Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center and port. It covers an area of 47,922 km2. At the 2010 Census, the province's population was 37,476,000.
It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west, being surrounded by sea on all other sides.
The history was begin after the kingdom of Majapahit was stand and reached gold moment by Hayan Wuruk.But,after Hayam Wuruk died,Majapahit had many trouble,Included to East Java.The problem was begin from Europeans came and tried to build strength and want to take over the Majapahit.And Then Majapahit replaced by system of residency.After Held Round Table Conference,people demanded to dissolve of the state of East Java and become a part of RI.