Person:James Buchanan (52)

James Buchanan
m. 17 Jun 1749
  1. Mary Burke Buchanan1750 - 1820
  2. James Buchananabt 1752 - bef 1816
  3. John BuchananAbt 1754 - 1777
  4. John William Buchanan1755 - 1820
  5. Margaret Belle "Peggy" Buchanan1755 - 1827
  6. Jane Buchananabt 1759 - 1812
  7. William BuchananAbt 1760 -
  8. Anna Buchanan1765 -
  • HJames Buchananabt 1752 - bef 1816
  • WPhoebe Hildrethbef 1771 - aft 1820
m. bef. 1788
  1. James Buchanan, Jr.1794 - 1865
Facts and Events
Name James Buchanan
Unknown James Patton Buchanan
Gender Male
Birth? abt. 1752 Augusta County, Virginia
Marriage bef. 1788 to Phoebe Hildreth
Other? AFT 1799 KentuckyLived
Death? bef. 1816 Nicholas County, Kentucky[sale of land by widow and son James]

James Patton Buchanan was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Several Ancestry Member submissions (ans other sites) claim that James Buchanan (sometimes called James Patton Buchanan), son of John Buchanan and Margaret Patton, was born in 1749, and married in 1763 to Isabelle Hall (who was supposedly born in 1735), which would have made him about 14 on the date of his marriage and his wife about 28, which appears to be untrue based upon the records presented below. This James Buchanan married Phoebe Hildreth and lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky and later Nicholas County, Kentucky (which was formed from parts of Bourbon and Mason County in 1800), where he apparently died prior to 1816.

About James Buchanan

James Buchanan (referred to also as "James Patton Buchanan", without any apparent attribution) was born sometime after his parents, John Buchanan and Margaret Patton were married in June 1749 in Augusta County, Virginia, likely abt. 1752. [He was apparently NOT the James Buchanan that was baptized on 25 February 1749 at Tinkling Spring, this appears to be an uncle of this James Buchanan]. This would have also occurred BEFORE this James Buchanan's parents were married.
Prior to 26 June 1787, James Buchanan had migrated to Bourbon County, Kentucky [then in Virginia], when he had executed a power of attorney to Thomas Madison to sell a tract of 1,150 acres on the Holstein River in Washington County, part of his father John Buchanan's vast land holdings in Virginia. [Source: "Drake vs. Campbell", Augusta County, 1807]. Also in 1787, "James Buchanan of Bourbon County" signed a petition to the General Assembly of Virginia "that a public ferry be established on his lands across Licking Creek" [Note: Bourbon County was then in Virginia until it became part of Kentucky when it achieved statehood in 1793].
By the following year [1788], James Buchanan had married to Phoebe Hildreth, daughter of Joseph Hildreth (1723-1792) of Wythe County, Virginia. James and Phoebe were listed in several deeds executed in Bourbon County, which place their whereabouts near "Houstons Fork of Licking Creek" (also called Huston's Creek or the South Fork of Licking Creek), in Bourbon County, where they apparently lived for several years. This location is likely near "Huston's Station" in nearby Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky, which was founded by Virginia settler Joseph Huston in 1776. (Source: Family Tree Maker submission) Prior to abt. 1799, James Buchanan appears to have migrated and/or acquired land in nearby Mason County [which was formed from part of Bourbon County in 1789), and later Nicholas County (which was formed from parts of Bourbon and Mason Counties in 1800), as he was listed in Kentucky Tax Lists in those counties.
James Buchanan and Phoebe had one proven child, James Buchanan, Jr., who was born 10 November 1794 in Kentucky. James, Jr. and his mother are recorded as selling land of "James Buchanan, deceased" in 1816 to William Bartlett, who was the father-in-law of James Buchanan, Jr. The exact date of the death of James Buchanan, Sr. has not yet been determined, but further research in Nicholas County, Kentucky's estate records would likely contain that information.

