Person:John Stöver (1)

Rev. John Casper Stöver, Jr.
Facts and Events
Name Rev. John Casper Stöver, Jr.
Gender Male
Birth[1] 21 DEC 1707 Lower Palatinate, Germany
Marriage 8 April 1733 Annville, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania [Quitopahilla Hill Church]
to Maria Caterina Merckel
Death? 13 MAY 1779 Cleona, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania


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Source:Early, 1910 Contains autobiography of John (1), a transcription of his will, and Analysis of the identity of John Casper Stoever]]
Virginia history and Biography Identifies the JCS of Germanna as the father.
Will of John Caspar Stoever, 1739. Will Book F, pp. 126-128, Philadelphia, Pa. For English translation, see Will Book, No. 1, Orange County, Virginia, pp. 84-89. The date of the translation at Orange should be 1739 instead of 1738. fide History of madison County, VA accessed May 2012. See:Source:Early, 1910 for a pdf transcription


Ship Passenger Lists for the James Goodwill, arrived Philadelphia Sept. 11, 1728
Annual variation in marriage records of John Caspar Stoever, 1730-1779
John Stover (son)


Johann Caspar Stoever was born 21 Dec 1707, Ludorf, Solingen Amt, Germany. He came to America with his father, Johann Caspar Stoever, on Sept. 11, 1728, on the ship ' James Goodwill. The Stoevers, father and son, settled first at Conestoga, Earltown, Lancaster County, PA, where his father was a minister to the local Lutheran church.

in 1733 his father answered a call from the Germanna community in Virginia, and left the area. Johann Jr. was ordained as a minister April 8, 1733, and took over his fathers ministry. He was the first German Lutheran Minister to be ordained in America. On the same day as his ordination he married Catherine Merckling, daughter of Christian merckling and Mary Catherine, and born in 1715 in Lambshein in the Palatinate.

Earl Town remained the center of his pastoral duties until 1742 when he relocated to Lebanon Township, Lancaster County, PA. Here, he continued with his ministry, but with several others formed the Lebanon Land Company, purchasing large tracts of land. Some of that land was later deeded to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, called Salem Church. He is described as

...a well-dressed colonial pastor and an educated man full of energy and ambition [but]...his manner was sometimes violent and rough. He started numerous churches and accumulated a large amount of wealth. He served as scribe for the people on civil matters, such as deeds; many of the old deeds of Lancaster County are in his handwriting. In 1762, he was authorized by the government to issue marriage licenses and then to perform the marriages.

Stoever died 13 May 1779. He was buried in the cemetery of Hill Lutheran Church, Lebanon Co., PA.


Johann Caspar Stoever's father was also named Johann Caspar Stoever. This has led to some confusion, with some authors identifying the elder Stoever as moving to Germanna, and others making it the younger Stoever who moved to Germanna. Source:Early, 1910 provides a detailed analysis of the two Stoever's, and concludes that it was the father who relocated to Germanna.

  1. John (1)'s autobiography (transcribed by Source:Early. 1910) identifies his POB as the Duchy of Berg/Bergen in the lower Palatinate. The Duchy of Berg lies to the north of what is now considered as the Palatinate, but in 1728 was considered to be part of the Palatinate.