Person:Samuel Buchanan (15)

Samuel Buchanan
d.Bef. 18 March 1783 Washington County, Virginia.
m. Bef. 1700
  1. Archibald BuchananBtw 1698-1727 -
  2. James BuchananABT 1700 - 1764
  3. Matthew BuchananBEF 1706 - 1707-1796
  4. Samuel BuchananABT 1710 - Bef 1783
  • HSamuel BuchananABT 1710 - Bef 1783
  • WMartha Keysbef 1713 - AFT 1783
m. ABT 1731
  1. Capt. Andrew Buchanan1732 - 1793
  2. Robert Buchanan1733 - 1818
  3. John BuchananABT 1746 - bef 1820
  4. Samuel Buchanan, IIABT 1748 - ABT 1835
  5. Moses Buchananabt 1749/51 - 1823
Facts and Events
Name Samuel Buchanan
Gender Male
Birth[1] ABT 1710 Possibly Ireland or Pennsylvania
Alt Birth[2] 1710 Kippen, Scotland Via Coldraine, Ireland
Marriage ABT 1731 to Martha Keys
Will[3] October 11, 1774 Washington Co., VaWill written
Death[4] Bef. 18 March 1783 Washington County, Virginia.Probate date

Samuel Buchanan was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Person:Samuel Buchanan (15)
Template:Register:Samuel Buchanan (15)
Source Materials



Personal Data

Personal Data See:Explanation of Personal Data Tables
DOD:1774, 1783 Source:Summers, 1929:1346 indicates that his will was written October 11 1774. Source:Summers, 1929:1131 gives the probate date as 18 march 1783
POD:Washington County VA
Spouse 1:Martha EdmistonThe identity of Samuels wife is given variously as Martha Edmiston and Martha Keyes. Some genealogists assume there were two wives, named Martha. Source:Allison, 1960 gives it as Martha Keyes, but gives no supporting evidence. Samuels will identifies his wife only as "Martha". Samuel Edmondson and Taylor Wilson are shown as the executors; Plausibly one or the other of them are Marthas kin, as often the widow's rights were protected by the presence of a blood kinsman in the probate process. This might suggest her maiden name was either Edmiston or Taylor.
Spouse 1:Martha Keyes
Children There is considerable variation in the child list as cited by different genealogists. Confirming documentation needed. Source:Allison, 1960 gives "Andrew, Robert, Samuel, John, and Moses" as the children, citing Source:Summers, 1929:1346.; However, the will extract given by Source:Summers, 1929:1346 identifies only three children: Robert, Samuel, and John. An Andrew Buchanan is identified as a witness, but not as a son. Allison provides a transcription of the will and probate record, and it is in accord with Summers extract.
Name DOB POB DOD POD Spouse DOM POM Dispersion and Notes
Matthew Buchanan ABT 1730
Andrew Buchanan ABT 1732 or 1740
Robert Buchanan 1733 Identified in will Source:Summers, 1929:1346
Moses Buchanan
Samuel Buchanan ABT 1748 or 1730 Augusta County, VA Identified in will Source:Summers, 1929:1346
John Buchanan 1746 Identified in will Source:Summers, 1929:1346

Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA


Samuel Buchanan's land (Borden Tract NE, 393 acres, 1747 (Note: this is apparently an error on the Hildebrand Map; Samuel Buchanan acquired this land from John Buchanan (relationship undetermined) in 1756. Samuel was NOT an original party to the patents, which were both acquired by John Buchanan in 1743 (293 acres) and 1747 (100 acres)); also two adjoining tracts 240 acres each, both acquired in 1770) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009. (Note: the second 240-acre patent cannot be located on Chalkley's. Note that a patent of Andrew Buchanan (250 acres, 1756), Samuel's son is located nearby to the southwest).

Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:

  • Page 328.--20th May, 1756. John Buchanan, gent., late of Reed Creek, to Samuel Buchanan, £132, 393 acres in 2 surveys: 1st containing 293 acres conveyed to John by Borden and recorded in Orange; 2d containing 100 acres conveyed to John by Borden and recorded in Augusta, on Moffet's Creek, cor. Jno. Edmiston. (Note: the relationship with John Buchanan is undetermined).
  • Page 347.--1st March, 1770. Same (From Borden's Executors) to Samuel Buchanan, £37, 240 acres of 92,100, Buffalo Draft, said Buchanan's old line; Samuel Steel's line; corner James Stewart. Delivered: James Huston, May, 1772.

