - )
Ivington
Kington
Ledbury
Ledicot
Leintwardine
Little Kyre ( 1894 - 1974 )
Lower Hergest
Lower Lye
Lower Welson
Marston Stannett
Marston
Maund Bryan
Nash
Ocle Pychard
Pontshill
Presteign ( - 1866 )
Preston upon Wye ( 1998 - )
Priors Frome
Risbury
Ross on Wye ( 1998 - )
Rotherwas
Rushock
Stockton
Stoke Bliss ( - 1974 )
Strangford
Symonds Yat
Tedstone Wafer
Upper Hergest
Upper Welson
Venn's Green
Weobley
Weston under Penyard ( 1998 - )
Wharton
Whyle
Wilton
Winnal
Yazor
Parish
Almeley
Ashperton
Aston Ingham
Aston
Aylton
Birley
Bishops Frome
Bishopstone
Blakemere
Bosbury
Brampton Abbotts
Brampton Bryan
Bredwardine
Bridge Sollers ( 1998 - )
Brilley
Brinsop
Brockhampton (near Bromyard) ( - 1974 )
Brockhampton by Ross ( 1998 - )
Buckton and Coxall
Bullingham
Burrington
Byford
Byton
Canon Frome
Castle Frome
Clodock
Coddington
Colwall
Combe
Cradley
Dilwyn
Donnington
Downton
Eardisland
Eardisley
Eastnor
Egleton
Elton
Evesbatch
Felton
Grendon Bishop
Halmonds Frome
Hope Mansell
Hopleys Green
How Caple
Huntington (near Kington)
Kings Pyon ( 1998 - )
Kingsland
Kinnersley
Kinsham
Knill
Leinthall Starkes
Leintwardine
Lingen
Linton (by Bromyard)
Little Cowarne
Little Marcle
Lower Harpton
Lower Kinsham
Lyonshall
Mansell Gamage
Mansell Lacy
Moccas
Monkland
Monnington-upon-Wye
Moreton Jeffries ( 1998 - )
Much Cowarne
Much Marcle
Munsley
Norton Canon
Norton
Pembridge
Pixley
Presteigne
Preston upon Wye ( 1998 - )
Putley
Rodd Nash and Little Brampton
Ross on Wye ( 1998 - )
Saltmarsh
Shobdon
Sollers Hope
Stanford Bishop
Stapleton
Staunton on Arrow
Staunton upon Wye ( 1998 - )
Stoke Bliss ( - 1974 )
Stoke Lacy
Stretford
Stretton Grandison
Sutton St. Michael
Sutton St. Nicholas
Tarrington
Tedstone Delamere
Titley
Ullingswick
Upper Bullingham
Upper Kinsham
Upper Lye
Upper Sapey
Upton Bishop
Wacton
Walford Letton and Newton
Walford
Whitbourne
Willersley
Willey
Winforton
Winslow
Wolferlow
Woolhope
Wormsley
Yarkhill
Yatton (near Much Marcle) ( 1998 - )
Yazor
Parish (ancient)
Abbey Dore
Aconbury
Allensmore
Avenbury
Aymestrey
Bacton
Bockleton ( 1998 - )
Bodenham
Bredenbury
Breinton
Bridstow
Bromyard
Bucknell
Burghill
Clehonger
Clifford
Collington
Credenhill
Croft
Cusop
Cwmyoy ( - 1866 )
Dewsall
Dinedor
Dormington
Dorstone
Eaton Bishop
Edvin Loach ( 1893 - )
Edvin Ralph
Ewyas Harold
Eye
Fownhope
Foy
Ganarew
Garway
Goodrich
Hampton Bishop
Hereford All Saints
Hereford St. John the Baptist
Hereford St. Martin
Hereford St. Nicholas
Hereford St. Owen
Hereford St. Peter
Holme Lacy
Holmer
Humber
Kenchester
Kentchurch
Kilpeck
Kingstone
Leominster
Letton
Linton (near Ross on Wye)
Little Birch
Little Hereford
Llancillo
Llandinabo
Llanithog
Llanrothall
Llanwarne
Lugwardine
Madley
Marden
Michaelchurch Escley
Mordiford
Moreton on Lugg
Much Birch
Much Dewchurch
Orleton
Peterchurch
Peterstow
Pipe cum Lyde
Presteign ( - 1866 )
Puddlestone
Richard's Castle
Rowlstone
Sarnesfield
Sellack
St. Devereux
St. Margaret
Stoke Edith
Stottesden ( - 1844 )
Stretton Sugwas
Thornbury
Thruxton
Tretire with Michaelchurch
Turnastone
Vowchurch
Walterstone
Wellington
Welsh Bicknor
Welsh Newton
Westhide
Weston Beggard
Whitchurch
Whitney on Wye
Wigmore
Withington
Yarpole
Parochial area
Orcop
Wormbridge
Registration district
Bromyard Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1974 )
Bromyard Registration District (2) ( 1998 - 2002 )
Dore Registration District ( 1837 - 1838 )
Hereford Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1974 )
Hereford Registration District (2) ( 1998 - 2008 )
Hereford Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Herefordshire Registration District ( 2008 - )
Kington Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1839 )
Kington Registration District (3) ( 1871 - 1974 )
Kington Registration District ( 1837 - 1839 )
Knighton Registration District ( 1998 - 2008 )
Ledbury Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1974 )
Ledbury Registration District (2) ( 1998 - 2008 )
Ledbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Leominster Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1974 )
Leominster Registration District (2) ( 1998 - 2008 )
Leominster Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Ross Registration District (1) ( 1837 - 1974 )
Ross Registration District (2) ( 1998 - 2008 )
Ross Registration District ( 1837 - )
Tenbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1934 )
Weobley Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Rural district
Bredwardine Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Bromyard Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dore Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Dore and Bredwardine Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Hereford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Kington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ledbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Leominster Rural ( 1894 - 1930 )
Leominster and Wigmore Rural ( 1930 - 1974 )
Ross Rural ( 1894 - 1931 )
Ross and Whitchurch Rural ( 1931 - 1974 )
Weobley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Whitchurch Rural ( 1894 - 1931 )
Wigmore Rural ( 1894 - 1930 )
Township
Bockleton ( 1998 - )
Bucknell
Eggleton
Eye Moreton and Ashton
Ford
Grafton
Leominster Borough
Leominster Out ( 1866 - )
Lower Bullingham
Luston
Newton in Ewyas Lacy
Newton in Wolphy
Tupsley ( - 1932 )
Tything
Lea Bailey ( - 1866 )
Unitary authority
Herefordshire District ( 1998 - )
Unknown
Bach
Barton Bradnor and Rushock
Bircher
Boresford and Pedwardine
Both Hergests
Broad Oak
Cwm
Eaton Tregoze
Eaton
Eskley
Fawley
Fencott-with-Westwood
Fromes Hill
Glewstone
Hardwick
Henner
Holm
Hurstley
Kinton
Lilwall Pembers Oak and Chickward
Long Grove
Marlow
Middlewood
Moor Court
Mynde Park
Newchurch
Oldcastle
Rodd
Ruckhall
St. Martin
Stagbatch
Stanford Regis
Stansbatch
The Vineyard
Tillington
Trippleton
Upleadon
Upton
Walton
Wellington Heath
West Hide
Westwood
Wintercote
Woonton
Urban district
Bromyard
Ledbury
Presteign ( - 1866 )
Ross on Wye ( 1998 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council. It borders Shropshire to the north, Worcestershire to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, and the Welsh counties of Monmouthshire and Powys to the west.

