Place:Pembrokeshire, Wales

Watchers
NamePembrokeshire
Alt namesPembrokesource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 937
Sir Benfrosource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county
Coordinates51.667°N 4.917°W
Located inWales     ( - 1974)
See alsoDyfed, Walesadministrative county of which it was a part 1974-1996
Pembrokeshire (principal area), Walesformed in 1996 and covering the same area as historic Pembrokeshire.
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Haverfordwest ( - 1974 )
Pembroke ( 780 - 1974 )
Tenby ( - 1974 )
Chapelry
Castellan ( - 1974 )
Hamlet of St. Martin ( - 1974 )
Reynalton ( - 1974 )
Robeston Wathen ( - 1974 )
Civil parish
Ambleston ( - 1974 )
Amroth ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bayvil ( - 1974 )
Begeli ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bletherston ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bont Faen ( - 1974 )
Boulston ( - 1974 )
Brawdy ( - 1974 )
Bridell ( - 1974 )
Burton ( - 1974 )
Camrose ( - 1974 )
Capel Colman ( - 1974 )
Cartlett ( 1894 - 1974 )
Castellan ( - 1974 )
Castlebythe ( - 1974 )
Cathedral Close of St. David's ( - 1974 )
Cilgerran ( - 1974 )
Clarbeston
Clydaï ( - 1974 )
Coedcynlas ( - 1974 )
Crinow ( - 1974 )
Crunwear ( - 1974 )
Dale ( - 1974 )
Dinas ( - 1974 )
East Williamston ( - 1974 )
Eglwyswrw ( - 1974 )
Fishguard South ( 1907 - 1974 )
Freystrop ( - 1974 )
Granston ( - 1974 )
Grondre ( - 1974 )
Hamlet of St. Martin ( - 1974 )
Hamlet of St. Thomas ( - 1974 )
Haroldston St. Issells ( - 1974 )
Haroldston West ( - 1974 )
Hasguard ( - 1974 )
Hayscastle ( - 1974 )
Henry's Moat ( - 1974 )
Herbrandston ( - 1974 )
Hubberston ( - 1974 )
Hundleton ( 1894 - )
Jeffreston ( - 1974 )
Johnston
Jordanston ( - 1974 )
Lambston ( - 1974 )
Letterston ( - 1974 )
Little Newcastle ( - 1974 )
Llan Gan West ( - 1974 )
Llan y Cefn ( - 1974 )
Llanbedr Felffre ( - 1974 )
Llandeilo Llwydarth ( - 1974 )
Llandeloy ( - 1974 )
Llandysilio West ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Nant Gwyn ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Nant y Gof ( - 1974 )
Llanfallteg West ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Penbedw ( - 1974 )
Llanfyrnach
Llangolman ( - 1974 )
Llangwm ( - 1974 )
Llanhywel ( - 1974 )
Llanllawer ( - 1974 )
Llanrheithan ( - 1974 )
Llanrhian ( - 1974 )
Llanstadwel ( - 1974 )
Llanstinan ( - 1974 )
Llantwyd ( - 1974 )
Llanwnda ( - 1974 )
Llanychlwydog ( - 1974 )
Llanychâr ( - 1974 )
Llawhaden ( - 1974 )
Llys y frân ( - 1974 )
Loveston ( - 1974 )
Ludchurch ( - 1974 )
Maenclochog ( - 1974 )
Maenordeifi ( - 1974 )
Marloes ( - 1974 )
Marnawan ( - 1974 )
Martletwy ( - 1974 )
Mathry ( - 1974 )
Meline ( - 1974 )
Minwear ( - 1974 )
Monington ( - 1974 )
Morfil ( - 1974 )
Mounton ( - 1974 )
Moylgrove ( - 1974 )
Mynachlog ddu ( - 1974 )
Narberth North ( - 1974 )
Narberth South ( - 1974 )
Nevern ( - 1974 )
New Moat ( - 1974 )
Newport ( - 1974 )
