Place:Jackson, Illinois, United States

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source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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Jackson County, incorporated January 10, 1816, is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt". According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 60,218, which is an increase of 1.0% from 59,612 in 2000. Its county seat is Murphysboro; its most populous city is Carbondale, home to the main campus of Southern Illinois University.

The Carbondale Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Jackson County.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Human occupation of Jackson County began about 11,500 years ago. Extensive documentation of the areas indigenous peoples has been conducted and is ongoing. Exploration from the European explorers began with the Joliet-Marquette exploration along the Mississippi River. It was not until the 18th and 19th century when pioneer farmers began to settle in the area's inexpensive land along the Mississippi River and in the forested Shawnee hills with its one-hundred-foot trees.

As early as 1813, Conrad Will (namesake of Will County) conducted a large salt extraction operation, using slave labor, on the banks of the Big Muddy River, south of Murphysboro. As this area was in the "free" Northwest Territory, Will had to have legal exemptions to possess slaves.

Jackson County was organized in 1816, having been carved out of Randolph County. It was named for Andrew Jackson, who had just defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans.

Shortly after the American Civil War, General John A. Logan led a parade of veterans from Murphysboro to Carbondale, Illinois. General Logan, a Union veteran, invited the Confederate veterans, of which there were many in Jackson County, to march with him. Thus, what might have been another celebration of the Union victory became a memorial to the war dead on both sides. This is one version of the origin of the Memorial Day holiday.

In 1925 the great Tri-State Tornado ripped through Jackson County on March 18, leaving devastation in its path. The villages of Gorham and DeSoto and the city of Murphysboro were especially hit hard.

The county courthouse is located in downtown Murphysboro. The current reinforced concrete courthouse replaced earlier wooden structures and was built during 1927-28. The original county seat and courthouse were located along the Big Muddy River at Brownsville. To afford a more strategic location after the courthouse in Brownsville was destroyed by fire, County government was moved upstream a few miles to Murphysboro. There are few traces of Brownsville still visible. On February 27, 1843, the Illinois General Assembly created a commission to designate a new county seat for Jackson County.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1814 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1816 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1820 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1830 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1843 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1843 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1877 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1820 1,542
1830 1,828
1840 3,566
1850 5,862
1860 9,589
1870 19,634
1880 22,505
1890 27,809
1900 33,871
1910 35,143
1920 37,091
1930 35,680
1940 37,920
1950 38,124
1960 42,151
1970 55,008
1980 61,522
1990 61,067

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Jackson County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.co.jackson.il.us/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Jackson County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.