Hereford is a cathedral city and is the county town; with a population of approximately 55,800 inhabitants it is also the largest settlement. The county is one of the most rural and sparsely populated in England, with a population density of 82/km² (212/sq mi). The land use is mostly agricultural and the county is well known for its fruit and cider production, and the Hereford cattle breed.

History to 1974

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The History of Herefordshire starts with a shire in the time of Athelstan (895–939), and Herefordshire is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1051. The first Anglo-Saxon settlers, the Magonsætan, were a sub-tribal unit of the Hwicce who occupied the Severn valley. The Magonsætan were said to be in the intervening lands between the Rivers Wye and Severn. The undulating hills of marl clay were surrounded by the Welsh mountains to the west; the Malvern Hills to the east; the Clent Hills of the Shropshire borders to the north, and the indeterminate extent of the Forest of Dean to the south. The shire name first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was derived from "Here-ford", Old English for "Army crossing", the location for the city. The area was covered first by Offa of Mercia, who constructed the dyke as a boundary to keep warring tribes out of the Mercian kingdom: an early indication of the ambivalent relations with the Welsh. The shire as an administrative unit was developed from Alfred the Great's Burghal Hidage, and the Shire-reeve courts of the Hundred. In 676, during the reign of King Æthelred of Mercia the Archbishop of Canterbury Saint Theodore of Tarsus founded the Diocese of Hereford, to minister to the minor sub-kingdom of Magonsaete, and he appointed Putta as the first Bishop of Hereford. The establishment of a centre of law and justice was supported by a monastic chapter that flourished during the Tenth century Reformation. Hereford's geographical location at the hub of the shire allowed Anglo-Saxon ealdormen to manage affairs; and Hereford played a vital role in the Scandinavian wars until Ralph, Earl Hereford was deposed by the regal Earl Harold Godwinson.

In the feudal Domesday Survey some adjacent areas of the Welsh Marches are assessed under Herefordshire. The western and southern borders remained debatable ground ("Archenfield") until, with the incorporation of the Welsh Marches in 1535, considerable territory was annexed to Herefordshire. These areas formed the hundreds of Wigmore, Ewyas Lacy and Huntington, while Ewyas Harold was subsumed into Webtree Hundred. At the time of the Domesday Survey the divisions of the county were very unsettled. As many as nineteen hundreds are mentioned, but these were of varying extent, some containing only one manor, some from twenty to thirty. Of the twelve modern hundreds, only Greytree, Radlow, Stretford, Wolphy and Wormelow retained their original Domesday names. The others were Broxash, Ewyas-Lacy, Grimsworth, Huntington, Webtree and Wigmore. Herefordshire is on the Welsh border (and before that the ancient boundary of the Welsh Marches).

In the modern era the boundaries of the Forest were not set until 1750, by which period several Bishops Peculiars were reassessed for land valuation and redistribution. Some land in the north-west of the county was ceded to Shropshire, and some land in the east to Worcestershire. However, in the south-west the Golden Valley lands were confirmed as Herefordiensis (Herefordian). A unique source for the history of the county in the Chained Library contained some of the earliest printed books in Europe, printed by the Gutenburg press. During the Civil wars it acted as a royal treasury.

During the medieval period the county had been defined in law by violence and cruel punishments. It played a large part in various civil wars; spawned a Royal Duke; and gave rise to Lollardism. A fiercely independent folk and a position on the border with Wales gave the county a reputation for a frontier mentality. Many were hanged for hayrick burning, owing to the relatively low agricultural wage, during the Captain Swing Riots and later. However, in contrast to Norfolk, for example, it did not form a militant agricultural workers union.

But the civilising influence of the 18th century enlightenment ushered in an era of poets and painters, clerics and the picturesque. Tourism from Tintern Abbey to the Malvern Spas revisited the royalism of years past.

Herefordshire continued to be backward in industrial development: the canals and railways arrived later than elsewhere in England. Development reflected local needs: processing cider apples, manufacturing agricultural machinery. It was not until 1930s that the first female councillors were elected, and that a rural bus service could provide a short journey into Hereford. The population remained static for 150 years until 2000, at about 150,000.

Changes since 1974

In 1974 Herefordshire was merged with the western part of the neighbouring county of Worcestershire to form the Hereford and Worcester administrative county. Within this, Herefordshire was covered by the local government districts of South Herefordshire, Hereford, and part of Malvern Hills and Leominster districts. The county was dissolved in 1998, resulting in the return of Herefordshire and Worcestershire as separate counties (save for the part of Worcestershire which was absorbed into the new county of the West Midlands.

On separating from Worcestershire, Herefordshire became one "unitary authority" with no underpinning district municipalities. The unitary authority is referred to here as the Herefordshire District.

Research Tips

  • Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre, Fir Tree Lane, Rotherwas, Hereford HR2 6LA is where paper and microfilm copies of all records for Herefordshire are stored. The Archives Centre has a website where the index to the archives (and also the wills catalog) can be searched. One item in the catalog is List of all Herefordshire parish register and bishops transcripts holdings which is a PDF file with information provided in an old version of Excel.

Online sources which may also be helpful:

  • GENUKI gives pointers to other archive sources as well as providing some details on each parish in the county. The emphasis here is on ecclesiastical parishes (useful before 1837)
  • A listing of all the Registration Districts in England and Wales since their introduction in 1837 and tables of the parishes that were part of each district and the time period covered with detailed notes on changes of parish name, mergers, etc. Do respect the copyright on this material.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki for Herefordshire provides a similar but not identical series of webpages to that provided by GENUKI
  • A Vision of Britain through Time has a group of pages of statistical facts for almost every parish in the county
  • Unfortunately, only one volume on Herefordshire has been published in the Victoria County History series. British History Online have produced a series of Ordnance Survey first edition maps for the county which may be helpful for mid-nineteenth century inquiries
  • Ancestry.co.uk lists its collections of Herefordshire genealogical material.
  • FindMyPast collections of historical records can be searched for Herefordshire. They have collections of parish records for the pre-1837 period.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Herefordshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at History of Herefordshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.