Person:Ignacio Zaragoza (1)

  1. General Ignacio Zaragoza1829 - 1862
  2. Miguel Zaragoza Seguín
  3. Dolores Zaragozaabt 1842 -
m. 21 Jan 1857
Facts and Events
Name General Ignacio Zaragoza
Alt Name[8] General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín
Gender Male
Birth[1][3] 24 Mar 1829 Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahia, Coahuila y Texas, Mexiconow Goliad, Goliad, Texas, United States
Residence[1][3] 1834 Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Residence[1][2] 1844 Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Cause of Death[7] Mexicotyphoid fever
Military[1][3] 1855 Mexicohelped defeat Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Marriage 21 Jan 1857 Monterrey, Nuevo León, MexicoSagrario Metropolitano
to Rafaela Padilla
Occupation[1][3] from Apr to Oct 1861 MexicoSecretary of War
Military[1][3] 5 May 1862 Puebla, Mexicodefeated forces of Napoleon III
Death[1][2][3] 8 Sep 1862 Puebla de Zaragoza, Puebla, Mexico
Burial[1][2][3] aft 8 Sep 1862 Mexico City, Distrito Federal, MexicoPanteón de San Fernando, (original burial)
Alt Burial[1][2] after 1863 Zaragoza, Zaragoza Municipality, Puebla, Mexicoreburial in San Fernando Cemetery (current burial)
Image Gallery
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Gen Ignacio Seguin Zaragoza, Memorial #88412782, Created by: Robert S. Griffin, 12 Apr 2012, in Find A Grave, accessed 14 May 2018.

    Gen Ignacio Seguin Zaragoza
    BIRTH 24 Mar 1829, Goliad, Goliad County, Texas, USA
    DEATH 8 Sep 1862 (aged 33), Mexico City, Cuauhtémoc Borough, Distrito Federal, Mexico
    BURIAL San Fernando Cemetery, Zaragoza, Zaragoza Municipality, Puebla, Mexico
    [no photograph]

    Born at Bahia del Espiritu Santo in what was then a region of Mexico known as Coahuila Y Tejas or near present day Goliad, TX. He became a national hero after leading the nationalist Mexican forces against the French Intervention at the Battle of Puebla, May 5, 1862. He died in Puebla in Sept. 1862. He was buried in a formal state ceremony in Panteon San Fernando in Mexico City.
    Sources: The handbook of Texas Online,, Consul--Miguel Escobar V., Topeka Capital-Journal, 1997,,,,, SEDENA
    Silas Griffin, G.R.a.V.E., 1999-2012

  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ignacio Zaragoza, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, accessed 14 May 2018.

    "ignacio Zaragoza Seguín (Spanish pronunciation: [iɣˈnasjo saɾaˈɣosa]; March 24, 1829 – September 8, 1862) was a Mexican general and politician. He led the Mexican army that defeated invading French forces at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 (mostly celebrated in the United States as Cinco de Mayo)."

    - son of Miguel G. Zaragoza and María de Jesús Seguín,
    -moved to Matamoros, Mexico, in 1834, and thence to Monterrey, Mexico, in 1844
    - commanded an army of volunteers that in 1855 defeated dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and led to the re-establishment of a constitutional democratic government in Mexico.
    - served as Secretary of War from April through October 1861
    - defeated forces of Napoleon III near city of Puebla 5 May 1862
    - died shortly after of typhoid fever
    - buried in San Fernando Cemetery in Mexico City. He was later exhumed and transferred to Puebla, while his former tomb became a monument.

  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Zaragoza, Ignacio Seguin, in Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 14 May 2018.

    "Ignacio Seguín Zaragoza, Mexican general and hero of Cinco de Mayo, was born on March 24, 1829, at Bahía del Espíritu Santo in the state of Coahuila and Texas, near present Goliad, Texas. He was the second son of Miguel G. Zaragoza of Veracruz, Mexico, and María de Jesús Seguín of Bexar"

    - moved from Goliad to Matamoros, then to Monterrey in 1844
    - died there on September 8, 1862 in Puebla
    - A state funeral was held in Mexico City with interment at the Panteón de San Fernando

  4.   .

    Latino/a Thought: Culture, Politics, and Society.
    au: Francisco H. Vázquez
    pub: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
    da: Jan 16, 2009
    ISBN: 0742568881, 9780742568884

    Discussion of Juan Seguin, his third cousin.

  5.   Batalla del 5 de mayo de 1862 en Puebla: Telegramas oficiales relativos a la mencionada batalla.

    by Ignacio Zaragoza , Rafael Echenique
    Publication date 1894
    Publisher E. Sanchez
    Collection americana
    Digitizing sponsor Google
    Book from the collections of New York Public Library
    Language Spanish
    Book digitized by Google from the library of the New York Public Library and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.
    "Telegramas ... dirigidos a la secretaria de guerra por los generales Ignacio Zaragoza, Ignacio Mejia y Santiago Tapia ..."

    full text available accessed 21 May 2018

  6.   5 de mayo de 1862: Glorioso recuerdo historico.

