Place:Essex, England

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NameEssex
Alt namesESSsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.583°N 0.55°E
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Area
Aldborough Hatch ( - 1965 )
Barkingside ( - 1965 )
Beckton ( - 1965 )
Becontree ( - 1965 )
Canning Town ( - 1965 )
Chadwell Heath ( - 1965 )
Clayhall ( - 1965 )
East End of London ( - 1965 )
Epping Forest
Fairlop ( - 1965 )
Forest Gate ( - 1965 )
Gants Hill ( - 1965 )
Hainault ( - 1965 )
Little Ilford ( - 1965 )
Manor Park ( - 1965 )
Monkhams ( - 1965 )
Newbury Park ( - 1965 )
Redbridge ( - 1965 )
Seven Kings ( - 1965 )
Silvertown ( - 1965 )
Snaresbrook ( - 1965 )
Victoria Docks ( - 1965 )
Wanstead Slip
West Silvertown ( - 1965 )
Borough (county)
East Ham ( - 1965 )
Southend-on-Sea
West Ham ( - 1965 )
Borough (municipal)
Barking ( - 1965 )
Chelmsford
Chingford ( - 1965 )
Colchester
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
Harwich ( 100 - )
Ilford ( - 1965 )
Leyton ( - 1965 )
Leytonstone ( - 1965 )
Maldon ( 913 - )
Romford ( - 1965 )
Saffron Walden
Walthamstow ( - 1965 )
Wanstead and Woodford ( 1937 - 1965 )
City district
East London ( - 1965 )
Civil parish
Abberton
Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding ( 1946 - )
Alphamstone
Alresford
Ardleigh
Arkesden
Ashdon
Ashen
Aveley
Aythorpe-Roding
Ballingdon ( - 1896 )
Bardfield-Saling
Barnston
Bartlow End
Beaumont-cum-Moze
Belchamp Otten
Belchamp St. Paul
Belchamp Walter
Berden
Birchanger
Birdbrook
Black Notley
Blackmore
Bocking ( - 1934 )
Boreham
Bowers Gifford
Boxted
Bradfield
Bradwell
Bradwell-next-Coggeshall
Broomfield
Broxted
Bulmer
Bulphan
Bures
Buttsbury
Castle Hedingham
Chadwell St. Mary
Chickney
Chignal St. James
Chrishall
Coggeshall ( 1949 - )
Colne Engaine
Cranham ( - 1965 )
Cressing
Danbury
Debden
Downham
Dunton
East Donyland
East Hanningfield
East Horndon
East Mersea
East Tilbury
Easthorpe
Eight Ash Green
Elmdon
Elmstead
Epping Upland
Fairstead
Farnham
Faulkbourne
Feering
Felsted
Finchingfield
Fordham
Foxearth
Frating
Frinton and Walton ( 1934 - )
Frinton-on-Sea
Gestingthorpe
Good Easter
Gosfield
Great Bardfield
Great Bentley
Great Bromley
Great Canfield
Great Chesterford
Great Coggeshall ( - 1949 )
Great Easton
Great Hallingbury
Great Henny
Great Horkesley
Great Maplestead
Great Parndon
Great Saling
Great Tey
Great Waltham
Great Warley
Great Wigborough ( - 1953 )
Great and Little Leighs ( 1946 - )
Great and Little Wigborough ( 1953 - 1974 )
Halstead Rural (parish)
Halstead
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Hatfield Peverel
Hempstead
Henham
High Easter
High Laver
High Ongar
High Roding
Highwood
Hockley
Ingatestone and Fryerning ( 1889 - )
Inworth ( - 1934 )
Kedington ( - 1895 )
Kelvedon
Kirby-le-Soken
Lamarsh
Langdon Hills
Langenhoe
Langford
Langley
Latton
Lawford
Layer Breton
Layer Marney
Layer de la Haye
Leaden Roding
Lee Chapel
Lindsell
Liston
Little Baddow
Little Bentley
Little Bromley
Little Burstead
Little Canfield
Little Chesterford
Little Coggeshall ( - 1949 )
Little Dunmow
Little Easton
Little Hallingbury
Little Henny
Little Holland
Little Horkesley
Little Laver
Little Maplestead
Little Sampford
Little Waltham
Little Warley
Little Wigborough ( - 1953 )
Little Yeldham
Littlebury
Manningtree
Manuden
Margaretting
Marks Tey
Markshall
Mashbury
Messing cum Inworth ( 1934 - )
Messing
Middleton
Mistley
Moreton
Mount Bures
Mountnessing
Mucking
Navestock
Nazeing
Netteswell
Nevendon
Noak Hill ( - 1965 )
North Benfleet
North Ockendon ( - 1965 )
North Weald Bassett
North Wood
Norton Mandeville
Ongar ( 1965 - )
Ovington
Panfield
Pattiswick
Pebmarsh
Pentlow
Pitsea
Pleshey
Quendon and Rickling ( 1946 - )
Quendon ( - 1946 )
Ramsden Bellhouse
Ramsden Crays
Rawreth
Rayne
Rettendon
Ridgewell
Rivenhall
Romford Rural (parish) ( - 1965 )
Roydon
Runwell
Salcot
Sandon
Shalford
Sheering
Shelley
Shenfield
Sible Hedingham
Springfield
Stambourne
Stanford Rivers
Stanford-le-Hope
Stansted Mountfitchet
Stanway
Stapleford Tawney