Newton North ( - 1974 )
Nolton ( - 1974 )
North Prendergast ( - 1974 )
Penrhydd ( - 1974 )
Puncheston ( - 1974 )
Reynalton ( - 1974 )
Robeston Wathen ( - 1974 )
Robeston West ( - 1974 )
Roch ( - 1974 )
Rosemarket ( - 1974 )
Rudbaxton ( - 1974 )
Skokholm Island ( - 1974 )
Slebech ( - 1974 )
Smalls Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
South Bishop Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
Spital ( - 1974 )
St. Brides ( - 1974 )
St. David's ( 550 - 1974 )
St. Dogmaels ( 1894 - 1974 )
St. Dogwells ( - 1974 )
St. Edrens ( - 1974 )
St. Elvis ( - 1974 )
St. Ishmaels ( - 1974 )
St. Issells ( - 1974 )
St. Lawrence ( - 1974 )
St. Mary Out Liberty
St. Michael ( - 1974 )
St. Nicholas ( - 1974 )
Steynton ( - 1974 )
Talbenni
Treffgarne ( - 1974 )
Uzmaston ( - 1974 )
Velfrey Llanddewi ( - 1974 )
Vorlan ( - 1974 )
Walton East ( - 1974 )
Walton West
Walwyn's Castle ( - 1974 )
West Cilrhedyn ( 1894 - 1974 )
Whitchurch ( - 1974 )
Whitechurch ( - 1974 )
Wiston ( - 1974 )
Yerbeston ( - 1974 )
County town
Haverfordwest ( - 1974 )
Extra parochial area
Cathedral Close of St. David's ( - 1974 )
Grassholm Island
Smalls Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
South Bishop Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
Inhabited place
Angle
Caldy and St. Margaret's Islands
Crymych ( - 1974 )
Fishguard and Goodwick ( 1934 - 1974 )
Fishguard ( - 1974 )
Gelliswick
Goodwick ( - 1974 )
Laugharne
Manorbier
Narberth ( - 1974 )
Pembroke Dock ( - 1974 )
Penbryn
Saundersfoot
St. David's ( 550 - 1974 )
Tretio
Wiston ( - 1974 )
Island
Skokholm Island ( - 1974 )
Smalls Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
South Bishop Lighthouse ( - 1974 )
Parish (ancient)
Ambleston ( - 1974 )
Amroth ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bayvil ( - 1974 )
Begeli ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bletherston ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bont Faen ( - 1974 )
Boulston ( - 1974 )
Brawdy ( - 1974 )
Bridell ( - 1974 )
Burton ( - 1974 )
Camrose ( - 1974 )
Capel Colman ( - 1974 )
Castlebythe ( - 1974 )
Cilgerran ( - 1974 )
Clarbeston
Clydaï ( - 1974 )
Coedcynlas ( - 1974 )
Crinow ( - 1974 )
Crunwear ( - 1974 )
Dale ( - 1974 )
Dinas ( - 1974 )
East Williamston ( - 1974 )
Eglwyswrw ( - 1974 )
Freystrop ( - 1974 )
Granston ( - 1974 )
Grondre ( - 1974 )
Haroldston St. Issells ( - 1974 )
Haroldston West ( - 1974 )
Hasguard ( - 1974 )
Hayscastle ( - 1974 )
Henry's Moat ( - 1974 )
Herbrandston ( - 1974 )
Hubberston ( - 1974 )
Jeffreston ( - 1974 )
Johnston
Jordanston ( - 1974 )
Lambston ( - 1974 )
Letterston ( - 1974 )
Little Newcastle ( - 1974 )
Llan y Cefn ( - 1974 )
Llanbedr Felffre ( - 1974 )
Llandeilo Llwydarth ( - 1974 )
Llandeloy ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Nant Gwyn ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Nant y Gof ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Penbedw ( - 1974 )
Llanfyrnach
Llangolman ( - 1974 )
