Person:Edwin Taylor (7)

Edwin Maxwell Taylor
Facts and Events
Name[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] Edwin Maxwell Taylor
Alt Name[11] Ed W Taylor
Alt Name[12] Edmund Taylor
Alt Name[13][10] E M Taylor
Gender Male
Birth[15][16][7][9][11][13][14][10] 25 May 1848 Franklin, Richland, Ohio, United States
Residence[7] 1850 Franklin Twp, Richland Co, Ohio2 yrs old with parents
Residence[8] 1860 Dutch Creek Twp, Washington Co, Iowa11 yrs old with parents
Residence[9] 1870 Dutch Creek Twp, Washington Co, Iowa22 yrs old with parents
Residence? 15 Mar 1871 Buffalo Twp, Cloud Co, KansasOccupied Homestead
Other? 1871 Kansas Pioneer - 1870's 2 Special Note
Other[19] 11 Mar 1871 Homestead Act Application No 829: SW1/4 of NE1/4, W1/2 of SE1/4, NE1/4 of SE1/4, all in Sec 33, Twp 5 So, Range 4W Real Estate
Other? 15 Mar 1871 Occupied property per 03/15/1878 affidavit by acquaintenances C. Andres & CH Dolan Real Estate
Other? 1 Sep 1871 Began residence (in house) of Homestead 829 per 03/05/1878 Affidavit by Edwin M Taylor Real Estate
Marriage 21 May 1874 Grace Hill, Washington Co, IowaAt residence of bride by Moravian minister
to Hulda Sarah Beaty
Residence[10] 1 Mar 1875 Buffalo Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas26 yr old with wife H.S. and son J.W. - 1/4 (yr?) (as of 03/01/1875??)
Other[23] 5 Mar 1878 Affidavit by acquaintances C Andres & H Dolan - See Fact Note Real Estate
Other? 5 Mar 1878 Application to Perfect Homestead Claim 829 Real Estate
Other? 5 Mar 1878 Final Receiver's Cert No 6663 (present this to General Land Office to get patent) Real Estate
Other? 22 May 1878 Purchase 170 acres fr Darius G. Porter, $1,200,, S1/2 SE1/4, E 1/2 of SW 1/4 of Sec 12, Twp 6S, Range 5W, 10 acres in form of square SW corner of Sec 7; Twp6, 4W. Real Estate
Other? 22 May 1878 Sold Homestead for $1,200 to David M. Davis - 160 acres, $7.50 per acre. Book F, pg 532 Real Estate
Other? 8 Jul 1878 Homestead approved Real Estate
Other? 1 Mar 1879 Homestead Patent issued to Edwin M Taylor for described land by US Govt. Recorded Vol 14, pg 86 Real Estate
Other? 6 Dec 1879 Cloud Co Register of Deeds Records the Patent in County Record book J, pg 185 Real Estate
Residence[12] 1880 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas37 yrs old with wife Hulda, children Orra, George, Sara M
Other[12] 1880 Penn, Penn Parents Birthplace per Census
Residence? 1 Mar 1885 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas37 yrs, wife Hulda and family
Residence[14] 1 Mar 1895 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas47 yrs, wife Hulda and family
Residence[11] 1900 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas52 yrs, with wife Hulda, children: George-21, Myrtle-20, Robert-18, Fred-17
Other[11] 1900 OH, WI Parents Birthplace per Census
Residence? 1 Mar 1905 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, Kansas59 yrs old, w Hulda and 4 ch, owns farm free n clear
Occupation? Farmer
Residence? Richland Co, OH > Washington Co, IA > Cloud Co, KS
Death[15][16][13] 6 Apr 1906 Summit, Cloud, Kansas, United StatesCause: Apoplexy Working in garden, at home
Burial[17][13] 1906 Fairview Cemetery, Cloud Co, Kansas
Other? 58 4 Age at death
Other? 1850OH > 1860IA > 1870IA > 1880KS > 1900 KS 4 Census
Other? Will of wife/censuses 1880 and 1900 9 Proof - children
Other? Will of Father / WA Co Bio/Censuses as child 9 Proof to Parent
Other? Marriage Certificate/Will of wife 9 Proof to spouse
Other? 1925 Iowa Census for Agnes McCampbell gives James Taylor/Sarah McCart as Parents 9a Proof to Parent
Other[18][20] Jamestown Optimist - See Fact Note Obituary
Other[12][21] See Fact Note US Census 1880
Other[11][22] See Fact Note US Census 1900

BIO HIGHLIGHTS: Born Franklin Twp, Richland Co, OH. Family moved to Washington Co, OH in 1856. Went to Cloud Co, Kansas, in 1871, just 6 years after Civil War. Went back in 1874 to marry Hulda Sarah and bring her back to the "home". Died at Farm Home 6 miles south of Jamestown of "apoplexy" (sic).

