Place:Wirksworth, Derbyshire, England

Watchers
NameWirksworth
Alt namesWerchesuordesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 71
Werchesuuordesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 71
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish, Urban district
Coordinates53.083°N 1.567°W
Located inDerbyshire, England
See alsoWirksworth Hundred, Derbyshire, Englandhundred in which it was located until 1866
Appletree Hundred, Derbyshire, Englandhundred in which some townships were located after 1866
High Peak Hundred, Derbyshire, Englandhundred in which some townships were located after 1866
Derbyshire Dales District, Derbyshire, Englandadministrative district covering the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wirksworth is a market town in Derbyshire, England, with a population of over 5,000.

Wirksworth is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086.[1] Within it is the source of the River Ecclesbourne. The town was granted its market charter by Edward I in 1306. The market is held every Tuesday in the market square. St Mary's Church is believed to date from about AD 653.

Historically, Wirksworth developed as a centre for lead mining and later of stone quarrying.

Many of the institutions in the area have connections with the Gell family, of Hopton Hall, whose most famous member was Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, who fought on Parliament's side in the Civil War. One of his predecessors, Anthony Gell, founded the local grammar school, and one of his successors, Phillip Gell, opened the curiously named Via Gellia (possibly named in allusion to the Roman Via Appia), a road from the family's lead mines around Wirksworth to the smelter in Cromford. Today, Anthony Gell School is named after Anthony Gell.

end of Wikipedia contribution

Wirksworth was originally an ancient parish in the Wirksworth Hundred of Derbyshire, England. As an ancient parish it had supervision of a number of chapelries and townships surrounding it: Alderwasley, Ashleyhay, Biggin, Callow, Cromford, Ible, Idridgehay and Alton, Ivonbrook Grange, Middleton by Wirksworth, and Hopton (a township which became part of Hopton and Griffe Grange civil parish in 1858)

It was made a civil parish in 1866 and in 1894 it became an urban district. Since 1974 it has been in the non-metropolitan Derbyshire Dales non-metropolitan district.

Research Tips

  • British History Online (Victoria County Histories) does not appear to cover Derbyshire geographically. A History of the County of Derby: Volume 2, edited by William Page is a part-volume covering the religious houses of the county. No further volumes have been found.
  • GENUKI main page for Derbyshire which provides information on various topics covering the whole of the county, and also a link to a list of parishes. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each. This is a list of pre-1834 ancient or ecclesiastical parishes but there are suggestions as to how to find parishes set up since then. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and therefore the reader should check additional sources if possible.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date and from more recent data. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Derbyshire, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72 which often provides brief notes on the economic basis of the settlement and significant occurences through its history.
  • These two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Wirksworth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.