Long Ditton is a residential suburb in the Elmbridge District of Surrey, England on the boundary with the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames in Greater London. It was founded as a village occupying a narrow a strip of land in the medieval period. Neighbouring settlements include Hinchley Wood (redirected here), Thames Ditton and Surbiton. Long Ditton ward's population at the 2011 census was 6,343 living in 2,504 households. This was an increase from 5,830 persons at the 2001 census.
The parish's northernmost part is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southwest of central Kingston upon Thames, 11.3 miles from Charing Cross (a point considered to be the centre of London from which distances are measured), and 15 miles (24 km) north-east of Guildford, the county town. It is briefly cut in its middle by the South Western Main Line and is bordered by a straight east-west spur road to meet the A3 road in a cutting to the south. The old Portsmouth Road passes by the River Thames in the northern end of the village and the south bank here is privately owned.
Ditton was a Saxon settlement in England which, by the time of the Domesday Book (1086), was in lay but not ecclesiastical terms split in two, as it remains. This split was between the riverside manor and parish of Thames Ditton, and the longer, eastern area, Long Ditton, which is a rectangle of land extending from the developed land by the River Thames to Ditton Hill.
Until the early 20th century the parish existed in two non-contiguous parts, Long Ditton proper and Tolworth. A strip of Kingston parish, including its hamlet of Hook lay between the two parts. The traditional, western portion was considered to be Long Ditton proper and it remains an area of 896 acres (363 hectares) with near-identical boundaries to today's ecclesiastical parish.
In the 16th century the local manor fell into the hands of the Evelyn dynasty who made their money by producing gunpowder. Gunpowder mills proliferated across Long Ditton and beyond to keep up with demand, and the Evelyns set about buying up much of the country during the English Civil War. The grandson of the founder was John Evelyn whose diary is well-known.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Long Ditton.
Surrey Research Tips
Administrative boundaries of the county of Surrey (Surrey History Centre. The centre has a website with a number of useful indexes--titheholders in various parishes, deaths at the county gaol, etc.)
The website GENUKI provides a very comprehensive list of reference sources for the County of Surrey. It includes: