Place:Tuscarawas, Ohio, United States

Contained Places
Cemetery
Baltic Cemetery
Chestnut Ridge Cemetery
Dover Burial Park
East Avenue Cemetery
East Lawn Cemetery
Evergreen Burial Park
Fair Street Cemetery
Fiat Cemetery
Fort Laurens Cemetery
Gnadenhutten Moravian Churchyard
Grandview Union Cemetery
Jerusalem Church Cemetery
Maple Grove Cemetery
Miller Cemetery
Ridgecrest Memory Gardens
Shanesville First Reformed Cemetery
Sharon Moravian Cemetery
Stone Creek Cemetery
Union Hill Cemetery
Deserted settlement
Beavertown ( 1400 - 1900 )
Blicktown
Dewey
Dogtown
Eagle Hill
East Bolivar
Electric City
Greensburg
Kingsville
Lichtenau
Milligan
Milton
Moorville
Moosers
Morristown
New Hagerstown
Ninevah
Norris Point
Ontario Mills
Pleasant Valley
Rockingham
Savana
Steam Furnace
Tuscarawa
Warwick
White Hall
Wilmington
Former village
Shanesville ( 1814 - 1969 )
Inhabited place
Baltic
Barnhill
Barrs Mills
Beartown
Bernice
Berwyn
Beveland
Blackband
Bolivar
Booth
Brightwood
Brookfield
Candlelight Villas
Columbia
Dennison
Dover
Dundee
Dutchtown
Eastport
Elm
Fiat
Gilmore
Glasgow
Gnadenhutten
Goshen
Hannatown
Hartwood
Heritage Village
Holly
Johnston
Joyce
Lawrenceville
Lock Seventeen
Loudon
Midvale
Mineral City
Mizers
Mount Tabor
New Cumberland
New England
New Philadelphia
Newcomerstown
Newport
Odbert
Old Town
Parral
Peoli
Port Washington
Postboy
Ragersville
Reeds Run
Riverside Park
Roanoake
Rock
Rockford
Roswell
Rush
Sandyville
Schoenbrunn
Somerdale
Stillwater
Stone Creek ( 1905 - )
Strasburg
Sugarcreek
Tuscarawas
Uhrichsville
Valley Junction
Wainwright
West Chester
Wilkshire Hills
Willow Glen
Winfield
Winklepleck Grove
Wolf
Yankeetown
Yorktown
Zoar
Zoarville
Rural community
Evans Creek
Township
Auburn
Bucks
Clay
Dover (township)
Fairfield
Franklin
Goshen (township) ( 1808 - )
Jefferson
Lawrence ( 1808 - )
Mill (township)
Oxford ( 1808 - )
Perry ( 1818 - )
Salem ( 1808 - )
Sandy
Sugar Creek (township)
Warren
Warwick (township)
Wayne
York


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Tuscarawas County is a county located in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 92,582. Its county seat is New Philadelphia. Its name is a Delaware Indian word variously translated as "old town" or "open mouth".

Tuscarawas County comprises the New Philadelphia-Dover, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

For years, European-American colonists on the East Coast did not know much about the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains except for reports from a few explorers and fur traders who ventured into the area. In 1750, Christopher Gist of the Ohio Land Company explored the Tuscarawas Valley. His report of the area hinted at some natural riches and friendly American Indians.

In 1761, missionaries from the German Moravians (also known as the Renewed Church of the United Brethren), set out from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania to set up a mission in the Tuscarawas Valley. Christian Frederick Post, David Zeisberger, and John Heckewelder met with Chief Netawatwees of the western Lenape, also known as the Delaware. He invited them to the tribal village he had founded, Gekelemukpechunk (present-day Newcomerstown, Ohio). He granted the missionaries permission to build a cabin near the junction of the Sandy Creek and Tuscarawas River, in present-day Stark County and begin Christianizing the natives. While they were successful in baptizing dozens of converts, they were forced to abandon the mission in 1763 during the French and Indian War (part of the Seven Years' War).

