Person:Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

Otto I _____, Holy Roman Emperor
b.23 May 912 Sachsen, Germany
  • HOtto I _____, Holy Roman Emperor912 - 973
  • WEadgyth _____Abt 910 - 946
m. Sep 929
  1. Liudolf _____, Duke of Swabia930 - 957
  2. Liutgarde _____, of Saxony - 953
m. Oct or Nov 951
  1. Richilde _____, von Sachsen945 - 999
  2. Heinrich _____, von SachsenBet 952 & 953 - Abt 954
  3. Bruno _____, von SachsenBet 953 & 954 - 957
  4. Alde _____, von SachsenAbt 954 -
  5. Mathilde _____, von SachsenAbt 955 - 999
  6. Otto II _____, of Saxony, Holy Roman Emperor955 - 983
Facts and Events
Name[1] Otto I _____, Holy Roman Emperor
Alt Name[1] Otto I the Great _____, of Saxony
Alt Name[2][5] Otto I der Große _____, von Sachsen
Gender Male
Birth[5] 23 May 912 Sachsen, GermanyHouse of Liudolfings
Alt Birth[3] 23 Nov 912 Sachsen, Germany
Marriage Sep 929 to Eadgyth _____
Title (nobility)[5] 936 Herzog von Sachsen, König des Ostfrankenreiches
Marriage Oct or Nov 951 Pavia, Lombardia, Italyto Adelaide _____, of Italy
Title (nobility)[5] 951 König voon Italien
Title (nobility)[5] 962 römisch-deutscher Kaiser
Death[3][5] 7 May 973 Memleben, Sachsen, Preußen, Germany
Burial[3] Cathedral of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
Reference Number[1] Q43915?
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great, was East Frankish king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.

    Otto inherited the Duchy of Saxony and the kingship of the Germans upon his father's death in 936. He continued his father's work of unifying all German tribes into a single kingdom and greatly expanded the king's powers at the expense of the aristocracy. Through strategic marriages and personal appointments, Otto installed members of his family in the kingdom's most important duchies. This reduced the various dukes, who had previously been co-equals with the king, to royal subjects under his authority. Otto transformed the church in Germany to strengthen royal authority and subjected its clergy to his personal control.

    After putting down a brief civil war among the rebellious duchies, Otto defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, thus ending the Hungarian invasions of Western Europe. The victory against the pagan Magyars earned Otto a reputation as a savior of Christendom and secured his hold over the kingdom. By 961, Otto had conquered the Kingdom of Italy. Following the example of Charlemagne's coronation as "Emperor of the Romans" in 800, Otto was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 962 by Pope John XII in Rome.

    Otto's later years were marked by conflicts with the papacy and struggles to stabilize his rule over Italy. Reigning from Rome, Otto sought to improve relations with the Byzantine Empire, which opposed his claim to emperorship and his realm's further expansion to the south. To resolve this conflict, the Byzantine princess Theophanu married his son Otto II in April 972. Otto finally returned to Germany in August 972 and died at Memleben in May 973. Otto II succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor.

    Otto has been consistently depicted in historiography through different eras as a successful ruler. He is also reputed to be a great military commander, especially on the strategic level – this also means that the empire this talent recreated was too vast for contemporary administrative structures and could only be governed as a confederacy. Modern historians, while not denying his strong character and his many fruitful initiatives, explore the emperor's capability as a consensus builder – a process that goes in parallel with greater recognition of the nature of consensus politics in Medieval Europe (especially Western and Central parts) as well as different roles played by other actors in his time.

    Historian David Bachrach notes the role of the bureaucracy and administration apparatus the Ottonians inherited from the Carolingians and ultimately from Ancient Romans and developed greatly themselves: "It was the success of the Ottonians in molding the raw materials bequeathed to them into a formidable military machine that made possible the establishment of Germany as the preeminent kingdom in Europe from the tenth through the mid-thirteenth century." Bachrach highlights in particular the achievements of the first two Ottonian rulers, Henry I and Otto the Great in creating this situation. Their rules also marked the start of new, vibrant literary traditions. The patronage of Otto and his immediate successors facilitated a so-called "Ottonian Renaissance" of arts and architecture. As one of the most notable Holy Roman Emperors, Otto's footprint in artistic depictions is also considerable.

    This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  2. Otto I von Sachsen, Holy Roman Emperor, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 OTTO, son of HEINRICH I "der Vogelsteller/the Fowler" King of Germany & his second wife Mathilde --- (23 Nov 912-Memleben 7 May 973, bur Magdeburg Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  4.   Otto I the Great, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Biographie auf Wikipedia DE, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
    [[1]], gefunden 2016.

    Otto I. der Große (* 23. November 912; † 7. Mai 973 in Memleben) aus dem Geschlecht der Liudolfinger war ab 936 Herzog von Sachsen und König des Ostfrankenreiches (regnum francorum orientalium), ab 951 König von Italien und ab 962 römisch-deutscher Kaiser.
    Otto wurde 912 als Sohn des Sachsenherzogs Heinrich I., der im Jahr 919 König des Ostfrankenreiches wurde, und dessen zweiter Ehefrau Mathilde vielleicht in Wallhausen geboren.[3] Mathilde war eine Tochter des sächsischen Grafen Dietrich aus der Familie Widukinds.