Person:Cornelius Ruddle (1)

Capt. Cornelius Ruddle
m. 1715
  1. John Ruddleabt 1716 - bef 1749
  2. Capt. Cornelius RuddleABT 1717 - 1798
  3. Stephen RuddleABT 1725 - 1800
  4. Archibald RuddleABT 1727 - bef 1787
  5. Capt. Isaac Ruddle, Frontiersmanbef 1728 - bef 1812
  6. Clara Ann 'Clarissa' RuddleABT 1735 - 1822
  7. George RuddleABT 1737 -
  8. Sarah 'Sally' Ruddle1741 - 1797
  • HCapt. Cornelius RuddleABT 1717 - 1798
  • WIngeborg BirdABT 1725 - 1798
m. 3 MAR 1754
  1. John RuddleABT 1755 -
  2. Clara RuddleABT 1756 -
  3. Deborah RuddleABT 1759 -
  4. Catherine RuddleABT 1762 -
  5. Stephen Ruddle1765 - BEF 1818
  6. Andrew RuddleABT 1771 -
  7. Elizabeth Ruddellabt 1780 -
Facts and Events
Name Capt. Cornelius Ruddle
Alt Name Cornelius Riddle
Gender Male
Birth? ABT 1717 Nottingham, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Marriage 3 MAR 1754 Virginiato Ingeborg Bird
Death? MAR 1798 Botetourt County, Virginia

Cornelius Ruddle was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA

Land Grants & Surveys:

  • Land Survey: Cornelius Ruddle, 19 Jan. 1748 - 18 Apr. 1749; 393 acres on Smiths Creek, where he now lives; adj. land surveyed for John Ruddle, Senr. Chain Carriers: William James & Nichles Suehan (or Seuhan?); William Carrole present on survey. Surv. George Byrne. [Abstracts of Virginia's Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Orange & Augusta Counties, with Tithables, Delinquents, Petitioners, 1730-1754, Volume One, Peggy Smomo Joyner, pg. 31].
  • Land Survey: Cornelius Ruddle, 31 May 1749 - 28 June 1749; 100 acres adjoining his own line & Wm. White's survey. Chain Carriers: John Ruddle, Junr. & John Henry Neff. "The Said John Ruddle was Sworn but John Henry Neff would not Swore." Marker - the said Cornelius Ruddle. Surveyor: George Byrne.[Abstracts of Virginia's Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Orange & Augusta Counties, with Tithables, Delinquents, Petitioners, 1730-1754, Volume One, Peggy Smomo Joyner, pg. 31].
  • Land Grant Survey: Page 154 - Cornelius Riddle, 347 acres, east side of Linvils Creek. June 7, 1769. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 55].
  • Land Grant Survey: Page 237 - Cornelius Riddle, 192 acres, Linville Creek. Adjoining David Robenson, John Brunk, Hunter. Sept. 5, 1774. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 84].
  • Land Grant Survey: Page 238 - Cornelius Riddle, 335 acres, branch of Long Meadow, North Fork of Shenandoah. Adjoining Mathias Lair and his own land. May 5, 1774. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 84].

Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's (unless otherwise listed):

  • G-361: Cornelius Ruddle of Augusta County, 100 acres in said County. Surv. Mr. George Byrne. Adj. other tract surveyed for Ruddle, William White. 5 Feb. 1749. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1742-1775, Volume 2, pg. 41].
  • G-241: Cornelius Ruddle of Augusta County, 393 acres, 3 Ro. in said County. Surv. Mr. George Byrne. On Smith's Creek, adj. John Ruddle. 21 July 1749. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1742-1775, Volume 2, pg. 34].
  • Page 353.--13th November, 1753. Wm. Rutledge, of Granville County, North Carolina, to Cornelius Ruddle, 237 acres. Brock's Creek, patented to Wm. 20th August, 1745. Teste: Stephen Ruddle, Thomas Lonetally, Erwin Patterson, Isaac Ruddle. Acknowledged before Thomas Lonetally, a J. P. for Granville County.
  • K-408: Capt. Cornelius Ruddle of Frederick County, 314 asres on Smiths Creek in said County. Surv. Rubert Rutherford. Adj. Ruddle, William White. 23 April 1762. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1742-1775, Volume 2, pg. 132].
  • Page 184.--__ March, 1767. John ( ) Miller and Hannah ( ) to Cornelius Ruddle, £600, 500 acres, being lot No. 3 above, and also 200 acres, part of lot No. 2, lying on Linvel's Creek, part of 7009 acres patented to Hite, Green & Co., 26th March, 1739, and by McCoy and Hite conveyed to Robert Green, 5th August, 1746, who devised said 200 acres to son Robert, who conveyed same to John Miller, 20th April, 1753. Delivered: Cornelius Ruddle, July, 1775.
  • Page 387.--15th September, 1778. Richard Payne and Ailer (Ailie) to Cornelius Riddle (Ruddle), of Albemarle County, on Black Run, a branch of Christian's Creek.
  • Page 423.--14th November, 1778. John Hunton, of Albemarle, to Cornelius Riddle. Teste: Walter and James Davis, Martin Shearman, Mary Donly.

Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:

  • Page 207.--3d May, 1754. Cornelius Ruddle and Ingabo, his wife, to James Claypool. On Beach's Creek patented to Wm. Rutledge 20th August, 1754, and conveyed by Rutledge to Ruddle, 237 acres. Cornelius Ruddle, Ingebo Ruddle.
  • Page 201.--21st March, 1780. Cornelius Ruddell (Riddle) and Ingabo ( ) to William Grahams, touching Davison's Branch. Delivered to Peter Sciler, 1780.

Processioning List if 1767/8

"Processioning" was the periodic review and agreement of property lines between settler's lands. Processioning Lists are useful in determining the general area of a settlers lands and their neighbors at specific time periods:
  • Page 446.--1767-68: Processioned by Joseph Skidmore, Geo. Dice, Henry Banener, viz: For Samuel Morrels, present Wm. Eaverman; for John Skidmore, present Valentine Cassel and Jacob Conrad; for Geo. Caplinger, present Jacob Harper and Jno. Caplinger; for Valentine Giles, deceased, present Geo. Giles; for Peter Flesher, for Henry Banener, for Woolrey Conrad, for George Dice. Processioned by Cornelius Ruddle, David Robeson: For Thomas Bryan, for John Linkhorn, for Robert Belshee, for Wm. Dunlap, for John Miller, for Wm. Pickens; for Mathias Leer, Jos. Leer present; for Tunish Vanpeter, for Abraham Miller, for George Speare, for Skid Muncy's land, for Cornelius Ruddle, for Thomas Moore, for David Robinson. Processioned by John Coutts and John Miller, viz: For John Miller, for John Fudge, for John Munge (Conrad Fudge present), for Geo. Hufman, for Geo. Gunrod, for Henry Dick, for Peter Brunemer, for Henry Lung, for Francis Kirtley, for Christopher Cisling, for Boston Nester, for Jerod Peterfish, for Stephen Hanceberry, for John Sellers, for Jacob Runkle, for Nicholas Null, for Charles Fie, for Daniel Link, for Daniel Price, for David McComis, for John Burk, for Mathias Cersh, for Jacob Hammer.

Will Abstract

Ruddell, Cornelius. Will probate April 1798
Names wife, Ingebo and children: Andrew, John, Stephen, Chear Reader, Deborah Rutledge, Catherine Sangler, and Elizabeth Alcorn, Niece Ingobo, dau. (of?) bro., George.
[Source: Early Marriages, Wills and some Revolutionary War Records, Botetourt County, Virginia, Compiled by Anne Lowry Worrell, pg. 62].

Records in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley's: [unless listed otherwise]

