Person:Thomas Armstrong (35)

Lt. Thomas Armstrong
b.1710 Ireland
  • HLt. Thomas Armstrong1710 - 1776
  • WUnknown SpouseBef 1717 - Est 1749-1756
m. 1734
  1. Sarah Armstrong1735 - Aft 1799
  2. Jane ArmstrongBef 1737 -
  3. William Armstrong1738 - 1802
  4. Rosanna Armstrong1740 - 1825
  5. Abel Armstrong1748 - 1837
m. Bef. 1763
Facts and Events
Name Lt. Thomas Armstrong
Alt Name Capt. Thomas Armstrong
Gender Male
Birth? 1710 Ireland
Marriage 1734 Prob. Irelandto Unknown Spouse
Marriage Bef. 1763 prob. Augusta County, Virginiato Mary Ann Lafferty
Death? 24 Apr 1776 Augusta County, Virginia

Thomas Armstrong was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA

Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:

  • Page 263.--21st May, 1747. James Bell to Thomas Armstrong, £20 current money Virginia; 400 acres on a branch of Cathey's River called Jennings Branch. Teste: Andrew Cowen, James Bell, Jr.; Thos. Rutlidge Acknowledged, 21st May, 1747. Rachel releases dower.
  • Vol. 2 - LAND ENTRY BOOK NO. 1, AUGUSTA COUNTY. - 1750, April 17th--Thomas Armstrong, 100, joining his own land. James Anderson, vid., Alex. Gibson.

Possible Sibling of Thomas

Robert Armstrong lived nearby at Jennning's Branch, Cathey's River, Robert Armstrong's son Robert appears to have witnessed the will of this Thomas Armstrong and is likely related. More research is necessary to prove any relationship (older sibling or possibly cousin).

Will Abstract

From Chalkley's:

  • Page 422 - - 29th April, 1776. Thomas Armstrong's will - - To wife, Ann, to son, William; to daughter Sarah Rutledge; to son, Abel Armstrong, testator's home plantation and the new survey on north side Jenning's Branch; to well-beloved son and daughter, Robert and Jane McKitrick; to well-beloved son and daughter, Edward and Jane (s/b Sarah) Rutledge; to well-beloved son and daughter, Henry and Rosanna Murray. Executors, wife Ann and son William. Teste: James Trimble, Robert Armstrong, John Beard. Proved, 20th August, 1776, by Trimble and Beard. Executors qualify.

Transcribed Will of Thomas Armstrong

Will Book 5, p.422 Staunton Virginia

The 29th day of April one thousand Seven hundred and Seventy Five. I Thomas Armstrong of Augusta County being now weak in body burt in my perfect sense thanks be to God for it and calling into mind the mortality of my body knowing that is is appointed for all men once to die, I do make and ordain this my last will and testament principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul to God who has created it nothing doubting but at the general resurection I shall recive this arm by the almighty power of God and as touching my worldly esate which God has been pleased to help me in this life, I give devise and dispose of this and in the following manner and form. I profess is my will and I order that in the first place all my just debts and funeral charges be paid and satisfied Item I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Ann Armstrong the thirds of all my land during her life, likewise the third of all my moveable estate likewise a bed and bed her saddle and spinning wheel and her body slave
Item I give and bequeath to my well beloved son William Armstrong two hundred acres of land that did formerly belong to the surey that I gave part of to this said William Armstrong before and I do order 5that this said William Armstrong do give to my daughter Sarah Rutledge seven pounds or a horse to the value of land on expiraton of two years from my departure
Item I give and equeath to my well beloved son Abel Armstrong the plantation whereon my dwelling house now stands likewise my (four words unreadable) on the north side of Jennings Branch likewise my young horse and saddle and my body clothes with the remainder of all my moveable estate and this said Abel Armstrong is to have the use of the Slave, land that is upon this. William Armstrong two hundred acres of land for eight years from the departure of my breath with house and timber to repair The fences on said land for said term
Item I do will and bequeath to my well beloved son and daughter Robert and Jane (Unreadable) each five shillings english money
Item I do will and bequeath to my well beloved son and daughter Edward and Sarah Rutledge five shillngs english money
Item I do will and bequeath to my well beloved son and daughter Harvey and Rosanna Murrey five shillings english money.
I also constitute and appoint my well beloved son William Armstrong and Ann Armstrong my well beloved wife to by my executors and I do hereby disallow revoke and dismiss all or any former testaments wills legacies or executors by me in any wise before this time named willed and bequeathed ratifing and comfirming this and no other to be my last will and testament and wittnefs where of I have heeunto set my hand and said this day and year above written
Thomas x Armstrong
Signed sealed published and declared by this said Thomas Armstrong as his last Will and testament in the presence of us James Trimble, Robert Armstrong, John Beard
At a court held for Augusta County by Authority of the Commonwealth of Virginia August the 20th 1776
This last will and testament of Thomas Armstrong deceased was proved by the oaths of James Trumble and John Beard, two of the witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded and on the motion of William and Ann Armstrong the executors therein named who made oath according to law certificate is granted them for obrtainng a probate thereof in due form they having with security entered into and acknowledged their bond according to law Test.

