Person:John Painter (26)

John Painter, of Stony Creek
d.bef. April 1769 Frederick County, Virginia
m. ABT 1702
  1. George Painter, of Mill Creek1703 - 1758
  2. John Painter, of Stony Creek1706/07 - bef 1769
  3. Anna Barbara Bender1708 - 1773
  4. Alexander Painter1713 - aft 1771
  5. Frederick BenderABT 1715/20 - abt 1805
  • HJohn Painter, of Stony Creek1706/07 - bef 1769
m. est. 1730
  1. Phillip 'Little Phil' Painterest 1730 - abt 1777
  2. John Painter, of Swan's Pondest 1733-1742 - abt 1806
  3. Adam Painter1732/33 - bef 1773
  4. George 'Little George' Painterest 1735-1745 -
  5. Jacob Painterest 1735-1745 -
  6. Matthias Painterabt 1738 - 1802
Facts and Events
Name John Painter, of Stony Creek
Alt Name Johannes Bender
Alt Name Johannes Painter
Gender Male
Birth? 13 MAR 1706/07 Ittlingen, Wuerttemburg, Germany
Marriage est. 1730 to
Death? bef. April 1769 Frederick County, Virginia

John Painter was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Acquisition of Land in Virginia

  • Oct. 20, 1742 - Jost Hite sells to John Painter 189 acres on N. side of Shenandoah River Frederick County, VA DB 2 p.324
  • Nov 13, 1749 - Yost Hite sells to John Painter for 24 pounds 5 shillings 125 acres in Frederick County adjoining or near Jonathan Seaman.
  • John Painter received a grant for 400 acres on Stoney Creek - Feb. 2, 1749, Augusta County DB G p. 357
  • G-357: John Painter of Augusta Co., 400 acres in said County. Surv. Mr. George Byrne. On S. [Stoney] Cr. where he lives. adj. Michael Henlin, Stony Cr. 2 Feb. 1749. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775, Vol. 2, Gertrude E. Gray, pg. 40].
  • 1749: John Painter bought 400 acres from Lord Fairfax.
  • M-93: John Painter of Frederick Co., 168 acres on Crooked Run in said Co. Surv. Mr. Robert Rutherford. Adj. said Painter, John Branson, Alex'r Oglesbey. 17 Dec. 1762. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775, Vol. 2, Gertrude E. Gray, pg. 147].

Records of John Painter

  • Vol. 1 - MAY, 1748. - Richard Morley vs. Johannes Bender.--Pet. His right name is Painter. [Chalkley's, Vol. 1].
  • On Sept. 2, 1755 a Court Martial was held in Frederick County. "ordered that John Painter of Stony Creek of the foot Company Commanded by Capt. John Denton be fined Ten shillings or One Hundred lbs of Tob. (Tobacco) for not appearing at one private Muster properly Armed & Accounted as the Law directs & for absenting him self from one general Muster within twelve months last past ..." The Court Martial also included all of his neighbors.

Account of Indian Massacre at Mill Creek

The Germans in the Shenandoah had lived in peaceful coexistence with the few remaining natives for a dozen years. Suddenly in 1753 the remaining natives withdrew over the mountains to the west. The settlers understood this was a bad omen. The French and Indian conflict exploded into war March 28, 1754. Three years later the natives who had vanished from the Shenandoah sent their warriors back to raid the settlements. The many steep narrow canyons leading from the mountains into the Valley made it vulnerable.

Mill Creek

German immigrants George and John Bender made their homes in the canyon of Stoney Creek on the western slope of the Great Northern Mountains. They tilled their land without hired hands. They ran their own mills and did their own smithing--supplying the labor from within their large families. They began to use the anglicized (phonetic equivalent) name "Painter."

In 1758 a raiding party of fifty Shawnee and four Frenchmen swooped down the canyon of Mill Creek toward George Painter's log house. George gathered his family of nine into his cellar. Forty of his frightened neighbors crowded in as well while two of his sons ran for the ridge to find a better hiding place.

