Place:Kern, California, United States

Watchers
Contained Places
Cemetery
Arvin Cemetery
Desert Memorial Park
Greenlawn Cemetery
Greenlawn Southwest Mortuary and Cemetery
Union Cemetery
Census-designated place
Bear Valley Springs
Bodfish
Boron
Buttonwillow
China Lake Acres
Derby Acres
Dustin Acres
Fellows
Ford City
Frazier Park
Golden Hills
Inyokern
Johannesburg
Keene
Kernville
Lake of the Woods
Lamont
Lebec
Lost Hills
McKittrick
Mettler
Mountain Mesa
North Edwards
Oildale
Onyx
Pine Mountain Club
Randsburg
Rosamond
Rosedale
South Taft
Squirrel Mountain Valley
Stallion Springs
Taft Heights
Tupman
Valley Acres
Weedpatch
Weldon
Wofford Heights
Former community
Greenwich ( 1875 - 1893 )
Inhabited place
Actis
Aerial Acres
Alameda
Alta Sierra
Annette
Ansel
Armistead
Arvin
Asphalto
Bakersfield ( 1869 - )
Bannister
Blackwells Corner
Bob Rabbit Place
Brown
Burton Mill
Cable
Calders Corner
Caliente
California City
Cameron
Camp Owens
Canebrake
Cantil
Cawelo
Ceneda
Cherokee Strip
China Lake
Cinco
Claraville
Daley Mill
Delano
Devils Den
Di Giorgio
Dow
Edison
Edmundson Acres
Edwards Air Force Base
Famoso
Fig Orchard
Five Points
Freeman
Fruitvale
Garlock
Glennville
Goler Heights
Grapevine
Greenacres
Greenfiled
Gypsite
Halfway House
Harts Place
Havilah
Hazelton
Hights Corner
Hilltop
Ilmon
Indian Wells
Kecks Corner
Kern Lake
Kernell
Keyesville
Kyan
Lackey Place
Leonards
Lokern
Loraine
Manolith
Maricopa
Mayfair
McFarland
Meridian
Mexican Colony
Midoil
Millersville
Minter Village
Miracle Hot Springs
Mitchells Corner
Mojave
Moreland Mill
Mt. Mesa
Myricks Corner
North Shafter
Oil City
Old Fort Tejon
Old River
Old Town
Paloma
Petro
Pettit Place
Piute
Pond
Pumpkin Center
Rancho Seco
Reward
Ricardo
Rich
Ridgecrest
Rio Bravo
Rowen
Sageland
Saltdale
San Emidio
Semitropic
Shafter
Shirley Meadows
South Shafter
Spellacy
Spicer City
Summit
Taft
Tehachapi
Thomas Lane
Twin Lakes
Twin Oaks
Vaccaro
Wallace Center
Walong
Wasco
Wheeler Ridge
Willow Springs
Woodford
Woody
Unknown
Lake Isabella
Magnolia
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kern County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 839,631. Its county seat is Bakersfield.

Kern County comprises the Bakersfield, California Metropolitan statistical area. The county spans the southern end of the Central Valley. Covering , it ranges west to the southern slope of the Coast Ranges, and east beyond the southern slope of the eastern Sierra Nevada into the Mojave Desert, at the city of Ridgecrest. Its northernmost city is Delano and its southern reach expands just beyond Lebec to Grapevine and the northern tip of the parallel Antelope Valley.

The county's economy is heavily linked to agriculture and to petroleum extraction. There is also a strong aviation, space, and military presence, such as Edwards Air Force Base, the China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, and the Mojave Air and Space Port. It is one of the fastest-growing areas in the United States in terms of population growth, but suffers from significant water supply issues and poor air quality.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Spanish era

The area was claimed by the Spanish in 1769. In 1772 Commander Don Pedro Fages became the first European to enter it, from the south by way of the Grapevine Canyon.