Processioning List of 1755

"Processioning" was the periodic review and agreement of property lines between settler's lands. Processioning Lists are useful in determining the general area of a settlers lands and their neighbors at specific time periods:

  • Vol. 2 - Page 147.--1755: John Finley and Alex. Crawford processioned as follows, viz: For James Sayers, for Alex. Gibson, for Andrew Foster, for Wm. Bell, for Thos. Armstrong, for Mathew Edmison, for Rob. Gilkison, for Thos. Gardner; James Bell's widow cannot show her lines; for John Trimble, for John Finley, for David Trimble, for Daniel McAnare, for Thos. Beard, for Alex. Crawford, for Jno. Allit, for James Kirk, for Robert Armstrong, for Robert McCitrick.

Records in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:

  • Vol. 2 - Page 162.-(27th November, 1755: Vestry met. Processioners designated as follows, viz (to report before 1st March next): -William Henderson and Thomas Stewart, in Captain William Christian's Company. John Henderson and William Baskins, in Captain Israel Christian's Company. Alexander Crawford and John Finley, in Captain Thomas Armstrong's Company. James Hogshead and John Davies, in Captain Abram Smith's Company.
  • Vol. 2 - FEE BOOKS OF AUGUSTA COURT. - 1760: page 59, Thos. Thompson, Pastures.
  • Vol. 1 - MAY 25, 1765. - (434) Order for summoning George Henderson on complaint of son, John Henderson, is abated by death of George. Order to summon Thomas and Ann Armstrong dismissed.
  • Vol. 2 - Supernumeraries collected by John Smith for 1774: Peter Black, Charles Erwin, John Frame, Archable Kilkison, James Lock, Andrew Marten, Wm. Ralston, Moses Samples, Joseph Wright, John Collens, Wm. Mathers, Wm. Craige, Archable Cunningham, Robert Moday, John Allen, Joseph Colter, Joseph Bell, Able Griffa, John Yancy, Dan O'Neel, Adam Wall, Hugh Campbell, Jr.; Wm. Frame, Sr.; David Williams, George Bowsell, Joseph Campbell, John Patterson, Seath Rogers, Thomas Armstrong, Edward Beard, Hennery Harlis, Zachariah Smith, Sam'l Frazier, Edward Hall, Jesse Jackson, Zachariah Johnston, James Lansbee, Dan'l Mackoneer, Adam Reaburn, Henry Reaburn, David Bosang, Sam'l Wright.

Information on Thomas Armstrong

From IGI:

Family Group Record FamilySearch® Ancestral File™ v4.19

Husband's Name

Born: 1710 Place: , , , Ireland
Died: 24 Apr 1776 Place: , Augusta Co., , Virginia
Married: 1734 Place:

Wife's Name

Mary (AFN:1MP0-Z34)
Born: < 1713 Place: <, , Ulster Prov., Ireland>
Married: 1734 Place:
1. Sex Name
Born: 1735 Place: , , Ulster Prov., Ireland
Died: 1813 Place: , Augustaco, Illinois
Buried: Place: Flagg Sprs., , Augusta Co., Virginia
2. Sex Name
Born: 1738 Place: , Augusta Co., , Virginia
Died: 5 Jun 1802 Place: , Augusta Co., , Virginia
3. Sex Name
Born: < 1737 Place: <, , Ulster Prov., Ireland>
4. Sex Name
Born: < 1740 Place: <, Augusta Co., , Virginia>
Died: 1825 Place: , Augusta Co., , Virginia
5. Sex Name
Born: 4 Jun 1748 Place: <, Augusta Co., , Virginia>
Died: 26 Aug 1837 Place: , Logan Co., , Ohio

From post

Thomas (m2) Ann Lafferty Stewart and son William Posted by: Vickie Peterson (ID *****5847) Date: March 01, 2004 at 14:16:15

  of 6472  

I know there are soooo many Armstrongs in Augusta Co., VA., that it is hard to keep them straight - I am trying to find a connection between Thomas Armstrong who m2) Mary Ann Lafferty (Stewart), widow of James Stewart (killed by Indians in 1757). He already had a son, William Armstrong, by his first wife. I am wondering if his son William was the William who married Elizabeth Erwin, d/o Jared Erwin. I have seen many postings regarding his son, William, JR., marrying Catherine Friel. This is what I know - William Armstrong who married Elizabeth Erwin, in Augusta Co., VA., 1788, was thought to be a brother to John Armstrong, who was thought to marry Agness Erwin (also a d/o Jared Erwin); however, I am beginning to wonder if he did not marry Polly (Mary) Crawford, as no record of a marriage for John and Agness exists; however, there is one for John and Polly (1790, Augusta Co., VA). The William Armstrong, Jr., who married Catherine Friel married in 1793; so he was contemporaneous with my William Armstrong (marrying within a 5 years of each other). So, I guess what I am looking for is the proof that the William who married Catherine was indeed the son of William who was the son of Thomas. Or, in the lack of direct evidence, has anyone found any documents which link the Thomas who married Ann Lafferty Stewart to the William who married Elizabeth Erwin. Does anyone have a source or sources which link all three generations? I am not looking for circumstantial evidence - I have more than enough of that in the way of the Chronicles of the Scotch Irish in Virginia. Does anyone have or know of a primary source that helps clear this mess up ? ARMSTRONG-L Archives

