Place:Zuid-Holland, Netherlands

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NameZuid-Holland
Alt namesSouth Holland
Zuid Hollandsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Zuid-Hollandsource: Wikipedia
Zuidhollandsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-232
ZHsource: Abbreviation
TypeProvincie
Coordinates52°N 4.5°E
Located inNetherlands     (1840 - )
Contained Places
Unknown
De Aa
Dijkshoorn
Gemeente
's-Gravenhage ( 1200 - )
Alblasserdam
Albrandswaard ( 1985 - )
Alphen aan den Rijn
Barendrecht ( 1905 - )
Bergambacht
Bernisse ( 1980 - )
Binnenmaas ( 1984 - )
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk ( 2011 - )
Boskoop
Brielle
Capelle aan den IJssel
Cromstrijen ( 1984 - )
Delft ( 500 - )
Dordrecht ( 800 - )
Giessenlanden ( 1986 - )
Goeree-Overflakkee ( 2013 - )
Gorinchem
Gouda ( 1812 - )
Hardinxveld-Giessendam ( 1957 - )
Hellevoetsluis ( 1812 - )
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht
Hillegom ( 1811 - )
Kaag en Braassem ( 2009 - )
Katwijk ( 1811 - )
Korendijk ( 1984 - )
Krimpen aan den IJssel ( 1817 - )
Lansingerland ( 2007 - )
Leerdam ( 1811 - )
Leiden
Leidschendam-Voorburg ( 2002 - )
Lisse
Maassluis
Midden-Delfland ( 2004 - )
Molenwaard ( 2013 - )
Nieuwkoop
Noordwijk
Noordwijkerhout
Oud-Beijerland
Oudewater ( - 1970 )
Papendrecht
Ridderkerk
Rijnwoude ( 1991 - )
Rijswijk ( 1812 - )
Rotterdam ( 1250 - )
Schiedam ( 1000 - )
Schoonhoven ( 1814 - )
Sliedrecht ( 1818 - )
Spijkenisse
Strijen
Teylingen ( 2006 - )
Vianen ( - 2002 )
Vlaardingen ( 800 - )
Vlist
Waddinxveen ( 1870 - )
Wassenaar
Westland ( 2004 - )
Westvoorne
Woerden ( 1814 - 1989 )
Zederik ( 1986 - )
Zoetermeer
Zoeterwoude
Zwijndrecht
General region
Alblasserwaard
Delfland
Het Westland
Hoekse Waard
Krimpenerwaard
Lopikerwaard
Putten
Rijnland
Schieland
Vijfheerenlanden
Voorne
Inhabited place
Achthuizen
Berkel
Crooswijk
Giessen-Oudekerk
Heicop
Honselersdijk
Kinderdijk
Leiderdorp
Moordrecht
Oegstgeest
Poeldijk
Rijksdorp
Rijnsburg
Voorschoten
Weerenstein
Unknown
's-Heer-Aartsberg
't-Nieuwe Veen
Achterland
Achthoven
Akkersdijk
Ammers-Graveland
Autena
Babberspolder
Bekenes
Benthorn
Biesland
Bloemendaal
Boekhorst
Bolgarijen
Broek cum annexis
Broekhuizen
De Bree
De Kwak
De Meije
De Stompert
Deifelsbroek
Den Hem
Diefelsbroek
Diemerbroek
Dorp
Dorp-Ambacht
Dortmond
Esselijkerwoude-en-Heer-Jacobswoude
Friezekoop
Gelkenes
Gijbeland
Gnephoek
Gouderak
Graafland
Grijsoord
Groeneveld
Het Woud
Het Zand
Hoogmade
Kijvelanden
Klein Oosterland
Koolwijk
Kort-Haarlem
Koudekerk aan den Rijn
Krabbe
Kwintsheul
Lakerveld
Langeplaat
Langeraar
Leer-ambacht
Lisserbroek
Loevestein
Matena
Middelburg
Middelkoop
Moerkapelle
Muizenbroek
Nadort
Niemandsvriend
Nieuw Kleiburg
Nieuw-Beijerland
Nieuw-Lekkerland
Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel
Nieuweveen
Nieuwveen
Noorden
Noorderschorren
Nootdorp
Oostbroek
Oostendam
Oosterland
Oosterwijk
Oostveen
Oranjepolder bij Naaldwijk
Oud Kleiburg
Oud en Nieuw Engeland
Oud- en West-Nieuwland
Oude Oostdijk
Oude Westdijk
Oudekoop
Oudeland
Ouder Aa
Ouderkerk aan den IJssel
Oudshoorn
Oukoop
Overmaas
Pangrasgors
Pendrecht
Peulwijk
Poelgeest
Poorterij van Delft
Poortland
Randenburg
Rijnsaterwoude
Roosand
Rosande
Rotteban
Rozendaal
Ruibroek
Ruigeplaat
Ruiven
Sandelingen-Ambacht
Schildmanskinderen-Ambacht
Schregelsgerecht
Sint Adolphsland
Sint Maartensrecht
Slingeland
Smalland
Sorghvliet
Ter Heijde
Tienhoven bij Everdingen
Uiterbuurt bij Nieuwveen
Velgersdijk
Vennep
Vliet
Voshol
Vriezekoop
Vrijhoef onder Ter Aar
Vrijhoeve
Vrouwenrecht
Vrouwenvenne
Warmond
Weede
Wellestrijp
Willens
Wilsveen
Woud-Harnasch
Zand-Ambacht
Zijderveld
Voormalige gemeente
's-Gravenambacht ( 1817 - 1832 )
's-Gravendeel ( - 2006 )
's-Gravenzande ( - 2003 )
Aarlanderveen ( - 1917 )
Abbenbroek ( - 1979 )
Abtsregt ( 1817 - 1855 )
Achttienhoven ( 1817 - 1855 )
Albrandswaard ( 1817 - 1842 )
Alkemade ( - 2008 )
Ameide ( 1811 - 1985 )
Ammerstol ( 1817 - 1984 )
Arkel ( 1817 - 1985 )
Asperen ( 1812 - 1986 )
Barwoutswaarder ( 1817 - 1964 )
Benthuizen ( 1817 - 1990 )
Bergschenhoek ( - 2006 )
Berkel en Rodenrijs ( - 2006 )
Berkenwoude ( - 1984 )
Biert ( 1817 - 1855 )
Bleiswijk ( - 2006 )
Bleskensgraaf ( 1817 - 1855 )
Bodegraven ( 1811 - 2010 )
Brandwijk ( 1817 - 1985 )
Charlois ( 1812 - 1895 )
Cillaarshoek ( 1817 - 1832 )
Cool ( 1809 - 1816 )
De Lier ( - 2003 )
De Mijl ( 1817 - 1857 )
De Tempel ( 1817 - 1855 )
Delfshaven ( 1812 - 1886 )
Den Bommel ( 1811 - 1965 )
Dirksland ( 1812 - 2013 )
Driebruggen ( 1964 - 1988 )
Dubbeldam ( 1811 - 1970 )
Everdingen ( 1821 - 1985 )
Geervliet ( - 1979 )
Giessen-Nieuwkerk ( 1817 - 1956 )
Giessenburg ( 1957 - 1986 )
Giessendam ( 1811 - 1956 )
Goedereede ( 1812 - 2013 )
Goidschalxoord ( 1817 - 1855 )
Goudriaan ( 1817 - 1985 )
Goudswaard ( 1817 - 1983 )
Graafstroom ( 1986 - )
Groot-Ammers ( 1817 - 1985 )
Groote Lindt ( 1817 - 1881 )
Haastrecht ( - 1984 )
Hagestein ( 1818 - 1985 )
Hardinxveld ( 1811 - 1956 )
Hazerswoude ( - 1991 )
Heenvliet ( - 1979 )
Heer Oudelandsambacht ( 1817 - 1857 )
Heerjansdam ( - 2002 )
Hei- en Boeicop ( 1817 - 1985 )
Heinenoord ( - 1983 )
Hekelingen ( 1817 - 1966 )
Hekendorp ( 1817 - 1964 )
Herkingen ( 1817 - 1965 )
Heukelum ( - 1985 )
Hillegersberg ( - 1941 )
Hodenpijl ( 1811 - 1855 )
Hof van Delft ( 1811 - 1920 )
Hofwegen ( 1817 - 1855 )
Hoog- en Woud Harnasch ( 1817 - 1832 )
Hoogblokland ( 1811 - 1985 )
Hoogeveen ( 1817 - 1855 )
Hoogeveen ( 1817 - 1832 )
Hoogvliet ( 1817 - 1934 )
Hoornaar ( 1817 - 1985 )
IJsselmonde ( - 1941 )
