Place:Noord-Holland, Netherlands

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NameNoord-Holland
Alt namesNorth Holland
Noord Hollandsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988); Times Atlas of the World (1992) p 141
Noord-Hollandsource: Wikipedia
NHsource: Abbreviation
Provincie Noord-Holland
N-Hollsource: Abbreviation
TypeProvincie
Coordinates52.667°N 4.833°E
Located inNetherlands     (1840 - )
Contained Places
Unknown
Driehuis-Westerveld
Gemeente
Aalsmeer
Alkmaar ( 600 - )
Amsterdam
Beemster
Bergen
Beverwijk
Blaricum
Bloemendaal
Bussum
Castricum
Diemen
Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude ( 1857 - )
Heemskerk
Heemstede
Heerhugowaard
Heiloo
Hilversum
Hollands Kroon ( 2012 - )
Huizen
Koggenland ( 2007 - )
Landsmeer
Laren
Medemblik
Muiden
Naarden
Nieuwer-Amstel ( bef 1399 - 1964 )
Oostzaan
Opmeer
Ouder-Amstel
Purmerend
Schagen
Stede Broec ( 1979 - )
Texel
Urk ( - 1950 )
Weesp
Wieringen
Wijdemeren ( 2002 - )
Zeevang ( 1970 - )
Zijpe
General region
Amstelland
Gooi
Kennemerland
Purmer
Waterland
West-Friesland
Wieringermeer
Inhabited place
's-Graveland
Aalsmeerderbrug
Abbekerkeweere
Abbestede
Aerdenhout
Assum
Bentveld
Bergen-aan-Zee
Blokdijk
Bovenkerk
Broek-op-Langendijk
De Koog
Den Helder ( 1000 - )
Den Ilp
Den Oever
Egmond aan den Hoef
Friese Buurt
Haarlem ( 800 - )
Haarlemmermeer
J J Allanstraat
Julianadorp aan Zee
Julianadorp
Krommenie
Middenbeemster
Middenmeer
Noorddorp
Santpoort
Schalkwijk
Schoorl
Uitdam
Uitermeer
Uitgeest
Velsen
Volendam
Westerblokker
Wormerveer
Zaandam
Zaanstad
Zandvoort
Zwanenburg
Stad
Enkhuizen
Hoorn
Unknown
Aartswoud
Axwijk
Baarsdorp
Bakkum
Benningbroek
Binnenwijzend
Brederode
Buitenveldert
Bullewijk
De Goorn
De Kwakel
De Nes
Driehuis
Driehuizen
Durgerdam
Eenigenburg
Egmond aan de Hoef
Egmond
Enge Wormer
Etersheim
Gooiland
Groet
Grootebroek en Lutjebroek
Grootschermer
Haarlemmerliede
Haringhuizen
Hauwert
Hazepolder
Hem
Het Gein
Holijsloot
Hoog- en Laag Zwaagdijk
Hoog-Bijlmermeer
Kalslagen
Kamerhop
Kamp
Knollendam
Kolhorn
Kranebroek
Krommeniedijk
Lambertschaag
Langedijk
Lutjebroek
Markenbinnen
Muiderberg
Oost-Graftdijk
Oost-Mijzen
Oost-Zaandam
Oosterland
Osdorp
Oude-Niedorp
Oudesluis
Oudkarspel
Pettemersloot
Polanen
Purmerland
Rietwijk
Rietwijkeroord
Rinnegom
Schagerbrug
Schardam
Schermeer
Sint Maartensbrug
Spaarndam
Spaarnwoude
Spierdijk
Starnmeer
Thamen
Tuitjehorn
Uithoorn
Veenhuizen
Vrije Geer
Wadway
Watergang
Watergraafsmeer
West-Graftdijk
West-Knollendam
West-Zaandam
Westerland
Wimmenum
Winkel
Zandwerven
Zeeburg
Zuid- en Noord Schermer
Zuid-Schalkwijk
Zuidermeer
Zuiderwoude
Zunderdorp
Zwaluwenbuurt
Voormalige gemeente
Abbekerk ( - 1979 )
Akersloot ( - 2002 )
Andijk ( - 2011 )
Ankeveen ( 1818 - 1966 )
Anna Paulowna ( 1870 - 2012 )
Assendelft ( - 1974 )
Avenhorn ( - 1979 )
Barsingerhorn ( - 1990 )
Beets ( - 1970 )
Bennebroek ( - 2009 )
Berkenrode ( 1817 - 1857 )
Berkhout ( - 1979 )
Bijlmermeer ( 1817 - 1848 )
Blokker ( - 1979 )
Bovenkarspel ( - 1979 )
Broek in Waterland
Broek op Langedijk
Buiksloot
Callantsoog
De Rijp
Edam ( - 1975 )
Egmond aan Zee
Egmond-Binnen
Graft
Grootebroek ( - 1979 )
Harenkarspel ( 1812 - 2013 )
Hensbroek ( 1817 - 1979 )
Hoogkarspel ( - 1979 )
Hoogwoud ( - 1979 )
Ilpendam
Jisp
Katwoude
Koedijk
Koog aan de Zaan
Kortenhoef
Kwadijk
Limmen
Loosdrecht ( 1814 - 1819 )
Marken
Middelie
Midwoud ( 1817 - 1979 )
Monnickendam
Nederhorst den Berg
Nibbixwoud ( - 1979 )
Nieuwe Niedorp
Nieuwendam
Noord-Scharwoude
Noorder-Koggenland ( 1979 - 2007 )
Obdam ( 1812 - 2007 )
Oosthuizen
Opperdoes ( 1817 - 1979 )
Oterleek
Oudendijk ( 1817 - 1979 )
Oudorp
Petten
Ransdorp
Schellinkhout ( - 1970 )
Schermerhorn
Schoten
Sijbekarspel ( - 1979 )
Sint Maarten ( 1990 - )
Sint Pancras
Sloten
Spanbroek ( - 1959 )
Twisk ( - 1979 )
Ursem ( - 1979 )
Venhuizen ( - 2006 )
Warder
Warmenhuizen
Weesperkarspel
Wervershoof ( - 2011 )
Wester-Koggenland ( 1979 - 2007 )
Westwoud ( 1817 - 1979 )
Westzaan
Wieringerwaard
Wijdenes ( 1817 - 1970 )
Wijdewormer
Wijk aan Zee en Duin ( 1817 - 1936 )
Wognum
Wormer
Zaandijk
Zuid-Scharwoude ( 1817 - 1941 )
Zwaag ( - 1979 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

