Person:Edward Turner (32)

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Edward Turner
m. 1 May 1811
  1. John Turner1809 - 1877
  2. Edward Turner1812 - 1879
  3. Elizabeth Gray Turner1814 - 1887
  4. Mary Turner1818 -
  5. Ann Turner1820 -
  1. Elizabeth Turner Ward1833 - 1906
m. 19 Sep 1840
  1. Sarah Ann Turner1840 -
  2. Elizabeth Abbot Turner1841 -
  3. Mary Turner1843 -
  4. Eliza Turner1845 -
  5. Hephzibah Allen Turner1847 -
  6. Naomi Brand Turner1849 -
  1. Elizabeth Ann Priestley1853 -
Facts and Events
Name Edward Turner
Gender Male
Christening[1] 19 Mar 1812 Heckington, Lincolnshire, England
Marriage 19 Sep 1840 Heckington, Lincolnshire, EnglandSt Andrew
to Naomi Hardstaff
Census[2] 6 Jun 1841 Heckington, Lincolnshire, EnglandHeckington Fen
Census[3] 30 Mar 1851 Heckington, Lincolnshire, England
Census[4] 7 Apr 1861 Heckington, Lincolnshire, EnglandFen Drove
Census[5] 2 Apr 1871 Heckington, Lincolnshire, EnglandFen Drove
Burial[6] 30 Dec 1879 Heckington, Lincolnshire, EnglandSt Andrew


Childhood

Edward Turner was baptised on 19th March 1812 at Heckington in Lincolnshire, son of Sarah Turner, formerly Allen, and her husband John Turner, a farmer. He was the first of the couple's four children to be baptised after their marriage, although there was another son, John, born before their marriage. The family had been farming in Heckington for many years; Edward's paternal grandfather Philip Turner had been described as a farmer of Heckington in 1755, whilst his paternal grandmother's father, John Gray, had been described as a farmer of Heckington in 1741. At the time of Edward's birth his paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Turner, formerly Gray, was still living in Heckington. She died in 1818, when Edward was six years old.

Adulthood

In 1833, when he was 21, Edward appears to have fathered a daughter with a young woman named Elizabeth Ward, a carpenter's daughter from the neighbouring village of Great Hale. The girl was baptised at Heckington and described as "Elizabeth Turner illegitimate daughter of Elizabeth Ward, Heckington, Single woman and the reputed father Edward Turner, Heckington, Farmer". It is not clear whether Edward acknowledged Elizabeth as his daughter or played any part in supporting her upbringing. She was brought up by her mother back in Great Hale. She used Turner as a middle name.

In 1839, Edward's father John died. John's will left his land in Heckington and Asgarby to Edward and his brother John. John's will stipulates that Edward's mother Sarah was to be allowed to live in the "...westernmost room and chamber over the same in the house I now live in..." rent free for her life time.

The following year, on 19th September 1840, Edward was married at Heckington to a Naomi Hardstaff. When they married he was 28 and she 21. She was a farmer's daughter originally from Old Sleaford, a few miles west of Heckington, but her parents appear to have moved the family to Heckington some time before 1840. The marriage was reported in the Stamford Mercury. Edward's brother John was one of the witnesses to the marriage.

The 1841 census finds Edward and Naomi living next door to her parents at Heckington Fen. Between 1840 and 1849 Edward and Naomi had six daughters together, although none was baptised as a baby, possibly indicating non-conformist leanings. One of the daughters was called Elizabeth, giving him two daughters named Elizabeth - perhaps showing how little contact he had with his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth Turner Ward.

Naomi died in 1850, aged just 31. Edward was therefore left a widower at the age of 38, with five daughters aged from ten down to less than two to look after.

The 1851 census finds Edward and his five daughters and three servants living in Heckington. Edward was described as a farmer of 100 acres employing two labourers. Later that year his mother Sarah died.

In 1853 Edward fathered another illegitimate daughter with a woman named Ann Priestley. The girl was called Elizabeth Ann, thus giving Edward three daughters named Elizabeth. The following summer, in July 1854, Edward was charged with assaulting Ann Priestley. She said she had gone to Edward's house for payment of the allowance towards the baby's maintenance and he had assaulted her. The case was settled out of court. Whether the allowance referred to was a voluntary agreement or not is unclear.

The following month, Edward had his five legitimate daughters baptised together. They aged from thirteen down to five at the time of their baptism.

