Person:Thomas Moles (1)

Watchers
m. 20 May 1827
  1. Maria Moles1828 - 1907
  2. George Moles1831 - 1904
  3. Eliza Moles1833 - 1897
  4. Hannah Moles1836 - 1837
  5. Thomas Moles1838 - 1895
  6. Betsy Moles1842 - 1920
  7. Hannah Ann Moles1848 - 1928
m. 29 Sep 1860
  1. John Thomas Moles1860 - 1861
  2. Eliza Moles1862 - 1863
  3. Herbert Moles1864 - 1928
  4. George Moles1866 - 1929
  5. John Moles1868 - 1926
  6. Annie Maria Moles1871 - 1944
  7. James Moles1873 - 1928
  8. Ernest Moles1876 - 1954
  9. Julia Moles1879 - 1958
  10. Minnie Moles1883 - 1939
Facts and Events
Name Thomas Moles
Gender Male
Birth[1] 2 Sep 1838 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Christening[2] 3 Nov 1838 Willian, Hertfordshire, EnglandAll Saints
Census[3] 6 Jun 1841 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Census[4] 30 Mar 1851 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Marriage 29 Sep 1860 Hitchin, Hertfordshire, Englandto Fanny Worbey
Census[5] 7 Apr 1861 Hitchin, Hertfordshire, EnglandThe Riddy
Census[6] 2 Apr 1871 Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England1 The Riddy Mow
Census[7] 3 Apr 1881 St Ippolyts, Hertfordshire, EnglandIppollitts Folly
Census[8] 5 Apr 1891 St Ippolyts, Hertfordshire, EnglandThe Common
Death[9] 27 Nov 1895 St Ippolyts, Hertfordshire, EnglandBlackhorse Lane
Burial[10] 2 Dec 1895 St Ippolyts, Hertfordshire, EnglandSt Ippolyts

Childhood

Thomas Moles was born on 2nd September 1838 at Willian in Hertfordshire, son of a straw plaiter named Hannah Moles, formerly Pratt, and her husband William Moles, an agricultural labourer. Thomas was the fifth of seven children, although one of his older sisters had died as a baby. When Thomas was born, three of his grandparents were still alive and living in Willian; only his maternal grandfather had died. Thomas's maternal grandmother Elizabeth Norman (late Pratt, originally Copps) died in 1839 when Thomas was still a baby.

The 1841 census finds Thomas living with his parents and siblings in Willian, and next door to his paternal grandparents, Thomas and Mary Moles. Young Thomas was still living in Willian with his parents and siblings by the time of the 1851 census.

Thomas's paternal grandfather Thomas died in Willian in 1853. Thomas's mother Hannah died in 1857, when Thomas was eighteen years old.

Adulthood

By 1860 Thomas had left Willian and moved to The Riddy in the nearby parish of Hitchin. The Riddy was a group of cottages which stood in open fields to the south-east of the town. Thomas was married in Hitchin on 29th September 1860, aged 22, to Fanny Worbey, who was eighteen and had lived her whole life at The Riddy. At the time of their marriage Thomas was working as a labourer.

A few weeks after their marriage Fanny gave birth to a son, John Thomas Moles. The 1861 census finds Thomas, Fanny and their baby son living at The Riddy, next door to Fanny's widowed father and family. Meanwhile Thomas's father William was still living back in Willian, whilst Thomas's surviving grandmother had gone to live in Offley, a few miles to the west, where she died later in 1861. Sadly Thomas and Fanny's baby son John died the month after the census. Thomas and Fanny went on to have a daughter named Eliza the following year, but she too died before she was a year old.

Having seen their first two children die as babies, Thomas and Fanny then went on to have another eight children, all of whom lived to adulthood. The 1871 census finds Thomas and Fanny still living at The Riddy, with Thomas working as an agricultural labourer and Fanny as a straw plaiter.

