Person:Heinrich I von Sachsen (1)

Heinrich I. "der Vogler" von Sachsen
Facts and Events
Name[7] Heinrich I. "der Vogler" von Sachsen
Alt Name Heinrich I "the Fowler" , King of Germany
Alt Name[7] Heinrich I. "der Finkler" von Ostfrankenreich
Gender Male
Birth[1][4][5][7] est 0876 Memleben, Sachsen, Preußen, GermanyHouse of Liudolfings
Marriage 906 to Hatheburg
Marriage 0909 Wallhausen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germanyto Mathilde von Sachsen
Annulment 909 from Hatheburg
Title (nobility)[7] 912 Herzog von Sachsen
Title (nobility)[7] 919 König des Ostfrankenreiches.
Death[1][2][4][5][6][7] 2 Jul 0936 Memleben, Sachsen, Preußen, Germany
Reference Number? Q150620?
Burial[5] Quedlinburg, Sachsen, Preußen, Germany


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry the Fowler ( or ; ) (876 – 2 July 936) was the duke of Saxony from 912 and the elected king of East Francia (Germany) from 919 until his death in 936. As the first non-Frankish king, he established the Ottonian Dynasty of kings and emperors, and he is generally considered to be the founder and first king of the medieval German state, known until then as East Francia. An avid hunter, he obtained the epithet "the Fowler" because he was allegedly fixing his birding nets when messengers arrived to inform him that he was to be king.

He was born into the Liudolfing line of Saxon dukes. His father Otto I of Saxony died in 912 and was succeeded by Henry. The new duke launched a rebellion against the king of East Francia, Conrad I of Germany, over the rights to lands in the Duchy of Thuringia. They reconciled in 915 and on his deathbed in 918, Conrad recommended Henry as the next king, considering the duke the only one who could hold the kingdom together in the face of internal revolts and external Magyar raids.

Henry was elected and crowned king in 919. He went on to defeat the rebellious dukes of Bavaria and Swabia, consolidating his rule. Through successful warfare and a dynastic marriage, Henry acquired Lotharingia as a vassal in 925. Unlike his Carolingian predecessors, Henry did not seek to create a centralized monarchy, ruling through federated autonomous stem duchies instead. Henry built an extensive system of fortifications and mobile heavy cavalry across Germany to neutralize the Magyar threat and in 933 routed them at the Battle of Riade, ending Magyar attacks for the next 21 years and giving rise to a sense of German nationhood. Henry greatly expanded German hegemony in Europe with his defeat of the Slavs in 929 at the Battle of Lenzen along the Elbe river, by compelling the submission of Duke Wenceslaus I of Bohemia through an invasion of the Duchy of Bohemia the same year and by conquering Danish realms in Schleswig in 934. Henry's hegemonic status north of the Alps was acknowledged by King Rudolph of West Francia and King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy, who both accepted a place of subordination as allies in 935. Henry planned an expedition to Rome to be crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope, but the design was thwarted by a hunting accident near the royal palace of Bodfeld in the autumn of 935 that mortally injured him.

Henry prevented a collapse of royal power, as had happened in West Francia, and left a much stronger kingdom to his successor Otto I. Henry died of a stroke on 2 July 936 in his royal palace in Memleben, one of his favourite places. He was buried at Quedlinburg Abbey, established by his wife Matilda in his honor.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry the Fowler. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Henry the Fowler, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. (EA)Encyclopedia Americana, 1951, v.14 p.103.
  3.   Schwennicke, Detlev; Frank Freytag-Loringhoven; and Wilhelm Karl Isenburg. Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge. (Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, c1978-).

    b 876, d 936

  4. 4.0 4.1 Heinrich I von Sachsen, Holy Roman Emperor, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 HEINRICH, son of OTTO "der Erlauchte" Graf [im Südthüringau] & his wife Hedwig [Babenberg] ([876]-Memleben[142] 2 Jul 936, bur Quedlinburg Stiftskirche)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  6. Heinrich I, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Biographie aufWikipedia DE, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, [[1]], gefunden 2016, Secondary quality.

    Heinrich I. (* um 876; † 2. Juli 936 in der Pfalz Memleben), heimatkundlich auch als Heinrich der Vogler oder Heinrich der Finkler bekannt, aus dem Adelsgeschlecht der Liudolfinger war ab 912 Herzog von Sachsen und von 919 bis 936 König des Ostfrankenreiches.
    Die Familie Heinrichs lässt sich väterlicherseits nur bis zu Heinrichs Großvater Liudolf zurückverfolgen. Liudolf war mit Oda, der Tochter eines fränkischen Großen, verheiratet. Aus dieser Ehe gingen unter anderem die Kinder Otto, genannt der Erlauchte, und Brun hervor.
    Otto ist der einzige bezeugte Laienabt im ostfränkischen Reich, was die Bedeutung seiner Stellung verdeutlicht.[3] Er war mit Hadwig aus dem fränkischen Geschlecht der älteren Babenberger verheiratet. Aus dieser Ehe ist u.a. Heinrich hervorgegangen.