Place:Essex, England

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NameEssex
Alt namesESSsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.583°N 0.55°E
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Unknown
Farnham
Gidea Hall
Ancient parish
Langford
Area
Epping Forest
Civil parish
Birchanger
Boxted
East Mersea
Fairstead
Fordham
Gestingthorpe
Gosfield
Great Bentley
Great Bromley
Halstead
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Langford
Mistley
Pebmarsh
Rawreth
Ridgewell
Springfield
Stanford Rivers
Stanstead-Mountfitchet
Stanway
Theydon Garnon
District
Benfleet
Braintree
Canvey Island
Epping and Ongar
Leytonstone
Manor Park
Rayleigh (district) ( 1929 - 1974 )
Rochford (district) ( 1894 - )
Saffron Walden (district) ( 1894 - 1974 )
Upminster ( 1965 - )
Waltham Holy Cross
West Ham
Inhabited place
Abberton
Abbess Roding
Abridge
Aingers Green
Aldham
Alphamstone
Alresford
Ardleigh
Arkesden
Ashdon
Asheldham
Ashen
Ashingdon
Aveley ( 1998 - )
Baker Street
Barling
Barnston
Basildon
Battlesbridge
Beauchamp Roding
Beaumont
Belchamp Otten
Belchamp Saint Paul
Belchamp Walter
Bentfield Bury
Berden
Berners Roding
Bicknacre
Bigods
Billericay
Birch
Birchanger
Birdbrook
Blackmore
Bobbingworth
Bocking
Boreham
Borley
Bournebridge
Bowers Gifford
Boxted
Bradfield
Bradwell Waterside
Bradwell
Brentwood ( 500 - )
Brightlingsea
Broadley Common
Brook Street
Broomfield
Broxted
Buckhurst Hill
Bulmer
Bulphan ( 1998 - )
Bumbles Green
Bures
Burnham-on-Crouch
Buttsbury
Canewdon
Canfield End
Castle Hedingham
Chadwell Saint Mary ( 1998 - )
Chafford Hundred ( 1998 - )
Chappel
Chatham Green
Chelmsford
Chickney
Chignall Saint James
Chignall Smealy
Chigwell Row
Chigwell
Childerditch
Chipping Ongar
Chrishall
Clacton-on-Sea
Clavering
Cock Clarks
Coggeshall
Colchester
Cold Norton
Colne Engaine
Colne Valley
Cooksmill Green
Coopersale Common
Copford Green
Copford
Corringham ( 1998 - )
Coryton
Cowick
Crawley End
Crays Hill
Creeksea
Curling Tye Green
Danbury
Daws Heath
Debden Green
Debden
Dedham
Dengie
Doddinghurst
Dovercourt
Downham
Duddenhoe End
Dunton Wayletts
Earls Colne
East Hanningfield
East Horndon
East Mersea
East Tilbury ( 1998 - )
Easthorpe
Eastwood
Elmdon
Elmstead
Elsenham
Epping Upland
Epping
Faulkbourne
Feering
Felsted
Fiddlers Hamlet
Finchingfield
Fingringhoe
Fobbing ( 1998 - )
Fordham
Foster Street
Foxearth
Frating
Frigringhoe
Frinton-on-Sea
Fryerning
Fyfield
Galleyend
Galleywood
Gestingthorpe
Goldhanger
Good Easter
Gosfield
Grange Hill
Grays ( 1998 - )
Great Baddow
Great Bardfield
Great Bentley
Great Braxted
Great Bromley
Great Burstead
Great Canfield
Great Chesterford
Great Clacton
Great Dunmow
Great Easton
Great Hallingbury
Great Henny
Great Holland
Great Leighs
Great Maplestead
Great Oakley
Great Oxney Green
Great Parndon
Great Saling
Great Samford
Great Stambridge
Great Tey
Great Totham
Great Wakering
Great Waltham
Great Warley
Great Wigborough
Great Yeldham
Greenstead
Greensted
Hadleigh
Hadstock
Halstead
Harlow ( 1947 - )
Harwich ( 100 - )
Hastingwood
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Hatfield Peverel
Havering's Grove
Hawkwell
Hazeleigh
Helions Bumpstead
Hempstead
Henham
Herongate
Heybridge
High Beach
High Easter
High Laver
High Ongar
High Roding
Hockley
Holland-on-Sea
Horndon on the Hill ( 1998 - )
Housham Tye
Howe Green
Hullbridge
Hutton
Ingatestone
Ingrave
Jaywick
Kelvedon Hatch
Kelvedon
Kirby-le-Soken
Laindon
Lakeside ( 1998 - )
Lamarsh
Lambourne End
Lambourne
Langdon Hills
Langford
Langham
Latchingdon
Lawford
Layer Breton
Layer Marney
Layer de la Haye
Leaden Roding
Leigh-on-Sea
Lindsell
Linford ( 1998 - )
Liston
Little Baddow
Little Bardfield
Little Bentley
Little Braxted
Little Bromley
Little Burstead
Little Chesterford
Little Clacton
Little Dunmow
Little Easton
Little End
Little Hallingbury
Little Laver
Little Leighs
Little Maplestead
Little Oakley
Little Parndon
Little Sampford
Little Tey
Little Thurrock ( 1998 - )
Little Totham
Little Wakering
Little Waltham
Little Warley
Little Wigborough
Little Yeldham
Littlebury
Loughton
Loves Green
Lower Nazeing
Magdalen Laver
Maldon ( 913 - )
Manningtree
Manuden
Margaret Roding
Margaretting
Marks Tey
Mashbury
Matching Green
Matching Tye
Matching
Mayland
Messing
Middleton
Mill Green
Mistley
Moreton
Moulsham