The attack was swift and brutal. George was shot in the back three times trying to escape. The others quickly surrendered and watched as the raiders stripped the dwellings of all worthwhile items and tossed George's body inside the house. The rest of the family were pushed aside as the house was torched. Those who lived to tell the tale said that while the house burned the warriors wrenched four infants away from their mothers and hung them in trees and held a marksmanship contest untill all the babies had been shot dead. Then they set fire to the stables killing the sheep and calves, after which they rounded up forty eight prisoners, including George's wife, five daughters and one son.

Later that night one of the sons of George who had hidden, crept out under cover of darkness and, a long with a neighbor boy, ran barefoot in shirt and trousers fifteen miles to the nearest fort, Fort Keller for aid. The Fort dispatched a small party to rescue but when they learned the size of the raiding party, turned around and fled.

The Painter children and neighbors were led by the captors over the mountains out of Virginia. They walked for six days to reach their captors' village in the Ohio territory. On arrival one of the boys was tortured to death. Mrs. Painter and her children were kept in captivity three years. In 1760 all but three daughters were released. It was said that one of the women returned with an infant son, conceived with a 'distinguished chief.' Of the Painter women who stayed with the tribe in Ohio, one was the youngest, Mary, who was nine years old. Fifteen years later 24-year-old Mary finally returned to virginia after eighteen years of captivity./p>

The sons of George went to live with their uncle Mathias in Timberville and when the youngest son, Adam returned from captivity he went to live with kinfolk in Timberville also. The Painter home and barn was rebuilt of stone and named Fort Painter. A stone dwelling and barn replaced the log structures. The buildings were inter-connected and fortified. See reference (3)

The Painter family nevertheless survived and grew. Along with cousins in Timberville and those who migrated south to Botetourt County, many became pioneers in Ohio after the Revolution.

Estate Records of John Painter

Michael Henline, Jacob Helsley and Jacob Pitzer, on 23 Jun 1770, took inventory of John Painter's personal estate. Following is a verbatim copy of their inventories.
June 23rd Anno Domine 1770
Note these Articles was sold before the appraisement
To some grain in the ground sold in the time of the Indian War thro fear .for £1- 0-0
To a lot of Iron teeth for a harrow 1- 3- 0
To 1 Double Barrel 0- 3-6
To 1 Skimmer 0-26
To 1 Lame Mare & Two hogs 4-10-0
To 2 Hogs 0-15-0
To 1 Hog £ 2 Roan Colts £6 12- 0-0
To 2 old Mares £3 3- 0-0
To 1 Roan Colt 2 years old 4- 0-0
To 6 headof cattle 10- 0-0
To 2 cows, 5-10-0
To 3 head of cattle 5-10-0
To 1 yearlingcalf 0-13-0
To 1 cow 2-10-0
To 1 cow & calf 3- 0-0
To 1 share and colter 0- 6-0
Total £ 54- 3-0

By an order of the Court held for Frederick County in Virginia in April 1769 We the appraisers have appraised the Remainder of the Estate of John Painter dec'd this 23rd day of June 1770.
1 old waggon £4-0-0
To 3 pair of hinges & a latch 0- 8- 0
To 1 pr. of traces & a lock chain 1- 4- 0
To 1 ax and 1 adz 0- 7- 0
To 2 Weeding hoes 0- 5- 0
To a Parcel of old Iron 0- 5- 6
To 2 Dung forks 0- 5- 0
To a Parcel of old Iron 0- 4- 0
To 1 old ax 1 old Tubing hoe & 1 old bell 0- 7- 6
To 2 old devises 0- 5- 6
To 1 pair of pot hooks 0- 1- 0
Total £ 7-13- 0
Signed: Michael Henline
Jacob H Helsley
Jacob Pitzer


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Shenandoah County Records