From: <> Subject: Notes on Thomas Armstrong Date: Sun, 7 Sep 1997 15:02:10 -0400 (EDT)

Descendants of Thomas Armstrong

1 Thomas Armstrong- Aft 1776 ..+first wife of Thomas Armstrong- Bef 1763 .........2 William Armstrong- Aft 1802 .............+Jean Erwin- 1808-1809 .........2 Sarah Armstrong- Aft 1799 .............+Edward RutledgeAbt 1725 - 1787 .........2 Jane Armstrong .............+Robert McKitrick .........2 Rosanna Armstrong- 1825 .............+Henry Murray- 1804 .........2 Abel Armstrong1758 - 1837 .............+Mary WanlessBef 1765 - 1818

  • 2nd Wife of Thomas Armstrong:

..+Mary Ann Lafferty

Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, by Lyman Chalkley

Volume 1, Page 109 Augusta County Court Records. Order Book No. IX, September 24, 1763 Thos. Armstrong and Ann, his wife, late Ann Stewart, admx. of James Stewart, summoned to render account.

Volume 1, Page 122 Augusta County Court Records. Order Book No. VIII, May 25, 1765 Order for summoning George Henderson on complaint of son, John Henderson, is abated by death of George. Order to summon Thomas and Ann Armstrong dismissed.

Ancestry Descendants of Daniel F. Armstrong and Sarah Nutter

May 21, 1747 Thomas purchased 400 acres of land on the Jennings Branch of Cathey's River (now known as the Middle River) for 20 lbs. and 5 shillings from James Bell.

In 1749 Thomas received 120 additional acres of land on the Jennings Branch.

On March 17, 1753 Thomas qualifies as "Ensign of Foote." On 20th November, 1755, Thomas qualifies as "Captain of Foote." On 27 July, 1756, a Council of War was held in Augusta Courthouse to consider the most proper places to build forts along the frontier for the protection of the inhabitants. The men present were Col. John Buchanan, Col. David Stewart, Major John Brown, Captains Joseph Cueton, Robert Scott, Patrick Martin, William Christian, Samuel Stalnicker and Thomas Armstrong.

Augusta County, Virginia Will Bk. #5, pp. 422 to 424 contains the Will of Thomas Armstrong: This Will dated 29, April, 1776 was proven 20th of August, 1776 and is quoted partially as follows: "Item, I give to my well beloved wife Ann a third of all my land during her lifetime, likewise a third of all of my moveable estate, a bed and bedding, saddle and spinning wheel and her body clothes; Item, to my son William two Hundred acres leased to him previously with the order that William give to Sarah Rutledge seven pounds or a horse of equal value; Item, to son Abel the Plantation wheron the dwelling house stands, likewise the new survey on the north side of Gennings Branch, a horse, saddle and my body clothes and the remainder of all my moveable estate;" (Able was to let William have any timber he might need.... Evidently Williams land was not forested as was the Home Plantation land.) "Item, to well beloved son and daugher Robert and Jane McKitrick five shillings English money; Item, to well beloved son and daughter Edward and Sarah Rutledge five shillings English money; Item, to my well beloved son and daughter Henry and Rosanna Murray five shillings English money." He appoints his son William and his wife as Executors, and signs with his mark. Signing as witness were James Trimble, Robert Armstrong and John Beard. Robert Armstrong listed as a witmess may be a brother to Thomas. Robert obtained land on the Jennings Branch in 1752. \

Holly Wanless Cochran, 1660 Peachey Rd., Ashland, OR 97520, email:, Mostly interested in Wanless Was a Captain in Revolutionary War. Lived on Stone Ridge Farm at Lone Fountain between Jennings Gap and Churchville, in Augusta Co. His son Abel also lived here, and Abel's daughter Polly was married here. [Waggon Road, p.67]

Possible brother of Thomas Armstrong:

From Chalkley's Augusta County, Virginia records:

Page 260 - - 2nd June, 1762. James Armstrong's will - - To James Armstrong, son to son William; to son William; to Geo. Rutledge, son to Thos. Rutledge; to Elizabeth Rutledge; to Thos. Rutledge and Wm. Armstrong, what remains in Carlany; wife. Executors, Walter Davis and Jas. Bell. Teste: Jno. Coulter, Geo. Marshall. Executors refused to execute. Administration granted eldest son William, who qualifies with Abraham Smith, Saml. Cloyd, Ninian Cloyd.