Will of Samuel Buchanan

Will of Samuel Buchanan - Washington County, VA Will Book 1, page 83:
In the name of God Amen. I being weak in body but perfect in memory I do bequeath to my Wife Martha one Negro Wench named Alice. I do bequeath to my son John one Negro boy named will, AS ALSO THE Warrant for land from Brobson to my son John. And to collect my debts here on Holson, to pay the said Warrant and clear off all debts. I bequeath to my sons John and Samuel the Bonds due from John Huston the date 75 & 76. half to each equally divided and to my Wife the 78 Bond. And to my sons Andrew and Robert the Bond dated 79 equally divided. The Waggon equally divided between my Sons Robert, Samuel, & John also my stock of cows & horses to be equally divided between my Wife and son John, also my Houshold fwurniture I leave to my Wife. I also appoint Samuel Edmondson and Thomas Wilson to be the Executors of this my last Will & Testament. As Witness my hand this Eleventh Day of October in the Year 1774.
Test.Samuel Buchanan
William Edmiston
Andrew Buchanan
PROVEN: 18 Mar 1783, Washington County, VA
Samuel Edmiston and Thomas Wilson were executors of will, witnessed by William Edmiston and Andrew Buchanan.

Processioning List of 1760

"Processioning" was the process or periodically reviewing and agreeing upon property lines between settlers. Processioning Lists can be useful in determining the area of a settler and the neighboring settlers at a specific time period:

  • Page 287.--1760: Processioned by Reagh and Huston: For James Walker, for James Robison, for James Moore, for Charles Hays, for Andrew Hays, for Samuel Dunlap, for Wm. Porter, for Robert Ealson, for James Anderson, for Jacob Anderson, for Wm. Young, for Alex. Walker, for Alex. Walker, Sr., for Robert Hurt, for John Edmiston, for James Buchanan, for William and Robert Buchanan, for Samuel Hayes, for John Robertson, for Mathew Robertson, for Widow Bell, for James Coulter, for John Buntin, 464 for Wm. Buchanan, for Andrew Buchanan, for Alex. Miller, for John Wallace, for Samuel Buchanan, for Wm. Reaoh, for Joseph Culton, for John Walker, for Wm. Porter, for Robert Catton (Cotton), for John Hurt (Hart).

Records of Samuel Buchanan in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley's:

