Place:Randolph, Illinois, United States

NameRandolph
Alt namesRandolphsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates38.067°N 89.85°W
Located inIllinois, United States     (1795 - )
See alsoAlexander, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Clark, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Crawford, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Edwards, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Franklin, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Gallatin, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Jackson, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Jefferson, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Johnson, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Monroe, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Perry, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Pope, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Union, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Washington, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Wayne, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
White, Illinois, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt". According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 33,476, which is a decrease of 1.2% from 33,893 in 2000. Its county seat is Chester.

Owing to its role in the state's history, the county motto is "Where Illinois Began."

The county is part of Southern Illinois; it borders the Greater St. Louis area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Randolph County was organized in 1795 out of a part of St. Clair County. It was named in honor of Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia. George Rogers Clark of the army of Virginia captured the area from the British on July 4, 1778, near the end of the Revolutionary War. The area then became, for a brief time, Illinois County, Virginia, although the Congress of the Confederation legislated the existence of the Northwest Territory on July 13, 1787. Edmund Randolph was Governor of Virginia at the time Virginia ceded the Northwest Territory to the United States. In 1809, when Illinois became a separate territory, Territorial Secretary Nathaniel Pope, in his capacity as acting governor, issued a proclamation establishing Randoloph as one of the Illinois' two original counties. The county's boundaries were last changed in 1827, when land was taken to form Perry County.

The Mississippi River has played a prominent role in the county's history, altering its boundaries in 1881 when it severed the isthmus that connected Kaskaskia to the Illinois mainland, destroying the original village of Kaskaskia and forcing its historic cemetery to be relocated across the river to Fort Kaskaskia. Crains Island [1], southeast of Chester, is another enclave of Illinois west of the Mississippi that was created by a change in the river's course.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1722 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1722 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1724 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1724 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1795 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1810 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1830 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1877 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1800 1,103
1810 7,275
1820 3,492
1830 4,429
1840 7,944
1850 11,079
1860 17,205
1870 20,859
1880 25,690
1890 25,049
1900 28,001
1910 29,120
1920 29,109
1930 29,313
1940 33,608
1950 31,673
1960 29,988
1970 31,379
1980 35,652
1990 34,583

Note: Total for 1800 comprises the populations reported for Randolph and St. Clair Counties, Indiana Territory, plus the population (100) of Opee (Peoria), included with St. Clair County. Total for 1890 includes 1 Indian in prison, not reported by county.

Research Tips

  • Outstanding guide to Randolph County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Randolph County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.