Place:Hungary

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NameHungary
Alt namesHongarijesource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) p 336
Hongriesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 246
HU00source: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
Hungarian People's Republicsource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 275-277
Hungriasource: Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) p 735
Hungríasource: Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) p 817
Magyar Köztársaságsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1992) p 617; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 625
Magyar Köztársaságsource: Wikipedia
Magyar Népköztársaságsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1989) p 618
Magyarországsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Magyarországsource: Wikipedia
Republic of Hungarysource: Wikipedia
Ungarnsource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 1111
Ungheriasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 776
TypeNation
Coordinates47°N 20°E
Contained Places
County
Baranya
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Bács-Kiskun
Békés
Csongrád
Fejér
Győr-Sopron
Hajdú-Bihar
Heves
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok
Komárom-Esztergom
Nógrád
Pest
Somogy
Szabolcs-Szatmár
Tolna
Vas
Veszprém
Zala
Former county
Abauj-Torna ( - 1920 )
Alsó-Fehér ( 1867 - 1920 )
Arad ( - 1920 )
Baranya
Bars ( - 1920 )
Belovár-Körös ( - 1920 )
Bereg ( - 1920 )
Beszterce-Naszód ( 1867 - 1920 )
Bihar ( - 1920 )
Borsod ( - 1920 )
Brassó ( 1867 - 1920 )
Bács-Bodrog ( - 1920 )
Békés
Csanád ( - 1920 )
Csik ( 1867 - 1920 )
Csongrád
Esztergom ( - 1920 )
Fejér
Fogaras ( 1867 - 1920 )
Győr ( - 1920 )
Gömör-Kishont ( - 1910 )
Hajdu ( - 1920 )
Heves
Hont ( - 1920 )
Hunyad ( 1867 - 1920 )
Háromszék ( 1867 - 1920 )
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok
Kis-Küküllő ( 1867 - 1920 )
Kolozs ( 1867 - 1920 )
Komárom ( - 1920 )
Krassó-Szörény ( - 1920 )
Külső-Szolnok ( - 1500 )
Lika-Korbava ( - 1920 )
Liptó ( - 1920 )
Maros-Torda ( 1867 - 1920 )
Modrus-Fiume ( - 1920 )
Moson ( - 1920 )
Máramaros ( 1876 - 1920 )
Nagy-Küküllő ( 1867 - 1920 )
Nyitra ( - 1920 )
Nógrád
Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kis-Kun ( 1876 - 1920 )
Pozsega ( - 1920 )
Pozsony ( - 1920 )
Somogy
Sopron ( - 1920 )
Szabolcs ( - 1918 )
Szatmár ( - 1920 )
Szeben ( 1867 - 1920 )
Szepes ( - 1920 )
Szerém ( - 1920 )
Szilágy ( 1876 - 1920 )
Szolnok-Doboka ( 1867 - 1920 )
Sáros ( - 1920 )
Temes ( - 1920 )
Tolna
Torda-Aranyos ( 1867 - 1920 )
Torontál ( - 1920 )
Trencsén ( - 1920 )
Turócz ( - 1920 )
Udvarhely ( 1867 - 1920 )
Ugocsa ( 1876 - 1920 )
Ung ( - 1920 )
Varasd ( - 1920 )
Vas
Verőcze ( - 1920 )
Veszprém
Zala
Zemplén ( - 1920 )
Zágráb ( - 1920 )
Zólyom ( - 1920 )
Árva ( - 1920 )
Former district
Fiume ( - 1920 )
Former province
Bácska ( - 1920 )
Horvát-Szlavonia ( - 1920 )
Szlovákia ( - 1920 )
Former region
Erdély ( 1867 - 1920 )
Inhabited place
Budapest
Hajdúsámson
Podolin ( 1776 - 1920 )
Region
Dunántúl
Hortobágy
Kárpátalja ( - 1920 )
Transilvania ( 1867 - 1918 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Spanning in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world. Hungary's capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest. Other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

The territory of modern Hungary was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century AD by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541–1699). It came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, and later joined Austria to form the Austro–Hungarian Empire, a major European power.

The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed after World War I, and the subsequent Treaty of Trianon established Hungary's current borders, resulting in the loss of 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of ethnic Hungarians. Following the tumultuous interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties. Hungary became a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which contributed to the establishment of a socialist republic spanning four decades (1949–1989). The country gained widespread international attention as a result of its 1956 revolution and the seminal opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. On 23 October 1989, Hungary became a democratic parliamentary republic.

In the 21st century, Hungary is a middle power[1][2] and has the world's 57th largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the 58th largest by PPP, out of 191 countries measured by IMF. As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, it is the world's 35th largest exporter and 34th largest importer of goods. Hungary is an OECD high-income economy with a very high standard of living. It keeps up a social security and universal health care system, and a tuition-free university education. Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in the Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in the Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.

Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and has been part of the Schengen Area since 2007. Hungary is a member of the United Nations, NATO, WTO, World Bank, the AIIB, the Council of Europe, the Visegrád Group and more. Well known for its rich cultural history, Hungary has contributed significantly to arts, music, literature, sports and science and technology.[3] Hungary is the 11th most popular country as a tourist destination in Europe, attracting 14.3 million international tourists in 2015. It is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world, the largest lake in Central Europe and the largest natural grasslands in Europe.

Contents

How places in Hungary are organized

Prior to World War I, Hungary was divided into 64 counties (according to Statoids) or 71 counties (according to Wikipedia). After World War I, the old counties were abolished and Hungary was divided into 19 counties. At WeRelate the pre-WWI counties are called "former counties" and the post-WWI counties are called "counties".

The standard at WeRelate is to title Hungarian place pages according to their former county when the former county is known, with also-located-in links to the modern county when it is known.

Map of counties of Kingdom of Hungary (Hungary proper and Croatia & Slavonia), 1886-1918
Enlarge
Map of counties of Kingdom of Hungary (Hungary proper and Croatia & Slavonia), 1886-1918
Counties of Kingdom of Hungary 1886-1918
Counties (Kingdom of Hungary) Abaúj-Torna · Alsó-Fehér · Arad · Árva · Bács-Bodrog · Baranya · Bars · Békés · Bereg · Beszterce-Naszód · Bihar · Borsod · Brassó · Csanád · Csík · Csongrád · Esztergom · Fejér · Fogaras · Gömör-Kishont · Győr · Hajdú · Háromszék · Heves · Hont · Hunyad · Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok · Kis-Küküllő · Kolozs · Komárom · Krassó-Szörény · Liptó · Máramaros · Maros-Torda · Moson · Nagy-Küküllő · Nógrád · Nyitra · Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun · Pozsony · Sáros · Somogy · Sopron · Szabolcs · Szatmár · Szeben · Szepes · Szilágy · Szolnok-Doboka · Temes · Tolna · Torda-Aranyos · Torontál · Trencsén · Turóc · Udvarhely · Ugocsa · Ung · Vas · Veszprém · Zala · Zemplén · Zólyom
Corpus separatum Fiume (Rijeka)
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia Bjelovar-Križevci · Lika-Krbava · Modruš-Rijeka · Požega · Srijem · Varaždin · Virovitica · Zagreb


Image:Österreich-Ungarns Ende.PNG

  • Map of ende Österreich-Ungarns, 1919
  • Line gray is: Border of Austria-Hungary in 1914
  • Line black is: Borders in 1914
  • Line red is: Borders in 1920

██ Empire of Austria in 1914

██ Kingdom of Hungary in 1914

██ Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1914


All places in Hungary

Further information on historical place organization in Hungary

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hungary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.