Person:Charlemagne (1)

     
Charlemagne
b.2 Apr 0748
Facts and Events
Name[1][13] Charlemagne
Alt Name Charles "The Great" , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Alt Name Karl der Große
Alt Name Imperador Carolus Magnus
Alt Name Karolus , serenissimus augustus a Deo coronatus magnus et pacificus imperator Romanum gubernans imperium et per misericordiam Dei rex Francorum et Longobardorum
Gender Male
Birth[11][12][13] 2 Apr 0748 House of Carolingian
Other? 754 Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Franceanointed by the pope, at the coronation of this father
Title (nobility)? from 768 to 814 King of the Franks
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Himiltrude
Title (nobility)[13] 9 Oct 768 Roi des Francs
Marriage abt 770 to Desiderata , wife of Charlemagne
Annulment abt 771 from Desiderata , wife of Charlemagne
Marriage bet 1 Jan 771 and 30 Apr 771 Aachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germanyto Hildegarde von Anglachgau
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Gersuinda
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Mathalgard
Title (nobility)[13] 5 Jun 774 Roi des Lombards
Marriage Oct 783 Worms, Hessen, Germanyto Fastrada
Marriage bet Oct 794 and 796 to Luitgard
Other No children by this marriage.
with Luitgard
Marriage 800 Cohabitation?
to Regina
Title (nobility)[13] 25 Dec 800 Empereur d'Occident
Marriage abt 806 Cohabitation?
to Ethelind
Death[1][11][13] 28 Jan 0814 Aachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany
Reference Number? Q3044?
Physical Description[1][3] 6 ft. 1/2 in.
Burial? Aachen Cathedral, Aachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charlemagne or Charles the Great (; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the Early Middle Ages. He was the first recognised emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian Empire. He was later canonized by Antipope Paschal III.

Charlemagne was the eldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, born before their canonical marriage. He became king in 768 following his father's death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman's sudden death in December 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the sole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. He continued his father's policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the Saxons to his east, Christianizing them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden. He reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned "Emperor of the Romans" by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Rome's Old St. Peter's Basilica.

Charlemagne has been called the "Father of Europe" (Pater Europae), as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the classical era of the Roman Empire and united parts of Europe that had never been under Frankish or Roman rule. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church. All Holy Roman Emperors considered their kingdoms to be descendants of Charlemagne's empire, as did the French and German monarchies. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church views Charlemagne more controversially, labelling as heterodox his support of the filioque and the Pope's recognition of him as legitimate Roman Emperor rather than Irene of Athens of the Byzantine Empire. These and other machinations led to the eventual split of Rome and Constantinople in the Great Schism of 1054.

Charlemagne died in 814, having ruled as emperor for almost 14 years and as king for almost 46 years. He was laid to rest in his imperial capital city of Aachen. He married at least four times and had three legitimate sons, but only his son Louis the Pious survived to succeed him.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Charlemagne. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charlemagne, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    Marriages and heirs
    Charlemagne had twenty children over the course of his life with eight of his ten known wives or concubines. Nonetheless, he only had four legitimate grandsons, the three sons of his third son Louis, so that the claimants to his inheritance remained few.

    His first relationship was with Himiltrude. The nature of this relationship is variously described as concubinage, a legal marriage or as a Friedelehe.[19] (Charlemagne put her aside when he married Desiderata.) The union with Himiltrude produced two children:
    Amaudru, a daughter[20]
    Pippin the Hunchback (c. 769-811)
    After her, his first wife was Desiderata, daughter of Desiderius, king of the Lombards; married in 770, annulled in 771
    His second wife was Hildegard (757 or 758-783), married 771, died 783. By her he had nine children:
    Charles the Younger (c.772-4 December 811), Duke of Maine, and crowned King of the Franks on 25 December 800
    Carloman, renamed Pippin (April 773-8 July 810), King of Italy
    Adalhaid (774), who was born whilst her parents were on campaign in Italy. She was sent back to Francia, but died before reaching Lyons
    Rotrude (or Hruodrud) (775-6 June 810)
    Louis (778-20 June 840), twin of Lothair, King of Aquitaine since 781, crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 813, senior Emperor from 814
    Lothair (778-6 February 779/780), twin of Louis, he died in infancy[21]
    Bertha (779-826)
    Gisela (781-808)
    Hildegarde (782-783)
    His third wife was Fastrada, married 784, died 794. By her he had:
    Theodrada (b.784), abbess of Argenteuil
    Hiltrude (b.787)
    His fourth wife was Luitgard, married 794, died childless

    [edit] Concubinages and illegitimate children
    His first known concubine was Gersuinda. By her he had:
    Adaltrude (b.774)
    His second known concubine was Madelgard. By her he had:
    Ruodhaid (775-810), abbess of Faremoutiers
    His third known concubine was Amaltrud of Vienne. By her he had:
    Alpaida (b.794)
    His fourth known concubine was Regina. By her he had:
    Drogo (801-855), Bishop of Metz from 823 and abbot of Luxeuil Abbey
    Hugh (802-844), archchancellor of the Empire
    His fifth known concubine was Ethelind. By her he had:
    Richbod (805-844), Abbott of Saint-Riquier
    Theodoric (b. 807)

  2.   Weis, Frederick Lewis; Walter Lee Sheppard; and David Faris. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists, who came to America before 1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 7th Edition c1992), 50-13.
  3. Einhard (the King's secretary) description of Charlemagne.

    "He was six feet four inches tall, and built to scale. He had beautiful white hair, animated eyes, a powerful nose...a presence "always stately and dignified." He was temperate in eating and drinking, abominated drunkenness, and kept in good health despite every exposure and hardship."

  4.   Buck, J. Orton; Marcellus Donald Alexander von Redlich; Aileen Lewers Langston; and Timothy Field Beard. Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's descendants. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1974-1978, 1979), 2:17, 221, 284.
  5.   (NEHGR)"The New England Historical and Genealogical Register". (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1847 on), 101:109-112.
  6.   De eerste generaties van Karel's nazaten, in Karel de Grote.
  7.   Project Charlemagne at Familypedia by Rtol, in Familypedia.
  8.   Charlemagne, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  9.   CHARLES, son of PEPIN "le Bref" King of the Franks & his wife Bertrada [Berta] "au Grand Pied" (near Aix-la-Chapelle 2 Apr 748-Aix-la-Chapelle 28 Jan 814, bur Aix-la-Chapelle, Chapelle Sainte-Marie), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  10.   Emperor Charlemagne, in Find A Grave.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Charlemagne (Karolus Magnus, Charles the Great, Karl der Große), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  12. Weinfurter, Stefan. Karl der Grosse: Der heilige Barbar. (München, Bayern, Deutschland: Piper, 2013), p. 55.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 Biographie a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia, [[1]], trouvée 2016.

    Charlemagne, du latin Carolus Magnus, ou Charles Ier dit « le Grand » dans la nomenclature qui commence avec Clovis Ier, né le 2 avril 742 (voire 747 ou 748)2, mort le 28 janvier 814 à Aix-la-Chapelle3, est un roi des Francs et empereur. Il appartient à la dynastie des Carolingiens, à laquelle il a donné son nom.
    Fils de Pépin le Bref, il est roi des Francs à partir de 768, devient par conquête roi des Lombards en 774 et est couronné empereur à Rome par le pape Léon III le 25 décembre 800, relevant une dignité disparue depuis la chute de l'Empire romain d'Occident en 476.