Person:James Burk (2)

James Burk, of Burke's Garden
b.1710 Ireland
m. abt. 1709
  1. William Burkabt 1709 - Bef 1754
  2. James Burk, of Burke's Garden1710 - 1783
  • HJames Burk, of Burke's Garden1710 - 1783
  • WMary Bane1715 - bef 1751
m. 1730
  1. Mary Burke1732 - 1783
  2. Sarah Burk1734 -
  3. Naomi Burk1744/45 -
  • HJames Burk, of Burke's Garden1710 - 1783
  • WLucretia Reese1713 -
m. bef. 29 August 1751
Facts and Events
Name James Burk, of Burke's Garden
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1710 Ireland
Marriage 1730 Goshen, Chester County, Pennsylvaniato Mary Bane
Residence[2] 1748 Tazewell, Virginia, United Statescame with the Draper's Meadow settlers
Marriage bef. 29 August 1751 Prob. Augusta County, Virginiato Lucretia Reese
Residence[2] 1753 Burke's Garden, Tazewell, Virginia, United States"It is said that he discovered this lovely spot in 1753..."
Death[1] 1783 Surry County, North Carolina

James Burk was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA

Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:

  • James Burk received a patent (# of acres not specified, more than 117 acres) on 20th September, 1748 on Goose Creek, as listed in the record below:

Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:

  • Page 319.--18th May, 1753. James Burk to James Bane, 117 acres, part of tract patented to Burk, 20th September, 1748, on Goose Creek. Teste: George McSwine, George Robinson.
  • Page 183.--1st July, 1760. Jomes ( ) Birk and Lucretia, of Cumberland County, North Carolina, to Thomas Walker, of Albemarle, £40, 100 acres on Goose Creek, William Campbell's line. Teste: Wm. Ingles, James Bane, Jno. Hawkins. Delivered: Thomas Madison, 11th March, 1763.

Records of James Burk in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:

