m. ABT 1747
Facts and Events
James Lockridge was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Records of James Lockridge in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
Revolutionary Pension Application
State of Tennessee, Maury County: Circuit Court December Term 1832
This day personally appeared in open Court before William E. Kennedy Judge of the Circuit Court of Said County of Maury now sitting James Lockridge [sic] a resident of said County of Maury & State of Tennessee aged about seventy five years, who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832 --
That he entered the Service of the United States under the following named Officers and served as herein stated -- This applicant has no documentary evidence of his age but from the best information he can obtain, believes he was born in March 1757 in (what is now) Rockbridge County in the State of Virginia. His father he thinks left Virginia when he was a boy of tender years & settled himself with his family, of which this applicant was a member, in Abbeville District South Carolina where this applicant was living when he entered the service. Applicant states that to the best of his recollection he entered the Service of the United States in the fall of 1774 as a drafted Soldier for a Tour of one month, to guard the frontier against the Indians. He was under the command of Captain William Baskins and he (Baskins) together with all those out at the same time were under the command of General Andrew Williamson, a Militia Officer. Genl Williamson & his command were stationed at a place called “Due West Point”1 Applicant thinks & believes he afterwards in the Spring Fall of 1775 drafted as a minute man volunteered on a Tour of about Two months against the Indians. He served this time under Captain Joseph Pickens and General Williamson [Andrew Williamson]; this tour was spent made mostly in the State of Georgia – Applicant believes he was, afterwards, perhaps in the month of July or August – following – again drafted (or it came to his turn by classification) to serve on another tour against the Indians. Captain Pickens was his immediate commander under Genl Williamson. We came over to the Nick-a-Jack [sic, Nick-a-Jack Creek near Sugartown] Towns now in the State of Alabama. The chief object of the tour was to take the British Indian agent Cameron [Alexander Cameron], who was supposed to be the principal instigator of most of the Indian outrages on the frontiers &c. There were about 4 or 5000 men of us altogether. We remained several days at & about the Nick-a-Jack Towns which had been deserted by the Indians. From here we returned to Abbeville District & were discharged. Applicant thinks he was out on this last Tour between two & three months. During the next 12 months applicant was frequently engaged in scouting parties against the Indians & Tories who were very troublesome but was not attached to any regular command until the fall of 1777 when he was again drafted (or it again came to his turn according to classification) to serve for one month. Applicant was marched with the troops to Fort Seneca under the command of Captain Joseph Pickens – who was attached to the command of Genl. Williamson. He remained at the aforesaid Fort as a guard until expiration of the time for which he was called out. Applicant remained after his return from Seneca mostly in Abbeville & the neighboring counties not attached to any regular command but almost continually attached to some scouting party harassing & keeping down the Tories, who were numerous & troublesome. Applicant together with several of his young companions, went to Augusta in Georgia and joined Genl Clark [sic, Elijah Clarke], shortly before the battle which he fought the British, Tories & the Indians at that place who were under the command of ___ Brown [Thomas Brown], a Tory or British officer. Applicant was in the whole of this battle, which lasted two or three days – the British were about to surrender but unfortunately for us they were reinforced when much to our mortification they made us back out. This was in the summer of 1778 to the best of applicant's recollection. From this place we returned to Abbeville S.C., does not recollect exactly how long he was out in service at this time but supposes it must have been at least one month.
From Augusta, applicant together with most of those engaged in the siege or battle & particularly those who went with him from Abbeville, made the best of their way to the neighborhood of their homes. Applicant was not, nor indeed were any of the Whig men, suffered to stay much at home but he & his young Whig companions continued to scout & harass the Tories whenever an opportunity offered until late in the fall of the same year we heard that Genl Elijah Clarke & Colonel (or Captain) McCall [James McCall] had collected a force of about 400 or 500 men and were there in the neighborhood. Applicant & several of his companions lost no time in joining Genl Clarke with his Army. A few hours after applicant reached the Army news came in that 150 or 200 Tories were in the immediate neighborhood. General Clarke called about 100 volunteers to join him in this Sport of whipping them or taking them prisoners &c. Applicant joined the volunteers now against them, met them on the main road leading to Charleston where we fought them we found to our great astonishment & when it was too late to retreat with safety, that there were abt. 500 Tories & 150 or 200 British—we were compelled to fight or surrender; we fought as long as fighting was practicable, but were compelled to retreat with very considerable loss—several men[were] killed; Genl. Clarke was here wounded by a shot in the shoulder—a Maj. Lindsey was severely wounded by two balls in the leg—the loss of his right hand & some severe sword wounds on his head—Col. McCall was also slightly wounded. We were badly whipped & made the best of our way back to the main Army [text interlined at this point which appears to read “Genl. Pickens & several men were prisoners during this time”]. From this Clarke & McCall bent their course towards North Carolina. Applicant & most of the South Carolina volunteers &c returned to their homes & their usual occupation of annoying the Tories &c. Applicant was not attached to any regular command until the Spring of 1779, when Capt. Joseph Pickens raised a volunteer company to join Genl. Wayne [Anthony Wayne]2 in the expedition to Savannah. Applicant joined his (Pickens) company and joined Genl. Wayne's Army not far from Savannah, remained but a few days when Captain Pickens was dispatched with his volunteer corps to protect the frontiers against the ravages of the Tories & Indians, Applicant was of his company – the 3 months for which he first joined his company had already expired but we continued on duty about three months longer on the frontiers – he was not attached to any regular command, but still continued & considered himself one of Captain Pickens company and continued subject to be & was frequently & in fact almost continuously engaged in skirmishes with Tories & Indians until the spring or summer of next Year. Applicant was likewise at the battle of Augusta when retaken although he did not then belong to the Army – but had been down with wagons & leave to haul up part of the plunder taken from the British at Fort Galphin, on the River below—he voluntarily crossed the River at Augusta just before the battle commenced & lent them a helping hand in the hour of need &c -- However before this transaction, applicant had been at the Siege of Ninety Six with Captain Pickens company & remained in service there until he (Captain P.) was killed and until he (applicant) was dispatched on the aforesaid wagoning expedition by Genl. Pickens (the Captain's brother) about the time applicant returned with wagons the siege of 96 was raised. We were to have delivered our loads at a place called White Hall – but hearing that the siege was raised, applicant and another wagon here made the best of their way to Genl Pickens' Regiment at little mountain not far from his place of residence. Our troops were then on the retreat. Genl Pickens here commissioned a Captain McAlpine ( or McCopin) [sic, McAlpin] to raise a company to keep the Tories in that part in check, & bent his course towards N. Carolina. Applicant was attached to McAlpine's company & was sent by him as a spy on the British at 96. He was surprised in the night by party of British & Tories and in endeavoring to make his escape was severely wounded. He was shot through the thigh and a ball was lodged in his hip or haunch where it still remains, from which applicant has suffered much pain & inconvenience & still continues to suffer much. He made good his retreat however favored by the darkness of the night & concealed himself with the assistance of an obscure friend &c in the thickets for a few days and was in the greatest possible agony. In a few days the British left the neighborhood. Shortly after applicant recovered, he volunteered on a tour of duty on the frontier against the Indians for a month under the command of Captain Thomas Means who was attached to the command of Genl. Pickens – served his month & returned home.
Some short time afterwards he volunteered on a tour of three months under Lieutenant Carlisle [Francis Carlisle] attached to the command of Major Noble [Alexander Noble] we marched towards Charleston & met the North Carolina troops at Orangeburg on Edisto River where applicant was taken sick but still continued with the Army until we met another detachment of troops. Applicant being Some short time afterwards he volunteered on a tour of three months under Lieutenant Carlisle [Francis Carlisle] attached to the command of Major Noble [Alexander Noble] we marched towards Charleston & met the North Carolina troops at Orangeburg on Edisto River where applicant was taken sick but still continued with the Army until we met another detachment of troops. Applicant being unable to do much was left with some other sick about 40 miles above Charleston where he lay until some soldiers on their return from Charleston furnished him a horse & [illegible word, looks like “altered”] him home &c. Some short time after applicant recovered it [became known] in the neighborhood that a considerable body of Tories had collected on Edisto River at a place called quote Bull Swamp”. Genl Pickens raised some two or three hundred men, volunteers for the purpose of dispersing them. Applicant again joined his company as a volunteer. The Tories, however, disbursed themselves before or about the time we reached them. When we returned to our neighborhood, we were astonished and grieved to learn that the same Tories had slipped of us, had passed through our country – had killed several men among others James McConnell & William Little (who was a brother of Colonel James Little) – took about 32 or 33 prisoners among them was John Pickens, brother of Genl Pickens. They made their escape with their prisoners to the Indian Nation where they (the prisoners) were all murdered but to little boys – Joseph McMurton [?] & George Smith – who were afterwards given up by the Indians – On this occasion, applicant was out near three or four weeks-- some 12 or 18 months after this transaction it was reported that the Indians were coming in on our frontier in a large body, say 400 or 500 men. Applicant then volunteered under Captain Straign[sic, William Strain], the troops were commanded by Colonel Anderson [probably Robert Anderson], under Genl. Pickens. We marched into the State of Georgia at or near the High Shoals of Ockonee [sic, Oconee] River. We came in contact with the Indians. Had a pretty severe fight, lost one man, killed one white man & two Indians & hung two white men – from this place applicant returned to his home in Abbeville District S. C., which closes the principal acts & achievements of his Revolutionary Services.
Applicant will now states that he is aged and infirm and his memory particularly as to dates [is] extremely imperfect. He may therefore have misstated dates – and misplaced circumstances, as to the order of service in which they actually happened. Applicant knows nothing of the history of the Revolutionary War from books. All his knowledge of the facts connected with that Great & Glorious event were dearly bought by the sweat of his brow and the blood of his veins. He only knows & states those facts that passed under his personal observation – and the Youthful knowledge impressions of those facts, have undergone the all ever molesting effect of the lapse of Time and the lapse of memory.
Applicant never received any written discharge from any of the officers with & under whom he served. He has no written memorandum of his age or dates. After the close of the Revolutionary War he continued to reside in Abbeville District, State of South Carolina until 1796 – in 1796, he moved to & settled in Clarke County in Georgia where he resided until 1807 – in 1807, he came to the state of Tennessee and settled in Maury County where he now resides. Applicant knows of no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his services – William Bunning [?], a pastor of the Gospel, and John Kilgoras [?] had been long and well acquainted with applicant and can testify as to his character for veracity and their belief as to his services as a Soldier of the Revolution.
Applicant hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the Pension Roll of the Agency of any State or Territory.
Sworn to & subscribed in open court Oct. 28, 1832
Interrogatories -- & Answers –
Information on James Lockridge
From Genforum.com post:
Re: James Lockridge, 1723-1790 SC, REV. WAR SOLDIER? Posted by: Joan Cole (ID *****1198) Date: January 15, 2007 at 08:08:42 In Reply to: Re: James Lockridge, 1723-1790 SC, REV. WAR SOLDIER? by Becky Rice of 178