Kern County was the site of the Battle of San Emigdio, in March 1824, between the Chumash Indians of Mission Santa Barbara who rebelled against the Mexican government's taking over mission property and ejecting the natives. This battle with Mexican forces from Monterey under the command of Carlos Carrillo took place at the canyon where San Emigdio Creek flows down San Emigdio Mountain and the Blue Ridge south of Bakersfield near today's Highway 166. It was a low-casualty encounter, with only four Indians killed, and no Mexicans; the surviving Indians were pacified and brought back to Santa Barbara in June 1824 after a pursuit and negotiation in which many were allowed to keep their arms for the return march over the mountains.

American era

In the beginning, the area that became Kern County was dominated by mining in the mountains and in the desert. In 1855 an attempt to form a county in the area was made when the California legislature took the southeastern territory of Tulare County on the west of the Sierra Nevada Mountains for Buena Vista County, but it was never officially organized prior to 1859, when the enabling legislation expired. The south of Tulare County was later organized as Kern County in 1866, with additions from Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties. Its first county seat was in the mining town of Havilah, in the mountains between Bakersfield and Tehachapi.

The flatlands were considered inhospitable and impassable at the time due to swamps, lakes, tule reeds and diseases such as malaria. This changed when settlers started draining lands for farming and constructing canals, most dug by hand by hired Chinese laborers. Within 10 years the valley surpassed the mining areas as the economic center of the county, and the county seat was moved as a result from Havilah to Bakersfield in 1874.

The discovery well of the Kern River Oil Field was dug by hand in 1899.[1] Soon the towns of Oil City, Oil Center and Oildale came into existence.[1]

Etymology

The county derives its name from the Kern River, which was named for Edward Kern, cartographer for General John C. Frémont's 1845 expedition, which crossed Walker Pass. The Kern River was originally named Rio Bravo de San Felipe by Father Francisco Garcés when he explored the area in 1776.

Earthquakes

Severe earthquakes have struck Kern County within historical times, including the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake.

On July 21, 1952, an earthquake occurred with the epicenter about south of Bakersfield. It measured 7.3 on the moment magnitude scale and killed 12 people. In addition to the deaths, it was responsible for hundreds of injuries and more than $60 million in property damage. The main shock was felt over much of California and as far away as Phoenix, Arizona and Reno, Nevada. The earthquake occurred on the White Wolf Fault and was the strongest to occur in California since the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Tehachapi suffered the greatest damage and loss of life from the earthquake, though its effects were widely felt throughout central and southern California. The event had a significant aftershock sequence that persisted into July and August with the strongest coming on August 22, an M5.8 event with a maximum perceived intensity of VIII (Severe) and resulted in two additional deaths and an additional $10 million in property damage. Repercussions of the sequence of earthquakes were still being felt in the heavily damaged downtown area of Bakersfield well into the 1990s as city leaders attempted to improve safety of the surviving non-reinforced masonry buildings.

Following the event, a field survey was conducted along the fault zone with the goal of estimating the peak ground acceleration of the shock based on visually evaluating precarious rock formations and other indicators. Ground disturbances that were created by the earthquakes were also surveyed, both in the valley and in the foothills, with both vertical and horizontal displacements present in the epicenter area. The strong motion records that were acquired from the event were significant, and a reconnaissance report was recognized for its coverage of the event, and how it set a standard for those types of engineering or scientific papers.

Abuse trials

Between 1983 and 1986, several ritual sex ring child abuse cases occurred in Kern County, resulting in numerous long prison sentences, all of which were overturned—some of them decades later, because the prosecutors had coerced false testimonies from the purported child victims. The details of these false accusations are covered extensively in the 2008 documentary Witch Hunt, narrated by Sean Penn.

Music and Film

Kern county is considered to be a hotbed of country music, specifically the Bakersfield sound. The Buck Owens Crystal Palace is located in Bakersfield.

The 2015 Disney film McFarland, USA, starring Kevin Costner, is based on the cross-country team in the town of McFarland, California, which is located in northern Kern County.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1850 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1866 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1870 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1870 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 2,925
1880 5,601
1890 9,808
1900 16,480
1910 37,715
1920 54,843
1930 82,570
1940 135,124
1950 228,309
1960 291,984
1970 329,162
1980 403,089
1990 543,477

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Kern County, California, United States

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Kern County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.