CEMETERY LOCATION: Fairview Cemetery is located on Highway 9 between Concordia and Jamestown. (It seems to me that it is closer to Jamestown than to Concordia.) It has (in 1997) a big metal sign over the front gate, so it is hard to miss. The Taylor plot is towards the far side of the cemetery from the front gate, towards the east side (your right as you're walking in). There is a large monument with the name "Taylor" on it in the middle of the plot. This monument is reddish granite. Once there, you are very close to the Taylor, Millirons, and Johnston original farm homes.

For map, see:

GPS Coordinates: Latitude: 39.58890, Longitude: -97.77250

PIONEER CERTIFICATE: I have obtained a Pioneer Certificate from the Washington County, Iowa Genealogical Society for Edwin and Hulda (Beaty) Taylor. It required the submission of source documents proving my descent from them and their residency in Iowa before 1897. These documents are on file with the Washington Co, IA Genealogical Society for perpetuity (I hope!).

REAL ESTATE Original Homestead SW 1/4 of NE 1/4, W 1/2 of SE 1/4 and NE 1/4 of SE 1/4 of 33-5-4. Deed book J. Page 185. This is a handwritten transfer from US in County Deed books, not US Patent Books. Homestead certificate No. 6663. 829 application. Filed Dec 16, 1879 . Then, sold it on May 22, 1878. [Yes, before the buying filing was made.]

REAL ESTATE. "Taylor Home Place". Bot F-533, 4-3, 25-351. Made a $1,500 mortgage on it in 1901, paid off in 1903. Mtg Book 35-283. There was a quitclaim deed made for some kind of correction in 6-53. Then, after both Edwin and Hulda passed away, Robert & George took out a mtg of $1,500 and paid it off 1917. Mtg Book 50-12. Then, the five heirs split the property, giving it all to Robert in 1918, showing a value of $15,000 (which would be $3,000 each) Deed book 47-230. Then Robert took a $9,000 mortgage out (I think he paid $3,000 each then to Pim, Fred, and Aurie.) This was in 1918. Mtg Book 55-228. Then, a $2,000 mortgage to George. Mtg Book 45-624. I don't think George actually loaned cash to Robert; I think this was just his share of his $3,000 legacy and that Robert had probably already given him $1,000. Then, it looks like Robert gave up and sold it for $16,000 to Jacob Fulmer in 1919.

There is a question about a corner 10 acres across the road that was in the first parcel purchased. I don't ever see it sold??

CENSUS 1880 Summit Twp, Cloud Co, KS, Pg 183.

Taylor, Edmund 37 M OH PA PA Hulda S. 36 F VA VA  ?? Orra E. 4 Dau KS OH VA George A. 1 Son KS OH VA Sarah M. 4/12 Dau KS OH VA

Ed is a farmer.

CENSUS 1900. Summit Twp, Cloud Co, KS, Pg 186A.

Taylor, Ed W. 52 M OH OH PA Huldah S. 55 F VA MD VA George A. 21 Son KS OH VA Myrtle S. 20 Dau KS OH VA Robert L. 18 Son KS OH VA Fred W. 17 Son KS OH VA

Married 26 years. Myrtle is a dressmaker. Ed is a farmer and George is a farm laborer. They own their farm, with mortgage. Farm schedule 23. Children ever born: 6. Living Children: 5. (Note that Aurie is married to Ethan McBride now and out of the house.)

The Roots of Edwin and Hulda

Edwin's paternal grandparents, Thomas and Agnes/Nancy (McClelland) Taylor were from Pennsylvania and moved to Richland County, OH around 1825. His maternal grandparents were Henry and Mary (Tombleson) McCart, who were in Ohio by 1809, possibly earlier. Edwin was born in Franklin Twp, Richland Co, OH, a bit north of Mansfield, OH in 1848.