Estate Records

Nicholas County, Kentucky Deed Book 4:
Page 402, Dated ______, 1816. - Phoebe Buchanan, widow and relict of James Buchanan, deceased, and James Buchanan, heir at law of the said Buchanan, deceased, and Nancy, his wife, sell land in Nicholas county to William Bartlett.
[Source: Nicholas County, Kentucky Court Records. Note: Nicholas County was formed from Bourbon and Mason Counties in 1793]

Land Records

Pg. 84. 20 June 1788 - James Parbarry of Henry CO to James Buchanan of Bourbon KY 3,000£ Virginia currency, 225 acres in Bourbon County including 2 Salt Springs on Licking...on so side of Licking...crossing Licking...thru center of of both Salt Springs...
Wit: William Thomas, James Glasscock, William Jones, David Tharp.
[Source: LDS film # 0183105 Bourbon CO KY Deeds]

Pg. 157. 9 Feb 1788 - James Buchanan & Pheba his wife of Bourbon County to Wm. McConnell of sd County, 500£ warrant, tract & parcel situate and located on waters of Hustons fork of Licking containing by estimation 1,000 acres more or less... line of James Kelly... line of Wight's Military Survey ... McDowell's line ... Hugh Sidwell & James Buchanan's ... crossing branch of large fork of Lickmore thence crossing a branch to the beginning...
Wit: none
Acknowledged at Crt held Bourbon County at the Courthouse
12 March 1788 - Pheba Buchanan relinquished her dower right next record

Pg. 158. 9 Feb 1788 - James Buchanan and Pheba his wife of Bourbon County to Hugh Sedwell of same 30£ current money, tract & parcel of land located and situate lying waters of Huston a Branch of the south fork of Licking, 100 acres more or less... corner Aaron Ashbrook survey...
Wit: none
Acknowledged at Crt held Bourbon County at the Courthouse
18 March 1788 - Pheba Buchanan relinquished her dower right next record

Pg.159. 9 Feb 1788 - James Buchanan and Pheba his wife of Bourbon to Aaron Ashbrook of same 30£ current money, tract & parcel of land located and situate lying waters of Huston a Branch of the south fork of Licking being part of a survey of 1,000 acres containing 100 acres more or less ... crossing a branch...
Wit: none
Acknowledged: at Court held Bourbon County at the Courthouse
18 March 1788 - Pheba Buchanan relinquished her dower right next record

Pg. 161. 10 March 1788 - James Buchanan and Pheba his wife of Bourbon County to Andrew McClure of the County of Fayette, 50£ current money, tract & parcel of land situate lying and being on Huston a Branch of the south fork of Licking, 100 acres more or less, Beg large fork of Lickemore corner to William McConel ... corner Hugh Sedwell ...
Wit: none
Acknowledged: at Crt held Bourbon County at the Courthouse
8 March 1788 - Pheba Buchanan relinquished her dower right

Pg. 187. 15 Aprl 1788 - James Buchanan and Pheba his wife of Bourbon County to Lewis Bushkirk & William Perrin, 50£ spice [a piece?], tract lying Eastside of Settlement... upon Huston Fork of Licking... 150 acres more or less...
Wit: James Little, William McDowell, Robert Stirgis
Acknowledged: 7 June 1788 at Crt held Bourbon County Kentucky by oaths of James Little, William McDowell and Robert Sturgis

Records in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley's:

