Place:West Midlands, England

NameWest Midlands
Alt namesCounty of West Midlandssource: Wikipedia
TypeMetropolitan county
Located inEngland     (1974 - )
See alsoBirmingham, Warwickshire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Coventry, Warwickshire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Dudley, Worcestershire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Sandwell, West Midlands, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Solihull, Warwickshire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Walsall, Staffordshire, Englandmetropolitan borough within West Midlands
Contained Places
Area
Black Country
Dudley Castle Hill ( 1974 - )
Borough (county)
Birmingham ( 1974 - )
Coventry ( 1974 - )
Dudley ( 1974 - )
Smethwick ( 1974 - )
Solihull ( 1974 - )
Walsall ( 1974 - )
West Bromwich ( 1974 - )
Wolverhampton ( 1974 - )
Borough (metropolitan)
Birmingham (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Coventry (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Dudley (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Sandwell (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Solihull (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Walsall (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Wolverhampton (metropolitan borough) ( 1974 - )
Borough (municipal)
Bilston ( 1974 - )
Halesowen ( 1974 - )
Oldbury ( 1974 - )
Rowley Regis ( 1974 - )
Stourbridge ( 1974 - )
Sutton Coldfield ( 1974 - )
Tipton ( 1974 - )
Warley ( 1974 - )
Wednesbury ( 1974 - )
Chapelry
Allesley ( 1974 - )
Balsall ( 1974 - )
Barston ( 1974 - )
Binley ( 1974 - )
Castle Bromwich ( 1974 - )
Edgbaston ( 1974 - )
Erdington ( 1974 - )
Foleshill
Knowle ( 1974 - )
Nuthurst ( 1974 - )
Stivichall ( 1974 - )
Stoke ( 1974 - )
Walsgrave on Sowe ( 1974 - )
Wyken ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Allesley ( 1974 - )
Aston Manor ( 1974 - )
Aston ( 1974 - )
Balsall ( 1974 - )
Barston ( 1974 - )
Berkswell ( 1974 - )
Bickenhill ( 1974 - )
Binley ( 1974 - )
Birmingham ( 1974 - )
Bloxwich ( 1974 - )
Bradley (near Sedgley) ( 1974 - )
Castle Bromwich ( 1974 - )
Coundon ( 1974 - )
Coventry Holy Trinity ( 1974 - )
Coventry St. Michael ( 1974 - )
Edgbaston ( 1974 - )
Elmdon ( 1974 - )
Erdington ( 1974 - )
Foleshill
Hampton in Arden ( 1974 - )
Harborne ( 1974 - )
Keresley ( 1974 - )
Kinwalsey ( 1974 - )
Knowle ( 1974 - )
Lye ( 1974 - )
Meriden ( 1974 - )
Minworth ( 1974 - )
Nuthurst ( 1974 - )
Solihull ( 1974 - )
Stivichall ( 1974 - )
Stoke Heath ( 1974 - )
Stoke ( 1974 - )
Sutton Coldfield ( 1974 - )
Walsgrave on Sowe ( 1974 - )
Willenhall ( 1974 - )
Wollescote ( 1974 - )
Wyken ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Yardley ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Hawne ( 1974 - )
Keresley ( 1974 - )
Kinwalsey ( 1974 - )
Minworth ( 1974 - )
Nuthurst ( 1974 - )
Inhabited place
Aldridge ( 1974 - )
Amblecote ( 1974 - )
Balsall Heath
Birmingham ( 1974 - )
Bloxwich ( 1974 - )
Brierley Hill ( 1974 - )
Brownhills ( 1974 - )
Coventry ( 1974 - )
Darlaston (near Wednesbury) ( 1974 - )
Hagley
Harborne
King's Heath ( 1974 - )
Kingswinford ( 1974 - )
New Oscott
Rubery
Selly Oak ( 1974 - )
Smethwick ( 1974 - )
Temple Balsall
Walsall ( 1974 - )
West Bromwich ( 1974 - )
Willenhall ( 1974 - )
Wolverhampton ( 1974 - )
Wordsley ( 1974 - )
Parish
Bentley ( 1974 - )
Cakemore ( 1974 - )
Cradley ( 1974 - )
Great Barr ( 1974 - )
Hasbury ( 1974 - )
Hawne ( 1974 - )
Hill and Cakemore ( 1974 - )
Hill ( 1974 - )
Illey ( 1974 - )
Lapal ( 1974 - )
Lutley ( 1974 - )
Moseley ( 1974 - )
Northfield ( 1974 - )
Oldswinford ( 1974 - )
Pedmore ( 1974 - )
Pelsall ( 1974 - )
Quinton ( 1974 - )
Upper Swinford ( 1974 - )
Parish (ancient)
Allesley ( 1974 - )
Aston ( 1974 - )
Berkswell ( 1974 - )
Bickenhill ( 1974 - )
Birmingham ( 1974 - )
Coventry Holy Trinity ( 1974 - )
Coventry St. Michael ( 1974 - )
Elmdon ( 1974 - )
Foleshill
Hampton in Arden ( 1974 - )
Harborne ( 1974 - )
Meriden ( 1974 - )
Solihull ( 1974 - )
Stoke ( 1974 - )
Sutton Coldfield ( 1974 - )
Wyken ( 1974 - )
Suburb
Alumwell ( 1974 - )
Balsall Heath ( 1974 - )
Beechdale ( 1974 - )
Bentley ( 1974 - )
Birchills ( 1974 - )
Blakenhall Heath ( 1974 - )
Caldmore ( 1974 - )
Castle Bromwich ( 1974 - )
Chuckery ( 1974 - )
Coalpool ( 1974 - )
Coseley ( 1974 - )
Coundon ( 1974 - )
Ettingshall ( 1974 - )
Fullbrook ( 1974 - )
Gornall ( 1974 - )
Goscote ( 1974 - )
Great Barr ( 1974 - )
Harden ( 1974 - )
Highgate ( 1974 - )
King's Heath ( 1974 - )
Leamore ( 1974 - )
Moseley ( 1974 - )
North Walsall ( 1974 - )
Palfrey ( 1974 - )
Pedmore ( 1974 - )
Pelsall ( 1974 - )
Pheasey ( 1974 - )
Pleck and Bescot ( 1974 - )
Reedswood ( 1974 - )
Rushall ( 1974 - )
Shelfield ( 1974 - )
Tamebridge ( 1974 - )
Tettenhall ( 1974 - )
Township
Coundon ( 1974 - )
Willenhall ( 1974 - )
Urban district
Aldridge ( 1974 - )
Aldridge-Brownhills ( 1974 - )
Amblecote ( 1974 - )
Brierley Hill ( 1974 - )
Brownhills ( 1974 - )
Coseley ( 1974 - )
Darlaston (near Wednesbury) ( 1974 - )
Erdington ( 1974 - )
Halesowen ( 1974 - )
Kings Norton ( 1974 - )
Kingswinford ( 1974 - )
Solihull ( 1974 - )
Stourbridge ( 1974 - )
Tettenhall ( 1974 - )
Willenhall ( 1974 - )