Hulda's paternal grandparents are a bit of mystery. Her paternal grandfather was Robert Beaty, of whom we have scant information on. We're not sure who the grandmother was. Two names have surfaced as possible candidates.. Sarah Ross or Mary Polly Hoke. They are descended from Irish immigrants and were in Virginia (now West Virginia) in the early 1800's. Her maternal grandparents were Jacob and Mary (Connoly) Feather. Jacob was a German immigrant, who migrated the year before the Revolutionary War at age 16, and participated in that struggle, almost from the moment he got off the boat. We don't know much about Mary Connoly. We can only assume she is of Irish stock because of her name.

Hulda was born near Kingwood, West Virginia in 1844.

The Move to Iowa and Growing Up There

Both sets of parents of our couple migrated to Richland County, IA, in 1856. James Taylor farmed on a rental basis (ie sharecropper) for his first four years, but was living on the "Taylor Place" by 1860, when he started acquiring the pieces of his farm. This was on the northwest side of Dutch Creek Township.

The Beaty's, meanwhile, had setup home on a parcel which was in Dutch Creek Township, but in the southeast corner, just adjacent to the Grace Hill church and community.

So, it's unlikely they were in the same school, but they were neighbors. The distance from the Taylor farm to the Beaty farm would have been about 5 miles south and 5 miles east.

A Word on Grace Hill - the Church and Community

When I visited Washington County, Iowa in the summer of 1997, and went to visit the southeast corner of Dutch Creek Township, where the Beaty's were from, I had on my agenda to check out the cemetery at Grace Hill, the small community right next door to the Beaty property, where James & Sarah Beaty are buried.

Much to my surprise, as I drove over a bridge, which kind of heralded an entrance into the town of maybe 4 buildings.. there is a glistening, white church, with a sign in front: Grace Hill Moravian Church - National Register of Historic Places. Well, I hadn't anticipated this church even still existing so wasn't even looking for it, but this was the church in which Edwin and Hulda were marred, in 1874. So, many thanks to the local folks who have gone to the trouble of getting this church on the National Register, and restoring it. There obviously has been some hard work done here. They still have services in the church once a year.

Grace Hill was a Moravian community. The Moravians have their roots in Germany in the same movement away from Catholicism as Lutheranism. The Moravians believed in communal living. The land was owned by the church and all the folks farmed it and shared in the crops. The Beaty's were not Moravians, (as evidenced by the known religious preferences of their children, as well their obituaries which talk about them being such good Methodists) but their property was adjacent to the Grace Hill community and they probably made good friends with their Moravian neighbors over the years, as they are both buried in the Moravian Cemetery and Hulda was married in the Moravian church (but, she was a Methodist all her life.)

Ed and Hulda may very well have gotten married in that church for the same reason that some folks go to Las Vegas or Eureka Springs, Arkansas... it was, and still is, a neat church, especially for that period of time.

To Kansas!!

We are always intrigued about what motivated our ancestors to move west, away from the "creature" comforts of where they grew up. Sam and Ed, the two oldest brothers went west to Kansas. As I go back through the old newspapers, I see quite a few ads for how wonderful Kansas is, and to write to such and such place for a brochure on Kansas and its soil, etc.

I suspect the younger brothers were getting old enough to help on the farm and Sam and Ed were itching to get their own place and saw the possibilities of homesteading. They were only 23 and 25, respectively, in 1871, when they came to Kansas.

At any rate, Sam and Edwin came to the Cloud County area in 1871. I have wondered how they would go about selecting property, since fences were not in existence and roads not plentiful. I have discovered that there were folks who, wanting to make a buck, became familiar with the area and the government surveys and the goings-on at the courthouse or the land office. These folks would act as "guides" to the immigrants to escort them to pieces of available land and lead them through the process of getting it recorded at the land office. The Cloud County Land Office was established in 1871.

Ed settled on 160 acres about 8 miles west of Concordia, or 5 miles south and about 2 miles east of Jamestown. I have been to this area and it is surprisingly similar to the farm they left in Iowa. There is a creek running through the property, like there was in Iowa and it is gently rolling country. Probably not quite as steep as Iowa, but close. This property is described in Homestead Certificate 6663, Application 829. (It wasn't recorded until 1879, which is kind of strange, as they sold it in 1878.) This property is described as: SW 1/4 of NE 1/4 and the West 1/2 of the SE 1/4 of Sec 33 in Twp 5 south of Range 4 west.

