Papua is a province of Indonesia. It comprises most of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands. Its capital is Jayapura. It is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia.
The province originally covered the entire western half of New Guinea. In 2003, the Indonesian government formed the westernmost part of the island, around the Bird's Head (Doberai) and Bomberai peninsulas, together with the surrounding islands of Raja Ampat, into a separate province; its name was (at first) West Irian Jaya, and is now West Papua.
The remaining part retained the name of Papua Province. It is bordered by the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, and by the new West Papua Province to the west.