Person:Richard III (1)

Richard III _____, King of England
  • HRichard III _____, King of England1452 - 1485
  • WAnne Neville1456 - 1485
m. 12 Jul 1472
  1. Edward _____, Prince of WalesAbt 1473 - 1484
  • HRichard III _____, King of England1452 - 1485
  1. Richard _____1469 - 1550
  2. John of GloucesterAbt 1470 - Abt 1499
  3. Katharine Plantagenet
Facts and Events
Name[5] Richard III _____, King of England
Gender Male
Birth[1][3] 2 Oct 1452 Fotheringhay Castle,, Northamptonshire, EnglandHouse of York
Marriage 12 Jul 1472 Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandWestminster Abbey
to Anne Neville
Marriage to Unknown
Death[1][3][6] 22 Aug 1485 Leicestershire, England Combatant of Bosworth Field
Burial[1][3] Greyfriars, Leicester, Leicestershire, EnglandLeicester Cathedral
Reference Number? Q133028?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard III (2 October 145222 August 1485) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 26 June 1483 until his death in 1485. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat and death at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England.

Richard was created Duke of Gloucester in 1461 after the accession of his brother King Edward IV. In 1472, he married Anne Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. He governed northern England during Edward's reign, and played a role in the invasion of Scotland in 1482. When Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm for Edward's eldest son and successor, the 12-year-old Edward V. Arrangements were made for Edward V's coronation on 22 June 1483. Before the king could be crowned, the marriage of his parents was declared bigamous and therefore invalid. Now officially illegitimate, their children were barred from inheriting the throne. On 25 June, an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed a declaration to this effect, and proclaimed Richard as the rightful king. He was crowned on 6 July 1483. Edward and his younger brother Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, called the "Princes in the Tower", were not seen in public after August, and accusations circulated that they had been murdered on King Richard's orders, after the Tudor dynasty established their rule a few years later.

There were two major rebellions against Richard during his reign. In October 1483, an unsuccessful revolt was led by staunch allies of Edward IV and Richard's former ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. Then, in August 1485, Henry Tudor and his uncle, Jasper Tudor, landed in southern Wales with a contingent of French troops, and marched through Pembrokeshire, recruiting soldiers. Henry's forces defeated Richard's army near the Leicestershire town of Market Bosworth. Richard was slain, making him the last English king to die in battle. Henry Tudor then ascended the throne as Henry VII.

Richard's corpse was taken to the nearby town of Leicester and buried without ceremony. His original tomb monument is believed to have been removed during the English Reformation, and his remains were wrongly thought to have been thrown into the River Soar. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was commissioned by the Richard III Society on the site previously occupied by Grey Friars Priory. The University of Leicester identified the skeleton found in the excavation as that of Richard III as a result of radiocarbon dating, comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, identification of trauma sustained at the Battle of Bosworth and comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants of his sister Anne. He was reburied in Leicester Cathedral on 26 March 2015.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Richard III of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.


King Richard III Body Found

Richard III Body Debunks Image

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Richard III of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Richard III Plantagenet, King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 King Richard, III, in Find A Grave: Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England
    Memorial# 2614, Jan 01, 2001.

    Birth: Oct. 2, 1452, Fotheringhay, East Northamptonshire Borough, Northamptonshire, England
    Death: Aug. 22, 1485, Market Bosworth, Hinckley and Bosworth Borough, Leicestershire, England
    Burial: Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England

  4.   RICHARD (Fotheringay Castle 2 Oct 1452-killed in battle Bosworth Field, Leicestershire 22 Aug 1485, bur Greyfriars Abbey, Leicester)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  5. Richard III, in BBC News: Richard III's DNA throws up infidelity surprise, by Paul Rincon
    2 December 2014.

    Extract: "Analysis of DNA from Richard III has thrown up a surprise: evidence of infidelity in his family tree. Scientists who studied genetic material from remains found in a Leicester car park say the finding might have profound historical implications. Depending on where in the family tree it occurred, it could cast doubt on the Tudor claim to the English throne or, indeed, on Richard's. The study is published in the journal Nature Communications. But it remains unknown when the break, or breaks, in the family lineage occurred. In 2012, scientists extracted genetic material from the remains discovered on the former site of Greyfriars Abbey, where Richard was interred after his death in the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. Their analysis shows that DNA passed down on the maternal side matches that of living relatives, but genetic information passed down on the male side does not."

  6. King Richard III, in BBC News: King Richard III killed by blows to skull
    17 September 2014.

    Extract: "King Richard III was probably killed by two blows to the head during a "sustained attack", according to new scientific research. The English king was killed at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August, 1485. Forensic teams at the University of Leicester have now revealed he suffered at least 11 injuries, some possibly inflicted after death."