    Juan de Marín
    G. Veraza, 1887 - Puebla, Battle of, Puebla de Zaragoza, Mexico, 1862
    full text available online

  7. Congressional Record.

    [Pages H2062-H2063]
    From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office []
    The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. Toomey). Under a previous order of the
    House, the gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hinojosa) is recognized for 5
    Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Speaker, this past weekend, I had the pleasure of
    joining my constituents in Goliad, Texas to celebrate Cinco de Mayo.
    Cinco de Mayo is celebrated with music, with dancing, with great food
    and, yes, and Mr. Speaker, with great speeches.
    Texas Associate professor, Armando Alonzo, said so eloquently,
    and I quote, ``The important thing about this celebration is that it
    comes from the citizens of the community, not from scholars, not from
    politicians, or those of us who are at universities with special
    Although the holiday has spread throughout the world, its true spirit
    is in communities like Goliad, Texas, where people honor the value of
    their Mexican history and culture and the contributions that Mexican
    Americans have made across the spectrum of American life.
    Mr. Speaker, I stand before my colleagues as a proud first generation
    Texan, born of Mexican immigrant parents who came to the United States
    as children in 1910.
    Mr. Speaker, Goliad is the true heart of Cinco de Mayo, because it is
    the birthplace of General Ignacio Zaragoza, the young Mexican general
    who defeated the French at the battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. This
    triumph was not only a military victory, but a moral victory over
    tyranny and oppression.
    General Zaragoza is rightly called the "George Washington of
    Mexico. His dedication to the cause of freedom and democracy is an
    inspiration and challenge to us all.
    General Zaragoza was born in Goliad, Texas on March 24, 1829. He was
    the son of a soldier, but was educated as a priest. He was a small
    businessman for a short time, but his passionate support of Mexico's
    struggle for democracy led him to follow his father into military
    During the years of the War of the Reform in 1857 to 1860, he joined
    with the legendary Benito Juarez and fought in numerous battles,
    including the Battle of Calpulalpan, which ended the War of Reform.
    His military brilliance in those 4 years was recognized, and he
    quickly moved up the ranks to general. When Mexican President Juarez
    was forced to declare a moratorium on Mexico's European debt in order
    to salvage the

    Page H2063

    bankrupt economy, Spain, England, and France sent their fleets and
    forced the surrender of Veracruz.
    Because General Zaragoza was serving as head of the War Ministry,
    President Juarez initially sent one of his other generals to Veracruz,
    Mexico. When the general saw the awesome forces of the great European
    powers arrayed in front of Veracruz, he immediately resigned.
    President Juarez then turned to General Zaragoza to lead the Army of
    the East. Although the Spanish and the English withdrew after
    negotiations with President Juarez, the French army, recognized as the
    finest army in the world at that time, began its march towards Mexico
    City. Napoleon III had dreams of an empire in the Americas, with Mexico
    as its center, in alliance with the Confederate States of America.
    However, standing in the way of French conquest was General Zaragoza.
    The young Mexican general was determined to make his stand at Pueblo,
    100 miles east of the capital. He did not know it could not be done.
    His ill-equipped and outnumbered Army was composed of farmers, Indians,
    militia and many young residents of Puebla. Many had obsolete firearms
    or they used rocks, sticks and machetes.
    The French forces attacked on May 5, 1862. The battle lasted
    throughout the day. Despite repeated assaults by the French calvary and
    infantry, General Zaragoza's army held. They were fighting for their
    homes and their families and they would not be denied a victory.
    The French were forced to retreat in defeat. After that battle,
    General Zaragoza proved he was a man of compassion as well as valor. He
    ordered his medical staff to treat the French wounded. He received a
    hero's welcome in Mexico City, but while visiting his own sick troops,
    he contracted typhoid fever and died soon after, on September 8, 1862.
    He was only 33 years old. He was given a state funeral; and on
    September 11, 1862, President Benito Juarez declared May 5, Cinco de
    Mayo, a national holiday.
    This weekend's celebrations in Goliad were even more special as the
    birthplace of General Zaragoza was reopened to the public and
    rededicated after several months of renovation.
    Mr. Speaker, I want to especially thank Lupita Barrera and the Texas
    Department of Parks and Wildlife for the wonderful job they did
    restoring this great man's home.
    Mr. Speaker, I am extending an invitation to the two Presidents of
    Mexico and the United States to come to Goliad, Texas this next year.
    The people of Goliad are proud and determined to keep the legacy of
    General Zaragoza alive. The little town and surrounding communities
    have taken the time not only to celebrate, but also to teach their
    children the true lesson of Cinco de Mayo; namely, the freedom we now
    enjoy has a price, and each successive generation must be vigilant and
    willing to continue the fight if freedom is to endure.
    Goliad is over a thousand miles away from Puebla, Mexico. Yet the
    citizens of Goliad have adopted Puebla and Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico,
    the birthplace of General Zaragoza's wife, Rafaela Padilla, as sister
    cities. Cooperation, trade and interaction among the three cities is
    vigorous. People along the border realize that what affects their
    neighbors affects them as well.
    The Rio Grande River--a Heritage River, has become a bridge between
    two peoples and two rich cultures. We all prosper through open
    communication, undying friendship and growing trade. This, too, is a
    lesson of Cinco de Mayo. General Zaragoza helped preserve our Union by
    defeating the French troops. Today, trade with Mexico is helping to
    drive our booming economy and strengthening the North American
    continent. In this interdependent world, we truly need each other.
    As you can see, I--Congressman Hinojosa am very proud to represent
    and speak in the Halls of Congress for Goliad and Goliad County. I am
    starting early--I am extending a very cordial invitation to Mexican
    President Vincente Fox and President George W. Bush to jointly visit
    Goliad, Texas during May of 2002 to celebrate Cinco de Mayo. I want to
    extend the invitation to all of you, my colleagues in Congress, as
    Mr. Speaker, include for the Record an exemplary speech given at
    Saturday's Goliad Cinco de Mayo celebration by Professor Armando C.
    Alonzo, an Associate Professor of History at Texas A University into
    the Record immediately following my remarks.