  • Page 335.--28th May, 1751. Ingbor Allen's bond as administratrix of Reuben Allen, with surety Cornelius Ruddle.
  • MARCH 22, 1753. (419) David Robinson, qualified Lieut. of Foot; John Cunningham, qualified Lieut. of Foot; Henry Cartwright, qualified Ensign of Foot; Joseph Langdon, qualified Captain of Foot; James McKemy, qualified Ensign of Foot; Thomas Langdon, qualified Lieut. of Foot; Cornelius Ruddle, qualified Capn. of Horse and Foot.
  • COURT MARTIAL RECORDS, 1755 TO 1761. - Page 24--Simon Taylor, of a foot Company commanded by Capt. Lewis Stephens. 1755, September 2d.--Officers present, viz: Fairfax, , County Lieutenant; Fairfax, _____, Colonel; T. B. Martin, Lieutenant-Colonel; Meredith Helm, Major; Richard Morgan, Captain; John Funk, Jr., Captain; Jeremiah Smith, Captain; Samuel Odell, Captain; Jacob Funk, Captain; William Bethel, Captain; Isaac Parkins, Captain; Edward Rodgers, Captain; John Hardin, Captain; John Lindsay, Captain; Cornelius Ruddell, Captain; William Vance, Captain; Lewis Stephen, Captain; John Denton, Captain; Thomas Swearingen, Captain.
  • Page 302.--15th May, 1761. Same (From James Claypool, Jr., and Margaret ( ), of Hampshire County) to Jacob Gum, £30, patented to William Rutledge, 20th August, 1745, and by him conveyed to Cornelius Ruddle and by him to said James, on a branch of Brock's Creek, 237 acres. Delivered: Jacob Gum, 6th August, 1764.
  • APRIL 20, 1763. (26) Cornelius Ruddle, security for John Skeen, administrator of Ruben Allen, prays counter security--John summoned.
  • Page 125 - Thomas Pickens, 22 acres, Linvils Creek. Adjoining Cornelius Reddles. Jun 22, 1768. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 46].
  • Page 168.--9th November, 1768. George Ghost's estate appraised, by Cornelius Ruddell. John Thomas--Funarrall of William Munsey for the use of Geo. Ghost, deceased; to 1 winding sheet, £0.16.6.; to 1 shirt, £0 14 0.; to making a coughing, £0.5.0.; to 5 quarts whiskey, £0.5.0.; to trouble of sickness and attendance.
  • NOVEMBER 15, 1768. - (473) Surveyors of highway: Cornelius Ruddle, from Reeder's Mines to Michael Warring's; John Crawford, vice George Poage, from Pedler Ford to Bullett's Springs.
  • Page 321.---14th April, 1773. Isaac Robinson's will--Being in the Township of Whitpan in County Philadelphia. Province Pennsylvania--To wife, Hannah; to youngest son, Luke, infant, to son, James, under 24, plantation on north side Shanandore, 365 acres; to eldest daughter, Elinner Robinson; to youngest daughter, Hanna; to second daughter, Catherine. Executors, wife Hannah, friend Stephen Riddle, of Hampshire County. Teste: Jonas Supplee, Thomas Fitzwaters. 26th September, 1774--Commission to George Bryan, Geo. Clymer, Justices of Peace; Peter Miller and Lewis Weise, gentlemen of Philadelphia County, Penna., to examine above witnessss. 5th November, 1774--Commission executed and return certified by Bryan and Clymer. 11th May, 1774--Affidavit of above witnesses at Philadelphia before Benj. Chew, Reg. Gen. Both witnesses are Quakers. 16th August, 1774--This will presented by Stephen Riddle and dedimus ordered to issue as above. 21st March, 1774--Proved and recorded. Stephen Ruddle qualifies with Cornelius Ruddle, John Gratton.
  • Page 156.--17th Augusta, 1775. Philip ( ) Nicholas, eldest son of Samuel Nicholas and John Thomas, executors of Samuel Nicholas to Jacob Brunk, of Frederick County, Maryland, on Brock's Creek, patented to William Rutledge. 20th August, 1745, and by him conveyed to Cornelius Ruddle. Teste: Caspar Karsnar, George Ruddle.
  • Page 153.--22d January, 1776. Abraham Miller and Elizabeth to John Kring, lot 8 on Linvel's Creek, devised to John Bowman by his father, George Bowman, patent to John Scott 21st November, 1765, on McKay's draft, a branch of Linvel's Creek, patented to Abram Miller 1st March, 1773. Teste: Daniel, Joseph and Robert Smith, John Thomas, Cornelius Ruddle.
  • Page 311.--8th May, 1783. Samuel Black's estate appraised by Cornelius Ruddle, Thos. Rutledge, Alex. Thompson. Continental Loan Office Certificates of June, 1780, for $6,000. James Best's account.
  • 1787--December 31, James Davis and Cornelius Ruddle, surety. James Davis and Deborah Miller, daughter of Abraham Miller.
  • JANUARY 18, 1791. - (379) Report of viewers of road being returned (from Cornelius Ruddles's to Fenton's mill), it is ordered that the landowners be summoned.
  • Page 145.--8th January, 1794. Anne Braford's (Bradford) will--To daughter, Elizabeth; to granddaughter, Elizabeth Christian; to daughter, Rachel, to daughter, Mary; to daughter, Anne; to granddaughter, Mary Braford, daughter to John Braford; to granddaughter, Anne Bradford, daughter to Samuel Bradford. Executors, Patrick Christian. Teste: John Christian, Cornelius Ruddle, Jacob Vanlear. Proved, 20th January, 1795 by Christian and Ruddle. Executor qualifies.
  • AUGUST 1797. - Joseph Parks vs. Cornelius Ruddle.--Injunction to judgment.