Some time between 1873 and 1876 the family left The Riddy. Indeed, the cottages at The Riddy appear to have been demolished about this time; they are not shown on the 1881 1:2,500 Ordnance Survey map, nor do they appear to be listed in the 1881 census returns. The family moved to The Folly (also called Ippollitts Folly or Osier Bed Cottage), just over the boundary into the neighbouring parish of St Ippolyts on Blackhorse Lane.

Meanwhile, Thomas's father William died in 1879. He died at the workhouse in Hitchin, but was buried back at Willian.

The 1881 census finds Thomas, Fanny and their children living at Ippollitts Folly. Thomas's occupation on this occasion was given as "agricultural labourer (mole and rat catcher)".

In 1891 Thomas's first known grandchild was born, being his daughter Annie Maria's daughter. Thomas therefore became a grandfather at the age of 52. The 1891 census find Thomas, Fanny, their children and baby granddaughter living at 'The Common' in St Ippolyts, which appears to be the same place as Ippollitts Folly and Osier Bed Cottage.

Thomas died on 27th November 1895 on Blackhorse Lane in St Ippolyts of tetanus. He was 57 years old. He was buried at St Ippolyts on 2nd December 1895. Fanny survived him by 27 years.

References
  1. Birth certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    Registration District: Hitchin
    1838 BIRTH in the Sub-district of Baldock in the County of Hertford
    No. Two hundred and twenty two
    When and where born: Second day of September 1838 at Willian
    Name: -
    Sex: Boy
    Father: William Mole, Labourer
    Mother: Hannah Mole, formerly Pratt
    Informant: William Mole, his X mark, Father, Willian
    Registered: 3rd September 1838

    This birth certificate has been linked to the Thomas Moles who married Fanny Worbey on the basis of the baptism two months later confirming his name as Thomas, the fact that the adult Thomas after his marriage consistently gave his place of birth as Willian, and Thomas and Fanny's marriage certificate which gives his father's name as William.

  2. Baptisms register, in Church of England. Willian Parish Registers.

    No.264
    When baptised: 3 Nov 1838
    Name: Thomas
    Parents: William & Hannah
    Surname: Mole
    Abode: Willian
    Father's occupation: Laborer

  3. England. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA): 1841 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 437; Book 11; Folio 4; Page 1, 6 Jun 1841.

    Address: Willian, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moles, male, 60 [1776-81], Lab[ourer], not born in county
    Thomas Moles jun[io]r, male, 13 [1827/8], Lab[ourer], born in county
    Mary Ann Moles, female, 59 [1781/2], not born in county
    Eliza Moles, female, 15 [1821-6], born in county
    ~ next house ~
    W[illia]m Moles, male, 35 [1801-6], Lab[ourer], not born in county
    George Moles, male, 10 [1830/1], Lab[ourer], born in county
    Eliza Moles, female, 8 [1832/3], born in county
    Thomas Moles, male, 3 [1837/8], born in county
    Hanah Moles, female, 35 [1801-6], born in county
    Maria Moles, female, 13 [1827/8], born in county
    W[illia]m Pratt, male, 20 [1816-21], Lab[ourer], born in county

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1851 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 1709; Folio 137; Page 7, 30 Mar 1851.

    Address: Village, Willian, Hertfordshire
    William Moles, head, married, male, 47 [1803/4], Ag[ricultural] Lab[oure]r, b. Stotfold, Bedfordshire
    Hanah Moles, wife, married, female, 46 [1804/5], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Elizar Moles, daughter, unmarried, female, 18 [1832/3], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Betsy Moles, daughter, unmarried, female, 9 [1841/2], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Hannah Moles, daughter, female, 2 [1848/9], b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moles, son, unmarried, male, 12 [1838/9], b. Willian, Hertfordshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1861 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG9; Piece 819; Folio 106; Page 22, 7 Apr 1861.

