Surname:Turvey

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There are currently around 5,000 Turveys in the world, as follows:

England 2,000 [1][6]
United States 1,250 [2]
Australia 1,000 [1]
New Zealand 200 [1]
Canada 350 [6]
South Africa 50 [7]

Contents

England

The population in England is concentrated around Bedfordshire and Worcestershire. This has been the consistent pattern in all censuses since 1841, except that there has been a general urbanisation and diffusion of the population. Census returns showed a steady growth in Turvey population:

1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1998
449 657 906 965 1404 1190 1495 1964

The following map shows the distribution of Turveys in 1841 according to the census:

The blue lines shows the migration patterns that can be seen on this map:

  1. Some time when surnames were introduced in England (in around the 1300s), one or more people moved away from the village of Turvey (green circle) and acquired the surname x "of Turvey" which was passed onto their children.
  2. As time went on, the name diffused away from the place of origin
  3. Some time in the 1500s, one or more families moved to Worcestershire; their descendants account for around a third of all Turveys today, including the descendents of William Turvey (1). Notable people from this line include Thomas Turvey, High Sheriff of Worcestershire in 1666 [2].
  4. Around the same time one or more families moved to Norfolk.
  5. The lines that stayed in the Bedfordshire area include the descendents of William Turvey (5)
  6. From the 1700s, many people moved to the nearest cities as the economy urbanised. For people around Bedfordshire that meant Luton and London, and for the Worcestershire families that meant Bristol and Birmingham.

Earliest recorded Turveys

The earliest recorded Turveys include:

  • The Hotot Estate Book recorded a series of land purchases between 1213 and 1250, including land in the village of Turvey. [3] This referenced a "Galfriedo de Torvey" who paid rent of 2.5 pence. [4]
  • The following mentioned in connection with deeds dated 1234 - 1248:[5]
    • Robert, son of Ralph de Torvey, deed on land in Torvey [Turvey]
    • Hugh, son of Helyas de Turvey on the meadow of Prestmade in Turvey
    • Hugh, son of Helyas de Torvey grants land in Torvey
    • William le Eyr confirms to Philip, son of Nicholas de Torvey, one messuage and 5 acres of land in the fields of Torvey
    • Sarah, daughter of William of Turvey, grants land in Turvey
    • Walter de Bedefort sells to Philip, son of Nicholas de Torvey, land in Turvey which he held of William le Eye
    • Philip, son of Nicholas de Torvey, gives to the Priory of St Neot, all the preceding property
    • William, son of Geoffrey de Turvey, grants a messuage etc in Turvey
  • Dated slightly later to ca. 1255 are the following deeds: [6]
    • Adam, son of Robert de Turvey, grants land in Turvey
    • Ralph de Turvey, clerk, grants one acre in Turvey
    • William, son of Geoffrey of Thurvey, convention with Henry de Messville, Prior of St Neots, for the exchange of lands in Thurvey
  • John Turvey, who was murdered in 1284, and his accused was imprisoned in Tynemouth, Northumberland.
  • John de Turvey, a merchant from Bruges who was blown ashore in Great Yarmouth in 1327 and arrested.
  • John de Turvey of Huntingdonshire was listed in 1328 as a surety for the de Baildon brothers, well-connected Yorkshire barons.
  • John Turvey, listed as a creditor in 1331
  • Ralph de Turveye vicar of Church Stretton, Shropshire and Dean of Wenlock, Shropshire before 1332
  • Laurence Turvey, parson of Den church, Lincoln Diocese in 1332
  • Thomas de Turvey of Northampton, who witnessed five court hearings in 1348-52 [7][8][9][10]
  • sir Nicholas de Turveye, rector of Loughton, St Peter Berkhampstead, Leaden Roding and Hanwell between 1362-75 [11]
  • John Turvey of Tadwick, Somerset, who was convicted of owing £24 in 1379
  • John Turvey, rector of Alderford, Norfolk in 1395
  • John Turvey, priest of Clifton, Beds and then rector of Yelden in 1396
  • John Turvey, who owned a house ("mesuage") in Castor, Northants before 1398
  • John Turvey, listed as the receiver of Caus Castle in Shropshire in 1399

Worcestershire Turveys

Around a third of all Turveys today are descended from Turveys in Worcestershire, including the descendents of William Turvey (1). However, there is no mention of an Turveys in the subsidy rolls for Worcestershire in 1332 [12] or 1327 [13] nor in the neighbouring counties of Gloucestershire & Bristol [14] [1]

The earliest mention of a Turvey in the county is of yeoman George Turvey of Walcot, who was imprisoned in Worcester Gaol in 1510 on account of a debt of £17 he owed.[15] Walcot is located in the parish of Pershore, 9 miles southeast of Worcester. His will was recorded in 1557 as "George Turv, yeoman, Walkott Worcester". [16] Walcot is recorded in the hands of John le Blake in 1313, who held it from the Abbey of Pershore.[17]

This suggests a possible "founder effect", where an ancestor moved to the area sometime in the 1400s and was particularly successful, leading to a larger than normal number of descendants. It is possible that this person could have been a retained soldier who fought in the Wars of the Roses and was rewarded with land in Worcestershire.