Mount Bures
Mountnessing
Mucking
Mundon Hill
Navestock Side
Navestock
Newport
Nine Ashes
Noak Bridge
North Benfleet
North Fambridge
North Shoebury
North Stifford ( 1998 - )
North Weald Bassett
Norton Heath
Norton Mandeville
Nounsley
Orsett ( 1998 - )
Ovington
Panfield
Parkeston
Pebmarsh
Peldon
Pentlow
Pilgrims Hatch
Pitsea
Pleshey
Potter Street
Prittlewell
Purfleet ( 1998 - )
Purleigh
Quendon
Radwinter
Ramsden Bellhouse
Ramsden Heath
Ramsey
Rawreth
Rayleigh
Rayne
Rettendon Place
Rettendon
Rickling
Ridgewell
Rivenhall
Rochford
Romford
Rowhedge
Roxwell
Roydon
Runwell
Saffron Walden
Saint Osyth
Sandon
Shalford
Sheering
Shelley
Shellow Bowells
Shenfield
Shoeburyness
Sible Hedingham
Silver End
South Benfleet
South Fambridge
South Green
South Hanningfield
South Ockendon ( 1998 - )
South Weald
South Woodham Ferrers
Southchurch
Southend-on-Sea
Southminster
Stambourne
Stanford Rivers
Stanford-le-Hope ( 1998 - )
Stanstead-Mountfitchet
Stansted Mountfitchet
Stanway
Stapleford Abbotts
Stapleford Tawney
Stebbing
Steeple Bumpstead
Steeple
Stock
Stondon Massey
Stow Maries
Strethall
Sturmer
Takeley
Tendring
Terling
Thames Haven
Thaxted
Theydon Bois
Theydon Garnon
Theydon Mount
Thornwood Common
Thorpe-le-Soken
Thorrington
Thundersley
Tilbury juxta Clare
Tilbury ( 1998 - )
Tillingham
Tilty
Tiptree
Tollesbury
Tolleshunt D'Arcy
Tolleshunt Knights
Tolleshunt Major
Toot Hill
Toppesfield
Twinstead
Ugley
Vange
Wakes Colne
Waltham Abbey
Walton-on-the-Naze
Warley
Weeley
Wendens Ambo
West Bergholt
West Hanningfield
West Horndon
West Mersea
West Thurrock ( 1998 - )
West Tilbury ( 1998 - )
Westcliff-on-Sea
Wethersfield
White Colne
White Notley
White Roding
Wicken-Bonant
Wickford
Wickham Bishops
Wickham Saint Paul
Widdington
Willingale
Wimbish
Witham
Wivenhoe
Wix
Woodham Ferrers
Woodham Mortimer
Woodham Walter
Wormingford
Wrabness
Writtle
Island
Mersea
Wallasea Island
Parish
Clavering
Nazeing
Nevendon
Stisted
Widford
Parish (political)
Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding
Settlement
Little Walden
Suburb
Black Notley
Dagenham
Lexden
Unitary authority
Thurrock ( 1936 - )
Unknown
Aldborough Hatch
Althorne
Ballingdon-cum-Brundon
Bardfield-Saling
Barking
Barking-Side
Bartlow End
Beaumont-cum-Moze
Becontree
Belchamp-Otton
Berechurch
Blackmore End
Bradwell-next-Coggeshall
Bumpstead-Helion
Bush-End
Cann Hall
Canning-Town
Chignal-Smealey
Chignal-St. James
Chingford
Coopersale
Cornish-Hall-End
Cranham
Cressing
Dunton
East Donyland
East Ham
Eight Ash Green
Faulkbourn
Ford End
Forest-Gate
Foulness
Great Chishall
Great Coggeshall
Great Horkesley
Great Horksley
Great Ilford
Great Sampford
Greenstead (near Ongar)
Greenstead-Green
Hainault
Harrow-Green
Hatfield-Heath
Havengore
Havering-Atte-Bower
Haydon
High Beech
High Roothing
Higham-Bensted
Highwood
Hornchurch
Ilford
Inworth
Langenhoe
Langley
Latton
Layer-de-la-Hay
Lee-Chapel
Leigh
Leyton
Little Canfield
Little Chishall
Little Coggeshall
Little Coggshall
Little Hadham
Little Henny
Little Holland
Little Horksley
Little Ilford
Little Stambridge
Markshall
Mistley Heath
Mundon
Netteswell
North Ockendon
North Wood
North Woolwich
Paglesham
Pattiswick
Plaistow
Potters-Street
Rainham
Ridgwell
Roothing-Aythorp
Roothing-Beauchamp
Roothing-Berners
Roothing-Leaden
Roothing-Margaret
Salcott
Sewardstone
Shopland
Shrub End
Snaresbrook
Snoreham
South Shoebury
St. Lawrence
St. Lawrence-Newland
Stanesgate
Stanway-All Saints
Stapleford-Abbots
Stifford
Stratford
Streethall
Sutton
Tilbury-Fort
Ulting
Upminster
Upshire
Uptown Park
Victoria Docks
Virley
Walthamstow
Walton-Le-Soken
Wanstead Slip
Wanstead
Wendon-Lofts
Wennington
West Silvertown
Wharwich
Willingale-Doe
Willingale-Spain
Woodford
Woodford-Bridge
Woodford-Green
Woodford-St. Mary
Urban district
Thurrock ( 1936 - )
Village (former)
Springfield
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Essex is a ceremonial and administrative county in England, and a home county north-east of London. It borders the counties of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the southwest. Essex County Council is the principal local authority for much of the county, sharing functions with 12 district and borough councils. The county town is Chelmsford. Essex is a region at the second level for European statistical purposes.