Ed then went to Iowa in 1874, and married Hulda and brought her out to Kansas in a horse drawn wagon. One of my goals is to re-trace the trail they followed. They had their first child, James William, in 1875. He only lived into his second year. They then had Aurie in 1876 on that farm.

Then, in 1878, Ed and Hulda sold this 160 acres for $1,200. (Vol F 532) And, in the same year, they then purchased 160 acres about one mile south and two miles west of the first farm for $1,200 (Vol F-533). Then, in 1887, he purchased 40 more acres for $210 (Vol 4-3), and 40 more acres in 1901 for $400, for a total of 240 acres he owned when he died in 1906. He had paid $1,810 for this 240 acres. As near as we can tell there was no estate probated on his death. On the death of his wife, Hulda, in 1911, however, the farm was valued at $15,000 in her probate.

Finally, in 1918, the four brothers and sisters of Robert filed a mortgage against the property for $12,000 (which would be 4/5 of the total $15,000 1911 value). Five days later, Robert took out a mortgage for $9,000 from an Andrew Montgomery, presumably to pay off Aurie, Pim, and Fred. Then, on March 28th, 1918, George recorded a $2,000 mortgage against the property. (Robert probably had a thousand dollars saved up and gave it to George to total to his $3,000.) Then, it appears that Robert owned the property and was obligated to pay both mortgages.

Robert must have had a rough time of it, though. A year later, in March 1919, Robert sold the farm to Jacob Fulmer for $16,000. From which he probably paid the mortgages to Montgomery and George Taylor off, which amounted to $11,000, and had $5,000 left over for himself. According to his stepson, Robert Blachley, Robert Taylor continued to farm this farm until the 1930's as a sharecropper. My speculation is that the interest on the mortgage was simply too much. The Montgomery mortgage was 6%, or $540 per year. In other words, in order for all the kids to cash out of the farm it had to be sold, as the income from the farm couldn't pay the interest on the note. That's only my speculation.

The Farm - and No Clock!!

Following is an article from the Jamestown Optimist by one A.R. Moore approximately 1907:

"Mrs. E. M. Taylor, of Summit township, was in today and paid her taxes. This revives old memories. Twenty five years ago last December, or in the fall of 1883, we boys shucked corn for E. M. Taylor on the same old farm five miles southeast of Jamestown. This was our first year in Kansas and the corn yield was 60 bushels per acre. We calculated to rise early and work late. One morning in particular Mrs. Taylor routed us out early, breakfast over, we waited for some four or five hours before day appeared in the east. Clocks were considered a luxury then. Mrs. Taylor, as well as the others, had secured no time piece and it was all speculation on the time of night.

The Taylor family at that time embraced a large number of small children, now they are all grown, some married and some moved away. Mr. Taylor died suddenly about one year since. The farmers of Kansas no longer live in dugouts, sit around the fireplace, light their homes with the tallow-dip, guess at the time of day, wear their homespun garments and ride in the lumber wagon. They live in a mansion lighted and warmed by gas, talk by phone to their neighbors fifty miles away and ride to town in an automobile, while they dress in silk and broadcloth."

A. R. Moore / Jamestown Optimist / Approx 1905


  1. James Taylor Bio - Portrait Biographical Album of Washington Co, IA. (Name: Acme Publishing; Date: 1887;).
  2. Washington Co, Iowa, Probate Court. Will of James Taylor, May 9, 1888
    Family History Library, Microfilm 0969345, Vol A, pp 516-7.
  3. US Archives. 1880 US Census. (Name: Microfilm;)
    Summit Twp, Cloud Co, KS, Pg 183.
  4. US Archives. 1900 US Census. (Name: Microfilm;)
    Summit Twp, Cloud Co, KS, Pg 186A.
  5. Will of James Brainard Taylor
    Contingent Beneficiary.
  6. US Archives. 1870 US Census. (Name: Microfilm;)
    Dutch Creek Twp, Washington Co, IA, Pg 14.