North Holland (West Frisian: Noard-Holland) is a province situated on the North Sea in the northwest of the European country Netherlands. The provincial capital is Haarlem and its largest city is Amsterdam.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The history of this province can also be found in the articles on its constituent elements (e.g. Amsterdam, Haarlem, West Friesland, etc.) The information here pertains just to North Holland itself.

Before 1795

For most of its history, the modern-day province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.

From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland. During this period an area known as West Friesland (now part of North Holland) was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called "Holland and West Friesland". The people of West Friesland had (and still have) a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland (and later North Holland).

From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic. As the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was sometimes made between the "North Quarter" (Noorderkwartier) and the "South Quarter" (Zuiderkwartier), areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces.

The emergence of a new province (1795 to 1840)

The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813. This was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established. In the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed. The republic was reorganised into eight departments (département) with roughly equal populations. Holland was split up into five departments named "Texel", "Amstel", "Delf", "", and "Rijn". The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland; the latter two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created. This reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province.

In 1807, Holland was reorganised once again. This time the two departments were called "Amstelland" (corresponding to the modern province of North Holland) and "Maasland" (corresponding to the modern province of South Holland). This also did not last long. In 1810, all the Dutch provinces were integrated into the French Empire. Amstelland and Utrecht were amalgamated as the department of "Zuiderzee" (Zuyderzée in French) and Maasland was renamed "Monden van de Maas" (Bouches-de-la-Meuse in French).

After the defeat of the French in 1813, this organisation remained unchanged for a year or so. When the 1814 Constitution was introduced, the country was reorganised as provinces and regions (landschappen). Zuiderzee and Monden van de Maas were reunited as the province of "Holland". One of the ministers on the constitutional committee (van Maanen) suggested that the old name "Holland and West Friesland" be reintroduced to respect the feelings of the people of that region. This proposal was rejected.

However, the division was not totally reversed. When the province of Holland was re-established in 1814, it was given two governors, one for the former department of Amstelland (i.e. the area that is now North Holland) and one for the former department of Maasland (i.e. now South Holland). Even though the province had been reunited, the two areas were still being treated differently in some ways and the idea of dividing Holland remained alive. (During this reorganisation the islands of Vlieland and Terschelling were returned to Holland and parts of "Hollands Brabant" (including "Land of Altena") went to North Brabant. The borders with Utrecht and Gelderland were definitively set in 1820.)

When the constitutional amendments were introduced in 1840, it was decided to split Holland once again, this time into two provinces called "North Holland" and "South Holland". The need for this was not felt in South Holland or in West Friesland (which feared the dominance of Amsterdam). The impetus came largely from Amsterdam, which still resented the 1838 relocation of the court of appeal to The Hague in South Holland.

1840 to today

After the Haarlemmermeer was drained in 1855 and turned into arable land, it was made part of North Holland. In exchange, South Holland received the greater part of the municipality of Leimuiden in 1864.

In 1942, the islands Vlieland and Terschelling went back to the province of Friesland.

In 1950, the former island Urk was ceded to the province of Overijssel.

In February 2011, North Holland, together with the provinces of Utrecht and Flevoland, showed a desire to investigate the feasibility of a merger between the three provinces. This has been positively received by the Dutch cabinet, for the desire to create one Randstad province has already been mentioned in the coalition agreement. The province of South Holland, part of the Randstad urban area, visioned to be part of the Randstad province, and very much supportive of the idea of a merger into one province, is not named. With or without South Holland, if created, the new province would be the largest in the Netherlands in both area and population.

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See also

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at North Holland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
Provinces of the Netherlands

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