Steeple Bumpstead
Stifford
Stisted
Stock
Stondon Massey
Strethall
Sturmer
Tendring
Terling
Thaxted
Theydon Bois
Theydon Garnon
Theydon Mount
Tilbury juxta Clare
Tilty
Tiptree
Toppesfield
Twinstead
Vange
Virley
Wakes Colne
Wendon Lofts
West Bergholt
West Hanningfield
West Horndon
Wethersfield
White Colne
White Roding
Wicken Bonhunt
Wickford
Wickham St. Paul
Widdington
Willingale ( 1946 - )
Wix
Woodham Ferrers
Wormingford
Writtle
District
Emerson Park ( - 1965 )
District municipality
Basildon (district) ( 1974 - )
Braintree (district) ( 1974 - )
Brentwood (district) ( 1974 - )
Castle Point (district) ( 1974 - )
Chelmsford (district) ( 1974 - )
Colchester (district) ( 1974 - )
Epping Forest (district) ( 1974 - )
Harlow (district) ( 1974 - )
Maldon (district) ( 1974 - )
Rochford (district) ( 1974 - )
Tendring (district) ( 1974 - )
Uttlesford (district) ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Ingrave
South Weald
Willingale-Doe
Willingale-Spain ( - 1946 )
Hamlet
Dunton
Greenstead (near Colchester)
Greenstead-Green
Lee Chapel
Noak Bridge
Hundred
Barstable (hundred)
Becontree (hundred)
Chafford (hundred)
Chelmsford (hundred)
Clavering (hundred)
Dengie (hundred)
Dunmow (hundred)
Freshwell (hundred)
Harlow (hundred)
Hinckford (hundred)
Lexden (hundred)
Ongar (hundred)
Rochford (hundred)
Tendring (hundred)
Thurstable (hundred)
Uttlesford (hundred)
Waltham (hundred)
Winstree (hundred)
Witham (hundred)
Inhabited place
Abberton
Abbess Roding
Aldham
Alresford
Asheldham
Ashingdon
Aveley
Barling
Basildon
Battlesbridge
Beauchamp Roding
Bentfield Bury
Berners Roding
Bicknacre
Bigods
Billericay
Birch
Birchanger
Blackmore
Bobbingworth
Boreham
Borley
Boxted
Bradfield
Braintree
Brentwood ( 500 - )
Brightlingsea
Broadley Common
Brook Street
Broomfield
Buckhurst Hill
Bulphan
Bumbles Green
Burnham-on-Crouch
Canewdon
Castle Hedingham
Chappel
Chatham Green
Chelmsford
Chignall Smealy
Chigwell Row
Chigwell
Childerditch
Chipping Ongar
Chrishall
Clacton-on-Sea
Clavering
Cock Clarks
Coggeshall ( 1949 - )
Colchester
Cold Norton
Colne Valley
Cooksmill Green
Coopersale Common
Copford Green
Copford
Corringham
Coryton
Cowick
Crawley End
Creeksea
Curling Tye Green
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
Danbury
Daws Heath
Debden Green
Debden
Dedham
Dengie
Doddinghurst
Downham
Duddenhoe End
Earls Colne
East Horndon
East Mersea
Eastwood
Elsenham
Epping
Feering
Felsted
Fingringhoe
Fobbing
Fordham
Frigringhoe
Frinton-on-Sea
Fryerning
Fyfield
Galleyend
Galleywood
Gestingthorpe
Goldhanger
Gosfield
Grange Hill
Grays Thurrock
Great Baddow
Great Bardfield
Great Bentley
Great Braxted
Great Bromley
Great Burstead
Great Dunmow
Great Holland
Great Horkesley
Great Oakley
Great Oxney Green
Great Sampford
Great Stambridge
Great Totham
Great Wakering
Great Warley
Great Yeldham
Greenstead (near Ongar)
Hadleigh
Hadstock
Halstead
Harlow
Harwich ( 100 - )
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Hatfield Peverel
Havering's Grove
Havering-atte-Bower ( - 1965 )
Hawkwell
Hazeleigh
Helion Bumpstead
Heybridge
High Laver
Hockley
Horndon on the Hill
Housham Tye
Howe Green
Hullbridge
Hutton
Ingatestone
Ingrave
Jaywick
Kelvedon Hatch
Laindon
Lakeside
Lambourne
Langford
Langham
Latchingdon
Lawford
Layer de la Haye
Leigh-on-Sea
Linford
Little Bardfield
Little Braxted
Little Clacton
Little End
Little Hallingbury
Little Oakley
Little Parndon
Little Tey
Little Thurrock
Little Totham
Little Wakering
Little Warley
Loughton
Loves Green
Magdalen Laver
Maldon ( 913 - )
Manningtree
Margaret Roding
Marks Tey
Matching
Mayland
Mill Green
Mistley
Moulsham
Mountnessing
Mundon Hill
Navestock Side
Navestock
Newport
Nine Ashes
Noak Hill ( - 1965 )
North Benfleet
North Fambridge
North Shoebury
Norton Heath
Orsett
Panfield
Pebmarsh
Peldon
Pilgrims Hatch
Pitsea
Prittlewell
Purfleet
Purleigh
Radwinter
Ramsey
Rawreth
Rayleigh
Rettendon Place
Rickling ( - 1946 )
Ridgewell
Rochford
Rowhedge
Roxwell
Roydon
Saffron Walden
Shellow Bowells
Shoeburyness
Silver End
South Benfleet