  • Page 375 - 25th June, 1769. John Buchanan's will--Lands on Reed Creek called Anchor and Hope, and 500 acres on New River where Adam Harman lived; to sons, James, William, and John (all under 30); to wife and children, tract where Walter Stewart lives; to daughter, Mary Boyd, wife to Andrew Boyd; to three youngest daughters; to George Wilson; to relative, James Buchanan,merchant in this county. Executors, Col. Andrew Lewis, Col. Wm. Preston, and nephew Wm. Campbell. Teste: John Smith, Robt. Breckinridge, Wm. Thompson, Jno. McClellan. Proved, 16th August, 1769. Preston and Campbell qualify; and 23d February, 1818, the will not having been recorded a certified copy is now ordered to be spread on record. [Note: John was the father of this James Buchanan]
  • Vol. 2 - Drake vs. Campbell--O. S. 214; N. S. 75--Bill, 8th June, 1807. Orator is John Drake of Kentucky. John Buchanan of Augusta died testate, leaving remainder to three younger daughters or the survivors of them come of age. Orator's father, Joseph Drake, in 1773 married Margaret, one of the daughters of John Buchanan. Prior to 1778 Joseph moved to Kentucky, where in that year he was killed by the Indians, leaving orator infant of very tender years. Margaret afterwards married _____ Jones. Josiah Ramsey deposes, 1809, that the Indians were troublesome in Washington County from 1776 to 1779. Col. Robert Sawyers deposes at Fort Chesel in Wythe County, 1808. He was present at marriage of Joseph Drake and Peggy Buchanan. John Buchanan, son of Col. John Buchanan, deceased, grandfather of orator, was second lieutenant in same Company with deponent in Seventh Regiment of Virginia line on Continental Establishment and in spring of 1777 was detached under command of then Col. Morgan from Middle Brook, New Jersey, against Burgoyne, and was killed at battle of Saratoga. John Floyd sailed in a privateer against the enemy in the fall of 1776, and returned in 1779. Widow of Col. John Buchanan, deceased, married William Anderson shortly after marriage of Joseph Drake and some time before the death of her son John. Patent 23d December, 1779, to Wm. Campbell and Wm. Preston, executors of John Buchanan, deceased, assignee of James Patton, deceased, by survey 1749-50, 1,150 acres part of order of Council to James Patton et als on Sinking Creek waters of Middle Branch of Indian River. Mary Boyd, wife of Andrew Boyd and daughter of Col. John Buchanan, deposes in Wythe, 18th November, 1809. Col. William Preston died in 1784. Anna Buchanan married Ephraim Drake in Kentucky. She was born 28th November, 1765. Joseph Drake and Margaret Buchanan were married in March, 1773. Thomas Boyd deposes. Andrew Boyd deposes. Daniel Young, son of Jacob Young, deposes in Nashville. Col. John Buchanan's will. John Drake lived in Nicholas County, Kentucky. Answer by John and Francis Preston, John Breckenridge, and John Brown, executors of Wm. Preston and administrators with will annexed of John Buchanan, and also of Elizabeth Madison, John Preston, Francis Preston, James McDowell and Sarah, his wife, William Preston, Nathaniel Hart and Susannah, his wife, James P. Preston, John Lewis and Mariah, his wife, and Letitia, Thomas and Peggy Preston, infants, by John Preston, their guardian; which said John, Francis, Elizabeth, Sarah, William, Susannah P., James P., Mary, Letitia, Thomas and Peggy are children of William Preston, deceased. Col. James Dysart, aged 65 years, deposes in Lincoln County, 22d June, 1808. In 1776 on account of Indians, Joseph Drake moved to New River near his father's. In 1778 or 1777 he moved to Kentucky. In 1769 deponent and Joseph made a hunting tour of seven months in Kentucky; again in 1771 a tour of nine months, and in 1772 a tour of eleven months. Deponent and Col. Buchanan came from same neighborhood in Ireland and were remotely connected. When Joseph moved to Kentucky, Anna Buchanan was about 10 or 12 years old. John Campbell deposes in Washington County, 18th March, 1808, he is 66 years old. James Buchanan, power of attorney dated Bourbon County, Virginia, 26th June, 1787. Col. Wm. Donalson deposes in Davidson County, Tennessee, 5th July, 1808, is 48 years old. Deed 8th July, 1788, by Thomas Madison, attorney for James Buchanan, son and heir to John Buchanan, deceased, to John Campbell, 1,150 acres in Washington County on Indian, now called Holstein, River. Recorded in Washington County. James Newell deposes in Wythe County, was present at marriage of Joseph Drake. Deponent and Joseph were in 1774 on the Shawnese expedition together. Col. Robert Craig deposes at own house in Knox County, Kentucky, 18th June, 1808. James Buchanan deposes 21st March, 1799, at house of Patton Anderson in Fayette County, Kentucky. James Thompson deposes in Abingdon, 19th October, 1809, was present at Joseph Drake's marriage; none of Margaret's people was present except William Buchanan. They were married at the town house about 17 miles east of Abingdon; there were present, viz: Ephraim Drake, William Anderson, Widow Cartey, Peggy Campbell, Anna Campbell et als. Ephraim Drake deposes in Bedford County, Tennessee, 26th June, 1809. Joseph and Margaret were married agreeable to the established custom by Mr. Wolsey, a Baptist preacher; her elder brothers were present. Col. Mathew Willoughby, aged 59, deposes 26th March, 1813, in Washington County, Virginia. John Young, son of Jacob, was notorious for bonestealing; also Daniel Young, son of Jacob. Deed 23d October, 1810, by Margaret Jones, now living in Franklin County, Tennessee, widow and relict of William Jones, deceased, also of Joseph Drake, to John Drake, of Bedford County, Tennessee. Recorded in Washington County, July, 1811. John Campbell answers. When Joseph moved to Kentucky, Margaret had three brothers, viz: William, killed in Kentucky; John, killed at Saratoga in 1777; James, now living in Kentucky. Margaret, widow of Col. Jno. Buchanan, married _____ Anderson and was living with him in Botetourt in 1777. John Buchanan's will of Augusta County. Sons, James, William and John; wife, _____, daughter of Col. James Patton; daughter, Mary Boyd; three younger daughters; nephew, William Campbell.
[Note: record shows that James Buchanan, son of John Buchanan of Augusta County had moved to Bouubon County Kentucky by 1787]