Llangwm ( - 1974 )
Llanhywel ( - 1974 )
Llanllawer ( - 1974 )
Llanrheithan ( - 1974 )
Llanrhian ( - 1974 )
Llanstadwel ( - 1974 )
Llanstinan ( - 1974 )
Llantwyd ( - 1974 )
Llanwnda ( - 1974 )
Llanychlwydog ( - 1974 )
Llanychâr ( - 1974 )
Llawhaden ( - 1974 )
Llys y frân ( - 1974 )
Loveston ( - 1974 )
Ludchurch ( - 1974 )
Maenclochog ( - 1974 )
Maenordeifi ( - 1974 )
Marloes ( - 1974 )
Marnawan ( - 1974 )
Martletwy ( - 1974 )
Mathry ( - 1974 )
Meline ( - 1974 )
Minwear ( - 1974 )
Monington ( - 1974 )
Morfil ( - 1974 )
Mounton ( - 1974 )
Moylgrove ( - 1974 )
Mynachlog ddu ( - 1974 )
Nevern ( - 1974 )
New Moat ( - 1974 )
Newport ( - 1974 )
Newton North ( - 1974 )
Nolton ( - 1974 )
Penrhydd ( - 1974 )
Puncheston ( - 1974 )
Reynalton ( - 1974 )
Robeston West ( - 1974 )
Roch ( - 1974 )
Rosemarket ( - 1974 )
Rudbaxton ( - 1974 )
Slebech ( - 1974 )
Spital ( - 1974 )
St. Brides ( - 1974 )
St. David's ( 550 - 1974 )
St. Dogmaels ( 1894 - 1974 )
St. Dogwells ( - 1974 )
St. Edrens ( - 1974 )
St. Elvis ( - 1974 )
St. Ishmaels ( - 1974 )
St. Issells ( - 1974 )
St. Lawrence ( - 1974 )
St. Mary Out Liberty
St. Michael ( - 1974 )
St. Nicholas ( - 1974 )
Steynton ( - 1974 )
Talbenni
Treffgarne ( - 1974 )
Uzmaston ( - 1974 )
Velfrey Llanddewi ( - 1974 )
Walton East ( - 1974 )
Walton West
Walwyn's Castle ( - 1974 )
Whitchurch ( - 1974 )
Whitechurch ( - 1974 )
Wiston ( - 1974 )
Yerbeston ( - 1974 )
Parochial area
Llandysilio West ( - 1974 )
Narberth North ( - 1974 )
Narberth South ( - 1974 )
Registration district
Haverfordwest Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Narberth Registration District ( 1837 - 1973 )
Pembroke Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Rural district
Cemais Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Haverfordwest Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Llanfyrnach Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Narberth Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Pembroke Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
St. Dogmells Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Suburb
Cartlett ( 1894 - 1974 )
Township
Vorlan ( - 1974 )
Unknown
Bosheston
Caerfarchell
Carew
Castelldwyran
Castlemartin
Cilrhedyn
Cosheston
Cuffern
Gumfreston
Hill Mountain
Hodgeston
Lamphey
Lawrenni
Llwyn-gwair
Monkton
Nash
Newton
Penally
Prendergast
Pwllcrochon
Redberth
Rhos
Rhoscrowdder
Sardis
St. Florence
St. Mary in Liberty
St. Mary
St. Petrox
St. Twinells
Stackpole Elidir
Stepaside
Templeton
Upton
Warren
Urban district
Fishguard and Goodwick ( 1934 - 1974 )
Fishguard ( - 1974 )
Goodwick ( - 1974 )
Milford Haven ( - 1974 )
Narberth ( - 1974 )
Neyland ( - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
Image:WalesPembrokeshireTrad.png :the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales. It borders Carmarthenshire to the east and Ceredigion (formerly Cardiganshire to the northeast. On the west it faces the Irish Sea.

