Penge is now a suburb of southeast London situated in the London Borough of Bromley. It has entered popular culture as the archetypal commuter suburb, but was a fashionable entertainment district in the 19th century and saw notorious murders in the 1870s. It borders the London Borough of Lewisham. It lies west of Bromley and north east of Croydon, and is located 7.1 miles (11.4 km) southeast of Charing Cross (a point considered to be the centre of London from which distances are measured).
Penge includes the area called Crystal Palace. The Crystal Palace building (after its removal from Hyde Park in 1854 and until it burnt down in 1936) was located in the parish of Penge in Surrey, although the residential area which grew up around it (and its station) spilled over into neighbouring parishes. Before the arrival of the Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill.
Penge formed a part of the parish of Battersea, with the historic county boundary between Kent and Surrey forming its eastern boundary. In 1855 both parts of the parish were included in the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works, with Penge Hamlet Vestry electing six members to the Lewisham District Board of Works. The Local Government Act 1888 abolished the Metropolitan Board, with its area becoming the County of London. However the London Government Act 1899 subsequently made provision for Penge to be removed from the County of London and annexed to either Surrey or Kent. Accordingly, an Order in Council transferred the hamlet to Kent in 1900, constituting it as Penge Urban District. The urban district was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963, and its former area merged with that of other districts to form the London Borough of Bromley.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Penge. Wikipedia provides a lot of information on the history and the buildings of Penge.