Person:Géza II of Hungary (1)

Géza II of Hungary _____, King of Hungary and Croatia
d.31 May 1162
m. 28 Apr 1129
  1. Princess Elisabeth _____, of HungaryAbt 1128 - Bef 1154
  2. Géza II of Hungary _____, King of Hungary and Croatia1130 - 1162
  3. Ladislaus II of Hungary1131 - 1163
  4. Istvan IV _____, of HungaryAbt 1133 - 1165
  5. Prince Almos of Hungary1134 - 1141
  6. Princess Of Hungary Zsofia1136 - 1161
  7. Princess Of Hungary GertrudAbt 1140 - 1156
  1. Stephen III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary1147 - 1171/72
  2. Béla III of Hungary _____, King of Hungary1148 - 1196
  3. Elisabeth of HungaryAbt 1149 - Aft 1189
  4. Erszebet of Hungary _____Abt 1149 -
  5. Géza of Hungary _____1151 - 1210
  6. Arpád of Hungary _____Abt 1154 -
  7. Odola of Hungary _____Abt 1156 -
  8. Helena of Hungary _____Abt 1158 - 1199
  9. Margit of Hungary _____Abt 1160 -
Facts and Events
Name Géza II of Hungary _____, King of Hungary and Croatia
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1130 Tolna, HungaryHouse of Arpad
Marriage to Euphrosyne of Kiev _____
Death[1] 31 May 1162
Reference Number? Q86940?
  1. 1.0 1.1 Géza II of Hungary, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Géza II (; ; ; 113031 May 1162) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1141 to 1162. He was the oldest son of Béla the Blind and his wife, Helena of Rascia. When his father died, Géza was still a child and he started ruling under the guardianship of his mother and her brother, Beloš. A pretender to the throne, Boris Kalamanos, who had already claimed Hungary during Béla the Blind's reign, temporarily captured Pressburg (now Bratislava in Slovakia) with the assistance of German mercenaries in early 1146. In retaliation, Géza, who came of age in the same year, invaded Austria and routed Henry Jasomirgott, Margrave of Austria, in the Battle of the Fischa.

    Although the German–Hungarian relations remained tense, no major confrontations occurred when the German crusaders marched through Hungary in June 1147. Two months later, Louis VII of France and his crusaders arrived, along with Boris Kalamanos who attempted to take advantage of the crusade to return to Hungary. Louis VII refused to extradite Boris to Géza, but prevented the pretender from coming into contacts with his supporters in Hungary and took him to Constantinople. Géza joined the coalition that Louis VII and Roger II of Sicily formed against Conrad III of Germany and the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. The ancestors of the Transylvanian Saxons came to Hungary during Géza's reign. Western European knights and Muslim warriors from the Pontic steppes also settled in Hungary in this period. Géza even allowed his Muslim soldiers to take concubines.

    Géza intervened at least six times in the fights for Kiev on behalf of Iziaslav II of Kiev either by sending reinforcements or by personally leading his troops to the Kievan Rus' between 1148 and 1155. He also waged wars against the Byzantine Empire on behalf of his allies, including the Serbs of Rascia, but could not prevent the Byzantines from restoring their suzerainty over them. Conflicts emerged between Géza and his brothers, Stephen and Ladislaus, who fled from Hungary and settled in Emperor Manuel's court in Constantinople. Géza supported Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, against the Lombard League with auxiliary troops between 1158 and 1160. After the cardinals who supported Emperor Frederick I elected Victor IV pope, Géza acknowledged his legitimacy in 1160, but in a year, he changed sides and concluded a concordat with Victor IV's opponent, Pope Alexander III. Before his death, Géza organized a separate appanage duchy for his younger son, Béla.

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