    Excerpts From Talk Given by Prof. Armando C. Alonzo at the Cinco de
    Mayo Celebration

    Good morning. I'm very happy to be here today with all of
    you for today's celebration and I want to thank the Society
    of General Ignacio Zaragoza for inviting me to be part of
    this important event along with the city and county officials
    as well as Congressman Ruben Hinojosa. I'm always happy to be
    in Goliad because I also have some roots in this area because
    my father was born and raised in Yorktown, not very far from
    here. I want to make two points today without going too much
    into the historical facts of General Zaragoza's victory over
    the French in 1862 because others have already talked about
    One of the important things about this celebration is that
    it comes from the citizens of the community not from
    scholars, politicians, or those of us who are at universities
    with special training. It's important that events like this
    be planned and organized by the people in the community
    because history is made by the people of these communities.
    Trade and the economy are certainly important but this
    celebration reminds us of the value that history and culture
    have for Mexico and its citizens and for Texas and its
    citizens. The people in this community have taken the time
    and effort to celebrate our history and culture and that is
    very important because of the impact that this kind of events
    have for our children and for the entire community. Even
    though we are about a thousand miles from Puebla where the
    battle took place, this celebration still has connections and
    its far-reaching impact is evident by the fact that there are
    people here from the sister city of Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon,
    Mexico, from other parts of the country, and we even have a
    direct descendant of a soldier who fought at the Battle of
    Puebla--the lady who lives in South Texas, whose grandfather
    fought at the battle.
    Memory helps to keep our history alive. This celebration is
    a memory of an important historical event--the battle that
    took place on the Cinco de Mayo. It's important for parents
    to connect the memory of that event to our culture and
    history and pass it on to our children.
    This celebration, which goes back at least 55 years, keeps
    the memory alive of our history and our culture for the
    entire community. Professor Americo Paredes, who died two
    years ago, said the Mexican experience in Texas is part of
    the story of ``Greater Mexico. In his works 50 years ago
    Professor Paredes explained how cultural influences, such as
    language, music, the corridos, that are familiar to us,
    theater, and other factors made Texas a part of ``Greater
    Mexico. Today we see this ``Greater Mexico through the
    flow of trade and people. I look at the Rio Grande not as a
    political boundary but as a bridge between two peoples and
    two cultures. The Rio Grande is a bridge that connects us
    together rather than divides us. For us in Texas especially,
    ``Greater Mexico is part of our daily lives. In fact our
    roots can be traced to Coabuila from which the Spanish
    colonization of the provincia de Los Tejas proceeded. As a
    matter of fact, the settlers initially called this land,
    Texas, Las Nuevas Filipinas (in honor of King Philip of
    Spain). Nuevo Leon and Nuevo Santander also helped colonize
    Texas by sending settlers. So as we can see, the history of
    Texas is connected to Mexico in different ways.
    In Zaragoza we have a Tejano who is a hero of Mexico.
    Ignacio de Zaragoza was born in this little village, in this
    pueblito in Texas but his work, his values and his love were
    for his country, his patria, instead of for Santiago
    Vidaurri, the strongman of Nuevo Leon. Through his mother,
    who was part of the Seguins of San Antonio, he was a multi-
    generation citizen of Texas. Ignacio de Zaragoza was a Texan
    of Hispanic origin, a son of Texas who moved with his father
    to the lower Valley and then to Nuevo Leon. The legacy of
    General Zaragoza is the value and worth that his life gives
    to our history and culture. That is what this community is
    celebrating today.
    Thank you very much. I hope you have a good day.

  8. English naming practice includes only the father's family name as a person's last name. Spanish naming practice includes both the father's family name and the mothers family name as a person's last name
    See: Spanish naming customs, Wikipedia