Place:Frederick, Virginia, United States

Contained Places
Back Creek Quaker Cemetery
Centenary Reformed UCC Cemetery
German Lutheran Church Cemetery
Hopewell Friends Burial Ground
Mount Pleasant Meeting House Cemetery
Saint Johns Lutheran Church Cemetery
Winchester National Cemetery
Wood Family Cemetery
Inhabited place
Back Creek Valley
Back Creek
Baileys Ford
Burning Knolls
Burnt Factory
Capon Falls
Capon Valley ( 1743 - 1752 )
Cedar Grove
Cedar Hill
Clear Brook
Crooked Run
Cross Junction
De Haven
Fawcett's Gap
Flint Run ( 1738 - 1776 )
Frederick Heights
Front Royal
Gravel Springs
Green Spring
Greenwood Heights
Harpers Ferry ( 1738 - 1772 )
High View Manor
Jordan Springs
Keyes Ferry
Klines Mill
Little North Mountain
Long Meadows
Lower Ridge
Luray ( 1738 - 1772 )
Maurertown ( 1738 - 1772 )
Meadow Mills
Mount Pleasant
Mount Williams
Mountain Falls
Narrow Passage Run
North Mill Creek ( 1738 - 1753 )
Old Lang Sine
Opequon ( 1738 - )
Parkins Mills
Patterson Creek ( 1738 - 1753 )
Powells Fort
Reynolds Store
Ridings Mill
Rock Enon Springs
Shawnee Land
Shenandoah Hills
Shenandoah River ( 1738 - 1772 )
Shepherdstown ( 1738 - 1771 )
Smiths Creek ( 1738 - 1772 )
South Fork
Star Fort
Star Tannery
Stephens City
Stoverstown ( 1738 - 1772 )
Strasburg ( 1738 - 1772 )
Summit Point
Toms Brook
Toms Brook ( 1738 - 1772 )
Tumbling Run ( 1738 - 1769 )
Uvilla ( 1738 - 1772 )
White Hall
White Post
Wilde Acres
Woodstock ( 1738 - 1772 )
Inhabited region
Shenandoah Valley ( 1738 - )
Massanutten Settlement ( 1753 - 1772 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Frederick County is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,305. Its county seat is Winchester. The county was formed in 1743 by the splitting of Orange County. It is Virginia's northernmost county.

Frederick County is included in the Winchester, VA-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area.



the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area that would become Frederick County, Virginia was inhabited and transited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European colonization. The "Indian Road" refers to a historic pathway made by local tribes.

Colonization efforts began with the Virginia Company of London, but European settlement did not flourish until after the company lost its charter and Virginia became a royal colony in 1624. In order to stimulate migration to the colony, the headright system was used. Under this system, those who funded an emigrant's transportation costs (not the actual colonizers) were compensated with land. During the early 17th century, King Charles II granted several acres of colonial Virginia lands to “seven loyal supporters,” including Lord Fairfax. This passed to Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who married the daughter of Thomas Colepeper, who also owned several acres of land. After their son, Lord Thomas Fairfax, inherited the combined grants, he controlled over 5,000,000 acres of land in Virginia, including much of the land that became Frederick County.

Frederick County was created from Orange County in 1738, and was officially organized in 1743. The Virginia Assembly named the new county for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales (1707–1751), the eldest son of King George II of Great Britain. At that time, "Old Frederick County" encompassed all or part of four counties in present-day Virginia and five in present-day West Virginia:

Colonial Era

As Commander-in-Chief of the new Colonial Virginia regiment in 1754, Colonel George Washington's headquarters were located in Winchester before and during the French and Indian War. He resigned from military service in 1758; only to be appointed General by the Continental Congress sixteen years later. Meanwhile, Washington represented Frederick County in his first elective office, having been elected to the House of Burgesses in 1758 and 1761. Daniel Morgan was another famous General during the American Revolutionary War, from (present day Clarke County).

War of 1812

American Civil War

Winchester changed hands between the Confederate and Union Armies on average once every three weeks during the war. Many battles were fought in Frederick County. Some of those battles include:

The first constitution of West Virginia provided for Frederick County to be added to the new state if approved by a local election. Unlike those of neighboring Berkeley and Jefferson counties, Frederick County residents voted to remain in Virginia despite being occupied by the Union Army at the time.

Four (alkaline, saline, chalybeate, and sulphured) types of mineral water springs naturally occur on the land that would later be named Rock Enon Springs. The area was once called Capper Springs, named for area settler John Capper. William Marker bought the in 1856 and built a hotel, the first building of the Rock Enon Springs Resort, that survived the American Civil War. On March 24, 1899 the Shenandoah Valley National Bank purchased the property for $3,500. During the summer of 1914 botanists found polypodium vulgare, phegopteris hexagonoptera, adiantum pedatum, pteris aquilina, and cheilanthes lanosa on the property. The idea that soaking in the spring water had medical value was likely a large part of the tourism. In 1944, when that healing idea was likely no longer generally accepted as true, the Glaize family sold the property to the Shenandoah Area Council who turned what was once a resort into Camp Rock Enon.[2] In 1944 the Miller Lake was created by adding a earth dam across Laruel Run using equipment owned by the Federal Fish Hatchery in Leestown. In 1958 "walnut, chestnut and persimmon trees" were planted on the property.


Date Event Source
1743 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1743 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1771 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1853 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1980 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 19,681
1800 24,744
1810 22,574
1820 24,706
1830 26,046
1840 14,242
1850 15,975
1860 16,546
1870 16,596
1880 17,553
1890 17,880
1900 13,239
1910 12,787
1920 12,461
1930 13,167
1940 14,008
1950 17,537
1960 21,941
1970 28,893
1980 34,150
1990 45,723

Note: Winchester city, formed from Frederick County. Annexation after 1970 from Frederick (1970 population 4,786).

Research Tips

Links to 1885 maps of Frederick County may be found here:

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.