A David Turvys was listed as a goldsmith and Burgess in nearby Bristol in 1528. [18] Another will, Rycharde Turvey of Drake Broughton, was recorded in 1542.[19] Drake Broughton is 2 miles northwest of Pershore.

Pershore parish registers begin in 1540. Early records include:

  1. John Turvie, chr. 22 Feb 1546
  2. Edmund Turvey, chr. 01 Nov 1551, son of George Turvey
  3. Elizabethe Turvey, chr 15 April 1565,
  4. Harry Turvey, chr. 18 Feb 1581, son of Edmund Turvey
  5. Marye Turvey, chr. 4 Jan 1584, daur of Edmund Turvey
  6. Joane Turvey, chr 25 Mar 1593, daur of William Turvey
  7. Elizabethe Turvey, chr 25 Mar 1593, daur of William Turvey
  8. Elizabethe Turvey, chr 5 Apr 1594, daur of William Turvey
  9. Alice Turvey, chr 28 Jun 1596, daur of William Turvey

A will of Elenor Turvie was recorded at the Bishop of Worcester's court on 7 Oct 1576. [20]

Ann Turvey, wife of Bartholemew Turvey, was buried 10 Feb 1615 in Pershore

The next records are from Droitwich, 7 miles north of Worcester:

  1. George Turvye married Margarett Jaunsey 06 Oct 1589
  2. Jane Turvie, daur of George Turvie, chr 28 Feb 1592
  3. Elizabeth Turvey, daur of George Turvey, chr 16 Nov 1595
  4. Jane Turvye, daur of George Turvye, chr 22 Apr 1599
  5. George Turvye, son of George Turvye, chr 10 Dec 1605

Around the same time, there are two records from Pinvin, a chapelry of Pershore parish, 2 miles north of Pershore:

  1. Edwardus Turvie married Elinora Simonds 26 Nov 1593
  2. Edwardus Turvie, son of Edwardi Turvie, chr 13 Oct 1594

Meanwhile, a Rychard Turvey married Joanne Walker on 22 Jul 1599 in Offenham, 7 miles east of Pershore. [21]

A graduate of Oxford University, Richard Turvey (b 1602), is listed receiving a B.A. on 6 Dec 1622 and an M.A. on 22 Jun 1625.[22] He was appointed Rector of Sedgeberrow, Worcestershire, on 9 Nov 1627, on the death of the previous incumbent.[23] Papers dated 28 Sep 1648 indicate that he was charged by the victorious parliamentarians following the end of the English Civil War. [24]

The Heraldry of Worcestershire talks of the Turveys of Walcot, "a family possessed of considerable landed property". Richard Turvey of Walcot died in 1658, aged 60, leaving his daughter Elizabeth as heir, and his property passed to their children, the Earls of Plymouth. [25]

Edward Turvey of Walcot, esq, was fined in 1625 for "not taking knighthood on the coronation of Charles I".

The Hearth Tax records for Worcestershire in 1664 listed nine Turvey households who were liable for the tax:

  1. George Turvey, Droitwich, Halfshire
  2. John Turvy, Droitwich, Halfshire
  3. John Turvey, Dudley, Halfshire
  4. Thomas Turvey, Pinvin, Pershore
  5. Thomas Turvey, Oldland, Pershore
  6. Thomas, esq Turvey, Walcot with members, Pershore
  7. Thomas, sen Turvey, Beoley, Pershore
  8. William Turvey, Clifton on Teme, Doddingtree
  9. Thomas Turvey, Clifton on Teme, Doddingtree

The Thomas Turvey, esquire, listed in walcot, is presumably the same person as that listed as High Sheriff of Worcestershire in 1666 [26]. John Turvey of Bredon also held this office in 1668. [27]

Thomas Turvey bought the Manor of Breedon, 7 miles south of Pershore, in 1667. [28] A "Thomas Turvey of Bredon" was included in Blome's "list of the gentry of Worcestershire" in 1673.

United States

The earliest record of a Turvey in the United States was John Turvey, from Ashford, Kent, England who sailed to Massachusetts in 1634 on the ship Hercules. He was listed as a servant of Dr. Comfort Starr, a surgeon who settled in Boston and became one of the earliest benefactors of Harvard University.