The Ceremonial County forming this region comprises three areas of local government: the two-tiered non-metropolitan county of Essex and the unitary authority areas of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea.

The historic county can be considered the oldest as Wessex and Mercia were replaced for administration since before the Norman period and a vestige of the term Northumbria exists in Northumberland – Essex occupies the eastern portion of the pre-England Kingdom of Essex. Large swathes of the county which are closest to London are part of the Metropolitan Green Belt, which prohibits urban development in its green spaces. It is the location of the regionally significant Lakeside Shopping Centre and London Stansted Airport; and the new towns of Basildon and Harlow.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Old English Ēastseaxe (i.e. the "East Saxons"), the eastern kingdom of the Saxons (cf. Middlesex, Sussex and Wessex) during the Heptarchy. Originally (recorded in AD 527) Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all of what later became Middlesex and most of what later became Hertfordshire as its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea. Colchester in the north east of the county is Britain's oldest recorded town, dating back to before the Roman conquest, when it was known as Camulodunum and was sufficiently well-developed to have its own mint. In changes before the Norman conquest the Kingdom of Essex was subsumed into the Kingdom of England and Essex became a county.

County-wide administration

Essex County Council was formed in 1889. However County Boroughs of West Ham (1889–1965), Southend-on-Sea (1914–1974) and East Ham (1915–1965) formed part of the county but were unitary authorities (not under county council control). 12 boroughs and districts provide more localised services such as rubbish and recycling collections, leisure and planning, as shown in the map on the right.

Parish-level administration – changes

A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Before 1889, small areas were transferred to Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes around the turn of the 19th/20th centuries; parts of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer, Kedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk and Great Chishill, Little Chishill and Heydon were transferred to Cambridgeshire. Later, part of Hadstock, part of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk and several other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties.

Boundaries

The boundary with Greater London was established in 1965 when East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford districts[1] were transferred to form the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having previously been part of the South East England region.

Two unitary authorities

In 1998 the boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were granted autonomy from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities (numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right).

Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. The county council chamber and main headquarters is at the County Hall in Chelmsford. Before 1938 the council regularly met in London near Moorgate, which with significant parts closer to that point and the dominance of railways had been more convenient than any place in the county. It currently has 75 elected councillors. Before 1965, the number of councillors reached over 100. The County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds.

Research Tips

Essex Archives Online is a free online service from the Essex Record Office, giving access to a variety of documents and records. You can search any of the indexes by either Person, Places, Subjects, Institutions or Documents.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Essex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.