  • Vol. 2 - Muster List of 1742: Capt. George Robinson's List: George Robinson, Captain; James McFeron, Lieutenant; Pat. Shirky, Ensign; James Ranfro, Sergeant; Dan Manaughan, Mark Coal, Peter Ranfro, George Draper, Rob Roland, Edw. Smith, Fran Kelly, And. Ganghagall, Henry Stiles, Hen Philip, Thomas Rindel, Thomas Looney, Rob Looney, Dan Looney, Adam Looney, Mark Joans, John Askins, John Flower, James Coal, Bryan Cass, Cornel Dougherty, Wm. Acres, Tasker Tosh, Hen Brown, Sam Brown, James Burk, Wm. Bean, _____Evins, Sam Martin, Peter Kinder, Stephen Evins, Peter Watkins, Stephen Ranfro, Benj. Davis, Wm. Clark, Wm. Shepherd, Benj. Deeson, John Smith, Hugh Coruthers, Wm. Bradshay, John Coal, Wm. Craven, Simon Acres, Nicol Horseford, _____ Meason.
  • Page 89.--Sale bill of above estate (Estate of Daniel Monahan), 13th December, 1744, purchasers, viz: James Price, Wm. Akers, Pat Shirkey, Chas. Ewing, John Thomas, Mary Akers, Nicholas Harford, Mary Kinder, Wm. Armstrong, Wm. Carson, Archibald Grimes, Wm. Mills, James Burk, Bryan Cuff, Wm. Armstrong, Henry Brown, Daniel Creeley, Pat Shirkey, Mark Cole, George Barberer, Simon Akers, Peter Kinder, Joseph Love, Methusalem Griffith, Tobias Bright, Jno. McFall, Wm. March, Mark Cole, Jasper Terry. Henry Brown, Jr., Wm. Terry, Stephen Rentfro. 1740. The estate of Daniel Monahan, Dr. Cash paid Joseph Tate. Cash paid Edmond Cartledge. 1743--Cash paid Andrew Gaughagin.
  • Page 32.--18th March, 1746. James Burk qualifies administrator of Isaac Bean, with sureties Humberston Lyon, Wm. Armstrong. Acknowledged, 18th March, 1746.
  • Vol. 1 - November 19, 1746. - (131) Road ordered from Ridge dividing waters of New River from waters of So. Br. Roanoak to end in a road that leads over the Blue Ridge--James Cambell and Mark Evans, overseers. Old Mr. Robinson and his sons, Thos. Wilson and his two sons, Wm. Beus and his brother, all the Ledfords, Saml. Brown, Henry Brown, Saml. Niely, James Burk, James Bean, Francis Estham, Ephraim Voss and servants, Francis Summerfield, John Mason, Tasker and Thomas Tosh, John and Peter Dill, Uriah Evans's sons, Mathuselah Griffiths and sons, John Thomas, Peter Kender.
  • Page 82.--26th February, 1746-7. Isaac Bean's estate; settlement. Sworn to 16th May, 1748. May 16th, 1748. Received of James Burk full satisfaction for the within account I say received by me.--Moses McClure.
  • Vol. 1 - MARCH 18, 1746/7. - (171) James Burk (greatest creditor) Admr. Isaac Bean.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 21, 1747. - 199) Grand Jury Presentments: Col. Thomas Chew, common swearer; John Bramham, sheriff, common swearer; John O'Neal and Mary Corbit, alias Smith, adultery; James Kerr, disturber of common peace by carrying lies and as a common lyer; Valentine Sevear, swearing six oaths; Ro. Harper, being drunk and swearing three prophane oaths; John Bramham, for prophanely desiring God to damn George Robinson and his company; Robert Young, breach of Sabbath; James Kerr, breach of Sabbath; James Burk, common swearer. (200) Daniel Curlew, breach of Sabbath; James Burk, prophaner of God's name by common swearing.
  • Vol. 1 - Page 358.--29th May, 1751. Lucretia Griffith's bond as executrix of Mathusalem Griffith, with sureties Erwin Patterson and Tasker Tosh. (Note: Lucretia was to become James Burk's second wife, as shown in records below).
  • Vol. 1 - AUGUST 29, 1751. - (189) Lucretia Griffith, admx. of her husband, is since married to James Burk. (Note: this record proves the second marriage of James Burk).
  • Vol. 1 - MARCH 17, 1753. - (444) Lucretia Griffith, Admx. of her husband, but now married to James Burk.
  • Page 90.-(21st March, 1753)-Ditto. Same to Henry Brown, Sr., 50 acres by patent 3d November, 1750. Lick Run of Roanoke; corner James Burk.
  • Page 108.--3d January, 1759. William Lusk to James Lockhart, late sheriff, £166.13.0; mortgage of land where William lives, 200 acres, bounded by lands of Isaac Taylor, Daniel Lyle. James McClung, in Borden's tract; also thirds of 400 acres on James River, formerly belonging to Andrew Gahagan; Wm. Lusk, James Lockhart, Robt. Breckinridge obtained a judgment in General Court for lapsed law; also third of one other tract of 400 acres on Roanoke, formerly belonging to James Burk; also obtained by a like judgment in General Court. Teste: Jno. McCampbell, Wm. Tamson, Ronald and William Lockhart. Tomson (Thompson).
  • Page 408.--20th August, 1760. Henry Brown and Alice to Esther Brown, £5, 54 acres by patent, 3d November, 1750, on a branch of Roanoke called Lick Run; cor. James Burke.
  • Page 529.--14th August, 1761. Thomas Walker, of Albemarle, to James Patton's executors, £100, releases all interest in 4500 acres on waters of New River known by name of Birk's Garden, patented to James Patton. Teste: Israel Christian, John Mills, John Miller.
  • Page 399.--10th May, 1767. Thomas Walker, gent., of Albemarle County, and Mildred to Andrew Lewis, £300, two tracts, A containing 190 acres on Peters Creek, conveyed by James Patton to James Bean, 28th November, 1751, and by him to Thomas Walker, 16th May, 1764 and B lying on Goose Creek, a branch of Roan Oke River, part of 400 acres formerly in the seisin of James Burk and by him conveyed to James Bean, 18th May, 1758, and by him to Thomas Walker, 16th May, 1764, 117 acres. Teste: Robert Erwin, Henry Fry, James McCallister, John Neely, George ( ) Gibson, Robert McClenachan, James Madison.
  • Page 403.--10th June, 1767. Same to same (Thomas Walker, gent., of Albemarle County, and Mildred to Andrew Lewis), £6, two tracts, A containing 200 acres conveyed by Henry Brown to Thomas Walker, 20th August, 1760, on Goose Creek; B conveyed by James Burk to Thomas Walker, 100 acres, William Campbells line.
  • Page 271.--14th March, 1768. William Bryan to James Bryan, £100, 267 acres on Roanoke, alias Goose Creek; corner William Bryans, Jr., James Burk's line. Teste: William Ingles, William Tutt, Samuel Woods, William Preston. Delivered: Mr. Samuel Lewis, 16th January, 1772.
  • Vol. 2 - Thompson vs. Ingles--O. S. 46; N. S. 16. William Ingles, son and heir of Thomas Ingles, who was brother and heir of John Ingles. Deposition of James Burk as to settlement of Burke's garden by the Ingles and Pattons. Thomas and John Ingles settled there about 1749; they were brothers. William Ingles, only son of Thomas, built a cabin, but did not settle there. Thomas had another son, who was a seaman; was never married and died at sea. William Ingles was heir to John Ingles, who had no family. He was killed before the death of Thomas, who was his eldest brother. He was married, but left no children. (Samuel Wilson's deposition, aged 67, 23d February, 1800.)