Jacobswoude ( 1991 - 2008 )
Katendrecht ( 1817 - 1874 )
Kedichem ( 1811 - 1985 )
Kethel en Spaland ( 1812 - 1941 )
Kijfhoek ( 1817 - 1857 )
Klaaswaal ( 1811 - 1983 )
Kralingen
Krimpen aan de Lek ( - 1985 )
Lange Ruige Weide ( 1818 - 1964 )
Langebakkersoord ( 1817 - 1826 )
Langerak ( 1817 - 1985 )
Leerbroek ( 1817 - 1985 )
Leidschendam ( 1938 - 2001 )
Leimuiden ( - 1990 )
Lekkerkerk
Lexmond
Liesveld ( 1986 - 2012 )
Loosduinen ( - 1923 )
Maasdam ( - 1984 )
Maasland ( - 2003 )
Meerkerk ( 1811 - 1985 )
Melissant ( 1817 - 1965 )
Middelharnis ( 1812 - 2013 )
Mijnsheerenland
Molenaarsgraaf ( 1812 - 1985 )
Monster ( 1811 - 2003 )
Naaldwijk
Neder-Slingeland ( 1817 - 1857 )
Nieuw-Helvoet ( - 1959 )
Nieuwe Tonge ( 1812 - 1965 )
Nieuwenhoorn ( 1811 - 1960 )
Nieuwland (bij Meerkerk) ( 1817 - 1985 )
Nieuwland Kortland en 's-Graveland ( 1817 - 1855 )
Nieuwpoort
Noord-Waddinxveen ( 1817 - 1870 )
Noordeloos ( 1812 - 1985 )
Numansdorp ( - 1984 )
Ooltgensplaat ( 1811 - 1965 )
Oost- en West-Barendrecht ( 1837 - 1905 )
Oost-Barendrecht ( 1817 - 1837 )
Oostflakkee ( 1966 - 2013 )
Oostvoorne ( 1811 - 1979 )
Ottoland ( 1817 - 1985 )
Oud- en Nieuw-Mathenesse ( 1817 - 1867 )
Oud-Alblas ( 1811 - 1985 )
Ouddorp ( 1812 - 1966 )
Oude Tonge ( 1811 - 1965 )
Oudenhoorn
Overschie ( 1812 - 1941 )
Papekop
Pernis ( - 1934 )
Peursum ( 1817 - 1957 )
Piershil ( 1817 - 1984 )
Pijnacker ( 1812 - 2002 )
Poortugaal ( 1812 - 1985 )
Puttershoek ( 1812 - 1984 )
Reeuwijk ( 1811 - 2010 )
Rhoon ( 1812 - 1985 )
Rietveld
Rockanje ( - 1980 )
Roxenisse ( 1817 - 1857 )
Rozenburg ( 1812 - 2010 )
Sassenheim ( 1811 - 2005 )
Schelluinen ( 1817 - 1985 )
Schiebroek ( 1817 - 1941 )
Schipluiden ( - 2003 )
Schoonrewoerd
Simonshaven ( 1817 - 1855 )
Sint Anthoniepolder ( 1817 - 1832 )
Sluipwijk ( 1817 - 1870 )
Sommelsdijk ( 1812 - 1966 )
Spijk ( 1817 - 1855 )
Stad aan 't Haringvliet ( 1817 - 1965 )
Stein ( 1817 - 1870 )
Stellendam ( 1812 - 1966 )
Stolwijk
Stompwijk ( 1817 - 1937 )
Stormpolder
Streefkerk
Struiten ( 1817 - 1855 )
Ter Aar ( - 2007 )
Tienhoven
Valkenburg
Veur ( 1817 - 1937 )
Vierpolders ( - 1980 )
Vlaardinger Ambacht ( 1817 - 1941 )
Vliet ( 1817 - 1845 )
Voorburg ( 1811 - 2001 )
Voorhout ( 1811 - 1817 )
Vrije-en-Lage-Boekhorst ( 1817 - 1855 )
Vrijenban ( 1817 - 1920 )
Vrijhoef en Kalverbroek ( 1811 - 1826 )
Waarder
Wateringen ( 1811 - 2003 )
West Barendrecht ( 1817 - 1837 )
Westmaas ( - 1984 )
Wieldrecht ( 1811 - 1857 )
Wijngaarden ( 1817 - 1985 )
Woubrugge ( - 1990 )
Zegwaart ( 1812 - 1935 )
Zevenhoven
Zevenhuizen
Zouteveen ( 1817 - 1855 )
Zuid-Beijerland
Zuid-Waddinxveen ( 1817 - 1870 )
Zuidbroek ( 1817 - 1857 )
Zuidland ( - 1979 )
Zuidwijk ( 1817 - 1845 )
Zwammerdam ( - 1964 )
Zwartewaal ( - 1980 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

