Place:Hammersmith, London, England

Watchers
NameHammersmith
Alt namesHammersmith St Paulsource: Vision of Britain
TypeParish, Borough (metropolitan)
Coordinates51.491°N 0.225°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1965)
Also located inMiddlesex, England     ( - 1889)
See alsoFulham, London, Englandancient parish of which it was part until 1631
Hammersmith (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon borough of which it has been part since 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog

NOTE: This article is about the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith which existed from 1900 to 1965 in the County of London. In 1965 it became part of the London Borough of Hammersmith which was renamed the "London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham" a few years later.

Hammersmith is No. 12 on the map. (Fulham is No. 9)

Hammersmith was historically a chapelry of Fulham, becoming a parish in its own right in 1631. In 1889 it was transferred from Middlesex to the newly-created County of London, and in 1900 became Hammersmith Metropolitan Borough. The borough was abolished in 1965, becoming part of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

By the end of the 19th century the parish was bordered by Shepherd's Bush to the north, Kensington to the east, Chiswick to the west, and Fulham and the River Thames to the south. It is linked by Hammersmith Bridge to Barnes in the southwest.

Contents

History

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

In the early 1660s, Hammersmith's first parish church, which later became St Paul’s, was built by Sir Nicholas Crispe who ran the brickworks in Hammersmith. It contained a monument to Crispe as well as a bronze bust of King Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur. In 1696 Sir Samuel Morland was buried there. The church was completely rebuilt in 1883, but the monument and bust were transferred to the new church.

The Hammersmith Suspension Bridge, designed by William Tierney Clark, was built across the Thames in 1827, and rebuilt in 1893. In 1984–1985 the bridge received structural support, and between 1997 and 2000 the bridge underwent major strengthening work.

Major industrial sites built in the early 20th century included the Osram electrical lamp factory at Brook Green, the J. Lyons factory and grocery warehouses (which at one time employed 30,000 people) and the largest municipal power station in Britain, built near the gasworks in Sands End. All these have subsequently been closed and redeveloped as the area has moved from an industrial base to a greater focus on commerce and services.

The main street of Hammersmith is Hammersmith Broadway which is also the name of the London Underground station.

Neighbourhoods

Churches

  • Hammersmith Holy Innocents (1892- )
  • Hammersmith St. John the Evangelist (1860- )
  • Hammersmith St. Luke (1872- )
  • Hammersmith St. Matthew (1872- )
  • Hammersmith St. Paul (the original parish church, rebuilt 1883)
  • Hammersmith St. Peter (1836- )
  • Hammersmith St. Saviour (1891- )
  • Hammersmith St. Simon (1880- )
  • Hammersmith St. Stephen (1856-1963)

Middlesex Research Tips

Parts of Middlesex were absorbed into London in 1889 (Inner London), and some in 1965 (Outer London). Depending on the specific location and the year being investigated it may be necessary to check London records as well as those of Middlesex.

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "Middlesex" for key information about the jurisdictions and records of Middlesex, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • The Victoria History of the County of Middlesex is a series of volumes available online through British History Online. The volumes were written over the past hundred or so years by a number of authors and cover various sections of Middlesex. A list of the volumes and what each contains can be found under the source Victoria History of the County of Middlesex
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI has a separate page for Middlesex references.
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • Registration Districts in Middlesex and Registration Districts in London, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.

Greater London Research Tips

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
  • Fulham Registration District from UKBMD outlines the history of registration districts in this part of London.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hammersmith. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.