In 1637, a Peter John Turvey was listed in connection with the transfer of 450 acres of land at Upper Chippokes Creek, Virginia. [2]

However, the ancestors of most Turveys in the United States migrated there from Britain in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Between 1820 and 1957, 107 Turveys were listed on passenger lists travelling from Britain to New York and Boston. [3] Census returns showed only 1 Turvey family in 1840 - perhaps the family of Hyatt Turvey - which had increased to 147 families by 1880. Two thirds lived in Ohio and the population was limited to 12 states. By 1920 the total number had reduced to 107 families but the population was now spread through 27 States; the number of families living in Ohio had halved. [4] Only sixty four people were listed in 1920 with a British birthplace. [3]

Australia

Four Turvey brothers from Essex, England - James, George, Frederick and Thomas, were transported to Australia in the 1830s, becoming the first Turveys in Australia. [3] The population grew steadily in the twentieth century. Electoral rolls in Victoria listed 30 Turveys in 1903, growing to 85 by 1936. By then there were 248 listed throughout Australia as follows:

Victoria New South Wales Tasmania Queensland Western Australia Total
85 80 31 26 26 248

Turvey Park, a suburb of the city of Wagga Wagga in New South Wales derives its name from Thomas Turvey, the transported convict who later became the licensee of the Bridge Hotel.

Canada

Twenty seven Turveys were listed in the 1891 Canadian census as having a British birthplace - of whom 21 were in Ontario. [3] Today there are nearly 400 Turveys in Canada, mostly in Ontario and British Columbia. [6]

South Africa

Included in the 4,000 English settlers who moved to South Africa in 1820, was Edward Turvey, born in Dublin, and his family. [5]

Ireland

There are a handful of records of Turveys living in Ireland. In 1771, a Thomas Turvy was recorded marrying Ann Barber in a Catholic church in Dublin. In 1802 and 1803, two sisters, Lidiam Perdue and Matildam Perdue were recorded being baptised in the same church with godparents of Martha and Matilda Turvy respectively. [8]

In 1781, Edward Ford Turvey, the ancestor of the South African Turveys above, was born in Dublin apparantly to an Anglican family. His father, John Turvey, was born in 1738. Edward lost most of his fortune in a business venture with two ship owners, Aiken and McGrath. On 4 February 1805 he married Julia Wright nee Daniel, a rich widow. Their first three children, Mary, Eliza Juliana and Edward Mortimer, were born in Dublin in 1806, 1809 and 1811 respectively. In 1820 he organised a party of settlers to move to South Africa. [9][10]

In 1873, the weddding was reported in St Werbergh's, Dublin of Alexander Turvey, who lived in Longford and was a Corporal in the 8th Hussars, a predominantly protestant army regiment. His father was listed as Arthur Turvey, a civil engineer. [10]

Barons of Turvey

A separate, unrelated, family, is the Barnewalls. As early as 1534 Sir Patrick Barnewall was styled "of Turvey". His son, Sir Christopher Barnewall built Turvey House in Dublin in 1565, which gives its name to the adjacent district. His grandson, Sir Nicholas Barnewall was made Baron Turvey in recognition of his service during the English Civil War. [11]

Sources

[1] 1,964 people listed in 1998: http://www.nationaltrustnames.org.uk/Comparisons.aspx?name=TURVEY&year=1998&altyear=1881&country=GB&type=name

[2] http://www.namestatistics.com/search.php?name=Turvey&type=last

[3] The Turvey Name in History, The Generations Network, 2008

[4] http://www.ancestry.com/facts/TURVEY-family-history.ashx

[5] http://www.1820settlers.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=Genealogy&file=descendtext&personID=I61829&tree=1&display=block&generations=12

[6] http://www.dynastree.ca/maps/detail/turvey.html

[7] http://phonebook.yellowpages.co.za/search.jsp?query=turvey&location=South+Africa&searchCategory=res&offset=0&breadcrumb=&search=&NAVSTATE=

[8] http://churchrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/churchrecords/search.jsp?name=%27Turvy%27&name2=&location=&dd=&mm=&yy=&diocese=&parish=&type=&sort=&pageSize=100&submit=Search

[9] http://www.1820settlers.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=Genealogy&file=getperson&personID=I29735&tree=1#cite6

[10]http://churchrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/churchrecords/search.jsp?name=Turvey&location=Dublin&dd=&mm=&yy=&submit=Search

[11]Burke, John Bernard. A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. (London: Harrison, 1883).

  1. Although there is an Editha Tovey mentioned [1] who may have been related
  2. See Source:Foley, Louise Pledge Heath. Early Virginia Families Along the James River, page 18
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