Person:Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

Frederick I Barbarossa _____, Holy Roman Emperor
d.10 Jun 1190 Holy Land
Facts and Events
Name Frederick I Barbarossa _____, Holy Roman Emperor
Gender Male
Birth? 1122 Schwaben, Germany
Alt Birth? 1123 Warblingen, Gemany
Christening? 1155 Germany - Crowned
Marriage 9 Jun 1156 Würzburg, Unterfranken, Bayern, Germanyto Beatrice _____, Countess of Burgandy
Alt Marriage 1156 to Beatrice _____, Countess of Burgandy
Alt Marriage 16 Jun 1156 Würzburg, Unterfranken, Bayern, Germanyto Beatrice _____, Countess of Burgandy
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Beatrice _____, Countess of Burgandy
Death? 10 Jun 1190 Holy LandUnknown Place Near Tyrus / Cilicia or Selecia (drowned) / The Goks River
Reference Number? Q79789?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Frederick Barbarossa (December 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death 35 years later. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He was crowned King of Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome. Two years later, the term ("holy") first appeared in a document in connection with his empire. He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178. He was named by the northern Italian cities which he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means "red beard" in Italian; in German, he was known as , which means "Emperor Redbeard" in English. The prevalence of the Italian nickname, even in later German usage, reflects the centrality of the Italian campaigns to his career.

Before his imperial election, Frederick was by inheritance Duke of Swabia (1147–1152, as Frederick III). He was the son of Duke Frederick II of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and Judith, daughter of Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, from the rival House of Welf. Frederick, therefore, descended from the two leading families in Germany, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire's prince-electors.

Frederick joined the Third Crusade and opted to travel overland to the Holy Land. In 1190, Frederick drowned attempting to cross the Saleph river leading to most of his army abandoning the Crusade before reaching Acre.

Historians consider him among the Holy Roman Empire's greatest medieval emperors. He combined qualities that made him appear almost superhuman to his contemporaries: his longevity, his ambition, his extraordinary skills at organization, his battlefield acumen and his political perspicacity. His contributions to Central European society and culture include the reestablishment of the , or the Roman rule of law, which counterbalanced the papal power that dominated the German states since the conclusion of the Investiture Controversy.

Due to his popularity and notoriety, in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, he was used as a political symbol by many movements and regimes: the Risorgimento, the Wilhelmine government in Germany (especially under Emperor Wilhelm I) and the National Socialist movement, resulting in both golden and dark legends. Modern researchers, while exploring the legacy of Frederick, attempt to uncover the legends and reconstruct the true historical figure—these efforts result in new perspectives on both the emperor as a person and social developments associated with him.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1.   Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Jiri Louda (tables), Michael Maclagan, CVO, Richmond Herald, (i)Lines of Succession - Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe(/i) (London: Li.
  3.   FRIEDRICH von Staufen, son of FRIEDRICH II "der Einäugige" von Staufen Duke of Swabia & his first wife Judith of Bavaria (1122-drowned Göks or Saleph River, Asia Minor 10 Jun 1190, bur Tarsus [entrails], Antioch St Peter [flesh], Tyre Cathedral [legs]), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.