Place:Wheeling, Ohio, West Virginia, United States


Alt namesSouth Wheelingsource: Family History Library Catalog
Coordinates40.07°N 80.699°W
Located inOhio, West Virginia, United States     (1769 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wheeling is a city in the State of West Virginia located in Ohio and Marshall counties. It is the county seat of Ohio County. Wheeling is the principal city of the Wheeling Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the Wheeling, WV MSA had a population of 153,172.

Wheeling was originally a settlement in the British Colony of Virginia and later an important city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was part of the land which the United States allowed to be annexed to Virginia when the Northwest Territory was being organized in 1787. In 1853 the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) reached Wheeling, connecting it to markets back to the port city of Baltimore, Maryland and stimulating development.

In 1861, with differences over slavery and loyalty to the Union upon the outbreak of the American Civil War, the western counties of Virginia seceded from the state. Wheeling was the location of the Wheeling Convention, which established the state of West Virginia, and was the first capital of West Virginia. The capital moved so often in its early years that it was nicknamed the "floating capital".

In 1870, the State Legislature designated Charleston as the capital city. In 1875, the Legislature reversed its decision and voted to return the capital to Wheeling. This was appealed by the citizens of Charleston and finally settled by the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals in favor of Wheeling. In 1877 the Legislature ordered an election to be held for the citizens of West Virginia to select a permanent location for the capital, choosing between Charleston, Martinsburg and Clarksburg. By proclamation of the governor, the official move took place eight years later, and in 1885 the capital moved from Wheeling to Charleston, where it has remained.

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