South Holland is a province in the northwestern Netherlands. It has a population of just over 3.5 million (as of 2013) and a population density of about , making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas. Situated on the North Sea in the west of the Netherlands, South Holland covers an area of , of which is water. It borders North Holland to the north, Utrecht and Gelderland to the east, and North Brabant and Zeeland to the south. The provincial capital is The Hague, while its largest city is Rotterdam.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Early history

Archaeological discoveries in Hardinxveld-Giessendam indicate that the area of South Holland has been inhabited since at least ca. 5500 B.C., likely by nomadic hunter-gatherers. Agriculture and permanent settlements likely originated around 2,000 years later, based on excavations near Vlaardingen. In the classical antiquity, South Holland was part of the Roman Province of Germania Inferior, and the border of the Roman Empire ran along the Old Rhine and reached the North Sea near Katwijk. The Romans built fortresses along the border, such as Praetorium Agrippinae near modern-day Valkenburg, Matilo near modern-day Leiden, and Albaniana near modern-day Alphen aan de Rijn. A city was founded near modern-day Voorburg, Forum Hadriani. It was built according to the grid plan, and facilitated a square, a court, a bathhouse and several temples.

After the departure of the Romans, the area belonged to the Frisian Kingdom, after which it was conquered by the Frankish king Dagobert I in 636. In 690, the Anglo-Saxon monk Willibrord arrived near Katwijk and was granted permission to spread Roman Catholicism by the Frankish king Pepin II. He accordingly founded a church in Oegstgeest, after which the entire area gradually Christianised. The area was appointed to East Francia in the Treaty of Verdun in 843, after which the king granted lands to Gerolf, who had helped him claim the lands. This was the birth of the County of Holland. Gerolf was later succeeded by Dirk I, who continued to rule Holland under the Frankish king. In 1248, count William II ordered the construction of the Ridderzaal, which was later finished by his son and successor Floris V.



The first city in South Holland to receive city rights was Dordrecht, which did so in 1220. The city retained a dominant position in the area until it was struck by a series of floods in the late 14th century. The same century also saw a series of civil wars, the Hook and Cod wars, concerning the succession of count William IV. Both his daughter Jaqueline and his brother John, the latter supported by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, claimed the throne. The conflict ended in 1490, with John victorious. Overall, the area of South Holland remained largely agrarian throughout the late Middle Ages. This changed around 1500, when Holland became Europe's most urbanised area. During the Eighty Years' War, the area of South Holland was the scene of the Capture of Brielle, the Siege of Leiden and the assassination of William the Silent.

The United Netherlands declared their independence in 1581, and Holland quickly emerged as the country's dominant province, with important trading cities such as Leiden, Delft, Gouda and Dordrecht. In 1575, the Netherlands' first university was founded in Leiden by William the Silent. The Hague, which had originated around the castle of the counts of Holland, became its new political centre. Both the States of Holland and the States General seated in the Binnenhof. The Dutch Golden Age blossomed in the 17th century. The south of Holland, back then often referred to as the Zuiderkwartier (literally "South Quarter"), was the birthplace and residence of scientists such as Antoni van Leeuwenhoek and Christiaan Huygens, philosophers such as Baruch Spinoza and Pierre Bayle, and painters such as Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn and Jan Steen.

As a province

The province of South Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813. This was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795, the Batavian Republic was proclaimed and the old order was swept away by a series of constitutional changes in the following years. In the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed. The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations. The south of Holland was split up into three departments. The islands in the south were merged with Zeeland and the west of North Brabant to form the Department of the Scheldt and Meuse. The north of the area became the Department of the Delf. A small region in the east of the area became part of the Department of the Rhine, which spanned much of Gelderland and Utrecht. In 1801, the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created. The reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of a division of Holland, creating less dominant provinces. In 1807, Holland was reorganised once again. This time, the department was split in two. The south, what would later become South Holland, was called the Department of Maasland. This also did not last long. In 1810, all the Dutch provinces were integrated into the French Empire, and Maasland was renamed Bouches-de-la-Meuse.


After the defeat of the French in 1813, this organisation remained unchanged for a year or so. When the 1814 Constitution was introduced, most borders were restored to their situation before the French period. The north and south of Holland were reunited as the province of Holland. However, the division hadn't completely been undone. Since its re-establishment in 1814, Holland had always had two King's Commissioners, one for the north and one for the south. Even though the province had been reunited, the two areas were still treated differently in some ways and the idea of dividing Holland remained alive. In 1840, it was decided to once again split Holland into North and South Holland, because the province of Holland was deemed too dominant in area, population and wealth. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, three municipalities were transferred from South Holland to Utrecht; Oudewater in 1970, Woerden in 1989, and Vianen in 2002.

The construction of the Nieuwe Waterweg in 1863 marked the start of the growth of the Port of Rotterdam. On 14 May 1940, during the Second World War, the centre of Rotterdam was destroyed by a German bombardment. The subsequent German occupation of the Netherlands resulted in anti-Jewish measures, and many members of Dutch resistance were captured and executed on the Waalsdorpervlakte. At the same time, the Atlantikwall was constructed along the coast. After the Second World War, in 1953, the south of South Holland was heavily struck by the North Sea flood, which took the lives of 677 South Hollanders. After this, the Dutch government decided for the construction of the Delta Works, which came to an end with the completion of the Maeslantkering in 1997.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at South Holland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
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