Information on Cornelius Ruddle

Information on Cornelius Ruddle's family is contained in the following suit in Augusta County, VA:

Chalkley’s Vol. 2 - Berry and Riddle's heirs vs. Clendennin's heirs and Huston--O. S. 262; N. S. 92--Bill, 1815. Complainants are, viz: George Berry and Michael Gabbert, Stephen, John and Andrew Riddle, Clara, wife of Adam Rader; Deborah, wife of Thomas Rutledge; Catherine, wife of James Craig, children and heirs of Cornelius Riddle, deceased, of Augusta. In 1779, Gotlieb Gabbert, father of Michael, owned Adam Stroud's settlement and preemption of 1,400 acres on Gauley River, then in Greenbrier, now Kenawha, and in that year agreed with Cornelius to give him half the 1,400 acres if Cornelius perfected the title. Cornelius came to an agreement to divide with George Clendennin, who was then a member of the Virginia General Assembly. Clendennin had 3,000 acres surveyed, including Gabbert's 1,400, on 6th June, 1785. Gotlieb Gabbert died 18__, testate, devising his lands to his nephews, John and Michael Gabbert. Cornelius Riddle, son of Stephen (plaintiff), deceased, deposes 15th June, 1818. Certificate,by the Commissioners for Augusta, Botetourt and Greenbrier, dated 8th June, 1782, that the heir of Peter Stroud is entitled to 400 acres by right of settlement prior to 1st January, 1778, on a branch of Gauley River adjoining Adam Stroud; also preemption of 1,000 acres adjoining. Commissioners are Wm. McKee, Robert Davis, Thos. Adams. Similar certificates to Adam Stroud, same amount. Assignment dated 23d May, 1771, by Adam Stroud to John Tackett of an improvement between Elk and Gauley Rivers, assigned by Tackett to Gabbard. (Note: from the above record it appears that Michael Gabbard and George Berry may be sons-in law to Cornelius Riddle, but perhaps their wives (possible daughters of Cornelius) had died earlier. More research is necessary)

Cornelius Ruddell 19 SmartMatches Birth: About 1717 in Nottingham, Chester County, Pennsylvania Death: Mar 1798 in Botetourt County, Virginia Sex: M Father: John Ruddell Sr. b. 1695 in Londonderry, North Ireland Mother: Mary Cook b. 1698 in Christina Hundred, Maryland

  Spouses & Children    
    Ingeborg Bird (Wife) b. 1725 in Chester County, Pennsylvania  

Marriage: 3 Mar 1754 in Virginia 25 Sep 2005 12:56 Children: John Ruddell b. About 1755 in Augusta County, Virginia Clara Ruddell b. About 1756 in Augusta County, Virginia Deborah Ruddell b. About 1759 in Augusta County, Virginia Catherine Ruddell b. About 1762 in Augusta County, Virginia Stephen Ruddell b. 19 Mar 1765 in Augusta County, Virginia Elizabeth Ruddell b. About 1767 in Augusta County, Virginia Andrew Ruddell b. About 1771 in Augusta County, Virginia


Captain for the Shenandoah area during the French and Indian War.

His will, dated 3 Mar 1798 and probated 10 Apr 1798, Augusta County, Virginia, named wife Ingabo, son Andrew, "my brother George's daughter Ingabo", sons John and Stephen, daughters Clara Rader, Deborah Rutlidge, Catherine Sangler, and Elizabeth Alcorn.

The following records are for a different Cornelius Riddle in Tennessee:

From "Tennessee Records: Bible Records and Marriage Bonds", by Jeannette Tillotson Acklen, pg. 243:

The first wedding ever entered in to the City of Nashville, Tenn., was in the summer of 1779, between Cornelius Riddle and Jane Mulherin.

From "The civil and political history of the state of Tennessee from its earliest", By John Haywood, Arthur St. Clair Colyar, pg. 225:

In the year 1784 the Indians killed Cornelius Riddle, near Buchanon's Station, on a small path leading to Stone's River, by the place where Maj. Hall's plantation now is. He had killed two turkeys and hung them up on a tree, and had gone off into the woods to hunt for more. The Indians, hearing the report of his gun, came to the place and, finding the turkeys, lay in ambush where they were, and on Riddle's coming to take them away they fired upon and killed him.