Place:Coventry, Warwickshire, England

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NameCoventry
Alt namesCoventrysource: from redirect
Coventry (unitary authority)source: from redirect
Coventry (inhabited place)source: from redirect
Cofantreosource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 126
Cofentreiumsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 126
Couaentréésource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 126
Coventresource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 209
Coventreusource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 209
Coventrevsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 126
Canleysource: settlement in borough
Cheylesmoresource: settlement in borough
Radfordsource: settlement in borough
TypeCity, Borough (county)
Coordinates52.417°N 1.5°W
Located inWarwickshire, England     (1835 - 1974)
Also located inWest Midlands, England     (1974 - )
See alsoCoventry (metropolitan borough), West Midlands, Englandmetropolitan borough covering the area since 1974
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


NOTE: This article is about the City of Coventry that was in the county of Warwickshire until 1974. Since that date it has been a part of the Coventry Metropolitan Borough in the West Midlands, a newly-formed county. Wikipedia has combined the two into one article. Coventry lost its County Borough status when the metropolitan borough came into being.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia


Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

Until 1974 part of Warwickshire, Coventry is the 9th largest city in England and the 12th largest in the United Kingdom. It is the second largest city in the West Midlands region, after the Metropolitan Borough of Birmingham, with an estimated population of 345,000 in 2015.

Coventry is 95 miles (153 km) northwest of central London, 19 miles (31 km) east-southeast of Birmingham, 24 miles (39 km) southwest of Leicester and 11 miles (18 km) north of Warwick.

Coventry Cathedral was rebuilt after the destruction of the 14th century cathedral church of Saint Michael by the German Luftwaffe in the Coventry Blitz of 14 November 1940. Coventry motor companies have contributed significantly to the British motor industry. The city has two universities, Coventry University in the city centre and the University of Warwick on the southern outskirts.

History

the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
  • The Romans founded a settlement in Baginton and another around a Saxon nunnery, founded c.  AD 700 by St Osburga, left in ruins by King Canute's invading Danish army in 1016.
  • Earl Leofric of Mercia and his wife Lady Godiva founded a Benedictine monastery on the remains of the nunnery dedicated to St Mary in 1043. In time, a market was established at the abbey gates and the settlement expanded.
  • 14th century, Coventry was an important centre of the cloth trade
  • Coventry claimed the status of a city by ancient prescriptive usage, was granted a charter of incorporation in 1345, and in 1451 became a county in its own right.
  • 18th and 19th centuries, Coventry became one of the three main British centres of watch and clock manufacture and ranked alongside Prescot, in Lancashire and Clerkenwell in London.
  • With the decline in the watch and clock industry the skilled pool of workers proved crucial to the setting up of bicycle and eventually the car, machine tool and aircraft industries. By the late 19th century, Coventry became a major centre of bicycle manufacture.
  • The invention by James Starley and his nephew John Kemp Starley of the Rover safety bicycle. The company became the Rover Motor Company.
  • The design headquarters of Jaguar Cars remains in the city at their Whitley plant and although ownership of the company has changed twice since 1990.

Outlying Districts and Suburbs

Like any large city, Coventry was absorbed a number of towns and villages on its outskirts as it grew. Some of the areas which were expanded in this development included Binley Woods, Coundon, Exhall (near Coventry), Foleshill, Stivichall, Stoke Heath, Walsgrave on Sowe, Willenhall and Wyken. Other settlements created during the 20th century include Radford, Canley and Cheylesmore. There is a longer list in Wikipedia.

Research Tips

  • The website British History Online provides seven volumes of the Victoria County History Series on Warwickshire. The first (Vol 2) covers the religious houses of the county; Volumes 3 through 6 provide articles the settlements in each of the hundreds in turn, and Volumes 7 and 8 deal with Birmingham and Coventry respectively.
  • GENUKI main page for Warwickshire provides information on various topics covering the whole of the county, and also a link to a list of parishes. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each. This is a list of pre-1834 ancient or ecclesiastical parishes but there are suggestions as to how to find parishes set up since then. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and therefore the reader should check additional sources if possible.
  • Warwickshire and West Midland family history societies are listed in GENUKI.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date and from more recent data. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851. There is a list of all the parishes in existence at that date with maps indicating their boundaries. The website is very useful for finding the ecclesiastical individual parishes within large cities and towns.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Warwickshire, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72 which often provides brief notes on the economic basis of the settlement and significant occurences through its history.
  • The two maps below indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Coventry. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.