Place:Kern, California, United States

Watchers
Contained Places
Cemetery
Union Cemetery
Census-designated place
Bear Valley Springs
Bodfish
Boron
Buttonwillow
China Lake Acres
Derby Acres
Dustin Acres
Fellows
Ford City
Frazier Park
Golden Hills
Inyokern
Johannesburg
Keene
Kernville
Lake of the Woods
Lamont
Lebec
Lost Hills
McKittrick
Mettler
Mountain Mesa
North Edwards
Oildale
Onyx
Pine Mountain Club
Randsburg
Rosamond
Rosedale
South Taft
Squirrel Mountain Valley
Stallion Springs
Taft Heights
Tupman
Valley Acres
Weedpatch
Weldon
Wofford Heights
Former community
Greenwich ( 1875 - 1893 )
Inhabited place
Actis
Aerial Acres
Alameda
Alta Sierra
Annette
Ansel
Armistead
Arvin
Asphalto
Bakersfield ( 1869 - )
Bannister
Blackwells Corner
Bob Rabbit Place
Brown
Burton Mill
Cable
Calders Corner
Caliente
California City
Cameron
Camp Owens
Canebrake
Cantil
Cawelo
Ceneda
Cherokee Strip
China Lake
Cinco
Claraville
Daley Mill
Delano
Devils Den
Di Giorgio
Dow
Edison
Edmundson Acres
Edwards Air Force Base
Famoso
Fig Orchard
Five Points
Freeman
Fruitvale
Garlock
Glennville
Goler Heights
Grapevine
Greenacres
Greenfiled
Gypsite
Halfway House
Harts Place
Havilah
Hazelton
Hights Corner
Hilltop
Ilmon
Indian Wells
Kecks Corner
Kern Lake
Kernell
Keyesville
Kyan
Lackey Place
Leonards
Lokern
Loraine
Manolith
Maricopa
Mayfair
McFarland
Meridian
Mexican Colony
Midoil
Millersville
Minter Village
Miracle Hot Springs
Mitchells Corner
Mojave
Moreland Mill
Myricks Corner
North Shafter
Oil City
Old Fort Tejon
Old River
Old Town
Paloma
Petro
Pettit Place
Piute
Pond
Pumpkin Center
Rancho Seco
Reward
Ricardo
Rich
Ridgecrest
Rio Bravo
Rowen
Sageland
Saltdale
San Emidio
Semitropic
Shafter
Shirley Meadows
South Shafter
Spellacy
Spicer City
Summit
Taft
Tehachapi
Thomas Lane
Twin Lakes
Twin Oaks
Vaccaro
Wallace Center
Walong
Wasco
Wheeler Ridge
Willow Springs
Woodford
Woody
Unknown
Arvin Cemetery
Lake Isabella
Magnolia
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kern County is a county spanning the southern end of the California Central Valley. Covering , it ranges west to the southern slope of the Coast Ranges, and east beyond the southern slope of the eastern Sierra Nevada into the Mojave Desert. The population of Kern County was 839,631 in 2010, making it the eleventh most populous county in the state. Its county seat is Bakersfield. The county's economy is heavily linked to agriculture and to petroleum extraction. There is also strong aviation, space, and military presence, such as Edwards Air Force Base and China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Spanish era

The area was claimed by the Spanish in 1769, and in 1772 Commander Don Pedro Fages became the first European to enter it, from the south by way of the Grapevine Canyon.

Kern County was the site of the Battle of San Emigdio, in March 1824, between the Chumash Indians of the Santa Barbara Mission who rebelled against the Mexican government's taking over mission property and ejecting the natives. This battle with Mexican forces from Monterey under the command of Carlos Carrillo took place at the canyon where San Emigdio Creek flows down San Emigdio Mountain and the Blue Ridge south of Bakersfield near today's Highway 166. It was a low-casualty encounter, with only four Indians killed, and no Mexicans; the surviving Indians were pacified and brought back to Santa Barbara in June 1824 after a pursuit and negotiation in which many were allowed to keep their arms for the return march over the mountains.

American era

In the beginning, the area that became Kern County was dominated by mining in the mountains and in the desert. In 1855 an attempt to form a county in the area was made when the California legislature took the southeastern territory of Tulare County on the west of the Sierra Nevada Mountains for Buena Vista County, but it was never officially organized prior to 1859, when the time of the enabling legislation ran out. The south of Tulare County was later organized as Kern County in 1866, with additions from Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties. Its first county seat was in the mining town of Havilah, in the mountains between Bakersfield and Tehachapi.

The flatlands were considered inhospitable and impassable at the time due to swamps, lakes, tule reeds and diseases such as malaria. This changed when settlers started draining lands for farming and constructing canals, most dug by hand by hired Chinese laborers. Within 10 years the valley surpassed the mining areas as the economic center of the county, and the county seat was moved as a result from Havilah to Bakersfield in 1874.

The discovery well of the Kern River Oil Field was dug by hand in 1899.[1] Soon the towns of Oil City, Oil Center and Oildale came into existence.[1]

Nomenclature

The county derives its name from the Kern River, which was named for Edward Kern, cartographer for General John C. Frémont's 1845 expedition, which crossed Walker Pass. The Kern River was originally named Rio Bravo de San Felipe by Father Francisco Garces when he explored the area in 1776.

Earthquakes

Severe earthquakes have struck Kern County within historical times, including the Fort Tejon earthquake of 1857 and the Lone Pine earthquake of 1872.

On July 21, 1952, an earthquake with the epicenter about south of Bakersfield, measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale killed 12 people. In addition to the deaths, it was responsible for at least 18 injuries and more than $60 million in property damage. The main shock was felt over much of California and as far away as Phoenix, Arizona and Reno, Nevada.

Abuse trials

Between 1983 and 1986, several ritual sex ring child abuse cases allegedly occurred in Kern County, resulting in numerous long prison sentences, all of which were overturned—some of them decades later, because the prosecutors had coerced false testimonies from the purported child victims. The details of these false accusations are covered extensively in the 2008 documentary Witch Hunt, narrated by Sean Penn.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1850 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1870 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1870 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 2,925
1880 5,601
1890 9,808
1900 16,480
1910 37,715
1920 54,843
1930 82,570
1940 135,124
1950 228,309
1960 291,984
1970 329,162
1980 403,089
1990 543,477

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Kern County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.