Person:Béla III of Hungary (1)

Béla III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary
  • HBéla III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary1148 - 1196
  • WMaria Komnene
m. 1163
  • HBéla III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary1148 - 1196
  • W.  Theodora Komnene (add)
m. Bet 1168 and 1172
  1. Emeric of Hungary1174 - 1204
  2. Margaret _____, of Hungary1175 - Aft 1229
  3. Andrew II _____, of Hungary1175 - 1235
  4. Prince Of HungaryAbt 1178 -
  5. Princess Constance of HungaryEst 1180 - 1240
  6. Princess Of HungaryAbt 1182 -
  7. Prince Of Hungary SalamonAbt 1183 - Abt 1210
  8. Prince Of Hungary IstvanAbt 1184 - Abt 1210
Facts and Events
Name Béla III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary
Alt Name Béla III Arpád _____
Alt Name Béla Harmadik _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1148 Esztergom, Esztergom, HungaryHouse of Arpad
Marriage 1163 to Maria Komnene
Marriage Bet 1168 and 1172 İstanbul, İstanbul, Turkeyto Agnes de Chatillon-sur-Loing, Queen Of Hungary
Alt Marriage Est 1184 Hungaryto Agnes de Chatillon-sur-Loing, Queen Of Hungary
Marriage to Margaret of France _____
Marriage to Theodora Komnene (add)
Death[1] Apr 1196 Székesfehérvár, Fejér, Hungary
Reference Number? Q86978?
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Béla III of Hungary, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Béla III (, ; 114823 April 1196) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1172 and 1196. He was the second son of King Géza II and Géza's wife, Euphrosyne of Kiev. Around 1161, Euphrosyne granted Béla a duchy, which included Croatia, central Dalmatia and possibly Sirmium. In accordance with a peace treaty between his elder brother, Stephen III, who succeeded their father in 1162, and the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos, Béla moved to Constantinople in 1163. He was renamed to Alexios, and the emperor granted him the newly created senior court title of despotes. He was betrothed to the Emperor's daughter, Maria. Béla's patrimony caused armed conflicts between the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary between 1164 and 1167, because Stephen III attempted to hinder the Byzantines from taking control of Croatia, Dalmatia and Sirmium. Béla-Alexios, who was designated as Emperor Manuel's heir in 1165, took part in three Byzantine campaigns against Hungary. His betrothal to the emperor's daughter was dissolved after her brother, Alexios, was born in 1169. The emperor deprived Béla of his high title, granting him the inferior rank of kaisar.

    Stephen III died on 4 March 1172, and Béla decided to return to Hungary. Before his departure, he pledged that he would never make war against the Byzantine Empire. Although the Hungarian prelates and lords unanimously proclaimed Béla king, Lucas, Archbishop of Esztergom opposed his coronation because of Béla's alleged simony. Finally, the Archbishop of Kalocsa crowned him king on 18 January 1173, with Pope Alexander III's approval. Béla fought with his younger brother, Géza, whom he held in captivity for more than a decade. Taking advantage of the internal conflicts in the Byzantine Empire after Emperor Manuel's death, Béla reoccupied Croatia, Dalmatia and Sirmium between 1180 and 1181. He occupied the Principality of Halych in 1188, but it was lost within two years.

    Béla promoted the use of written records during his reign. Hungarian chronicles from the 14th century even state that he was responsible for the establishment of the Royal Chancery. The royal palace built in Esztergom during his reign was the first example of Gothic architecture in Central Europe. He was the wealthiest European monarch of his time, according to a list of his revenues, but the reliability of the list is questioned.

  2.   Béla III Arpád, King of Hungary, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.