    With Folks

  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 1850 United States Federal Census. (Name: Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2009;)
    Database online. Year: 1850; Census Place: Franklin, Richland, Ohio; Roll: M432_724; Page: 314A; Image: .

    Record for Edwin M Taylor

  8. 8.0 8.1 1860 United States Federal Census. (Name: Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2009;)
    Database online. Year: 1860; Census Place: Dutch Creek, Washington, Iowa; Roll: ; Page: 214; Image: 354.

    Record for Edwin Taylor

  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 1870 United States Federal Census. (Name: Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2009;)
    Database online. Year: 1870; Census Place: Dutch Creek, Washington, Iowa; Roll: M593_; Page: ; Image: .

    Record for Edwin Taylor

  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925. (Name: Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2009;)
    Database online 1875.

    Record for E M Taylor

  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 1900 United States Federal Census. (Name: Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2004;)
    Database online. Year: 1900; Census Place: Summit, Cloud, Kansas; Roll: T623_475; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 27.

    Record for Ed W Taylor

  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census. (Name: Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2010;)
    Database online. Year: 1880; Census Place: Summit, Cloud, Kansas; Roll: 376; Family History Film: 1254376; Page: 183C; Enumeration District: 38; Image: 0765.

    Record for Edmund Taylor

  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3
    Fairview Cemetery, Cloud Co, KS.

    E.M. Taylor, 05/25/1848-04/06/1906

  14. 14.0 14.1 Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925. (Name: Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2009;)
    Database online.

    Record for Edwin M Taylor

  15. 15.0 15.1 Obituary.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Norris Taylor. Physically Observe Cloud Co KS Cemeteries
    Fairview Cemetery, Cloud Co, KS.
  17. Norris Taylor. Physically Observe Cloud Co KS Cemeteries.
  18. Obituary
    Jamestown Optimist, Edwin M Taylor, 1906.
  19. Homestead File. (Name: National Land Office;)
    Edwin Maxwell Taylor.
  20. OBITUARY Prob Concordia Blade, Approx April 12, 1906. "This community was saddened by the news of the death of E. M. Taylor, which occurred by apoplexy and was instantaneous. Mr. Taylor was one of the most highly respected citizens of the community, a pioneer, coming to this neighborhood in the early seventies and in all of that time enjoyed the confidence and respect of all who knew him, awn was certainly without an enemy; alway ready to aid the unfortunate and distressed.

    By his untimely death, we lose a good neighbor and a kind and honest man. Funeral services were held at the Fairview Church near Yuma, conducted by Rev. Sexton. The capacity of the church was taxed to its utmost to seat the ladies only. The Taylor family have the sympathy of all in their hour of sorrow. A more extended piece will appear elsewhere in this paper."

    OBITUARY. Jamestown Kansas Optimist, April 12, 1906. "E. M. TAYLOR DIED OF APOPLEXY - Edwin M. Taylor was born in Mansfield, Richmond (** should be Richland **) County, Ohio, on May 26, 1848 and, in 1856, moved to Washington County, Iowa, with his parents. From there he and his brother came to Kansas in 1871. Three years later he was married to Hulda S. Beatty, of Grace Hill, Iowa, and in 1878, Mr. and Mrs. Taylor moved to their home southeast of Jamestown, where they have ever since resided, surrounded by a large circle of friends and acquaintances, until his death of apoplexy, Friday afternoon, April 6, 1906.

    To Mr. Taylor and wife six children were born, five of whom, three girls and two boys (**actually three boys and two girls**), and his wife, survive him. He was known to all as a kind and loving husband and father, an obliging friend and neighbor, and always had a kind word and pleasant smile for everybody. In his death the entire community suffers a loss, and to his grief stricken widow and children the sympathy of all is extended.

    The funeral was conducted from the Fairview church Monday afternoon, April 9, by the Rev. J. M. Sexton of the Methodist church of Jamestown, and was attended by an exceedingly large congregation, who thus testified to the esteem in which the deceased was held. Interment took place in the cemetery at Fairview."