South Fambridge
South Green
South Hanningfield
South Ockendon
South Woodham Ferrers
Southchurch
Southend-on-Sea
Southminster
St. Osyth
Stanford Rivers
Stanford-le-Hope
Stansted Mountfitchet
Stanway
Stapleford Abbotts
Stebbing
Steeple
Stondon Massey
Stow Maries
Sturmer
Takeley
Terling
Thames Haven
Thaxted
Thorpe-le-Soken
Thorrington
Thundersley
Tilbury
Tillingham
Tollesbury
Tolleshunt D'Arcy
Tolleshunt Knights
Tolleshunt Major
Toot Hill
Toppesfield
Ugley
Waltham Abbey
Walton-on-the-Naze
Warley
Weeley
Wendens Ambo
West Bergholt
West Horndon
West Mersea
West Thurrock
West Tilbury
Westcliff-on-Sea
White Notley
Wicken Bonhunt
Wickford
Wickham Bishops
Willingale-Doe
Willingale-Spain ( - 1946 )
Wimbish
Witham
Wivenhoe
Woodham Mortimer
Woodham Walter
Wrabness
Writtle
Island
Mersea
Wallasea Island
Parish
Clavering
Upminster ( - 1965 )
Widford
Registration district
Barking Registration District
Billericay Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Colchester Registration District
Epping Registration District
Essex South Western Registration District
Ilford Registration District
Orsett Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Rochford Registration District
Romford Registration District
Southend on Sea Registration District
Thurrock Registration District
West Ham Registration District ( 1837 - 1967 )
Rural district
Belchamp Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Billericay Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Braintree Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bumpstead Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Chelmsford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dunmow Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Epping Rural ( 1894 - 1955 )
Epping and Ongar Rural ( 1955 - 1974 )
Halstead Rural ( - 1974 )
Lexden and Winstree Rural ( - 1974 )
Maldon Rural ( - 1974 )
Ongar Rural ( 1894 - 1955 )
Orsett Rural ( 1894 - 1936 )
Rochford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Romford Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Saffron Walden Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stansted Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Tendring Rural ( - 1974 )
Settlement
Little Walden
Suburb
Ardleigh Green ( - 1965 )
Black Notley
Buckhurst Hill
Collier Row ( - 1965 )
Cranham ( - 1965 )
Dovercourt
Elm Park ( - 1965 )
Gidea Park ( - 1965 )
Goodmayes ( - 1965 )
Hainault ( - 1965 )
Harold Hill ( - 1965 )
Harold Wood ( - 1965 )
Havering-atte-Bower ( - 1965 )
Lexden
Noak Hill ( - 1965 )
Parkeston
Plaistow ( - 1865 )
South Weald
Wanstead ( - 1965 )
Unitary authority
Southend-on-Sea (district) ( 1974 - )
Thurrock (district) ( 1974 - )
Unknown
Althorne
Ballingdon-cum-Brundon
Berechurch
Coopersale
Cornish-Hall-End
Forest-Gate
Foulness
Great Chishall
Great Notley
Harrow-Green
Havengore
Haydon
High Beech
High Garrett
Higham-Bensted
Leigh
Little Chishall
Little Hadham
Little Horksley
Little Stambridge
Mundon
Paglesham
Rainham
Sewardstone
Shopland
Shrub End
Snoreham
South Shoebury
St. Lawrence
St. Lawrence-Newland
Stanesgate
Stanway-All Saints
Stratford
Sutton
Tilbury-Fort
Ulting
Upshire
Uptown Park
Wennington
Wharwich
Urban district
Barking ( - 1965 )
Basildon
Benfleet ( 1929 - 1974 )
Braintree
Brentwood ( 500 - )
Brightlingsea
Burnham-on-Crouch
Canvey Island ( 1926 - 1974 )
Chigwell
Chingford ( - 1965 )
Clacton-on-Sea
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
East Ham ( - 1965 )
Epping
Frinton and Walton ( 1934 - )
Grays Thurrock
Halstead
Harlow
Hornchurch ( - 1965 )
Ilford ( - 1965 )
Leyton ( - 1965 )
Leytonstone ( - 1965 )
Purfleet
Rayleigh
Romford ( - 1965 )
Thurrock ( 1936 - 1974 )
Tilbury
Waltham Holy Cross ( - 1974 )
Walthamstow ( - 1965 )
Wanstead ( - 1965 )
West Mersea
Witham
Wivenhoe
Woodford ( - 1965 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Essex is a county in England, north-east of London. It borders the counties of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, which is the only city in the county.