Again, at the request of Chief Netawatwees in 1771, David Zeisberger returned to found additional missions in the Tuscarawas Valley. In the spring of 1772, near the present site of New Philadelphia, Ohio, Zeisberger, along with five converted Indian families established the mission of Schoenbrunn (German for beautiful spring). They built a school house and a chapel. In August of that year, John Heckawelder brought an additional 250 converted Lenape Christians into the village.

In late summer 1772, they established a second settlement, roughly 10 miles away from Schoenbrunn, called Gnadenhütten (cabins of grace). On October 17, 1772, Zeisberger conducted the first religious service at Gnadenhutten. In 1776, Chief Netawatwes donated land for another settlement, Lichtenau (meadow of light), near present-day Coshocton, then the principal Lenape village in the region.

The American Revolutionary War brought the demise of these first settlements. The Lenape, which at the time populated much of eastern Ohio, were divided over their loyalties, with many in the west allied with the British out of Fort Detroit and many in the east allied with the Americans out of Fort Pitt. The Lenape were involved in skirmishes against both sides, but by 1781 the American sense was that the Lenape were allying with the British. In response, Colonel Daniel Brodhead of the American forces led an expedition out of Fort Pitt and on 19 April 1781 destroyed the settlement of Coshocton. Surviving residents fled to the north. Colonel Brodhead's forces left the Lenape at the other Moravian mission villages unmolested, but the actions set the stage for raised tensions in the area.

In September 1781, British forces and Indian allies, primarily Wyandot and Lenape, forced the Christian Indians and missionaries from the remaining Moravian villages. The Indian allies took their prisoners further west toward Lake Erie to a new village, called Captive Town, on the Sandusky River. The British took the missionaries David Zeisberger and John Heckewelder under guard back to Fort Detroit, where the two men were tried (but eventually acquitted) on charges of treason against the British Crown.

The Indians at Captive Town were going hungry because of insufficient rations, and in February 1782, more than 100 returned to their old Moravian villages to harvest the crops and collect the stored food they had been forced to leave behind. In early March 1782, 160 Pennsylvania militia led by Lieutenant Colonel David Williamson raided the villages and garrisoned the Indians in the village of Gnadenhütten, accusing them of taking part in raids into Pennsylvania. Although the Lenape denied the charges, the militia held a council and voted to kill them. The next morning on 8 March, the militia tied up the Indians, stunned them with mallet blows to the head, and killed them with fatal scalping cuts. In all, the militia murdered and scalped 28 men, 29 women, and 39 children. They piled the bodies in the mission buildings and burned the village down. They also burned the other abandoned Moravian villages in the area.

This action, which came to be known as the Gnadenhutten massacre, caused an outright frontier war to break out between the Lenape and the Americans. After several years of ongoing campaigns by the natives to terrorize and keep out further American settlers, a brutal campaign by US General "Mad Anthony" Wayne from Fort Washington (now Cincinnati) was carried out in late 1793, eventually resulting in the Treaty of Greenville being signed in 1795 between the US government and the local natives. The Treaty ceded the eastern 2/3 of current-day Ohio to white settlers and once again opened up the territory for white settlement.

In October, 1798, David Zeisberger, the same Moravian missionary who had founded many of the original missions in the 1770s, returned to the Tuscarawas Valley to found a new mission, Goshen, from where he continued his work to Christianize the local natives. Over the next several years, farmer settlers from Pennsylvania came trickling into the area, and by 1808, the first permanent settlement, New Philadelphia, was founded near the Goshen mission. After the War of 1812, Goshen declined as a mission until it was disbanded in 1824.

Tuscarawas County was formed from Muskingum County on Feb. 15, 1808.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1808 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1808 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1808 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1809 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1810 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1867 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1810 3,045
1820 8,328
1830 14,298
1840 25,631
1850 31,761
1860 32,463
1870 33,840
1880 40,198
1890 46,618
1900 53,751
1910 57,035
1920 63,578
1930 68,193
1940 68,816
1950 70,320
1960 76,789
1970 77,211
1980 84,614
1990 84,090

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States

Research Tips

Resources

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog



This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Tuscarawas County, Ohio. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.