Records in Botetourt County, VA

Botetourt CO VA to handle the affairs regarding the estate of desc John Buchanan the f/o [father of] James Buchanan land lying on the Holstein (aka New River)... & when so recovered to convey by my name by deed to James Parbery his heirs or assignees forever...
Wit: John Thidd, James Glasscock, William Thomas.
Acknowledged: 16 July 1787 bef James French, Edmund Lynn & John Halley & at Crt held forks of Huston and Stoner 21 Aug 1797 Letter Produced & proved by oath of William Thomas & Edmund Lynn & ordered to be recorded

Records in Bourbon County, KY

  • Petition No. 44. Request of James Buchanan of Bourbon County that a public ferry be established on his lands across Licking Creek 103
To The Honorable The General Assembly Of Virginia
the petition of James Buchanan of the County of Bourbon humbly sheweth that your Petitioner having acquired at a great expence the claim of one half the lower blue Licks on Licking Creek of a certain James Parberry of Henry County & hath lately had the same divided and conveyed by Deeds in Fee Simple which were acknowledged and recorded according to Law: Your Petitioners part of the said Tract or parcel of Land includes the only good place for a Ferry across said Creek on the road leading from the mouth of Limestone to Lexington & your Petitioner at the request of many of his Neighbours hath provided a Boat & hands at his own Expence & set over passengers in time of high water from many of whom he has neither received Fee nor reward therefore your Petitioner prays that a Ferry may be established on his Lands on the one side of Licking Creek to his Lands on the opposite Shore. Your Petitioner lately alarmed by an advertisement set up at the door of the Court House of this County by said Parberry declaring his Intentions of applying to the next General Assembly for the establishment of a Ferry on what he calls his Lands on the said Creek running parallel with your Petitioner's which Place your Honorable House may be assured is a rapid and entirely unfit for a Ferry & therefore he can derive veryAlittle advantage to himself but would do much Injury to your Peti tioner who hath for some Time lived with his Family on the Place much exposed to the Indians: Your Petitioner in support of the above allegations hath obtained a certificate of Colo James Garrard Surveyor of the said County who run the dividing Line by Consent of the Parties which Line stands as the Boundary mentioned in the Deed To which Certificate your Petitioner hopes your Honorable House will give the highest credit he being no way interested. Your Petitioner begs Leave further to inform your Honorable House that the said Parberry had prior to the Sale of the one Half sold to your Petitioner disposed of his other Half of the said Claim unto William Buchanan at the same time giving sufficient writings for the Conveyance of the Same and receiving full value in Lands lying on Holstan's river which obligations have since been assigned over and now become the claim of Mr. James French of the District of Kentuckey. And your petitioner for the better Information of your Honorable House hath inclosed a true copy of the Articles of agreement between William Buchanan and sd Parberry & your Petitioner humbly hopes that your Honorable House will take the same Into consideration & grant him the said Ferry & your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray.
(Signed) James Buchanan
This is to certify that being call'd on by Mr. James Parberry to Divide the Tract of Land that contains the lower Blue Licks and having run the Dividing Line through the two Licks, one on each side of Licking Creek and having View'd the situation of the Landings proper for a Ferry are of opinion that the Lands of Mr James Buchanan is by far the most proper for a ferry By reason of a short Break of the Hills which forms a perfect Eddy and secure Landing when the Creek is past fording which runs rapidly over Mr. Parberrys Landing, and I do further certify that I am not Interested any way in the Establishment of the ferry at the Lick, only as a Citizen Given under my hand this 15th day of Sept 1787.
James Garrard, Surveyor Bourbon County.
[Note: Bourbon County became part of the State of Kentucky when it achieved statehood in 1792]

