Person:Fernando Leon (4)

Fernando II _____, rey de Aragón
b.10 Mar 1451/52 Sos, Zaragoza, Spain
m. 1 Apr 1444
  1. Fernando II _____, rey de Aragón1451/52 - 1515/16
  2. Joanna of Aragon, Queen consort of Naples1454 - 1517
m. 19 Oct 1469
  1. Isabel de Aragón1470 - 1498
  2. Juan _____, Prince of Asturias1478 - 1497
  3. Joanna of Castile1479 - 1555
  4. Maria of Aragon and Castile1482 - 1517
  5. Catherine of Aragon1485 - 1536
  • HFernando II _____, rey de Aragón1451/52 - 1515/16
  • WGermaine de Foix1488 - 1538
m. 19 Oct 1505
  1. Infante don Juan de Aragón1509 - 1509
  1. Alonso de Aragón1470 - 1520
  2. Juana de Aragón1471 - Bef 1522
  • HFernando II _____, rey de Aragón1451/52 - 1515/16
  • W.  Luisa Estrada (add)
  1. Alonso de EstradaAbt 1470 - Bet 1533 & 1537
Facts and Events
Name Fernando II _____, rey de Aragón
Alt Name Fernando V _____, rey de Castilla
Alt Name Ferdinand van Aragon
Alt Name Ferdinando III _____, re di Napoli
Alt Name Ferdinando II _____, re di Sicilia
Gender Male
Birth? 10 Mar 1451/52 Sos, Zaragoza, SpainHouse of Trastámara
Marriage 19 Oct 1469 Valladolid, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spainto Isabella I of Castile
Marriage 19 Oct 1505 Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Franceto Germaine de Foix
Marriage to Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra
Marriage to Luisa Estrada (add)
Death[1] 23 Jan 1515/16 Madrigalejo, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain
Reference Number? Q12860?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ferdinand II (; ; ; ; ; ; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), also called Ferdinand the Catholic (Spanish: el Católico), was King of Aragon and Sardinia from 1479, King of Sicily from 1469, King of Naples (as Ferdinand III) from 1504 and King of Navarre (as Ferdinand I) from 1512 until his death in 1516. He was also the Duke (nominal) of the ancient Duchies of Athens and Neopatria. He was King of Castile and León (as Ferdinand V) from 1475 to 1504, alongside his wife Queen Isabella I. From 1506 to 1516, he was the Regent of the Crown of Castile, making him the effective ruler of Castile. From 1511 to 1516, he styled himself as Imperator totius Africa (Emperor of All Africa) after having conquered Tlemcen and making the Zayyanid Sultan, Abu Abdallah V, his vassal. He was also the Grandmaster of the Spanish Military Orders of Santiago (1499-1516), Calatrava (1487-1516), Alcantara (1492-1516) and Montesa (1499-1516), after he permanently annexed them into the Spanish Crown. He reigned jointly with Isabella over a dynastically unified Spain; together they are known as the Catholic Monarchs. Ferdinand is considered the de facto first King of Spain, and was described as such during his reign.

The Crown of Aragon that Ferdinand inherited in 1479 included the kingdoms of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, and Sicily, as well as the principality of Catalonia. His marriage to Queen Isabella I of Castile is regarded as the "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy". Ferdinand played a major role in the European colonization of the Americas, from drawing up the Capitulations of Santa Fe (anticipating a rogue Columbus) to having his personal accountant, Luis de Santangel, undertake more than half the cost (2 million maravedis of the total 3 million) of sponsoring Christopher Columbus' first voyage in 1492 (ensuring the Crown was virtually risk-free in this great gamble) to prudently negotiating the terms with John II of Portugal for the Treaty of Tordesillas. That same year, the couple defeated Granada, the last Muslim state in Western Europe, thus completing the centuries-long Reconquista.

Ferdinand was King of the Crown of Castile until Isabella's death in 1504, when their daughter Joanna became Queen. That year, after a war with France, Ferdinand conquered the Kingdom of Naples. In 1506 he became Regent of Castile (as Rey Señor de Castilla) on behalf of his mentally unstable daughter Joanna. In 1505, as part of a treaty with France, Ferdinand married Germaine of Foix, niece of King Louis XII of France and sister of Gaston of Foix (the Thunderbolt of Italy). Ferdinand and Germaine's only child, John, died shortly after his birth. In 1512 Ferdinand conquered the Kingdom of Navarre, ruling all the territories comprising modern-day Spain until his death in 1516. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving child, Joanna, and his grandson Charles. Ferdinand's great-grandson Phillip II of Spain, while staring at a portrait of him, is recorded to have said "We owe everything to him". Modern historian Sir John H. Elliott concluded "in so far as it [the establishment of the Spanish Empire] can be attributed to any particular set of policies and actions, they were those of King Ferdinand and Cardinal Cisneros."

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Ferdinand II of Aragon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. Ferdinand II of Aragon, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Fernando II, Rey de España, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   Ferdinand also had children from his mistress, Aldonza Ruiz de Iborre y Alemany of Cervera. He had a son, Alfonso in 1469 who later became archbishop of Zaragoza, and a daughter Juana in 1471 who married Bernardino de Valsco, the 1st Duke of Frias.