Facts and Events
||Col. Benjamin Church
||Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
||Bet 1670 and 1718
||Colonel. "Celebrated Indian fighter"
||26 Dec 1671
||Tiverton, Newport, Rhode Island, United Statesto Alice Southworth
||19 Dec 1675
||South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United StatesGreat Swamp Fight
||Grand Pre, Kings, Nova Scotia, CanadaRaid on Grand Pré
||17 Jan 1718
||Little Compton, Newport, Rhode Island, United States
||Old Commons Burial Ground, Little Compton, Newport, Rhode Island, United States
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Benjamin Church (c. 1639 – January 17, 1718) is considered the father of American ranging. He was the captain of the first Ranger force in America (1676). Church was commissioned by the Governor of the Plymouth Colony, Josiah Winslow to form the first ranger company for King Philip's War. He later employed the company to raid Acadia during King Williams War and Queen Anne's War.
Church designed his force primarily to emulate Indian patterns of war. Toward this end, he endeavored to learn to fight like Indians from Indians. Americans became rangers exclusively under the tutelage of the Indian allies. (Until the end of the colonial period, rangers depended on Indians as both allies and teachers.)
Church developed a special full-time unit mixing white colonists selected for frontier skills with friendly Indians to carry out offensive strikes against hostile Indians and French in terrain where normal militia units were ineffective. His memoirs "Entertaining Passages relating to Philip's War" were published in 1716 and are considered the first American military manual.
- ↑ Webber, Samuel G. (Samuel Gilbert). A genealogy of the Southworths (Southards), descendants of Constant Southworth: with a sketch of the family in England. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1981).
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Little Compton Births and Deaths, in Arnold, James N. Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636–1850: First series, births, marriages and deaths. A family register for the people. (Narragansett Hist. Publ. Co., 1891), 101.
CHURCH, Benjamin ___ __, 1639; died Jan. 17, 1718.
- Benjamin Church (military officer), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- ↑ Benjamin Church, in Find A Grave.
- Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 1:384.