Essex occupies the East of the pre-England Kingdom of Essex. As well as rural areas, the county also includes the Lakeside Shopping Centre, London Stansted Airport and the new towns of Basildon and Harlow.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Old English Ēastseaxe (i.e. the "East Saxons"), the eastern kingdom of the Saxons (cf. Middlesex, Sussex and Wessex) during the Heptarchy. Originally (recorded in AD 527) Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all of what later became Middlesex and most of what later became Hertfordshire as its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea. Colchester in the north east of the county is Britain's oldest recorded town, dating back to before the Roman conquest, when it was known as Camulodunum and was sufficiently well-developed to have its own mint. In changes before the Norman conquest the Kingdom of Essex was subsumed into the Kingdom of England and Essex became a county.

County-wide administration

Essex County Council was formed in 1889. However County Boroughs of West Ham (1889–1965), Southend-on-Sea (1914–1974) and East Ham (1915–1965) formed part of the county but were unitary authorities (not under county council control). 12 boroughs and districts provide more localised services such as rubbish and recycling collections, leisure and planning, as shown in the map on the right.

Parish-level administration – changes

A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Before 1889, small areas were transferred to Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes around the turn of the 19th/20th centuries; parts of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer, Kedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk and Great Chishill, Little Chishill and Heydon were transferred to Cambridgeshire. Later, part of Hadstock, part of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk and several other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties.

Boundaries

The boundary with Greater London was established in 1965 when East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford districts[1] were transferred to form the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having previously been part of the South East England region.

Two unitary authorities

In 1998 the boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were granted autonomy from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities (numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right).

Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. The county council chamber and main headquarters is at the County Hall in Chelmsford. Before 1938 the council regularly met in London near Moorgate, which with significant parts closer to that point and the dominance of railways had been more convenient than any place in the county. It currently has 75 elected councillors. Before 1965, the number of councillors reached over 100. The County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds.

Research Tips

Essex Archives Online is a free online service from the Essex Record Office, giving access to a variety of documents and records. You can search any of the indexes by either Person, Places, Subjects, Institutions or Documents.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Essex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.