Pembrokeshire County Council's headquarters are in the county town of Haverfordwest. Other towns include Pembroke, Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven, Fishguard, Tenby, Narberth, Neyland and Newport. St David's, in the west of the county, is the United Kingdom's smallest city with a population of 2,000 (in 2010). Saundersfoot is the most populous village (more than 2,500 inhabitants) in Pembrokeshire.

As a result of differential immigration over hundreds of years, the south of the county has more English-speaking inhabitants, while Welsh is more widely spoken in the north.

Governance

Under the Local Government Act 1888, an elected county council was set up to take over the functions of the Pembrokeshire Quarter Sessions. The county was then divided into a series of urban and rural districts, an organization of local government which lasted from 1894 until 1974.

The County Council and the administrative county of Pembrokeshire were abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 and Pembrokeshire became part of the new county of Dyfed which also included Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire. The new county was divided into districts, two of which, the South Pembrokeshire District and the Preseli District, covered Pembrokeshire.

In 1996, under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, the county of Dyfed was broken up into its constituent parts, and Pembrokeshire has been a unitary authority since then. There are 80 local Communities (the successors to civil parishes) in the county which have their own councils.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Human habitation of the region of Pembrokeshire extends back to 125,000 and 70,000 BCE. By the late Roman Empire period, an Irish tribe known as the Déisi settled in the region between AD 350 and 400, with their realm known as Demetae.

In the post Roman period, the Irish Déisi merged with the local Welsh, with the name of the region evolving into Dyfed, which existed as an independent petty kingdom until its heiress, Elen, married Hywel the Good in AD 904.[1]

Hywel merged Dyfed with his own maternal inheritance of Seisyllwg, forming the new realm of Deheubarth.[1] The region suffered from devastating and relentless Viking raids during the Viking Age, with the Vikings establishing settlements and trading posts at Haverfordwest, Fishguard and Caldey Island.[1]


Dyfed, the region of Pembrokeshire, remained an integral province of Deheubarth but this was contested by invading Normans and Flemings who arrived between 1067 and 1111.[1] The region became known as Pembroke, after the Norman castle built in the Penfro cantref. But Norman/Flemish presence was precarious given the hostility of the native Welsh Princes.

In 1136 Prince Owain Gwynedd sought to avenge the execution of his sister the Princess Gwenllian of Deheubarth and her children; with Gwenllian's husband the Prince Rhys swept down from Gwynedd with a formidable army and at Crug Mawr near Cardigan met and destroyed a 3,000-strong Norman/Flemish army. The remnants of the Normans fled across the bridge at Cardigan which collapsed and the Teifi river was choked with drowned men-at-arms and horses. Owain's brother Cadwallader took de Clares daughter Alice as his wife. Owain incorporated Deheubarth into Gwynedd, re-establishing control of the region. Mortally weakened Norman/Flemish influence never fully recovered in West Wales. Princess Gwenllian is one of the best remembered victims. In 1138 the county of Pembrokeshire was named as a county palatine.


The county has long been divided between an English-speaking south (known as "Little England beyond Wales") and a historically more Welsh-speaking north, along a reasonably sharply-defined linguistic border (see map) called the Landsker.

The Lord Rhys, Prince of Deheubarth, Princess Gwenllian's son, reestablished Welsh control over much of the region and threatened to retake all of Pembrokeshire, but died in 1197.[1] After Deheubarth was split by a dynastic feud, Llywelyn the Great almost managed to retake the region of Pembroke between 1216 and his death in 1240.[1]

In 1457 Henry Tudor was born at Pembroke Castle and, 28 years later, landing an army not far from his birthplace, he rallied support, marched through Wales to Bosworth field in Leicestershire and defeated the larger army of Richard III. As Henry VII he founded the Tudor dynasty which successfully ruled England until 1603.