    <<Apparently this paper reported three obits for Edwin in a row, the first its own, and then from two other papers: the Kansan and the Blade.>>

    - - - - - - -

    "Much surprise was caused when the report of the death of Ed Taylor reached this city last evening, as he had spent last Saturday and Sunday here with Mrs. Taylor, who is taking treatment of Dr. Grigsby, and was enjoying the best of health, and was even all right up to the time of his death. He was out in the garden getting the ground in readiness for planting garden stuff, and his daughter was with and assisting him. Suddenly, he dropped over and died instantly, the cause of this sudden taking away being an attack of apoplexy. The daughter called her brothers who were working on the place, and Dr. Hartwell, of Jamestown, was called. The doctor was in this city and immediately went out to the Taylor home, but could do nothing - Kansan
    - - - - - -
    The death of E. M. Taylor yesterday afternoon of apoplexy, was a severe shock to his family and many friends and has prostrated Mrs. Taylor, who is in very poor health.

    Mr. Taylor, who lived on White's creek six south of Jamestown, was helping his daughter plant the garden yesterday afternoon, when he fell over dead. Dr. Hartwell was called at once, but pronounced that death was instantaneous.

    Mr. Taylor was a prominent farmer of this county and known everywhere as a good, true, and just man; one who was loving to his family and a friend through thick and thin. - Blade
  21. Name: Edmund Taylor
    Home in 1880: Summit, Cloud, Kansas
    Age: 37
    Estimated birth year: abt 1843
    Birthplace: Ohio
    Relation to head-of-household: Self (Head)
    Spouse's name: Hulda S. Taylor
    Father's birthplace: Pennsylvania
    Mother's birthplace: Pennsylvania
    Neighbors: View others on page
    Occupation: Farmer
    Marital Status: Married
    Race: White
    Gender: Male

    Household Members:
    Name Age

    Edmund Taylor 37
    Hulda S. Taylor 36
    Orra E. Taylor 4
    George A. Taylor 1
    Sarah M. Taylor 4m

    Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Summit, Cloud, Kansas; Roll: 376; Family History Film: 1254376; Page: 183C; Enumeration District: 38; Image: 0765.
  22. Name: Ed W Taylor [Ed M Taylor]
    Home in 1900: Summit, Cloud, Kansas
    Age: 52
    Birth Date: May 1848
    Birthplace: Ohio
    Race: White
    Gender: Male
    Relationship to Head of House: Head
    Father's Birthplace: Ohio
    Mother's Birthplace: Wisconsin
    Spouse's name: Huldah S Taylor
    Marriage Year: 1874
    Marital Status: Married
    Years Married: 26

    Household Members:
    Name Age

    Ed W Taylor 52
    Huldah S Taylor 55
    George A Taylor 21
    Myrtle S Taylor 20
    Robert L Taylor 18
    Fred W Taylor 17

    Married 26 years.
    Mother has had 6 children, 5 living.

    Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Summit, Cloud, Kansas; Roll: T623_475; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 27.
  23. Final Homestead Proof required under Section 2291 of the Revised Statutes of the United States

    We, C. Archer & C.H. Dolan, do solemnly swear that we have known Edwin M Taylor for 6 & 7 years last past; that he is head of a family consisting of a wife and 1 child. He is a citizen of the United States; that he is an inhabitant of the SWNE=W2SE1/4 & NESE1/4 of Section 33 in Township 5 South of Range No 4 W, and that no other person resided upon the said land entitled to the right of Homestead or Pre-emption.

    That the said Edwin M Taylor entered upon and made settlement on said land on the 15th day of Mch, 1871, and has built a house thereon. It is a framed house 12x16 ft in size, 1 1/2 story high, shingle roof, ground floors, 2 doors & 3 windows. and has lived in the said house and made it his exclusive home from the 1st day of Sept, 1871, to the present time, and that he has, since said settlement, plowed, (fenced is on written form, but crossed out), and cultivated about 65 acres of said land, and has made the following improvements therone, to wit: Built stable, pig (barn?), corral, corn cribs, granary - dug & walled a well. Broke 1 (area?) of Hedge row, 500 forest trees.

    Mr. C Archer has only known Taylor only 6 yrs last past.

    C. H. Dolan
    C Archer

    I B. H. (McEdbren?), do hereby certify that the above affidavit was taken and subscribed before me on this 5 day of Mch, 1878. (Signed)

    We certify that C Archer and C. H. Dolan, whose names are subscribed to the foregoing affidavit, are persons of respectability.

    (Signed) B. H. McEdbren?, Register
    E. J. Jenkins, Receiver