m. ABT 1738
m. abt. 1773
Facts and Events
Benjamin Logan was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
Records of Benjamin Logan in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records:
Biography of Benjamin Logan
Benjamin Logan (c.1742 – December 11, 1802) was an American pioneer, soldier, and politician from Shelby County, Kentucky. As colonel of the Kentucky County, Virginia militia during the American Revolutionary War, he was second-in-command of all the militia in Kentucky. He was also a leader in Kentucky's efforts to become a state. His brother, John Logan, was the first state treasurer of Kentucky.
Information on Benjamin Logan
He was among the earliest and most distinguished of those bold pioneers, who, penetrating the western wilds, laid the foundation of arts, civilization, religion and law, in what was then the howling wilderness of Kentucky; to which he moved his family in 1776, a year memorable in the history of the district as one of peculiar peril. (Collins History of Kentucky) In him generosity, benevolence and self-sacrifice were as characteristic as the courage which never feared the face of man (Green's Historic Families of Kentucky) p. 130/p.183
Biography Benjamin was born in Augusta County, Virginia, the eldest son of David (1706-1757) and Jane (McKinley) Logan. At fifteen, Logan's father died, and Benjamin inherited his father's 860 acre (3.5 km²) farm. He would marry Ann Montgomery in 1772, and they raised eight children.
In 1764, Logan saw service in Henry Bouquet's campaign against the Shawnee Indians. In 1774, he was a lieutenant in Lord Dunmore's War. The next year he moved to Kentucky, then still part of Virginia, starting the settlement of St. Asaph's, near Stanford, building Logan's Fort there.
In 1776, he was appointed sheriff and justice of the peace. During the Revolution, he was the second ranking officer in the Virginia militia for Kentucky County, as colonel; and later became a general. He fought Indians north of the Ohio River, under the command of George Rogers Clark, as well as in Kentucky. Logan and Clark were in frequent disagreement over strategy.
After the Revolution, Logan was active in Kentucky politics, especially the campaign to establish it as a separate state. He served as the local representative in the Virginia House of Delegates, from 1781 until 1787, where he first agitated for statehood for Kentucky.
In the fall of 1786, Logan led a force of Federal soldiers and mounted Kentucky militia against several Shawnee towns in the Ohio Country along the Mad River, protected primarily by noncombatants while the warriors were raiding forts in Kentucky. Logan burned the Indian towns and food supplies, and killed or captured a considerable number of Indians, including their chief, who was soon murdered by one of Logan's men. Logan's Raid and the death of the chief angered the Shawnees, who retaliated by further escalating their attacks on the whites, escalating the Northwest Indian War.
Logan was one of those who called for the Danville Convention, and was a delegate when they wrote the first Kentucky constitution in 1791 and 1792. After statehood, he served in the Kentucky state House of Representatives from 1792 to 1795. Logan later ran unsuccessfully for governor, in 1796 and 1800. In 1802, he died of a stroke at home, about 6 miles southwest of Shelbyville, Kentucky, and was buried in a family plot there.
Logan County, Kentucky and Logan County, Ohio are named for him, as is the Benjamin Logan Local School District in Ohio.
References Talbert, Charles G. Benjamin Logan, Kentucky Frontiersman. University of Kentucky Press, 1962, ISBN 0-935680-22-5. Allen, William B. (1872). A History of Kentucky: Embracing Gleanings, Reminiscences, Antiquities, Natural Curiosities, Statistics, and Biographical Sketches of Pioneers, Soldiers, Jurists, Lawyers, Statesmen, Divines, Mechanics, Farmers, Merchants, and Other Leading Men, of All Occupations and Pursuits. Bradley & Gilbert. pp. 43–46. http://books.google.com/books?id=s_wTAAAAYAAJ. Retrieved on 2008-11-10.
By Bessie Taul Conkwright.
The American family of Logan has not attempted to trace its connection with the clans of that name in ancient Scotland, nor could such connection add anything to their title of worth and honor. Long before emigrating to America they had been plain people of Ireland. There is a family tradition that their ancestor was a Presbyterian who fled from Ayrshire, in Scotland, to escape persecution, and with some of his family settled in a Protestant community in the north of Ireland. The descendants of this refugee came to Pennsylvania, whose colonial treasurer at the time was one of their kinsmen. Two of these immigrants, John and David Logan, later left Pennsylvania and settled in Augusta county, Virginia. These two were closely related, perhaps brothers. Both served with the troops of the colony in the French and Indian War. John Logan later settled in Rock- bridge county, Virginia, and some of his descendants moved to Kentucky. David Logan married Jane in Pennsylvania; they probably moved to Virginia about 1740, for May 22, 1740, David Logan appeared at the Orange county court house (Augusta county not being cut off from Orange county until 1745) "to prove his importation," and obtain land; he later acquired a thousand or more acres. These hardy Scotch-Irish Americans became the parents of General Benjamin Logan. The names of six of their children are known. Benjamin, the eldest, was born in 1742; his brothers and sisters were Hugh, John, Nathaniel, Mary and Sarah. The records of Augusta county show that David Logan was at various times constable, road overseer, and militiaman of Augusta county, and died about 1757, when Benjamin was about fifteen years old. According to the law of primogeniture then in force in Virginia, Benjamin, being the eldest, inherited all of his father's estate, a farm on Kerr Creek, and became the head of the family. (There is more information not contained here).