    Address: The Riddy, Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    John Worboys, head, widower, male, 54 [1806/7], Ag[ricultural] Labourer, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    James Worboys, son, male, 12 [1848/9], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Emma Worboys, daughter, female, 10 [1850/1], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    ~ next house ~
    Thomas Moles, head, married, male, 22 [1838/9], Ag[ricultural] Labourer, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Fanny Moles, wife, female, 19 [1841/2], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    John Moles, son, male, 6 months [1860], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1871 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG10; Piece 1368; Folio 88; Page 23, 2 Apr 1871.

    Address: 1 The Riddy Mow, Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moule, head, married, male, 33 [1837/8], Ag[ricultural] Lab[ourer], b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Fany Moule, wife, married, female, 29 [1841/2], Straw Platter, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Herbert Moule, son, male, 7 [1863/4], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    George Moule, son, male, 5 [1865/6], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    John Moule, son, male, 2 [1868/9], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Annie M. Moule, daughter, female, 2mos [1871], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Emma Worbey, sister, unmarried, female, 20 [1850/1], Straw platter, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Clara Worbey, neice, female, 10mos [1870], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire

  7. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1881 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands: . (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG11; Piece 1420; Folio 62; Page 8, 3 Apr 1881.

    Address: Ippollitts Folly, Ippollitts, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moules, head, married, male, 42 [1838/9], Agr[icultura]l Lab[oure]r (Mole & Rat Catcher), b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Fanny Moules, wife, married, female, 39 [1841/2], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Herbert Moules, son, unmarried, male, 17 [1863/4], Agri[cultural] Lab[oure]r, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    George Moules, son, unmarried, male, 15 [1865/6], Agri[cultural] Lab[oure]r, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    John Moules, son, male, 13 [1867/8], Scholar, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Annie M. Moules, daughter, female, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    James Moules, son, male, 8 [1872/3], Scholar, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Ernest Moules, son, male, 5 [1875/6], Scholar, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Julia Moules, daughter, female, 3 [1877/8], Scholar, b. Ippollitts, Hertfordshire

  8. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1891 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG12; Piece 1108; Folio 71; Page 1, 5 Apr 1891.

    Address: The Common, St Ippollitts, Hertfordshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    Thomas Moles, head, married, male, 56 [1834/5], Agricultural Labourer, employed, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Fanny Moles, wife, married, female, 51 [1839/40], b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    John Moles, son, single, male, 22 [1868/8], Agricultural Labourer, employed, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Annie M. Moles, daughter, single, female, 20 [1870/1], General Servant, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    James Moles, son, single, male, 17 [1873/4], Agricultural Labourer, employed, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Ernest Moles, son, single, male, 15 [1875/6], Agricultural Labourer, employed, b. Hitchin, Hertfordshire
    Julia Moles, daughter, single, female, 12 [1878/9], Scholar, b. St Ippollitts, Hertfordshire
    Minnie Moles, daughter, single, female, 7 [1883/4], Scholar, b. St Ippollitts, Hertfordshire
    Ellen Moles, grand daughter, female, 4mo [1890/1], b. St Ippollitts, Hertfordshire

  9. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    Registration District: Hitchin
    1895 DEATH in the Sub-district of Hitchin in the Counties of Hertford and Bedford
    No.379
    When and where died: Twenty seventh November 1895, Blackhorse Lane, Saint Ippollitts R.D.
    Name: Thomas Moles
    Sex: Male
    Age: 61 years
    Occupation: Day Laborer
    Cause: Traumatic twenty four [hour?] Tetanus, Certified by Chas. J. Grellet, M.R.C.S.E.
    Informant: X the mark of Fanny Moles, widow of deceased, present at the death, Black Horse Lane, Saint Ippollitts
    Registered: Twenty seventh November 1895

  10. Burial register, in Church of England. St Ippolyts Parish Registers.

    BURIALS in the Parish of St Ippolyts in the County of Herts in year One thousand eight hundred and ninety five
    No. 290
    Name: Thomas Moles
    Abode: Blackhorse Lane
    When buried: 2nd Dec[embe]r 1895
    Age: 61 years
    By whom the Ceremony was performed: E.J. Larcy[?], Vicar