Information on James Burk

James Burk is thought to have in arrived in Philadelphia, PA in 1720-1725 from Limerick, Ireland. In 1730 he was located in Chester County, VA. He was one of the original explorers, adventurers and hunters in Southwest Virginia. He spent many years in the Roanoke County and Montgomery County areas. The Montgomery County area he frequented eventually became Pulaski County, Floyd County and Carroll County. Burk died in 1783 in Surry County, NC but his daughter Mary remained in Montgomery County as the wife of Jacob Shell, Jr. [Source:]

James Burk had left Southwest Virginia in the Indian attacks in 1755 and gone to Cumberland County, North Carolina and later died in Surry. He sold part of his Burke's Garden land to the Ingles family. But James Patton's heirs, William Thompson and James Thompson, claimed the land. There was an on going quarrel between the Burks and Ingles against the Thompsons and Buchanans over ownership of Burke's Garden. Samuel Pepper, married to James' daughter Naomi, was the executor of James Burk's will Nov.4, 1782. (Surry County, N.C. Will Book II, p. 1) See James Burk section. [Source:]

From post:

James Burke accompanied James Patton and Dr. Thomas Walker when they made several surveys west of the Alleghany Mountains on the waters of New River and Holston River. He owned a large tract of land in present Tazewell County where he was attacked by Indians and barely escaped with his life. This tract later became known as Burkes Garden.
James and Lucretia Burke moved to North Carolina in Surrey County where he died in 1783 and where his will was recorded. His children by his firs wife, Mary Bane Burke were: Mary Burke, m. __________ Murphy; Sarah Burke, m. Samuel Wilson, B. 1733; James Burke, Jr.; Joseph Burke, m. Margaret Grant; _______ Burke, m. William Brookshire; Naomi Burke (1746-1805) m. March 13, 1764, Samuel Pepper (1735-1805). Naomi, four years old when her mother died, was raised by her sister, Sarah Burke Wilson. [Source:]
  1. 1.0 1.1 International Genealogical Index. (LDS Church, 1999-2005).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Johnston, David E. (David Emmons). A history of middle New River settlements and contiguous territory. (Huntington), Pp. 386-387.

    The Burke family of the New River Valley were among the early settlers west of the Alleghanies, having descended from James Burke, who came with the Draper's Meadow settlers in 1748. James Burke was the discoverer of that most magnificent body of land now in Tazewell County, Virginia, know as Burke's Garden (but called by the Indians "Great Swamp"). It is said that he discovered this lovely spot in 1753 and removed thither in 1754, and in the fall of 1755 was driven away by the Indians. He had a family, and among his sons was Captain Thomas Burke, who became a very prominent man in the Indian border wars, and commanded a company of troops, which was at one time stationed at Hatfield's fort, on Big Stony creek. One of his daughters, Mary, married Colonel Christian Snidow, another, Rebecca, married Andrew Davidson. He had a son, William, who at one time was the owner of the Red Sulphur Springs property, in Monroe County, and several of his family emigrated to the west at an early date. The Horse Shoe property in Giles County, granted to James Wood, subsequently became the property of Captain Thomas Burke, and finally that of Colonel William H. Snidow, his grandson.