Bourbon County, KY Deed Book B, Pg. 313, 1 Oct. 1792 - Parberry, James, of Franklin Co., IN to Clay, H. Jr., Benjamin Bedford and Littleberry Bedford, Bargain & Sale, TO Henry Clay, equal 1/4 part of a corn right of 400 acres and equal fourth part of a Military Survey of fifty acres including one equal fourth part of the __ Blue Lick on Licking. TO Benjamin Bedford and Littleberry Bedford, one equal eighth part of the same & one half of 450 acres in Bourbon and Mason Counties on Licking Creek bounded by Parberry and Buchanan lines, etc. Wit: John Wattle (?), Sam'l Clay, Gideon (?) Bristow, John Bristow and James Bristow. (Source: Bourbon County, Kentucky Land Records, Deed Book B, 1790-1794)
  1.   Family tree maker. (, Inc., c2003).

    96. James Buchanan, Sr., born 1751 in Augusta County, Virginia; died 21 Mar 1799 in Fayette County, Kentucky. He was the son of 192. Col. John Buchanan and 193. Margaret Patton. He married 97. Phoebe Hildreth 1792.

    97. Phoebe Hildreth, born Unknown in Wythville, Va.,; died Unknown. She was the daughter of 194. Joseph Hildreth.

    Child of James Buchanan and Phoebe Hildreth is:

    48 i. James Buchanan, Jr., born 10 Nov 1794 in Kentucky; died 07 Aug 1865; married Mazie B Bartlett 10 May 1815 in Nicholas County Kentucky.

    - Kentucky Land Records support James Buchanan as living past 1799, dying prior to 1816, when his widow Phoebe and son James, Jr., sold land in Nicholas County, Kentucky. After e-mail communication with the Family Tree Maker submitter in October 2014, she could not find any records to support the 1799 date of death.

  2. - Message Boards.

    Roger: I just found out I am in this line. What information do you have on a 2nd. marriage and two sons.
    As Follows taken from the Nicholas Co. Ky. Book. James Buchanan Sr. Augusta Co. Va. came to Ky. in the 1780's and was listed in the first census of Ky. in 1790 in Mason Co. which included Blue Licks Springs at the time. His father was Col. John Buchanan, an early member and agent of the Wood's River Land Co. James Buchanan mother was Margaret Patton, daughter of Col. James Patton. In 1792 he married Pheby (or Phoebe) Hildreth. (Hildreth) daughter of Joseph Hildreth of Wytheville, Va.

  3.   Jackson, Ron V. Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1890.

    Name: James Buchanon
    State: KY
    County: Mason County
    Township: No Township Listed
    Year: 1790
    Record Type: Tax list
    Database: KY Early Census Index

  4.   Jackson, Ron V. Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1890.

    Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1890
    Name: James Buchannon
    State: KY
    County: Nicholas County
    Township: No Township Listed
    Year: 1800
    Record Type: Tax list
    Database: KY Early Census Index

  5.   Kentucky, United States. Tax Lists, 1799-1801. (Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006).

    Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801
    Name: James Buchanan
    Residence County: Mason
    Residence Year: 1800
    [Note: this was likely this James Buchanan on the 1800 Tax List for Mason County, which was formed from part of Bourbon County in 1789. Part of Mason County became Nicholas County in 1800, which is where this James Buchanan apparently lived and left after he died that his widow and son James, Jr. sold in records listed].

  6.   Early Kentucky tax records, from the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1984), pg. 44.

    A List of Taxable Property in 1790, Taken in the Third District of the County of Mason (Afterwards Floyd County), by Geo. Stockton, Commissioner:
    Persons charged with Tax. Horses
    Buchannan, James 3