The Act of Union of 1536 divided the county into hundreds, which followed with some modifications the boundaries of the cantrefs, ancient jurisdictions which went back to before the Norman conquest. The 1536 hundreds were (clockwise from the north-east): Cilgerran or Kilgerran, Cemais or Kemes, Dewisland or Dewsland, Roose, Castlemartin, Narbeth and Dungleddy or Daugleddau. The Genuki web pages on Pembrokeshire include a list of the parishes within each hundred.

During the First English Civil War (1642-1646) the county gave strong support to the Parliamentary cause, in sharp contrast to the rest of Wales which was staunchly Royalist. In spite of this an incident in Pembrokeshire triggered the opening shots of the Second Civil War when local units of the New Model Army mutinied. Oliver Cromwell defeated the uprising at the Siege of Pembroke in July 1648. In 1649 Cromwell's expeditionary force for Ireland sailed from Milford Haven.

Pembrokeshire has seen considerable military activity from the Civil War to the Cold War with, for example, military exercises in the Preseli Hills and a number of former military airfields. Military and industrial targets in the county were subjected to bombing during World War 2.

There are many known shipwrecks off the Pembrokeshire coast. The county has six lifeboat stations, the earliest of which was established in 1822.

Research Tips

  • The National Library of Wales has just uploaded (Feb 2018) a website covering the tithe maps of Wales with accompanying apportionment documents using original and present-day maps. There are over 300,000 entries. Landowners and small villages are included. The presentation looks very good.
  • A 1900 Ordnance Survey map of the historic county of Pembrokeshire is available on the A Vision of Britain through Time website. This shows all the old parishes within their urban and rural districts. Large farms and estates are also marked. On the Haverfordwest Rural District page there is a sketchmap indicating the civil parishes of Haverfordwest Rural District as of 1935.
  • Pembrokeshire Archives has a website with a list of their holdings, as well as historical notes on places in Pembrokeshire. Its address is Prendergast, Haverfordwest, SA61 2PE; Tel No: 01437 775456 or (+44)1437 775456 (out of UK), E-mail: record.office@pembrokeshire.gov.uk
  • GENUKI has a page on each of the old counties of Wales and, under these counties, pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes within the county. Information is gathered under a number of headings and the amount of information varies from parish to parish. Parish descriptions are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and thus the emphasis is on ecclesiastical parishes. (Civil parishes were not yet established.) The submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
  • The GENUKI Pembrokeshire pages include, under Description and Travel close to the bottom of the page, a link "parish map" to a map website showing boundaries and settlements before 1850. On the linked page will be maps of several parishes located close to each other.
  • GENUKI also provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area, but there is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date for every county.
  • FreeBMD provides a link to a list of the civil registration districts for each Welsh county from 1837 to 1996. Civil registration districts changed with varying densities of population and improvements in communication. Most counties and unitary authorities now have only one district. The list helps with providing names for the registration districts listed in the FreeBMD index and also as a guide for where to look for census entries.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI and these have been prepared at a later date. The Wiki may look like Wikipedia but the information has been provided for family historians. There are tables of links between the parishes in the historic counties of Wales and their post-1996 counterparts. This is the only genealogical website found that provides this information universally; others are not as thorough.
  • Some words in Welsh come up time and time again and you may want to know what they mean or how to pronounce them. For example,
    "Eglwys" is a church and the prefix "Llan" is a parish.
    "w" and "y" are used as vowels in Welsh.
    "Ll" is pronounced either "cl" or "hl" or somewhere in between. "dd" sounds like "th".
    The single letter "Y" is "the" and "Yn" means "in".
    "uwch" means "above"; "isod" is "below" or "under";
    "gwch" is "great", "ychydig" is "little";
    "cwm" is a "valley".
In both Welsh and English all these words are commonly used in place names in the UK. Place names are often hyphenated, or two words are combined into one. Entering your problem phrase into Google Search, including the term "meaning in Welsh", will lead you to Google's quick translation guide. I'm no authority; these are just things I have picked up while building up this gazetteer for WeRelate.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Pembrokeshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.