Person:Thomas Jefferson (8)

     
President Thomas Jefferson
m. 03 Oct 1739
  1. Jane Jefferson1740 -
  2. Mary Jefferson1741 -
  3. President Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  4. Elizabeth Jefferson1744 -
  5. Martha Jefferson1746 - 1811
  6. Peter Field Jefferson1748 -
  7. Son Jefferson1750 -
  8. Lucy Jefferson1752 - 1810
  9. Ann Scott Jefferson1755 - 1828
  10. Randolph Jefferson1755 - 1815
  • HPresident Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  • WMartha Wayles1748 - 1782
m. 01 Jan 1772
  1. Martha Jefferson1772 - 1836
  2. Jane Randolph Jefferson1774 - 1775
  3. Peter Jefferson1777 - 1777
  4. Mary Jefferson1778 - 1804
  5. Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson1780 - 1781
  6. Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson1782 - 1785
  • HPresident Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  • WSally Hemings1773 - 1835
m. bef. 1795
  1. Harriet Hemings1795 -
  2. Beverly Hemings1798 -
  3. Daughter Hemings1799 -
  4. Harriet Hemings1801 - aft 1863
  5. Madison Hemings1805 - 1877
  6. Eston Hemings1808 - 1856
Facts and Events
Name President Thomas Jefferson
Gender Male
Birth[1] 2 Apr 1743 Shadwell, Albemarle, Virginia
Marriage 01 Jan 1772 Virginia, USA
to Martha Wayles
Marriage bef. 1795 Not married
to Sally Hemings
Death[1] 4 Jul 1826 Charlottesville, Albemarle, Virginia, United States
Burial? Charlottesville, Albemarle, Virginia, United StatesMonticello


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Thomas Jefferson (April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States (1801–1809). He was a spokesman for democracy and the rights of man with worldwide influence. At the beginning of the American Revolution, he served in the Continental Congress, representing Virginia and then served as a wartime Governor of Virginia (1779–1781). Just after the war ended, from mid-1784 Jefferson served as a diplomat, stationed in Paris. In May 1785, he became the United States Minister to France.

Jefferson was the first United States Secretary of State (1790–1793) serving under President George Washington. In opposition to Alexander Hamilton's Federalism, Jefferson and his close friend, James Madison, organized the Democratic-Republican Party, and subsequently resigned from Washington's cabinet. Elected Vice President in 1796, when he came in second to President John Adams of the Federalists, Jefferson opposed Adams and with Madison secretly wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which attempted to nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts.

Elected president in what Jefferson called the Revolution of 1800, he oversaw the purchase of the vast Louisiana Territory from France (1803), and sent the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806) to explore the new west. His second term was beset with troubles at home, such as the failed treason trial of his former Vice President Aaron Burr. With escalating trouble with Britain who was challenging American neutrality and threatening shipping at sea, he tried economic warfare with his embargo laws which only damaged American trade. In 1803, President Jefferson initiated a process of Indian tribal removal and relocation to the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi River, in order to open lands for eventual American settlers. In 1807 he drafted and signed into law a bill banning the importation of slaves into the United States.

A leader in the Enlightenment, Jefferson was a polymath who spoke five languages and was deeply interested in science, invention, architecture, religion and philosophy and was an active member and eventual president of the American Philosophical Society. These interests led him to the founding of the University of Virginia after his presidency. He designed his own large mansion on a 5,000 acre plantation near Charlottesville, Virginia, which he named Monticello and the University of Virginia building. While not a notable orator, Jefferson was a skilled writer and corresponded with many influential people in America and Europe throughout his adult life.

After Martha Jefferson, his wife of eleven years, died in 1782, Jefferson kept his promise to her that he would never remarry. Their marriage had produced six children, of whom two survived to adulthood.

As long as he lived, Jefferson expressed opposition to slavery, yet, he owned hundreds of slaves and freed only a few of them. Since his own day, controversy has ensued over allegations that he fathered children by his slave, Sally Hemings; DNA tests in 1998, together with historical research, suggest he fathered at least one. Although he has been criticized by many present-day scholars over the issues of racism and slavery, Jefferson remains rated as one of the greatest U.S. presidents.

Jefferson's Relationship with Sally Hemings

Sarah "Sally" Hemings (Shadwell, Albemarle County, Virginia, circa 1773 – Charlottesville, Virginia, 1835) was a mixed-race slave owned by President Thomas Jefferson through inheritance by his wife. She was the half-sister of Jefferson's wife, Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson by their father John Wayles. She was notable because most historians now widely believe that the widower Jefferson took her as a concubine, had six children with her. [Source: Wikipedia]

Sally Hemings was not married to Thomas Jefferson, thus her children took her surname. According to the Report of the Research Committee on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation in January 2000:

The DNA study, combined with multiple strands of currently available documentary and statistical evidence, indicates a high probability that Thomas Jefferson fathered Eston Hemings, and that he most likely was the father of all six of Sally Hemings's children appearing in Jefferson's records. Those children are Harriet, who died in infancy; Beverly; an unnamed daughter who died in infancy; Harriet; Madison; and Eston. [Source: Thomas Jefferson's Monticello Website].

External links

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas Jefferson, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
Signers of U.S. Declaration of Independence
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