Image:West Midlands.png

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

The West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a 2013 estimated population of 2,783,475. It came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It was formed from parts of Staffordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire. The county consists of seven metropolitan boroughs: the City of Birmingham, the City of Coventry, and the City of Wolverhampton, and Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, and Walsall.

The West Midlands County Council was abolished on 31 March 1986, and since then the county's constituent metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authorities. However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference. As a ceremonial county it has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff.

Geography

The West Midlands is a landlocked county that borders the remaining portions of the counties of Warwickshire to the east, Worcestershire to the south, and Staffordshire to the north and west.

The "County" of the West Midlands is one of the most heavily urbanised counties in the UK. Birmingham, Wolverhampton, the Black Country and Solihull together form the third most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom with a combined population of around 2.44 million. However, the West Midlands is not entirely urban; Coventry is separated from the West Midlands conurbation by a stretch of green belt land roughly 15 miles (24 km) across, known as the "Meriden Gap", which retains a strongly rural character. A smaller piece of green belt between Birmingham, Walsall and West Bromwich includes Barr Beacon and the Sandwell Valley.

History

Although the modern county has only existed since 1974, the settlements of the West Midlands have long been important centres of commerce and industry as well as developing a good local infrastructure. City of Coventry was one of England's most important cities during the Middle Ages, with its prosperity built upon wool and cloth manufacture. Birmingham and Wolverhampton have a tradition of industry dating back to the 16th century, when small metal-working industries developed. Birmingham was known for its manufacture of small arms, whereas Wolverhampton became a centre of lock manufacture and brass working. The coal and iron ore deposits of the Black Country area provided a ready source of raw materials. The area grew rapidly during the Industrial Revolution, and by the 20th century it had grown into one large conurbation. Coventry was slower to develop, but by the early 20th century, it had become an important centre of bicycle and car manufacture.

In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 came into effect, creating the metropolitan county of West Midlands. This area was based on the seven county boroughs (see above) and the other non-county boroughs and urban districts around the fringe of the conurbation. The new area consisted of seven new metropolitan boroughs, with

This led to (apart from in the east, with Coventry and the Meriden Gap) quite a tightly defined metropolitan border, excluding such places as Burntwood, Bromsgrove, Cannock, Kidderminster, Lichfield and Wombourne which had been considered for inclusion in the West Midlands metropolitan area by the Redcliffe-Maud Report. The 1974 reform created the West Midlands County Council that covered the entire area and dealt with strategic issues.

1966 saw a substantial reform in the local government of the area as the patchwork of county boroughs with municipal boroughs and urban district councils in between was replaced by a core of county boroughs covering a contiguous area, roughly as follows:

Around the periphery of this area, three other towns remained separate (Halesowen, Stourbridge and Sutton Coldfield), while Aldridge and Brownhills joined to form a single unit, called Aldridge-Brownhills.

Research Tips

  • The website British History Online provides seven volumes of the Victoria County History Series on Warwickshire. The first (Vol 2) covers the religious houses of the county; Volumes 3 through 6 provide articles the settlements in each of the hundreds in turn, and Volumes 7 and 8 deal with Birmingham and Coventry respectively.
  • GENUKI main page for Warwickshire provides information on various topics covering the whole of the county, and also a link to a list of parishes. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each. This is a list of pre-1834 ancient or ecclesiastical parishes but there are suggestions as to how to find parishes set up since then. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and therefore the reader should check additional sources if possible.
  • Warwickshire and West Midland family history societies are listed in GENUKI.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date and from more recent data. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851. There is a list of all the parishes in existence at that date with maps indicating their boundaries. The website is very useful for finding the ecclesiastical individual parishes within large cities and towns.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Warwickshire, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72 which often provides brief notes on the economic basis of the settlement and significant occurences through its history.
  • The two maps below indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at West Midlands (county). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.