- source: Family History Library Catalog
Chiswick, also known as Chiswick St Nicholas, was one of the ancient parishes of Middlesex. It became an Urban District in 1894 in 1927 and merged with the neighbouring Brentford Urban District to form the Brentford and Chiswick Urban District. This was made a Municipal Borough in 1932. Brentford and Chiswick Municipal Borough was abolished in 1965, becoming part of the London Borough of Hounslow in Greater London.
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Chiswick was historically an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, with an agrarian and fishing economy. Having good communications with London from an early time Chiswick became a popular country retreat, and as part of the suburban growth of London in the late 19th and early 20th centuries the population significantly expanded.
Chiswick is a district of west London, England, and part of the London Borough of Hounslow. It contains [[wikipedia:Hogarth's House, the former residence of the 18th century English artist William Hogarth; Chiswick House, a neo-Palladian villa regarded as one of the finest in England; and Fuller's Brewery, London's largest and oldest brewery. It occupies a meander of the River Thames which is heavily used for competitive and recreational rowing, and Chiswick itself is home to several rowing clubs. The finishing post for the Boat Race is just downstream of Chiswick Bridge.
The Hogarth Roundabout in Chiswick is the point at which the M4 motorway starts for the west--to Heathrow airport, and eventually Bristol and South Wales.
Chiswick has a number of named sublocalities: Grove Park, Strand-on-the-Green and those with tube stations named after them: Gunnersbury, Turnham Green, and Bedford Park. All but Bedford Park are now within the Borough of Hounslow; Bedford Park is in the London Borough of Ealing.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Chiswick.
A nineteenth century description
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Chiswick from John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles of 1887:
- "Chiswick, par. and W. suburb of London, and ry. sta., Middlesex, on river Thames, 1245 ac. and 95 tidal water and foreshore, par. population 15,975; has breweries and coal-wharves, and extensive market gardens for the supply of the metropolis. [Chiswick] contains many handsome villas, the principal of which is Chiswick House, seat of the Duke of Devonshire; here Fox died in 1806, and Canning in 1826. In the churchyard is the tomb of Hogarth (1697-1764), the painter."
Greater London Research Tips
- See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
- The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
- GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
- GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
- The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
- London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
- London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
- The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
- Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.