The 1861 census finds Edward living with four of his daughters at Fen Drove in Heckington. Edward's farm had shrunk from 1851; he now only farmed 60 acres and there were no servants living with the family. Come 1871 the farm had shrunk again, to only 40 acres.

Edward died in 1879, aged 67. He was buried on 30th December 1879 at Heckington, where he had lived his whole life.

References
  1. Church of England. Parish Church of Heckington (Lincolnshire). Parish registers, 1559-1968. (Lincoln, England: Lincoln Archives Office, 1993), Primary quality.

    Baptisms for the Year 1812
    Edward Son of John Turner farmer and Sarah his wife baptized March 19

    This baptism has been linked to the Edward Turner who fathered a child with Elizabeth Ward in 1833 on the basis that the 1833 baptism describes the child's father as Edward Turner, farmer of Heckington, and there appears to have been only one Edward Turner farmer of Heckington at that time. He can also be shown to be the man who married Naomi Hardstaff on the basis of their marriage certificate which names his father as John Turner, farmer (deceased). Similarly, he can be linked to the Edward Turner who fathered a child with Ann Priestly in 1853, again on the basis that he was the only Edward Turner farmer in Heckington.

  2. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1-1465 Census Returns: 1841 Census Schedules, Class HO107; Piece 619; Book 13; Folio 36 & 37; Pages 15 & 16, 6 Jun 1841, Primary quality.

    Address: Heckington Fen, Heckington, Lincolnshire
    William Hardstaff, male, 50 [1786-91], Farmer, born in county
    Naomi Hardstaff, female, 40 [1796-1801], born in county
    Mary Hardstaff, female, 20 [1816-21], born in county
    William Hardstaff, male, 20 [1816-21], born in county
    Joseph Hardstaff, male, 17 [1823/4], born in county
    Hephzibah Hardstaff, female, 10 [1830/1], born in county
    ~ next household~
    Edward Turner, male, 25 [1811-16], Farmer, born in county
    Naomi Turner, female, 20 [1816-21], Farmer, born in county
    Sarah Turner, female, 5 months [1840/1], born in county

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1466-2531 Census Returns: 1851 Census Schedules, Class HO107; Piece 2101; Folio 231; Page 2, 30 Mar 1851, Primary quality.

    Address: Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Edw[ar]d Turner, head, male, 40 [1810/11], Farmer 100 Acres 2 Lab[oure]rs, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Sarah Turner, daughter, female, 10 [1830/1], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Eliz[abe]th Turner, daughter, female, 9 [1831/2], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Mary Turner, daughter, female, 8 [1832/3], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Eliza Turner, daughter, female, 5 [1835/6], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Hephzibah Turner, daughter, female, 4 [1836/7], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Naomi Turner, daughter, female, 2 [1838/9], b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    John H[enr]y Brown, servant, male, 21 [1829/30], Serv[an]t, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    Sarah Macklewain, servant, female, 25 [1825/6], Housekeeper, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Jane Word, servant, female, 18 [1832/3], Serv[an]t, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 9 General Register Office: 1861 Census Schedules, Class RG9; Piece 2345; Folio 78; Page 18, 7 Apr 1861, Primary quality.

    Address: Fen Drove, Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Edward Turner, head, widower, male, 48 [1812/3], Farmer of 60 acres, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Elizabeth Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 19 [1841/2], Housekeeper, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    U. Ann Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 16 [1844/5], Scholar, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Ephsibah Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 14 [1846/7], Scholar, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Naomi Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 12 [1848/9], Scholar, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 10 General Register Office: 1871 Census Schedules, Class RG10; Piece 3352; Folio 99; Page 37, 2 Apr 1871, Primary quality.

    Address: Fen Drove, Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Edward Turner, head, widower, male, 59 [1811/12], Farmer of 40 acres, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Elizabeth Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 29 [1841/2], Farmer's d[aughte]r, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Eliza Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 25 [1845/6], Farmer's d[aughte]r, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire
    Hephzibah Turner, daughter, unmarried, female, 24 [1846/7], Farmer's d[aughte]r, b. Heckington, Lincolnshire

  6. Burials register, in Church of England. Parish Church of Heckington (Lincolnshire). Parish registers, 1559-1968. (Lincoln, England: Lincoln Archives Office, 1993), Primary quality.

    BURIALS in the Parish of Heckington in the County of Lincoln in the Year 1879
    No. 498
    Name: Edward Turner
    Abode: Heckington
    When Buried: December 30th
    Age: 67 [1811/12]
    By whom the Ceremony was performed: G.J. Cameron, Vicar