  • Page 241,--6th April, 1749. Robert Edmiston's will--Wife (Jean?); legatee, Jean Edmiston; daughter, Dorothy Edmiston; son, James; son, William. Executors, Thos. McSpaden, Wm. Edmiston. Teste: Jno. Edmiston, Samuel Buchanan. Proved, 22d May, 1750, by Buchanan, and Edmiston summoned.
  • Page 283.--23rd August, 1749. B. Borden to David Hays. Delivered: Samuel Buchanan, 21st June, 1753. 124 acres of 92100.
  • Page 173.--10th February, 1753. Same (From Borden, Etc.) to Thomas Beard, 605 acres of 92100; Moffett's Creek of James; corner John Roseman. Delivered: Saml. Buchanan, 21st June, 1758.
  • Page 335.--21st August, 1754. Joseph Kenedy, Gent., and Elizabeth, to Edward McColgan, cordwinder, £60, 300 acres at Broad Spring in Borden's tract crossing Broad Spring Run with John Handly's line. Signed without mark (see Deed Book No. 6, page 331). Delivered to Samuel Buchanan, 21st June, 1758.
  • Page 331.--21st August, 1754. Joseph Kennedy (his mark), Gent., and Elizabeth, to Samuel Buchanan, James Walker, Robert Reagh, John Logan, Alexander Miller and William Kennedy, trustees appointed and chosen by the Presbyterian Congregation of New Providence in Augusta County for and on behalf of themselves and the rest of the said Congregation and their successors adherents to the Squad of New York of the other part. Consideration: The sincere regard, good will and affectionate love which he beareth unto the said Congregation, and with an eye to encourage the worshipers of the most Blessed and Glorious Trinity, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, who is God over all, and Blessed forever, Amen; and for and in consideration of the sum of six pence sterling; for public use and benefit of the said Congregation for a Presbyterian Meeting House to worship Almighty God in and for a burying place and graveyard to them and such as shall hereafter joyn with them the said Congregation of New Providence a certain moiety piece or parcel of land whereon the said Congregation hath already began to prepare and build a meeting house containing 3 A., 1 R., 27 P., on west side Moffet's Creek in Borden's tract; said Kennedy's and Francis McCown's line being a line of land now in possession of Andrew Duncan. Delivered to Samuel Buchanan, 21st June, 1758.
  • Page 74.--9th September, 1754. John Wilson's appraisement, by Saml. Buchanan, Andrew Duncan, John Logan (Loggan).
  • Page 9.--18th March, 1755. Joseph Kennedy and Elizabeth, to Mathew Buchanan, of the Province of Pennsylvania, £80; 711 acres in Borden's tract; Saml. Huston's line; Greenlee's line. Delivered: Saml. Buchanan, June, 1758. Tests: Alexander Patton, Elizabeth Kennedy.
  • Page 250.--19th May, 1758. John Wilson's account, by Ann Wilson, administratrix--Paid Edward McColgan, Edward Tar, Samuel Buchanan, John Jones, Wm. Adair.
  • Page 297.--16th May, 1760. Borden's executors to James Wilson (Wittson), £5. 382 acres) part of 92,100; corner to his tract where widow Patterson dwells, crossing Kennedy's Mill Creek; corner plantation of Robert Edmiston; corner Samuel Buchanan on side Buffler draft. Teste: James McDowel. Jno. Paxton, Richard (his mark) Brown.
  • Page 131.--1st October, 1761. William Wardlaw's will--In Borden's tracke, planter. Executors, Jeannet Wardlaw and John Wardlaw. To wife, Jeannet; to son, John; to ? James Wardlaw; to son, Hugh Wardlaw; to ? Joseph and Wm. Wardlaw, the plantation testator lives on; to daughter, Margaret Wardlaw: to son, Robert Wardlaw, the plantation of woodland lying beside Samuel Buchanan. Teste: Robt. Weer, Jas. Wardlaw, John Wardlaw. Hugh Wardlaw. Proved, 18th May, 1762, by Robt Weer, Jas. and John Wardlaw. Executors qualified, with James and Hugh Wardlaw. Janet ( ) her mark.
  • Page 158.--17th August, 1762. Andrew Duncan's appraisement, by Wm. Edmondson, Jno. Edmondson, Saml. Buchanan, recorded.
  • Page 712.--20th November, 1764. Mathew Buchanan and Martha, of the Province of Pennsylvania, to James Wilson of the same Province, £161.5, 711 acres in Borden's tract: Samuel Huston's line; Grcenlee's line. Teste: Samuel Buchanan, Robert and Thomas Wilson. Delivered: James Wilson, 28th October, 1773. ‘’(Note: Matthew Buchanan was Samuel’s brother).’’
  • Page 861.--20th May, 1765. John ( ) Edmiston and Margret ( ) to John Stewart, £50, 132 acres in Borden's tract; corner John Stewart; corner Wm. Edmiston. Teste: Samuel Buchanan, Wm. and Samuel Edmiston. Delivered: Jno. Stuart, 10th December, 1790.
  • Page 289.--9th October, 1765. John Edmiston and Margaret to John Berry, £43, 170 acres, part of Borden's 92,100; corner John Stewart ( ). Teste: Samuel Buchanan, George Dougherty, Robt. Buchanan, Samuel Edmiston.
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 18, 1767. - (213) The following produced certificates for hemp: Hugh Miller, James Craig, James Montgomery, Wm. Male, James Lawrence, Thos. Wilson, John Hall, Pat. Miller, James Patterson, Robt. Frazier, Saml. Buckanon, John Hays, Jr.
  • Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 20, 1767. - (367) Jurors: Samuel Buchanan, James Lawrence, Wm. Lawrence, John Craig. Benj. Keys, Wm. Kennedy, Joseph Gamwell, Thos. Picken, Jacob Woodley, Saml. Caldwell, John Fulton, Alexr. Reed.
  • Page 120.--11th August, 1768. Isabella ( ) Robinson and John ( ) Robinson, her son, to Alexander Hindman, £60, 124 acres on Hays's Creek, part of Horden's 92100, the patent line corner James Robinson. Teste: Andrew Hays, Sr., Samuel Buchanan, Arthur Graham, John Hays, Jr.
  • Page 186.--21st March, 1769. William Wilson's appraisement (by Wm. Edmiston, Saml. Buchanan, Charles Campbell, Robt. Steel), recorded.
  • Page 339.--1st March, 1770. Same (From Borden's Executors) to Andrew Buchanan, £25, 200 acres of 92,100; corner Robert Kilpatrick; corner James Wardlaw; corner Samuel Buchanan, Moffet's Creek; corner Moses Buchanan; Joseph Culton's line; Andrew Buchanan's old corner. Delivered: Andrew Buchanan, March, 1773.
  • Page 253.--14th November, 1771. James Wardlaw and Martha to James Logan. Samuel Buchanan, Alexander Walker, Sr., Andrew Hays, James Henry, James McCampbell, Thomas Hill, John Huston, Alexander Walker, Jr., elders of the Congregation of Presbyterian Dissenters of New Providence, £50, 81-1/2 acres whereon New Providence Meeting House now stands; Andrew Duncan's line; trust for purpose of a meeting house for public worship, and a grave yard. Teste: Alexander Sinclair, Samuel Bell, George Weir. Delivered: Joseph Moore, 1st April, 1796.


  1. Donald Loyd Bradley.

    Date of Import: Aug 21, 1999

  2. Matthew Buchanan.FTW.

    Date of Import: Aug 8, 2003

  3. Summers, 1929:1346, Secondary quality.

    Will Date

  4. Summers, 1929:1131.

    Probate Date