Place:Gallatin, Illinois, United States

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source: Family History Library Catalog


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Gallatin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt". According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 5,589, which is a decrease of 13.3% from 6,445 in 2000. Its county seat is Shawneetown.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Salt production served as the state's first major industry in the early 19th century. Saltworks developed first by Native Americans and the French at the Great Salt Spring on the south side of the Saline River about five miles downstream from Equality. Beginning in 1803, salt works developed also at Half Moon Lick southwest of Equality on the north side of the Saline River. Today Half Moon Lick is on private land, but the Great Salt Springs are located on public lands in the Shawnee National Forest about one mile west of the Saline River bridge across Illinois Route 1 on Salt Well Road.

The county was organized in 1812, having been formed from Randolph County. The county was named for Albert Gallatin, who was Secretary of the Treasury at the time. At that time the bank at Shawneetown was the only bank in Illinois. It was the one later associated with the John Marshall House which has been rebuilt and serves as museum for the Gallatin County Historical Society. It is not to be confused with the larger State Bank of Illinois building that is now a state historic site about a block away in what is now Old Shawneetown

Timeline

Date Event Source
1812 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1813 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1813 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1813 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1814 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1820 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1850 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1878 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1820 3,155
1830 7,405
1840 10,760
1850 5,448
1860 8,055
1870 11,134
1880 12,861
1890 14,935
1900 15,836
1910 14,628
1920 12,856
1930 10,091
1940 11,414
1950 9,818
1960 7,638
1970 7,418
1980 7,590
1990 6,909

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Gallatin County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.outfitters.com/illinois/fulton/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Gallatin County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.