Person:Andrew II of Hungary (1)

Andrew II _____, of Hungary
d.21 Sep 1235 Eger, Heves, Hungary
m. Bet 1168 and 1172
  1. Emeric of Hungary1174 - 1204
  2. Margaret _____, of Hungary1175 - Aft 1229
  3. Andrew II _____, of Hungary1175 - 1235
  4. Prince Of HungaryAbt 1178 -
  5. Princess Constance of HungaryEst 1180 - 1240
  6. Princess Of HungaryAbt 1182 -
  7. Prince Of Hungary SalamonAbt 1183 - Abt 1210
  8. Prince Of Hungary IstvanAbt 1184 - Abt 1210
m. 1215
  1. Anna Maria _____, of Hungary1204 - 1237
  2. Béla IV _____, of Hungary1206 - 1270
  3. Colomon of Galicia-LodomeriaBet 1207 & 1208 - 1241
  4. Elisabeth of Hungary1207 - 1231
  5. Andrew of Hungary1210 - Bet 1233 & 1234
m. 14 May 1234
  1. Violant _____, of HungaryAbt 1215 - 1251
m. 14 May 1234
  1. Stephen the Posthumous _____1236 - 1271
Facts and Events
Name Andrew II _____, of Hungary
Alt Name Andreas _____
Gender Male
Birth[2] 1175 Esztergom, Esztergom, HungaryHouse of Arpad
Alt Marriage 1203 to Gertrude of Merania
Marriage 1215 Esztergom,Komarom-Esztergom,,Hungaryto Gertrude of Merania
Marriage 14 May 1234 to Yolande _____, de Courtenay
Marriage 14 May 1234 to Beatrice d'Este, Queen of Hungary
Alt Death? 7 Mar 1235 Eger, Heves, Hungary
Death? 21 Sep 1235 Eger, Heves, Hungary
Burial? Eger, Heves, Hungary
Reference Number? Q271104?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Andrew II (, , ; 117721 September 1235), also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1205 and 1235. He ruled the Principality of Halych from 1188 until 1189/1190, and again between 1208/1209 and 1210. He was the younger son of Béla III of Hungary, who entrusted him with the administration of the newly conquered Principality of Halych in 1188. Andrew's rule was unpopular, and the boyars (or noblemen) expelled him. Béla III willed property and money to Andrew, obliging him to lead a crusade to the Holy Land. Instead, Andrew forced his elder brother, King Emeric of Hungary, to cede Croatia and Dalmatia as an appanage to him in 1197. The following year, Andrew occupied Hum.

Despite the fact that Andrew did not stop conspiring against Emeric, the dying king made Andrew guardian of his son, Ladislaus III, in 1204. After the premature death of Ladislaus, Andrew ascended the throne in 1205. According to historian László Kontler, "[i]t was amidst the socio-political turmoil during [Andrew's] reign that the relations, arrangements, institutional framework and social categories that arose under Stephen I, started to disintegrate in the higher echelons of society" in Hungary. Andrew introduced a new grants policy, the so-called "new institutions", giving away money and royal estates to his partisans despite the loss of royal revenues. He was the first Hungarian monarch to adopt the title of "King of Halych and Lodomeria". He waged at least a dozen wars to seize the two Rus' principalities, but the local boyars and neighboring princes prevented him from conquering the principalities. He participated in the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1217–1218, but the crusade was a failure.

When the servientes regis, or "royal servants", rose up, Andrew was forced to issue the Golden Bull of 1222, confirming their privileges. This led to the rise of the nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. His Diploma Andreanum of 1224 listed the liberties of the Transylvanian Saxon community. The employment of Jews and Muslims to administer the royal revenues led him into conflict with the Holy See and the Hungarian prelates. Andrew pledged to respect the privileges of the clergymen and to dismiss his non-Christian officials in 1233, but he never fulfilled the latter promise.

Andrew's first wife, Gertrude of Merania, was murdered in 1213, because her blatant favoritism towards her German kinsmen and courtiers stirred up discontent among the native lords. The veneration of their daughter, Elizabeth of Hungary, was confirmed by the Holy See during Andrew's lifetime. After Andrew's death, his sons, Béla and Coloman, accused his third wife, Beatrice d'Este, of adultery and never considered her son, Stephen, to be a legitimate son of Andrew.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Andrew II of Hungary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1.   Andrew II of Hungary, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. Genealogical Department, Medieval Family Histories Unit, (11). (Name: July 1996 (c), data as of 2 January 1996;)
  3.   ANDRÁS, son of BÉLA III King of Hungary & his first wife Agnès [Anna] de Châtillon-sur-Loing (1176-21 Sep 1235, bur Egrecz, Cistercian Abbey), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.